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31

Tuesday 31 July 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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July 31 Events

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Calendars: United Kingdom

Holidays and observances

  • End of the Trinity term (sitting of the High Court of Justice of England)
  • Ka Hae Hawaiʻi Day (Hawaii, United States)

Events

  • 1999 – Discovery Program: Lunar Prospector: NASA intentionally crashes the spacecraft into the Moon, thus ending its mission to detect frozen water on the moon's surface.
  • 1991 – The United States and Soviet Union both sign the START I Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, the first to reduce (with verification) both countries' stockpiles.
  • 1971 – Apollo program: Apollo 15 astronauts become the first to ride in a lunar rover.
  • 1964 – Ranger program: Ranger 7 sends back the first close-up photographs of the moon, with images 1,000 times clearer than anything ever seen from earth-bound telescopes.
  • 1938 – Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius the Great in Persepolis.
  • 1874 – Dr. Patrick Francis Healy became the first African-American inaugurated as president of a predominantly white university, Georgetown University.
  • 1865 – The first narrow-gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Queensland, Australia.
  • 1790 – The first U.S. patent is issued, to inventor Samuel Hopkins for a potash process.
  • 1777 – The U.S. Second Continental Congress passes a resolution that the services of Gilbert du Motier "be accepted, and that, in consideration of his zeal, illustrious family and connexions, he have the rank and commission of major-general of the United States."
  • 1498 – On his third voyage to the Western Hemisphere, Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to discover the island of Trinidad.

Births

  • 1992 – Kyle Larson, American race car driver
  • 1987 – Michael Bradley, American soccer player
  • 1986 – Brian Orakpo, American football player
  • 1982 – DeMarcus Ware, American football player
  • 1981 – Vernon Carey, American football player
  • 1979 – B.J. Novak, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1979 – J.J. Furmaniak, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Nick Sorensen, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1978 – Zac Brown, American country singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1976 – Joshua Cain, American guitarist and producer
  • 1975 – Gabe Kapler, American baseball player and manager
  • 1975 – Randy Flores, American baseball player and coach
  • 1974 – Jonathan Ogden, American football player
  • 1974 – Leona Naess, American-English singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971 – Gus Frerotte, American football player and coach
  • 1969 – Kenneth D. Schisler, American lawyer and politician
  • 1969 – Loren Dean, American actor
  • 1967 – Tony Massenburg, American basketball player
  • 1966 – Dean Cain, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1965 – John Laurinaitis, American wrestler and producer
  • 1965 – Scott Brooks, American basketball player and coach
  • 1962 – John Chiang, American lawyer and politician, 31st California State Controller
  • 1962 – Kevin Greene, American football player and coach
  • 1962 – Wesley Snipes, American actor and producer
  • 1959 – Stanley Jordan, American guitarist, pianist, and songwriter
  • 1958 – Bill Berry, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1958 – Mark Cuban, American businessman and television personality
  • 1956 – Bill Callahan, American football player and coach
  • 1956 – Deval Patrick, American lawyer and politician, 71st Governor of Massachusetts
  • 1956 – Lynne Rae Perkins, American author and illustrator
  • 1956 – Michael Biehn, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1956 – Ron Kuby, American lawyer and radio host
  • 1952 – Alan Autry, American football player, actor, and politician, 23rd Mayor of Fresno, California
  • 1952 – Chris Ahrens, American ice hockey player
  • 1952 – Faye Kellerman, American author
  • 1949 – Mike Jackson, American basketball player
  • 1946 – Gary Lewis, American pop-rock musician
  • 1945 – William Weld, American lawyer and politician, 68th Governor of Massachusetts
  • 1944 – Geraldine Chaplin, American actress and screenwriter
  • 1944 – Robert C. Merton, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1944 – Sherry Lansing, American film producer
  • 1943 – Lobo, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1943 – William Bennett, American journalist and politician, 3rd United States Secretary of Education
  • 1939 – Susan Flannery, American actress
  • 1935 – Geoffrey Lewis, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1932 – John Searle, American philosopher and academic
  • 1932 – Ted Cassidy, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1979)
  • 1931 – Kenny Burrell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1931 – Nick Bollettieri, American tennis player and coach
  • 1929 – Don Murray, American actor
  • 1928 – Bill Frenzel, American lieutenant and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1926 – Bernard Nathanson, American physician and activist (d. 2011)
  • 1926 – Hilary Putnam, American mathematician, computer scientist, and philosopher (d. 2016)
  • 1924 – Jimmy Evert, American tennis player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – Ahmet Ertegun, Turkish-American songwriter and producer, founded Atlantic Records (d. 2006)
  • 1923 – Stephanie Kwolek, American chemist and engineer, invented Kevlar (d. 2014)
  • 1922 – Hank Bauer, American baseball player and manager (d. 2007)
  • 1921 – Donald Malarkey, American sergeant and author
  • 1921 – Peter Benenson, English lawyer and activist, founded Amnesty International (d. 2005)
  • 1921 – Whitney Young, American activist (d. 1971)
  • 1920 – James E. Faust, American religious leader, lawyer, and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1919 – Curt Gowdy, American sportscaster and actor (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Hank Jones, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (d. 2010)
  • 1918 – Paul D. Boyer, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1916 – Bill Todman, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1979)
  • 1916 – Billy Hitchcock, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 2006)
  • 1914 – Paul J. Christiansen, American conductor and composer (d. 1997)
  • 1912 – Irv Kupcinet, American football player and journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1912 – Milton Friedman, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)
  • 1911 – George Liberace, American violinist (d. 1983)
  • 1904 – Brett Halliday, American engineer, surveyor, and author (d. 1977)
  • 1892 – Herbert W. Armstrong, American evangelist and publisher, founded Worldwide Church of God (d. 1986)
  • 1886 – Fred Quimby, American animator and producer (d. 1965)
  • 1886 – Salvatore Maranzano, Italian-American mob boss (d. 1931)
  • 1867 – S. S. Kresge, American businessman, founded Kmart (d. 1966)
  • 1860 – Mary Vaux Walcott, American painter and illustrator (d. 1940)
  • 1837 – William Quantrill, American captain (d. 1865)
  • 1835 – Paul Du Chaillu, French-American anthropologist and explorer (d. 1903)
  • 1826 – William S. Clark, American colonel and politician (d. 1886)
  • 1816 – George Henry Thomas, American general (d. 1870)
  • 1803 – John Ericsson, Swedish-American engineer, co-designed the USS Princeton and the Novelty Locomotive (d. 1889)

Deaths

  • 2015 – Alan Cheuse, American writer and critic (b. 1940)
  • 2015 – Billy Pierce, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1927)
  • 2015 – Howard W. Jones, American surgeon and academic (b. 1910)
  • 2015 – Richard Schweiker, American soldier and politician, 14th United States Secretary of Health and Human Services (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Warren Bennis, American scholar, author, and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2014 – Wilfred Feinberg, American lawyer and judge (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – John Graves, American captain and author (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Michael Ansara, Syrian-American actor (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Trevor Storer, English businessman, founded Pukka Pies (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Gore Vidal, American novelist, screenwriter, and critic (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Virginia Grey, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 2000 – William Keepers Maxwell Jr., American editor, novelist, short story writer, and essayist (b. 1908)
  • 1987 – Joseph E. Levine, American film producer (b, 1905)
  • 1985 – Eugene Carson Blake, American religious leader (b. 1906)
  • 1971 – Walter P. Carter, American soldier and activist (b. 1923)
  • 1966 – Bud Powell, American pianist (b. 1924)
  • 1964 – Jim Reeves, American singer-songwriter (b. 1923)
  • 1953 – Robert A. Taft, American soldier and politician (b. 1889)
  • 1875 – Andrew Johnson, American general and politician, 17th President of the United States (b. 1808)
  • 1556 – Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish priest and theologian, founded the Society of Jesus (b. 1491)
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