Monday 16 November 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: United Nations Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
, Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Food holidays
, Health Calendar
, Unusual Holidays
, Women’s Days
Holidays and observances
- 1992 – The Hoxne Hoard is discovered by metal detectorist Eric Lawes in Hoxne, Suffolk.
- 1988 – In the first open election in more than a decade, voters in Pakistan elect populist candidate Benazir Bhutto to be Prime Minister of Pakistan.
- 1979 – The first line of Bucharest Metro (Line M1) is opened from Timpuri Noi to Semănătoarea in Bucharest, Romania.
- 1965 – Venera program: The Soviet Union launches the Venera 3 space probe toward Venus, which will be the first spacecraft to reach the surface of another planet.
- 1945 – UNESCO is founded.
- 1943 – World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
- 1940 – New York City's "Mad Bomber" George Metesky places his first bomb at a Manhattan office building used by Consolidated Edison.
- 1938 – LSD is first synthesized by Albert Hofmann from ergotamine at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel.
- 1920 – Qantas, Australia's national airline, is founded as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited.
- 1914 – The Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens.
- 1904 – English engineer John Ambrose Fleming receives a patent for the thermionic valve (vacuum tube).
- 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Campbell's Station near Knoxville, Tennessee: Confederate troops unsuccessfully attack Union forces.
- 1855 – David Livingstone becomes the first European to see the Victoria Falls in what is now Zambia-Zimbabwe.
- 1852 – The English astronomer John Russell Hind discovers the asteroid 22 Kalliope.
- 1822 – American Old West: Missouri trader William Becknell arrives in Santa Fe, New Mexico, over a route that became known as the Santa Fe Trail.
- 1776 – American Revolution: The United Provinces (Low Countries) recognize the independence of the United States.
- 1776 – American Revolutionary War: British and Hessian units capture Fort Washington from the Patriots.
- 1995 – Noah Gray-Cabey, American actor and pianist. He has appeared on the television shows Ripley's Believe It or Not, 48 Hours, The Tonight Show, Good Morning America and The Oprah Winfrey Show.
- 1993 – Pete Davidson, American comedian and actor. Davidson has also appeared on the MTV shows Guy Code, Wild 'n Out, and Failosophy.
- 1989 – Iamsu!, American rapper and producer. Sudan Ameer Williams (born November 16, 1989), better known by his stage name Iamsu! (stylized as IamSu!), is an American rapper, singer, songwriter and record producer.
- 1987 – Jordan Walden, American baseball player. Louis Cardinals.
- 1983 – Chris Gocong, American football player. Christopher Andrew Gocong (born November 16, 1983) is a former American football linebacker who played for the Philadelphia Eagles and Cleveland Browns in the National Football League.
- 1983 – Kool A.D., American rapper. Victor Vazquez (born November 16, 1983), also known by his stage name Kool A.D., is an American musician, rapper, author, and artist.
- 1982 – Amar'e Stoudemire, American basketball player. He made six appearances in the NBA All-Star Game and was named to the All-NBA Team five times, including one first-team selection in 2007.
- 1982 – Nonito Donaire, Filipino-American boxer. He has held multiple world championships in four weight classes, including the IBF flyweight title from 2007 to 2009; the unified WBC and WBO bantamweight titles in 2011; the IBF super bantamweight title in 2012; the WBO super bantamweight title twice between 2012 and 2016; the WBA (Super) featherweight title in 2014; and the WBA (Super) bantamweight title from 2018 to November 2019.
- 1981 – Caitlin Glass, American voice actress, singer, and director. Caitlin Tiffany Glass (born November 16, 1981) is an American voice actress, ADR director, and script writer at Funimation, New Generation Pictures and Bang Zoom! Entertainment who provides voices for English versions of Japanese anime series and video games.
- 1981 – Osi Umenyiora, English-American football player. Ositadimma "Osi" Umenyiora (born November 16, 1981) is an English sports pundit and former American Football defensive end who played in the National Football League (NFL).
- 1980 – Kayte Christensen, American basketball player. Kayte Lauren Christensen (born November 16, 1980) is an American color commentator and former professional Women's National Basketball Association player.
- 1979 – Tony Frias, American soccer player. Anthony 'Tony' Charles Frias III (born 16 November 1979) is an American retired footballer who played as a midfielder or a striker.
- 1978 – Kip Bouknight, American baseball player. Kip McKey Bouknight (born November 16, 1978) is an American professional baseball pitcher who most recently played with the Somerset Patriots of the Atlantic League of Professional Baseball.
- 1977 – Maggie Gyllenhaal, American actress and singer. Part of the Gyllenhaal family, she is the daughter of filmmakers Stephen Gyllenhaal and Naomi Achs, and the older sister of actor Jake Gyllenhaal.
- 1977 – Oksana Baiul, Ukrainian-American figure skater. Oksana Serhiyivna Baiul-Farina (Ukrainian: Окса́на Сергі́ївна Баю́л-Фарі́на, Russian: Оксана Сергеевна Баюл born 16 November 1977) is a Ukrainian retired competitive figure skater.
- 1972 – Missi Pyle, American actress and singer. She has also appeared in various television roles, on shows such as Mad About You, Friends, Heroes, Two and a Half Men, Frasier, My Name Is Earl, 2 Broke Girls, Jennifer Falls, and Mom.
- 1970 – Logan Mader, Canadian-American guitarist and producer, was formed in Oakland, California in 1991.
- 1970 – Martha Plimpton, American actress. She has also appeared in The Mosquito Coast (1986), Running on Empty (1988), Parenthood (1989), Samantha (1992), Raising Hope (2010) and Small Town Murder Songs (2011).
- 1968 – Melvin Stewart, American swimmer. Melvin Monroe Stewart Jr. (born November 16, 1968) is an American former competition swimmer and former world record-holder who won two gold medals and one bronze medal at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain.
- 1967 – Craig Arnold, American poet and academic (d. 2009). His first book of poems, Shells (1999), was selected by W.
- 1967 – Lisa Bonet, American actress and director. Bonet played Denise Huxtable on the NBC sitcom The Cosby Show, which originally aired from 1984 to 1992, and starred in its spinoff comedy, A Different World, for its first season (1987–1988).
- 1966 – Dave Kushner, American guitarist. David Kushner (born November 16, 1966) is an American musician perhaps best known as the rhythm guitarist for the hard rock supergroup Velvet Revolver.
- 1966 – Dean McDermott, Canadian-American actor and producer. Dean McDermott (born November 16, 1966) is a Canadian actor best known as a reality television personality with his wife, actress Tori Spelling, and as the host of the cooking competition Chopped Canada.
- 1966 – Joey Cape, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. Active since 1989, Cape is best known as the frontman of the California punk rock band Lagwagon.
- 1964 – Dwight Gooden, American baseball player. Dwight Eugene "Doc" Gooden (born November 16, 1964), nicknamed "Dr.
- 1964 – Maeve Quinlan, American actress. Maeve Quinlan (born November 16, 1964 in Chicago) is an American actress and former professional tennis player.
- 1963 – Zina Garrison, American tennis player. Wolf drilled his opponents on elite shooting in basketball at Ron. & Becky Robertsons' after his 23 birthday.
- 1959 – Francis M. Fesmire, American cardiologist and physician (d. 2014), was an American emergency physician and a nationally recognized expert in myocardial infarction. He authored numerous academic articles and assisted in the development of clinical guidelines on the standard of care in treating patients with suspected myocardial infarction by the American College of Emergency Physicians and the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology.
- 1958 – Marg Helgenberger, American actress. She is best known for her roles as Catherine Willows in the CBS police procedural drama CSI: Crime Scene Investigation (2000–12, 2013, 2015) and the subsequent TV movie Immortality (2015) and as K.C.
- 1956 – Terry Labonte, American race car driver and businessman. He also co-owns a Chevrolet dealership in Greensboro, North Carolina with Rick Hendrick.
- 1954 – Andrea Barrett, American novelist and short story writer. National Book Award for Fiction, and she received a MacArthur Fellowship in 2001.
- 1948 – Bonnie Greer, American-English playwright and critic. She is Vice President of the Shaw Society She is also the Chancellor of Kingston University in Kingston upon Thames, London.
- 1948 – Chi Coltrane, American singer-songwriter and pianist. Chi Coltrane (pronounced "shy"; born November 16, 1948) is an American singer and pianist.
- 1946 – Jo Jo White, American basketball player and coach, was an American professional basketball player. As an amateur, he played basketball at the University of Kansas and represented the U.S. men's basketball team during the 1968 Summer Olympics.
- 1945 – Lynn Hunt, American historian, author, and academic. Lynn Avery Hunt (born November 16, 1945) is the Eugen Weber Professor of Modern European History at the University of California, Los Angeles.
- 1945 – Teenie Hodges, American guitarist and songwriter (d. 2014), was an American musician known for his work as a rhythm and lead guitarist and songwriter on many of Al Green's soul hits, and those of other artists such as Ann Peebles and Syl Johnson, on Hi Records in the 1970s. His credits as a songwriter include "Take Me to the River", "Love and Happiness", "L-O-V-E (Love)", and "Here I Am (Come and Take Me)".
- 1941 – Dan Penn, American singer-songwriter and producer. Dan Penn (born Wallace Daniel Pennington, November 16, 1941) is an American songwriter, singer, musician, and record producer who co-wrote many soul hits of the 1960s, including "The Dark End of the Street" and "Do Right Woman, Do Right Man" with Chips Moman and "Cry Like a Baby" with Spooner Oldham.
- 1940 – Donna McKechnie, American actress, singer, and dancer. Donna McKechnie (born November 16, 1940) is an American musical theater dancer, singer, actress, and choreographer.
- 1938 – Robert Nozick, American philosopher, author, and academic (d. 2002). He held the Joseph Pellegrino University Professorship at Harvard University, and was president of the American Philosophical Association.
- 1938 – Troy Seals, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Troy Harold Seals (born November 16, 1938, in Bighill, Madison County, Kentucky, United States) is an American singer, songwriter, and guitarist.
- 1935 – Elizabeth Drew, American journalist and author. Elizabeth Drew (born November 16, 1935) is an American political journalist and author.
- 1933 – Garnet Mimms, American R&B singer. Garnet Mimms (born Garrett Mimms, November 26, 1933) is an American singer, influential in soul music and rhythm and blues.
- 1931 – Hubert Sumlin, American singer and guitarist (d. 2011), was a Chicago blues guitarist and singer, best known for his "wrenched, shattering bursts of notes, sudden cliff-hanger silences and daring rhythmic suspensions" as a member of Howlin' Wolf's band. He was ranked number 43 in Rolling Stone's "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time".
- 1930 – Paul Foytack, American baseball player. Paul Eugene Foytack (born November 16, 1930) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher from 1953 to 1964.
- 1928 – Clu Gulager, American actor and director. Bonney (Billy the Kid) in the 1960–62 NBC television series The Tall Man and as Emmett Ryker in another NBC Western series, The Virginian.
- 1927 – Dolo Coker, American pianist and composer (d. 1983), was a jazz pianist and composer who recorded four albums for Xanadu Records and extensively as a sideman, for artists like Sonny Stitt, Gene Ammons, Lou Donaldson, Art Pepper, Philly Joe Jones, and Dexter Gordon.
- 1924 – Mel Patton, American sprinter and coach (d. 2014), was an American sprinter, who won two gold medals at the 1948 Summer Olympics. He was ranked first in the world in the 100 m and 200 m events in 1947 and 1949.
- 1924 – Sam Farber, American businessman (d. 2013), was an American industrial designer and businessman.
- 1922 – Gene Amdahl, American computer scientist, physicist, and engineer (d. 2015), was an American computer architect and high-tech entrepreneur, chiefly known for his work on mainframe computers at IBM and later his own companies, especially Amdahl Corporation. He formulated Amdahl's law, which states a fundamental limitation of parallel computing.
- 1916 – Daws Butler, American voice actor and singer (d. 1988). He worked mostly for the Hanna-Barbera animation production company where he originated the voices of many familiar characters, including Loopy De Loop, Wally Gator, Yogi Bear, Hokey Wolf, Elroy Jetson, Quick Draw McGraw, Snagglepuss, and Huckleberry Hound.
- 1915 – Jean Fritz, Chinese-American author (d. 2017), was an American children's writer best known for American biography and history. She won the Children's Legacy Literature Award for her career contribution to American children's literature in 1986.
- 1913 – Ellen Albertini Dow, American actress (d. 2015), was an American film and television character actress and drama coach. She portrayed feisty old ladies and is best known as the rapping grandmother Rosie in The Wedding Singer (1998), performing "Rapper's Delight".
- 1912 – George O. Petrie, American actor and director (d. 1997). Petrie (November 16, 1912 – November 16, 1997) was an American radio and television actor.
- 1907 – Burgess Meredith, American actor, singer, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1997), was an American actor, director, producer, and writer. Active for more than six decades, Meredith has been called "a virtuosic actor" and "one of the most accomplished actors of the century".
- 1905 – Eddie Condon, American guitarist and banjo player (d. 1973), was an American jazz banjoist, guitarist, and bandleader. A leading figure in Chicago jazz, he also played piano and sang.
- 1899 – Mary Margaret McBride, American radio host (d. 1976), was an American radio interview host and writer. Her popular radio shows spanned more than 40 years.
- 1896 – Lawrence Tibbett, American actor and singer (d. 1960), was a famous American opera singer and recording artist who also performed as a film actor and radio personality. A baritone, he sang leading roles with the Metropolitan Opera in New York City more than 600 times from 1923 to 1950.
- 1894 – Bobby Cruickshank, American golfer (d. 1975), was a prominent professional golfer from Scotland. He competed in the PGA of America circuit from the early 1920s to the mid-1930s, the forerunner of today's PGA Tour.
- 1889 – George S. Kaufman, American director, producer, and playwright (d. 1961), was an American playwright, theatre director and producer, humorist, and drama critic. In addition to comedies and political satire, he wrote several musicals for the Marx Brothers and others.
- 1883 – Emil Breitkreutz, American runner and coach (d. 1972), was an American middle distance runner who won a bronze medal in the Olympic 800 meters final in the 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, Missouri.
- 1873 – W. C. Handy, American trumpet player and composer (d. 1958), was a composer and musician, and called himself the Father of the Blues. An African American, Handy was one of the most influential songwriters in the United States.
- 1851 – Minnie Hauk, American-Swiss soprano and actress (d. 1929), was an American operatic soprano.
- 1806 – Mary Tyler Peabody Mann, American author and educator (d. 1887), was a teacher, author, mother, and wife of Horace Mann, American education reformer and politician.
- 1753 – James McHenry, Irish-American surgeon and politician (d. 1816), was a Scotch-Irish American military surgeon and statesman. McHenry was a signer of the United States Constitution from Maryland, initiated the recommendation for congress to form the Navy, and the eponym of Fort McHenry.
- 2015 – Alton D. Slay, American general (b. 1924)
- 2015 – David Canary, American actor (b. 1938)
- 2015 – Michael C. Gross, American graphic designer and producer (b. 1945)
- 2014 – Carl Sanders, American soldier, pilot, and politician, 74th Governor of Georgia (b. 1925)
- 2014 – Charles Champlin, American historian, author, and critic (b. 1926)
- 2014 – Juan Joseph, American football player and coach (b. 1987)
- 2013 – Billy Hardwick, American bowler (b. 1941)
- 2013 – Charles Waterhouse, American painter, sculptor, and illustrator (b. 1924)
- 2013 – Louis D. Rubin, Jr., American author, critic, and academic (b. 1923)
- 2013 – Oscar Lanford, American mathematician and academic (b. 1940)
- 2010 – Britton Chance, American biologist and sailor (b. 1913)
- 2010 – Ronni Chasen, American publicist (b. 1946)
- 2007 – Harold Alfond, American businessman (b. 1914)
- 2006 – Milton Friedman, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912)
- 2005 – Donald Watson, English activist, founded the Vegan Society (b. 1910)
- 2005 – Henry Taube, Canadian-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
- 2005 – Ralph Edwards, American radio and television host and producer (b. 1913)
- 2001 – Tommy Flanagan, American pianist and composer (b. 1930)
- 2000 - Robert Earl Davis, American hip-hop artist (b. 1971)
- 1999 – Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1928)
- 1994 – Chet Powers, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1943)
- 1987 – Jim Brewer, American baseball player and coach (b. 1937)
- 1984 – Vic Dickenson, American trombonist (b. 1906)
- 1973 – Alan Watts, English-American philosopher, author, and educator (b. 1915)
- 1971 – Edie Sedgwick, American model and actress (b. 1943)
- 1964 – Donald C. Peattie, American botanist and author (b. 1898)
- 1961 – Sam Rayburn, American lawyer and politician, 48th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1882)
- 1960 – Clark Gable, American actor and singer (b. 1901)
- 1947 – Giuseppe Volpi, Italian businessman and politician, founded the Venice Film Festival (b. 1877)
- 1939 – Pierce Butler, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1866)
- 1913 – George Barham, English businessman, founded Express County Milk Supply Company (b. 1836)
- 1911 – A. A. Ames, American physician and politician, 9th Mayor of Minneapolis (b. 1842)
- 1911 – Lawrence Feuerbach, American shot putter (b. 1879)
- 1806 – Moses Cleaveland, American general, lawyer, and politician, founded Cleveland, Ohio (b. 1754)
- 1790 – Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, American politician (b. 1723)