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Saturday 12 August 2017 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Events

  • 1992 – Canada, Mexico and the United States announce completion of negotiations for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
  • 1990 – Sue, the largest and most complete Tyrannosaurus Rex skeleton found to date, is discovered by Sue Hendrickson in South Dakota.
  • 1981 – The IBM Personal Computer is released.
  • 1977 – The first free flight of the Space Shuttle Enterprise.
  • 1960 – Echo 1A, NASA's first successful communications satellite, is launched.
  • 1953 – The first testing of a real thermonuclear weapon (not test devices): The Soviet atomic bomb project continues with the detonation of "RDS-6s" (Joe 4), the first Soviet thermonuclear bomb.
  • 1950 – Korean War: Bloody Gulch massacre: American POWs are massacred by North Korean Army.
  • 1944 – Alençon is liberated by General Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, the first city in France to be liberated from the Nazis by French forces.
  • 1898 – The Hawaiian flag is lowered from ʻIolani Palace in an elaborate annexation ceremony and replaced with the flag of the United States to signify the transfer of sovereignty from the Republic of Hawaii to the United States.
  • 1851 – Isaac Singer is granted a patent for his sewing machine.
  • 1806 – Santiago de Liniers, 1st Count of Buenos Aires re-takes the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina after the first British invasion.
  • 1499 – First engagement of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets.
  • 1492 – Christopher Columbus arrives in the Canary Islands on his first voyage to the New World.
  • 1323 – Signature of the Treaty of Nöteborg between Sweden and Novgorod Republic, that regulates the border between the two countries for the first time.
  • 1121 – Battle of Didgori: The Georgian army under King David IV wins a decisive victory over the famous Seljuk commander Ilghazi.
  • 1099 – First Crusade: Battle of Ascalon Crusaders under the command of Godfrey of Bouillon defeat Fatimid forces led by Al-Afdal Shahanshah. This is considered the last engagement of the First Crusade.

Births

  • 1986 – Kyle Arrington, American football player
  • 1984 – Bryan Pata, American football player (d. 2006)
  • 1980 – Dominique Swain, American actress
  • 1980 – Maggie Lawson, American actress
  • 1980 – Matt Thiessen, Canadian-American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1979 – D. J. Houlton, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Chris Chambers, American football player
  • 1977 – Plaxico Burress, American football player
  • 1976 – Antoine Walker, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Casey Affleck, American actor
  • 1974 – Matt Clement, American baseball player and coach
  • 1973 – Jonathan Coachman, American basketball player, wrestler, and sportscaster
  • 1973 – Todd Marchant, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1971 – Michael Ian Black, American comedian, actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1971 – Pete Sampras, American tennis player
  • 1971 – Rebecca Gayheart, American actress
  • 1970 – Anthony Swofford, American soldier and author
  • 1970 – Jim Schlossnagle, American baseball player and coach
  • 1966 – Tobias Ellwood, American-English captain and politician
  • 1965 – Peter Krause, American actor
  • 1963 – Sir Mix-a-Lot, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1954 – Pat Metheny, American jazz guitarist and composer
  • 1952 – Daniel Biles, American associate justice of the Kansas Supreme Court
  • 1950 – August "Kid Creole" Darnell, American musician, bandleader, singer-songwriter, and record producer
  • 1950 – Jim Beaver, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Rick Ridgeway, American mountaineer and photographer
  • 1945 – Dorothy E. Denning, American computer scientist and academic
  • 1945 – Ron Mael, American keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1941 – Dana Ivey, American actress
  • 1941 – L. M. Kit Carson, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
  • 1939 – George Hamilton, American actor
  • 1937 – Walter Dean Myers, American author and poet (d. 2014)
  • 1935 – John Cazale, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1933 – Parnelli Jones, American race car driver and businessman
  • 1932 – Charlie O'Donnell, American radio and television announcer (d. 2010)
  • 1932 – Dallin H. Oaks, American lawyer, jurist, and religious leader
  • 1931 – William Goldman, American author, playwright, and screenwriter
  • 1930 – George Soros, Hungarian-American businessman and investor, founded the Soros Fund Management
  • 1929 – Buck Owens, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2006)
  • 1928 – Bob Buhl, American baseball player (d. 2001)
  • 1928 – Dan Curtis, American director and producer (d. 2006)
  • 1927 – Porter Wagoner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2007)
  • 1926 – Joe Jones, American R&B singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2005)
  • 1926 – John Derek, American actor, director, and cinematographer (d. 1998)
  • 1925 – Dale Bumpers, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 38th Governor of Arkansas (d. 2016)
  • 1925 – Donald Justice, American poet and writing teacher (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – George Wetherill, American physicist and academic (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – Norris McWhirter, Scottish publisher and activist co-founded the Guinness World Records (d. 2004)
  • 1925 – Ross McWhirter, Scottish publisher and activist, co-founded the Guinness World Records (d. 1975)
  • 1920 – Charles Gibson, American ethnohistorian (d. 1985)
  • 1920 – Percy Mayfield, American R&B singer-songwriter (d. 1984)
  • 1919 – Margaret Burbidge, English-American astrophysicist and academic
  • 1918 – Sid Bernstein, American record producer (d. 2013)
  • 1917 – Oliver Crawford, American screenwriter and author (d. 2008)
  • 1916 – Edward Pinkowski, American writer, journalist and Polonia historian
  • 1915 – Michael Kidd, American dancer and choreographer (d. 2007)
  • 1913 – Richard L. Bare, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1912 – Samuel Fuller, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1910 – Jane Wyatt, American actress (d. 2006)
  • 1907 – Gladys Bentley, American blues singer (d. 1960)
  • 1907 – Joe Besser, American actor (d. 1988)
  • 1906 – Tedd Pierce, American animator, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1972)
  • 1892 – Alfred Lunt, American actor and director (d. 1977)
  • 1891 – John McDermott, American golfer (d. 1971)
  • 1889 – Zerna Sharp, American author and educator (d. 1981)
  • 1883 – Marion Lorne, American actress (d. 1968)
  • 1883 – Martha Hedman, Swedish-American actress and playwright (d. 1974)
  • 1881 – Cecil B. DeMille, American director and producer (d. 1959)
  • 1880 – Christy Mathewson, American baseball player and manager (d. 1925)
  • 1876 – Mary Roberts Rinehart, American author and playwright (d. 1958)
  • 1870 – Henry Reuterdahl, Swedish-American artist (d. 1925)
  • 1867 – Edith Hamilton, German-American author and educator (d. 1963)
  • 1859 – Katharine Lee Bates, American poet and author (d. 1929)
  • 1856 – Diamond Jim Brady, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1917)
  • 1852 – Michael J. McGivney, American priest, founded the Knights of Columbus (d. 1890)

Deaths

  • 2014 – Lauren Bacall, American model, actress, and singer (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Pauline Maier, American historian and academic (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Jerry Grant, American race car driver (b. 1935)
  • 2012 – Jimmy Carr, American football player and coach (b. 1933)
  • 2012 – Joe Kubert, Polish-American illustrator, founded The Kubert School (b. 1926)
  • 2010 – Isaac Bonewits, American Druid, author, and activist; founded Ár nDraíocht Féin (b. 1949)
  • 2010 – Richie Hayward, American drummer and songwriter (b. 1946)
  • 2009 – Les Paul, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2007 – Merv Griffin, American actor, singer, and producer, created Jeopardy! and Wheel of Fortune (b. 1925)
  • 2007 – Mike Wieringo, American author and illustrator (b. 1963)
  • 2005 – John Loder, English sound engineer and producer, founded Southern Studios (b. 1946)
  • 2002 – Enos Slaughter, American baseball player and manager (b. 1916)
  • 2000 – Loretta Young, American actress (b. 1913)
  • 1997 – Jack Delano, American photographer and composer (b. 1914)
  • 1996 – Mark Gruenwald, American author and illustrator (b. 1953)
  • 1992 – John Cage, American composer and theorist (b. 1912)
  • 1990 – Dorothy Mackaill, English-American actress (b. 1903)
  • 1989 – William Shockley, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
  • 1988 – Jean-Michel Basquiat, American painter (b. 1960)
  • 1986 – Evaline Ness, American author and illustrator (b. 1911)
  • 1982 – Henry Fonda, American actor (b. 1905)
  • 1967 – Esther Forbes, American historian and author (b. 1891)
  • 1959 – Mike O'Neill, Irish-American baseball player and manager (b. 1877)
  • 1955 – James B. Sumner, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1944 – Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1915)
  • 1934 – Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Dutch architect, designed the Beurs van Berlage (b. 1856)
  • 1918 – William Thompson, American archer (b. 1848)
  • 1914 – John Philip Holland, Irish engineer, designed the HMS Holland 1 (b. 1840)
  • 1896 – Thomas Chamberlain, American colonel (b. 1841)
  • 1891 – James Russell Lowell, American poet and critic (b. 1819)
  • 1861 – Eliphalet Remington, American inventor and businessman, founded Remington Arms (b. 1793)
  • 1849 – Albert Gallatin, Swiss-American ethnologist, linguist, and politician, 4th United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1761)
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