Tuesday 17 November 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: Worldwide Holidays
, Childrenís Days
, Environmental Dates
, Food holidays
, Health Calendar
, Pet and Animal Holidays
, Unusual Holidays
Holidays and observances
- 1993 – United States House of Representatives passes a resolution to establish the North American Free Trade Agreement.
- 1983 – The Zapatista Army of National Liberation is founded in Mexico.
- 1979 – Brisbane Suburban Railway Electrification. The first stage from Ferny Grove to Darra is commissioned.
- 1970 – Luna programme: The Soviet Union lands Lunokhod 1 on Mare Imbrium (Sea of Rains) on the Moon. This is the first roving remote-controlled robot to land on another world and is released by the orbiting Luna 17 spacecraft.
- 1969 – Cold War: Negotiators from the Soviet Union and the United States meet in Helsinki, Finland to begin SALT I negotiations aimed at limiting the number of strategic weapons on both sides.
- 1968 – Viewers of the Raiders–Jets football game in the eastern United States are denied the opportunity to watch its exciting finish when NBC broadcasts Heidi instead, prompting changes to sports broadcasting in the U.S.
- 1947 – American scientists John Bardeen and Walter Houser Brattain observe the basic principles of the transistor, a key element for the electronics revolution of the 20th century.
- 1933 – United States recognizes Soviet Union.
- 1911 – Omega Psi Phi Fraternity Incorporated, which is the first black Greek-lettered organization founded at an American historically black college or university, was founded on the campus of Howard University in Washington, D.C.
- 1896 – The Western Pennsylvania Hockey League, which later became the first ice hockey league to openly trade and hire players, began play at Pittsburgh's Schenley Park Casino.
- 1894 – H. H. Holmes, one of the first modern serial killers, is arrested in Boston, Massachusetts.
- 1878 – First assassination attempt against Umberto I of Italy by anarchist Giovanni Passannante, who was armed with a dagger. The King survived with a slight wound in an arm. Prime Minister Benedetto Cairoli blocked the aggressor, receiving an injury in a leg.
- 1863 – American Civil War: Siege of Knoxville begins: Confederate forces led by General James Longstreet place Knoxville, Tennessee, under siege.
- 1856 – American Old West: On the Sonoita River in present-day southern Arizona, the United States Army establishes Fort Buchanan in order to help control new land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.
- 1839 – Oberto, Giuseppe Verdi's first opera, opens at the Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy.
- 1820 – Captain Nathaniel Palmer becomes the first American to see Antarctica. (The Palmer Peninsula is later named after him.)
- 1800 – The United States Congress holds its first session in Washington, D.C.
- 1777 – Articles of Confederation (United States) are submitted to the states for ratification.
- 1984 – Amanda Evora, American figure skater. They are two-time (2010, 2011) U.S. silver medalists, 2012 U.S. bronze medalists and two-time (2007, 2009) U.S. pewter medalists.
- 1983 – Christopher Paolini, American author. He lives in Paradise Valley, Montana, where he wrote his first book.
- 1983 – Nick Markakis, American baseball player. Nicholas William Markakis (/mɑːrˈkeɪkɪs/ mar-KAY-kis) (born November 17, 1983) is an American professional baseball right fielder for the Atlanta Braves of Major League Baseball (MLB).
- 1983 – Ryan Bradley, American figure skater. Collegiate champion.
- 1983 – Ryan Braun, American baseball player. Ryan Joseph Braun (born November 17, 1983), nicknamed "The Hebrew Hammer", is an American baseball left fielder for the Milwaukee Brewers of Major League Baseball (MLB).
- 1983 – Scott Moore, American baseball player. Scott Moore is the name of:
- 1983 – Trevor Crowe, American baseball player. Prior to playing professionally, Crowe attended the University of Arizona, where he played college baseball for the Arizona Wildcats.
- 1982 – Katie Feenstra-Mattera, American basketball player. Katharen Ruth "Katie" Mattera (born November 17, 1982 as Katharen Ruth Feenstra) is an American college basketball coach and retired player for the WNBA.
- 1980 – Isaac Hanson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Hanson is an American pop rock band from Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States, formed by brothers Isaac (guitar, piano, vocals), Taylor (keyboards, vocals), and Zac (drums, vocals).
- 1980 – Jay Bradley, American wrestler. Bradley Thomas Jay (born November 17, 1980) is an American professional wrestler, best known for his time in Impact Wrestling under the ring names of Jay Bradley and Aiden O'Shea. and WWE as Ryan Braddock .
- 1978 – Reggie Wayne, American football player. Reginald Wayne (born November 17, 1978) is a former American football wide receiver who spent his entire 14-year career with the Indianapolis Colts.
- 1976 – Diane Neal, American actress and director. Diane Neal (born November 17, 1975) is an American actress best known for her role as Casey Novak in the television series Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, which she played from 2003 to 2008 and 2011 to 2012.
- 1975 – Jerome James, American basketball player. Jerome Keith "Big Snacks" James (born November 17, 1975) is an American former professional basketball player who last played for Atenienses de Manatí of the Baloncesto Superior Nacional (BSN).
- 1975 – Lord Infamous, American rapper (d. 2013). Dunigan (November 17, 1973 – December 20, 2013), better known by his stage name Lord Infamous, was an American rapper from Memphis, Tennessee.
- 1973 – Eli Marrero, Cuban-American baseball player, coach, and manager. Marrero started his career as a catcher, but spent time at first base, third base and in the outfield.
- 1973 – Leslie Bibb, American actress and producer. She scored her first recurring role in the TV show The Big Easy (1997), before her role as Brooke McQueen on the WB Network dramedy series Popular brought her to the attention of a wider audience; she received a Teen Choice Award for Television Choice Actress for the role.
- 1972 – Kimya Dawson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. The song remains Dawson's highest charting single to date.
- 1972 – Leonard Roberts, American actor. He is best known for his roles as Sean Taylor in Drumline and for playing Forrest Gates in the fourth season of Buffy the Vampire Slayer and DL Hawkins in the first season of Heroes.
- 1969 – Rebecca Walker, American author. Rebecca Walker (born November 17, 1969, as Rebecca Leventhal) is an American writer, feminist, and activist.
- 1968 – Sean Miller, American basketball player and coach. Honors have followed Miller's success as he has won four league Coach of the Year Awards - once in the A10, three in the Pac-12, and once as USA Basketball Coach of the Year.
- 1967 – Ronnie DeVoe, American singer, producer, and actor. Ronald Boyd "Ronnie" DeVoe Jr. (born November 17, 1967) is an American singer, best known as one of the members of the R&B/pop group New Edition, and the R&B/hip hop group Bell Biv DeVoe.
- 1967 – Tab Benoit, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Tab Benoit (born November 17, 1967) is an American blues guitarist, musician, and singer.
- 1966 – Ben Allison, American bassist and composer. Allison is an adjunct professor at New School University and serves on the board of the New York chapter of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, where he serves as President.
- 1966 – Daisy Fuentes, Cuban-American model and actress. Fuentes broke barriers as MTV's first Latina VJ (signed to MTV and MTV Latin America simultaneously), and as Revlon's first Latina spokesperson to be signed to a worldwide contract.
- 1966 – Jeff Buckley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1997). After a decade as a session guitarist in Los Angeles, Buckley amassed a following in the early 1990s by playing cover songs at venues in Manhattan's East Village such as Sin-é, gradually focusing more on his own material.
- 1966 – Richard Fortus, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer. Fortus has also collaborated extensively with The Psychedelic Furs frontman Richard Butler and fellow Guns N' Roses bandmate Frank Ferrer.
- 1964 – Mitch Williams, American baseball player and sportscaster. Mitchell Steven Williams (born November 17, 1964), nicknamed "Wild Thing", is a former relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for six teams from 1986 to 1997.
- 1964 – Susan Rice, American academic and politician, 24th United States National Security Advisor. Susan Elizabeth Rice (born November 17, 1964) is an American public official who served as the 24th U.S.
- 1961 – Pat Toomey, American businessman and politician. Patrick Joseph Toomey Jr. (born November 17, 1961) is an American businessman and politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Pennsylvania since 2011.
- 1961 – Robert Stethem, American soldier (d. 1985), was a United States Navy Seabee diver who was murdered by Hezbollah terrorists during the hijacking of the commercial airliner he was aboard, TWA Flight 847. At the time of his death, his Navy rating was Steelworker Second Class (SW2).
- 1960 – RuPaul, American drag queen performer, actor, and singer. RuPaul Andre Charles (born November 17, 1960) is an American drag queen, actor, model, singer, songwriter, and television personality.
- 1959 – William R. Moses, American actor and producer. William Remington Moses (born November 17, 1959) is an American actor.
- 1958 – Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio, American actress and singer. For her role as Carmen in the 1986 film The Color of Money, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.
- 1955 – Yolanda King, American actress and activist (d. 2007), was an African American activist and first-born child of civil rights leaders Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Coretta Scott King.
- 1951 – Butch Davis, American football player and coach. After graduating from the University of Arkansas, he became an assistant college football coach at Oklahoma State University and the University of Miami before becoming the defensive coordinator for the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League (NFL).
- 1951 – Dean Paul Martin, American singer, actor, and pilot (d. 1987), was an American pop singer and film and television actor. A member of the California Air National Guard, Martin died in a crash during a military training flight.
- 1951 – Stephen Root, American actor. His other roles have included Captain K'Vada in the Star Trek: The Next Generation two-part episode "Unification" (1991), Mr.
- 1950 – Tom Walkinshaw, Scottish race car driver and businessman, founded Tom Walkinshaw Racing (d. 2010), was a British racing car driver and the founder of the racing team Tom Walkinshaw Racing (TWR). He was also involved in professional rugby union, as owner of Gloucester Rugby, and chairman of the team owners organisation for the Aviva Premiership.
- 1949 – John Boehner, American businessman and politician, 61st Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. Representative for Ohio's 8th congressional district from 1991 to 2015.
- 1948 – East Bay Ray, American guitarist. Raymond John Pepperell (born November 17, 1958), better known by his stage name East Bay Ray, is a guitarist best known for his membership in the San Francisco Bay area-based punk band Dead Kennedys.
- 1948 – Howard Dean, American physician and politician, 79th Governor of Vermont. Howard Brush Dean III (born November 17, 1948) is an American physician, author, and retired politician who served as Governor of Vermont from 1991 to 2003 and Chair of the Democratic National Committee (DNC) from 2005 to 2009 and works as a political consultant and commentator.
- 1946 – Terry Branstad, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 39th Governor of Iowa. Terry Edward Branstad (born November 17, 1946) is an American politician, university administrator, and diplomat serving as the United States Ambassador to China since 2017.
- 1945 – Elvin Hayes, American basketball player and sportscaster. Elvin Ernest Hayes (born November 17, 1945) is an American retired professional basketball player and radio analyst for his alma-mater Houston Cougars.
- 1944 – Danny DeVito, American actor, director, and producer. He currently plays Frank Reynolds on the FX and FXX sitcom It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia (2006–present).
- 1944 – Jim Boeheim, American basketball player and coach. James Arthur Boeheim (/ˈbeɪhaɪm/ BAY-hyme; born November 17, 1944) is an American college basketball coach who is the head coach of the Syracuse Orange men's team of the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC).
- 1944 – Lorne Michaels, Canadian-American screenwriter and producer, created Saturday Night Live. Lorne Michaels CC (born Lorne David Lipowitz; November 17, 1944) is a Canadian-American television producer, writer, actor and comedian best known for creating and producing Saturday Night Live and producing the Late Night series (since 1993), The Kids in the Hall (from 1989 to 1995) and The Tonight Show (since 2014).
- 1944 – Rem Koolhaas, Dutch architect and academic, designed the Seattle Central Library. Remment Lucas Koolhaas (Dutch pronunciation: ; born 17 November 1944) is a Dutch architect, architectural theorist, urbanist and Professor in Practice of Architecture and Urban Design at the Graduate School of Design at Harvard University.
- 1944 – Sammy Younge Jr., American civil rights activist (d. 1966), was a civil rights and voting rights activist who was murdered for trying to desegregate a "whites only" restroom. Younge was an enlisted service member in the United States Navy, where he served for two years before being medically discharged.
- 1944 – Tom Seaver, American baseball player and sportscaster. George Thomas Seaver (born November 17, 1944), nicknamed Tom Terrific and The Franchise, is an American former professional baseball pitcher, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Mets, Cincinnati Reds, Chicago White Sox, and Boston Red Sox, from 1967 to 1986.
- 1943 – Lauren Hutton, American model and actress. Though she was initially dismissed by agents for a signature gap in her teeth, Hutton signed a modeling contract with Revlon in 1973, which at the time was the biggest contract in the history of the modeling industry.
- 1942 – Bob Gaudio, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer. Robert John Gaudio (born November 17, 1942) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, and record producer, and the keyboardist and backing vocalist of the Four Seasons.
- 1942 – Martin Scorsese, American director, producer, screenwriter, and actor. Scorsese's body of work explores themes such as Italian-American identity, Catholic concepts of guilt and redemption, faith, machismo, crime and tribalism.
- 1935 – Bobby Joe Conrad, American football player. Robert Joseph Conrad (born November 17, 1935 in Clifton, Texas) is a former professional American football wide receiver in the National Football League for the Chicago Cardinals, St.
- 1934 – Jim Inhofe, American soldier and politician, senior senator of Oklahoma, was first elected to in 1994. A member of the Republican Party, he chaired the U.S.
- 1934 – Terry Rand, American basketball player (d. 2014), was an American basketball player, best known for his college career at Marquette University. Despite being drafted in the second round of the 1954 NBA draft, he never played in the NBA, instead choosing to play in the National Industrial Basketball League for six years.
- 1933 – Dan Osinski, American baseball player (d. 2013), was a Major League Baseball relief pitcher. The 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m), 195 pounds (88 kg) right-hander was signed by the Cleveland Indians as an amateur free agent before the 1952 season.
- 1933 – Orlando Peña, Cuban-American baseball player and scout. Louis Cardinals and California Angels.
- 1930 – Bob Mathias, American decathlete, actor, and politician (d. 2006), was an American decathlete, two-time Olympic gold medalist in the event, a United States Marine Corps officer, actor and United States Congressman representing the state of California.
- 1929 – Norm Zauchin, American baseball player (d. 1999), was a professional baseball first baseman. He played all or part of six seasons in Major League Baseball for the Boston Red Sox (1951, 1955–57) and Washington Senators (1958–59).
- 1928 – Arman, French-American painter and sculptor (d. 2005), was a French-born American artist. Born Armand Fernandez in Nice, France, Arman was a painter who moved from using objects for the ink or paint traces they leave ("cachet", "allures d'objet") to using them as the painting itself.
- 1928 – Rance Howard, American actor, producer, and screenwriter, was an American actor who starred in film and on television. He was the father of actor and filmmaker Ron Howard and actor Clint Howard, and grandfather of the actresses Bryce Dallas Howard and Paige Howard.
- 1927 – Robert Drasnin, American clarinet player and composer (d. 2015), was an American composer and clarinet player.
- 1925 – Charles Mackerras, American-Australian oboe player and conductor (d. 2010), was an Australian conductor. He was an authority on the operas of Janáček and Mozart, and the comic operas of Gilbert and Sullivan.
- 1925 – Jean Faut, American baseball player and bowler, was a starting pitcher who played from 1946 through 1953 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 4 in (1.63 m), 137 lb., she batted and threw right-handed.
- 1925 – Rock Hudson, American actor (d. 1985), was an American actor, who, according to TCM.com’s biography “epitomized Hollywood's classic matinee idol image...One of the most popular movie stars of his time, Hudson's screen career spanned five decades and was a shining example of Hollywood's classical "star system"-style career promotion ...” A prominent heartthrob of the Hollywood Golden Age, he achieved stardom with his role in Magnificent Obsession (1954), followed by All That Heaven Allows (1955), director Douglas Sirk’s self-described effort to re-create the success of Magnificent Obsession, and Giant (1956), for which he received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor. Hudson also found continued success with a string of romantic comedies co-starring Doris Day: Pillow Talk (1959), Lover Come Back (1961), and Send Me No Flowers (1964).
- 1917 – Ruth Aaronson Bari, American mathematician (d. 2005), was an American mathematician known for her work in graph theory and algebraic homomorphisms. The daughter of Polish-Jewish immigrants to the United States, she was a professor at George Washington University beginning in 1966.
- 1916 – Shelby Foote, American historian and author (d. 2005), was an American writer and journalist who wrote The Civil War: A Narrative, a three-volume history of the American Civil War. With geographic and cultural roots in the Mississippi Delta, Foote's life and writing paralleled the radical shift from the agrarian planter system of the Old South to the Civil Rights era of the New South.
- 1906 – Rollie Stiles, American baseball player (d. 2007), was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the St. Louis Browns from 1930 to 1933.
- 1906 – Soichiro Honda, Japanese engineer and businessman, co-founded the Honda Motor Company (d. 1991), was a Japanese engineer and industrialist. In 1948, he established Honda Motor Co., Ltd. and oversaw its expansion from a wooden shack manufacturing bicycle motors to a multinational automobile and motorcycle manufacturer.
- 1905 – Mischa Auer, Russian-American actor (d. 1967), was a Russian-born American actor who moved to Hollywood in the late 1920s. He first appeared in film in 1928.
- 1904 – Isamu Noguchi, American sculptor and architect (d. 1988), was a Japanese American artist and landscape architect whose artistic career spanned six decades, from the 1920s onward. Known for his sculpture and public works, Noguchi also designed stage sets for various Martha Graham productions, and several mass-produced lamps and furniture pieces, some of which are still manufactured and sold.
- 1901 – Lee Strasberg, Ukrainian-American actor and director (d. 1982), was a Polish-born American actor, director, and theatre practitioner. He co-founded, with directors Harold Clurman and Cheryl Crawford, the Group Theatre in 1931, which was hailed as "America's first true theatrical collective".
- 1899 – Douglas Shearer, Canadian-American engineer (d. 1971), was a Canadian American pioneering sound designer and recording director who played a key role in the advancement of sound technology for motion pictures. He won seven Academy Awards for his work.
- 1891 – Lester Allen, American screen, stage, vaudeville, circus actor, and film director (d. 1949). In vaudeville, he appeared in a double act with Nellie Breen and also emceed at the Palace Theatre.
- 1886 – Walter Terence Stace, English-American philosopher, academic, and civil servant (d. 1967), was a British civil servant, educator, public philosopher and epistemologist, who wrote on Hegel, mysticism, and moral relativism. He worked with the Ceylon Civil Service from 1910-1932, and from 1932-1955 he was employed by Princeton University in the Department of Philosophy.
- 1878 – Augustus Goessling, American swimmer and water polo player (d. 1963). Goessling (November 17, 1878 – August 22, 1963) was an American water polo player, breaststroke and backstroke swimmer who represented the United States at the 1904 Summer Olympics and 1908 Summer Olympics.
- 1878 – Grace Abbott, American social worker (d. 1939), was an American social worker who specifically worked in improving the rights of immigrants and advancing child welfare, especially the regulation of child labor. Her elder sister, Edith Abbott, who was a social worker, educator and researcher, had professional interests that often complemented those of Grace's.
- 1866 – Voltairine de Cleyre, American author and activist (d. 1912), was an American anarchist known for being a prolific writer and speaker who opposed state power, the capitalism she saw as interconnected with it, and marriage, and the domination of religion over sexuality and women's lives. She is often characterized as a major early feminist because of her views.
- 1835 – Andrew L. Harris, American general and politician, 44th Governor of Ohio (d. 1915), was one of the heroes of the Battle of Gettysburg during the American Civil War and served as the 44th Governor of Ohio.
- 1753 – Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg, American pastor and botanist (d. 1815), was an American clergyman and botanist.
- 1749 – Nicolas Appert, French chef, invented canning (d. 1841), was the French inventor of airtight food preservation. Appert, known as the "father of canning", was a confectioner.
- 2014 – Bill Frenzel, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1928)
- 2014 – John T. Downey, American CIA agent and judge (b. 1930)
- 2014 – Patrick Suppes, American psychologist and philosopher (b. 1922)
- 2014 – Ray Sadecki, American baseball player (b. 1940)
- 2013 – Mary Nesbitt Wisham, American baseball player (b. 1925)
- 2013 – Syd Field, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1935)
- 2013 – Zeke Bella, American baseball player (b. 1930)
- 2012 – Freddy Schmidt, American baseball player (b. 1916)
- 2012 – Lea Gottlieb, Hungarian-Israeli fashion designer, founded the Gottex Company (b. 1918)
- 2011 – Kurt Budke, American basketball player and coach (b. 1961)
- 2008 – George Stephen Morrison, American admiral (b. 1919)
- 2008 – Pete Newell, American basketball player and coach (b. 1915)
- 2006 – Bo Schembechler, American football player and coach (b. 1929)
- 2006 – Ruth Brown, American singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1928)
- 2003 – Arthur Conley, American-Dutch singer-songwriter (b. 1946)
- 2002 – Frank McCarthy, American painter and illustrator (b. 1924)
- 2001 – Harrison A. Williams, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician (b. 1919)
- 1998 – Esther Rolle, American actress (b. 1920)
- 1992 – Audre Lorde, American poet, essayist, memoirist, and activist (b. 1934)
- 1990 – Robert Hofstadter, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
- 1989 – Costabile Farace, American criminal (b. 1960)
- 1988 – Sheilah Graham Westbrook, English-American actress, author, and journalist (b. 1904)
- 1987 – Paul Derringer, American baseball player (b. 1906)
- 1958 – Mort Cooper, American baseball player (b. 1913)
- 1955 – James P. Johnson, American pianist and composer (b. 1894)
- 1940 – Raymond Pearl, American biologist and academic (b. 1879)
- 1936 – Ernestine Schumann-Heink, German-American singer (b. 1861)
- 1932 – Charles W. Chesnutt, American lawyer, author, and activist (b. 1858)
- 1929 – Herman Hollerith, American statistician and businessman (b. 1860)
- 1910 – Ralph Johnstone, American pilot (b. 1886)
- 1897 – George Hendric Houghton, American pastor and theologian (b. 1820)
- 1865 – James McCune Smith, American physician and author (b. 1813)
- 1808 – David Zeisberger, Czech-American pastor and missionary (b. 1721)