Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as intracranial injury, occurs when an external force traumatically injures the brain. TBI can be classified based on severity, mechanism (closed or penetrating head injury), or other features (e.g., occurring in a specific location or over a widespread area). Head injury usually refers to TBI, but is a broader category because it can involve damage to structures other than the brain, such as the scalp and skull.
TBI is a major cause of death and disability worldwide, especially in children and young adults. Males sustain traumatic brain injuries more frequently than do females. Causes include falls, vehicle accidents, and violence. Prevention measures include use of technology to protect those suffering from automobile accidents, such as seat belts and sports or motorcycle helmets, as well as efforts to reduce the number of automobile accidents, such as safety education programs and enforcement of traffic laws.
The ninth day of July is designated as "Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness Day" to increase public awareness of traumatic brain injuries.
(Ohio Revised Code. GENERAL PROVISIONS. Chapter 5: STATE INSIGNIA; SEALS; HOLIDAYS. 5.2277 Traumatic Brain Injury Awareness Day.)
Added by 129th General AssemblyFile No.86, SB 247, §1, eff. 6/8/2012.