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CalendarMarch → 14

Saturday 14 March 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 1995 – Space exploration: Astronaut Norman Thagard becomes the first American astronaut to ride to space on board a Russian launch vehicle.
  • 1994 – Timeline of Linux development: Linux kernel version 1.0.0 is released.
  • 1980 – In Poland, LOT Flight 7 crashes during final approach near Warsaw, killing 87 people, including a 14-man American boxing team.
  • 1945 – World War II: The R.A.F.'s first operational use of the Grand Slam bomb, Bielefeld, Germany.
  • 1942 – Orvan Hess and John Bumstead became the first in the United States successfully to treat a patient, Anne Miller, using penicillin.
  • 1936 – The first all-sound film version of Show Boat opens at Radio City Music Hall.
  • 1931 – Alam Ara, India's first talking film, is released.
  • 1903 – The Hay–Herrán Treaty, granting the United States the right to build the Panama Canal, is ratified by the United States Senate. The Colombian Senate would later reject the treaty.
  • 1900 – The Gold Standard Act is ratified, placing United States currency on the gold standard.
  • 1885 – The Mikado, a light opera by W. S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan, receives its first public performance in London.
  • 1794 – Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin.
  • 1780 – American Revolutionary War: Spanish forces capture Fort Charlotte in Mobile, Alabama, the last British frontier post capable of threatening New Orleans in Spanish Louisiana.

Births

  • 1997 – Simone Biles, American gymnast. She was part of the gold-medal-winning team dubbed the "Final Five" at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro.
  • 1994 – Ansel Elgort, American actor and DJ. Born to photographer Arthur Elgort and stage producer Grethe Barrett Holby, he began his acting career with a supporting role in the horror film Carrie (2013).
  • 1989 – Colby O'Donis, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. He is also well known for his lead single on his debut album Colby O titled "What You Got" featuring Akon, which peaked at number 14 on the Hot 100, and being featured on Akon's song "Beautiful", which peaked at number 19 on the Hot 100.
  • 1988 – Stephen Curry, American basketball player. Wardell Stephen "Steph" Curry II (/ˈstɛfən/ STEF-ən; born March 14, 1988) is an American professional basketball player for the Golden State Warriors of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1984 – Aric Almirola, American race car driver. A graduate of Hillsborough High School in Tampa, Almirola attended the University of Central Florida to work on a degree in mechanical engineering before leaving to pursue a career in racing.
  • 1984 – Liesel Pritzker Simmons, American actress and philanthropist. She is a member of the wealthy Pritzker family.
  • 1983 – Taylor Hanson, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player. Jordan Taylor Hanson (born March 14, 1983) is an American musician best known as a member of the pop rock band Hanson.
  • 1981 – Bobby Jenks, American baseball player. Robert Scott Jenks (born March 14, 1981) is an American former professional baseball pitcher.
  • 1974 – Santino Marella, Canadian-American wrestler and actor. Anthony Carelli (born March 14, 1974) is a Canadian professional wrestler, sports analyst, web series host, trainer, former mixed martial artist and occasional actor.
  • 1970 – Kristian Bush, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. In addition to his work in these two groups, Bush has released one solo album, Southern Gravity, via Streamsound Records in 2015.
  • 1969 – Michael Bland, American drummer and producer. He was with Prince during The New Power Generation era and played with him live and on albums for seven years.
  • 1968 – Megan Follows, Canadian-American actress. From 2013 to 2017, she starred as Catherine de' Medici in the television series Reign.
  • 1968 – Serena Rees, English businesswoman, co-founded Agent Provocateur. Serena Rees (born 14 March 1968) is a British businesswoman best known for cofounding Agent Provocateur with her then husband Joseph Corré.
  • 1966 – Elise Neal, American actress and producer. Her big break came with three 1997 films, appearing in Rosewood, Money Talks and Scream 2.
  • 1966 – Gary Anthony Williams, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. He appeared on the television series Weeds, Boston Legal, Blue Collar TV and as Abe Kenarban in Malcolm in the Middle.
  • 1965 – Billy Sherwood, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer. William Wyman Sherwood (born March 14, 1965, Las Vegas, Nevada) is an American musician, record producer, and mixing engineer.
  • 1963 – Andrew Fleming, American director and screenwriter. He also directed, without writing, the 2003 film The In-Laws.
  • 1961 – Mike Lazaridis, Turkish–Canadian businessman and philanthropist, founded BlackBerry Limited. Mihal "Mike" Lazaridis, OC, O.Ont, FRS (Greek: Μιχαήλ (Μιχάλης) Λαζαρίδης; born March 14, 1961) is a Greek-Canadian businessman, investor in quantum computing technologies, and founder of BlackBerry, which created and manufactured the BlackBerry wireless handheld device.
  • 1961 – Penny Johnson Jerald, American actress. Claire Finn on the Fox network's series The Orville.
  • 1960 – Heidi Hammel, American astronomer and academic. Hammel (born March 14, 1960) is a planetary astronomer who has extensively studied Neptune and Uranus.
  • 1959 – Laila Robins, American actress. Her television credits include regular roles on Gabriel's Fire, Homeland, and Murder in the First.
  • 1959 – Steve Byrnes, American sportscaster and producer (d. 2015), was an American television announcer and producer.
  • 1959 – Tamara Tunie, American actress. Tamara Tunie (born March 14, 1959) is an American film, stage, and television actress, director, and producer.
  • 1957 – Tad Williams, American author. Memory, Sorrow, and Thorn Otherland
  • 1956 – Butch Wynegar, American baseball player and coach. Harold Delano "Butch" Wynegar, Jr. (born March 14, 1956) is an American former professional baseball player and the current hitting coach for the Bradenton Marauders Class A-Advanced affiliate of the Pittsburgh Pirates.
  • 1955 – Jonathan Kaufer, American director and screenwriter (d. 2013), was an American film director, screenwriter, and occasional actor. Kaufer received his first job while in his late teens as a writer for the sitcom Mork & Mindy.
  • 1951 – Jerry Greenfield, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Ben & Jerry's. He is a co-founder of Ben & Jerry's Homemade Holdings, Inc.
  • 1950 – Rick Dees, American actor and radio host. Rigdon Osmond Dees III (born March 14, 1950), best known as Rick Dees, is an American entertainer, radio personality, comedian, actor, and voice artist, best known for his internationally syndicated radio show The Rick Dees Weekly Top 40 Countdown and for the 1976 novelty song "Disco Duck".
  • 1948 – Billy Crystal, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. He then became a Hollywood film star during the late 1980s and 1990s, appearing in the critical and box office successes The Princess Bride (1987), Throw Momma from the Train (1987), When Harry Met Sally... (1989), City Slickers (1991), Mr.
  • 1948 – Tom Coburn, American physician and politician. A member of the Republican Party, he was a United States Representative and later a United States Senator from Oklahoma.
  • 1947 – William J. Jefferson, American lawyer and politician. William Jennings Jefferson (born March 14, 1947) is an American former politician from Louisiana whose career ended after his corruption scandal and conviction.
  • 1946 – Wes Unseld, American basketball player, coach, and manager. He spent his entire NBA career with the Baltimore/Capital/Washington Bullets, and was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1988.
  • 1946 – William Lerach, American securities, class action attorney. William "Bill" Shannon Lerach (born March 14, 1946, Ohio River Valley, Midwestern United States) is a disbarred lawyer who specialized in private securities class action lawsuits.
  • 1945 – Michael Martin Murphey, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. He has recorded the hit singles "Wildfire", "Carolina in the Pines", "What's Forever For", "A Long Line of Love", "What She Wants", "Don't Count the Rainy Days", and "Maybe This Time".
  • 1945 – Walter Parazaider, American saxophonist. Walter Parazaider (born March 14, 1945) is an American woodwind musician best known for being a founding member of the rock band Chicago.
  • 1943 – Anita Morris, American actress and singer (d. 1994), was an American actress, singer and dancer. She began her career performing on Broadway musicals, including Jesus Christ Superstar, Seesaw and Nine, for which she received Tony Award nomination.
  • 1941 – Wolfgang Petersen, German-American director, producer, and screenwriter. His other films include The NeverEnding Story (1984), Enemy Mine (1985), In the Line of Fire (1993), Outbreak (1995), Air Force One (1997), The Perfect Storm (2000), Troy (2004), and Poseidon (2006).
  • 1939 – Raymond J. Barry, American actor. Raymond John Barry (born March 14, 1939) is an American film, television, and stage actor.
  • 1938 – Jan Crouch, American televangelist, co-founder of the Trinity Broadcasting Network (d. 2016), was an American religious broadcaster. Crouch and her husband, Paul, founded the Trinity Broadcasting Network (TBN) in 1973, along with Jim Bakker.
  • 1934 – Eugene Cernan, American captain, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2017), was an American astronaut, naval aviator, electrical engineer, aeronautical engineer, and fighter pilot. During the Apollo 17 mission, Cernan became the eleventh person to walk on the Moon.
  • 1934 – Paul Rader, American 15th General of The Salvation Army, was the 15th General of the Salvation Army from 1994 to 1999, and was the President of Asbury University in Wilmore, Kentucky, from 2000 to 2006.
  • 1933 – Quincy Jones, American singer-songwriter, trumpet player, and producer. Quincy Delight Jones Jr. (born March 14, 1933) is an American record producer, multi-instrumentalist, songwriter, composer, arranger, and film and television producer.
  • 1932 – Naina Yeltsina, Russian wife of Boris Yeltsin, First Lady of Russia. Naina Iosifovna Yeltsina (Russian: Наина Иосифовна Ельцина, née Girina, Гирина; born 14 March 1932) is the widow of the first President of Russia, Boris Yeltsin.
  • 1929 – Bob Goalby, American golfer. Robert George Goalby (born March 14, 1929) is a former American professional golfer on the PGA Tour, who won the Masters Tournament in 1968, his lone major championship among 11 Tour wins achieved between 1958 and 1971.
  • 1928 – Frank Borman, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut. Frank Frederick Borman II (born March 14, 1928) is a retired United States Air Force (USAF) colonel, aeronautical engineer, test pilot, businessman, rancher, and NASA astronaut.
  • 1925 – Joseph A. Unanue, American sergeant and businessman (d. 2013), was the president of Goya Foods, which is the largest Hispanic–owned food company in the United States, and is owned by the Unanue family.
  • 1923 – Diane Arbus, American photographer (d. 1971). Arbus famously worked to normalize marginalized groups and highlight the importance of proper representation of all people.
  • 1922 – Les Baxter, American pianist and composer (d. 1996), was an American musician and composer. After working as an arranger and composer for swing bands, he developed his own style of easy listening music, known as exotica.
  • 1921 – Ada Louise Huxtable, American author and critic (d. 2013), was an architecture critic and writer on architecture. Huxtable established architecture and urban design journalism in North America and rose public’s awareness of the urban environment.
  • 1921 – S. Truett Cathy, American businessman, founded Chick-fil-A (d. 2014), was an American businessman, investor, author, and philanthropist. He founded the fast food restaurant chain Chick-fil-A in 1946.
  • 1920 – Hank Ketcham, American author and cartoonist, created Dennis the Menace (d. 2001), was an American cartoonist who created the Dennis the Menace comic strip, writing and drawing it from 1951 to 1994, when he retired from drawing the daily cartoon and took up painting full-time in his home studio. In 1953, he received the Reuben Award for the strip, which continues today in the hands of other artists.
  • 1919 – Max Shulman, American author and screenwriter (d. 1988), was an American writer and humorist best known for his television and short story character Dobie Gillis, as well as for best-selling novels.
  • 1918 – Dennis Patrick, American actor and director (d. 2002), was an American character actor, primarily in television.
  • 1916 – Horton Foote, American author, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 2009), was an American playwright and screenwriter, perhaps best known for his screenplays for the 1962 film To Kill a Mockingbird and the 1983 film Tender Mercies, and his notable live television dramas during the Golden Age of Television. He received the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1995 for his play The Young Man From Atlanta and two Academy Awards, one for an original screenplay (Tender Mercies) and one for adapted screenplay (To Kill a Mockingbird).
  • 1914 – Lee Hays, American singer-songwriter (d. 1981), was an American folk-singer and songwriter, best known for singing bass with The Weavers. Throughout his life, he was concerned with overcoming racism, inequality, and violence in society.
  • 1914 – Lee Petty, American race car driver and businessman, founded Petty Enterprises (d. 2000), was an American stock car racing driver who competed during the 1950s and 1960s. He was one of the pioneers of NASCAR and one of its first superstars.
  • 1912 – W. Graham Claytor, Jr. American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 15th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1994), was the vice president of Appalachian Power Company, an electric utility service.
  • 1912 – W. Willard Wirtz, American lawyer and politician, 10th United States Secretary of Labor (d. 2010), was a U.S. administrator, cabinet officer, attorney, and law professor. He served as the Secretary of Labor between 1962 and 1969 under the administrations of Presidents John F.
  • 1908 – Ed Heinemann, American engineer (d. 1991), was a noted military aircraft designer for the Douglas Aircraft Company.
  • 1908 – Philip Conrad Vincent, English engineer and businessman, founded Vincent Motorcycles (d. 1979), was a British motorcycle designer and manufacturer. Founder of Vincent Motorcycles, his designs influenced the development of motorcycles around the world.
  • 1904 – Doris Eaton Travis, American actress and dancer (d. 2010), was an American dancer, stage and film actress, dance instructor, owner and manager, writer, and rancher, who was the last surviving Ziegfeld girl a trope of acclaimed chorus girls who performed as members in the Broadway theatrical revue's of the Ziegfeld Follies
  • 1903 – Adolph Gottlieb, American painter and sculptor (d. 1974), was an American abstract expressionist painter, sculptor and printmaker.
  • 1899 – K. C. Irving, Canadian businessman, founded Irving Oil (d. 1992). Kenneth Colin Irving, OC (March 14, 1899 – December 13, 1992) also known as K.
  • 1894 – Osa Johnson, American director and explorer (d. 1953). Martin Elmer Johnson (October 9, 1884 – January 13, 1937) and his wife Osa Helen Johnson (née Leighty, March 14, 1894 – January 7, 1953) were American adventurers and documentary filmmakers.
  • 1887 – Sylvia Beach, American-French publisher, founded Shakespeare and Company (d. 1962), was an American-born bookseller and publisher who lived most of her life in Paris, where she was one of the leading expatriate figures between World War I and II.
  • 1885 – Gervais Raoul Lufbery, French-American soldier and pilot (d. 1918). Air Service, United States Army
  • 1879 – Albert Einstein, German-American physicist, engineer, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955), was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).:274 His work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He is best known to the general public for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = m c 2 {displaystyle E=mc^{2}} , which has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation".
  • 1874 – Anton Philips, Dutch businessman, co-founded Philips Electronics (d. 1951). Anton Frederik Philips (14 March 1874 – 7 October 1951) co-founded Royal Philips Electronics N.V. in 1912 with his older brother Gerard Philips in Eindhoven, the Netherlands.
  • 1863 – Casey Jones, American engineer (d. 1900), was an American railroader who worked for the Illinois Central Railroad (IC). He was killed on April 30, 1900, when his train collided with the caboose of a stalled freight train near Vaughan, Mississippi.
  • 1854 – Thomas R. Marshall, American lawyer and politician, 28th Vice President of the United States of America (d. 1925), was an American politician who served as the 28th vice president of the United States from 1913 to 1921 under President Woodrow Wilson. A prominent lawyer in Indiana, he became an active and well known member of the Democratic Party by stumping across the state for other candidates and organizing party rallies that later helped him win election as the 27th governor of Indiana.
  • 1837 – Charles Ammi Cutter, American librarian (d. 1903). In The 1850s and 1860s he helped the re-cataloging of the Harvard College Library, producing the America's first public card catalog.
  • 1833 – Lucy Hobbs Taylor, American dentist and educator (d. 1910), was a school teacher and a dentist, known for being the first American woman to graduate from dental school (Ohio College of Dental Surgery in 1866). She was originally denied admittance to the Eclectic Medical College in Cincinnati, Ohio due to her gender.
  • 1813 – Joseph P. Bradley, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1892), was an American jurist best known for his service on the United States Supreme Court, and on the Electoral Commission that decided the disputed 1876 presidential election.
  • 1800 – James Bogardus, American inventor and architect (d. 1874), was an American inventor and architect, the pioneer of American cast-iron architecture, for which he took out a patent in 1850.

Deaths

  • 2016 – John W. Cahn, German-American metallurgist and academic (b. 1928)
  • 2014 – Gary Burger, American singer and guitarist (b. 1942)
  • 2014 – Sam Lacey, American basketball player (b. 1948)
  • 2013 – Jack Greene, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1930)
  • 2010 – Peter Graves, American actor (b. 1926)
  • 2008 – Chiara Lubich, Italian activist, co-founded the Focolare Movement (b. 1920)
  • 2003 – Jack Goldstein, Canadian-American painter (b. 1945)
  • 1999 – Kirk Alyn, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1997 – Fred Zinnemann, Austrian-American director and producer (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – William Alfred Fowler, American physicist and astronomer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 1991 – Howard Ashman, American playwright and composer (b. 1950)
  • 1977 – Fannie Lou Hamer, American activist and philanthropist (b. 1917)
  • 1976 – Busby Berkeley, American director and choreographer (b. 1895)
  • 1975 – Susan Hayward, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 1973 – Chic Young, American cartoonist (b. 1901)
  • 1973 – Howard H. Aiken, American computer scientist and engineer (b. 1900)
  • 1969 – Ben Shahn, Lithuanian-American painter, illustrator, and educator (b. 1898)
  • 1965 – Marion Jones Farquhar, American tennis player (b. 1879)
  • 1949 – John Callan O'Laughlin, American journalist and politician, 17th United States Assistant Secretary of State (b. 1873)
  • 1932 – George Eastman, American inventor and businessman, founded Eastman Kodak (b. 1854)
  • 1921 – Larry McLean, Canadian-American baseball player (b. 1881)
  • 1860 – Carl Ritter von Ghega, Italian engineer, designed the Semmering railway (b. 1802)
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