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Friday 14 August 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 2015 – The US Embassy in Havana, Cuba re-opens after 54 years of being closed when Cuba–United States relations were broken off.
  • 2003 – A widescale power blackout affects the northeast United States and Canada.
  • 1959 – Founding and first official meeting of the American Football League.
  • 1936 – Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last known public execution in the United States.
  • 1933 – Loggers cause a forest fire in the Coast Range of Oregon, later known as the first forest fire of the Tillamook Burn; it is not fully extinguished until September 5, after destroying 240,000 acres (970 km2).
  • 1914 – World War I: Start of the Battle of Lorraine, an unsuccessful French offensive designed to recover the lost province of Moselle from Germany.
  • 1911 – United States Senate leaders agree to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the Senate among leading candidates to fill the vacancy left by William P. Frye's death.
  • 1901 – The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21.
  • 1893 – France becomes the first country to introduce motor vehicle registration.
  • 1888 – An audio recording of English composer Arthur Sullivan's "The Lost Chord", one of the first recordings of music ever made, is played during a press conference introducing Thomas Edison's phonograph in London, England.
  • 1885 – Japan's first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint.
  • 1880 – Construction of Cologne Cathedral, the most famous landmark in Cologne, Germany, is completed.
  • 1842 – American Indian Wars: Second Seminole War ends, with the Seminoles forced from Florida to Oklahoma.
  • 1592 – The first sighting of the Falkland Islands by John Davis.
  • 1457 – Publication of the Mainz Psalter, the first book to feature a printed date of publication and printed colophon
  • 1040 – King Duncan I is killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth. The latter succeeds him as King of Scotland.

Births

  • 1987 – Tim Tebow, American football and baseball player, television personality and sportscaster. In the National Football League, Tebow played for the Denver Broncos and the New York Jets.
  • 1984 – Clay Buchholz, American baseball player. Buchholz made his MLB debut with the Red Sox in 2007.
  • 1983 – Mila Kunis, Ukrainian-born American actress. After being enrolled in acting classes as an after-school activity, she was soon discovered by an agent.
  • 1983 – Spencer Pratt, American television personality. Subsequently, he came to prominence after being cast in the series.
  • 1981 – Earl Barron, American basketball player. Earl Daniel Barron Jr. (born August 14, 1981) is an American former professional basketball player and current assistant coach for the Northern Arizona Suns of the NBA G League.
  • 1981 – Julius Jones, American football player. Julius Andre Maurice Jones (born August 14, 1981) is a former American football running back in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys, Seattle Seahawks, and New Orleans Saints.
  • 1981 – Kofi Kingston, Ghanaian-American wrestler. Kofi Nahaje Sarkodie-Mensah (born August 14, 1981) is a Ghanaian-American professional wrestler currently signed to WWE under the ring name Kofi Kingston where he performs on the SmackDown brand.
  • 1977 – Juan Pierre, American baseball player. Known for his speed, he stole 614 bases in his career, the 18th-most in MLB history at the time of his retirement.
  • 1975 – Mike Vrabel, American football player and coach. Michael George Vrabel (/ˈvreɪbəl/; born August 14, 1975) is an American football coach and former linebacker who is the current head coach of the Tennessee Titans of the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1974 – Chucky Atkins, American basketball player and coach. Kenneth Lavon "Chucky" Atkins (born August 14, 1974) is an American former professional basketball player who played for nine different NBA teams throughout his career.
  • 1971 – Mark Loretta, American baseball player and coach. He played fifteen seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) between 1995 and 2009 for the Milwaukee Brewers, Houston Astros, San Diego Padres, Boston Red Sox, and Los Angeles Dodgers.
  • 1970 – Kevin Cadogan, American rock singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Third Eye Blind). He co-wrote some of Third Eye Blind's most notable hits, including "How's It Going to Be", "Losing a Whole Year", and "Graduate", 10 of the 14 songs on their debut album Third Eye Blind as well as six of the 13 tracks on his final collaboration with the band in their second album Blue.
  • 1969 – Tracy Caldwell Dyson, American chemist and astronaut. She was part of the Expedition 24 crew on the International Space Station between April 4, 2010 and September 25, 2010.
  • 1966 – Halle Berry, American model, actress, and producer, Miss World United States 1986. Halle Maria Berry (born Maria Halle Berry; August 14, 1966) is an American actress.
  • 1965 – Brannon Braga, American producer, director, and screenwriter. In addition, Braga has been nominated for three Emmy Awards.
  • 1965 – Terry Richardson, American photographer and director. He has shot advertising campaigns for Marc Jacobs, Aldo, Supreme, Sisley, Tom Ford, and Yves Saint Laurent among others, and also done work for magazines such as Rolling Stone, GQ, Vogue, Vanity Fair, Harper's Bazaar, i-D, and Vice.
  • 1964 – Neal Anderson, American football player and coach, was a running back in the National Football League (NFL) for eight seasons during the 1980s and 1990s. Anderson played college football for the University of Florida.
  • 1962 – Mark Gubicza, American baseball player and sportscaster. Mark Steven Gubicza (/ˈɡʊbɪzə/; born August 14, 1962) is a retired Major League Baseball pitcher who played for 14 major league seasons with the Kansas City Royals (1984–96) and California Angels (1997).
  • 1961 – Eddie Gilbert, American wrestler and manager (d. 1995), was an American newspaper editor and California politician.
  • 1960 – Fred Roberts, American basketball player and educator. Frederick Clark "Fred" Roberts (born August 14, 1960) is a retired American basketball player who played power forward in the National Basketball Association (NBA) for 13 seasons, a career spanning from 1983 to 1997, becoming one of the more successful journeymen to play in the league.
  • 1959 – Frank Brickowski, American basketball player. Francis Anthony Brickowski (born August 14, 1959) is an American retired professional basketball player, formerly in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1959 – Magic Johnson, American basketball player and coach. Earvin "Magic" Johnson Jr. (born August 14, 1959) is an American retired professional basketball player and former president of basketball operations of the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1959 – Marcia Gay Harden, American actress. She followed this with roles in films including Used People (1992), The First Wives Club (1996), and Flubber (1997).
  • 1958 – Bobby Eaton, American wrestler and trainer. Bobby Eaton The Earl of Eaton Earl Robert Eaton
  • 1956 – Erica Flapan, American mathematician. Burkhead Professor of Mathematics at Pomona College.
  • 1956 – Jackée Harry, American actress and television personality. Jacqueline Yvonne Harry (born August 14, 1956), better known by her mononymous stage name Jackée, is an actress, singer, comedian, director, and television personality.
  • 1956 – Rusty Wallace, American race car driver and sportscaster. Over the years, Wallace has been inducted in the NASCAR Hall of Fame (2013), the International Motorsports Hall of Fame (2013), the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America (2014) and the National Motorsports Press Association Hall of Fame (2010).
  • 1956 – Sharon Bryant, American R&B singer, was an American tribal politician who served as the Chief of the Monacan Indian Nation from 2011 until her death in 2015. She was the first woman to hold the position of Chief of the Monacan Indian Nation, a state-recognized tribe based in the Bear Mountain region of Amherst County, Virginia.
  • 1954 – Mark Fidrych, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2009), was a Major League Baseball pitcher. He pitched his entire career for the Detroit Tigers (1976–1980).
  • 1954 – Stanley A. McChrystal, American general. His last assignment was as Commander, International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) and Commander, United States Forces – Afghanistan (USFOR-A).
  • 1953 – James Horner, American composer and conductor (d. 2015), was an American composer, conductor and orchestrator of film scores, writing over 100. He was known for the integration of choral and electronic elements, and for his frequent use of motifs associated with Celtic music.
  • 1952 – Debbie Meyer, American swimmer. Deborah Elizabeth Meyer (born August 14, 1952), also known by her married name Deborah Weber, is an American former competition swimmer, a three-time Olympic champion, and a former world record-holder in four events.
  • 1951 – Slim Dunlap, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Bob "Slim" Dunlap (born August 14, 1951) is an American rock musician.
  • 1950 – Gary Larson, American cartoonist. The series ended with Larson's retirement on January 1, 1995, though in September 2019 his website alluded to a "new online era of 'The Far Side.'" His twenty-three books of collected cartoons have combined sales of more than forty-five million copies.
  • 1947 – Bruce Nash, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Bruce Mitchell Nash (born August 14, 1947) is an American reality television producer.
  • 1947 – Danielle Steel, American author. Danielle Fernandes Dominique Schuelein-Steel (born August 14, 1947) is an American writer, best known for her romance novels.
  • 1946 – Larry Graham, American soul/funk bass player and singer-songwriter. Larry Graham Jr. (born August 14, 1946) is an American bassist and singer, both with the psychedelic soul/funk band Sly and the Family Stone, and as the founder and frontman of Graham Central Station.
  • 1946 – Susan Saint James, American actress. Susan Saint James (born Susan Jane Miller; August 14, 1946) is an American actress and activist, most widely known for her work in television during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, especially the detective series McMillan & Wife (1971–1976) and the sitcom Kate & Allie (1984–1989).
  • 1945 – Steve Martin, American actor, comedian, musician, producer, and screenwriter. In the 1970s, Martin performed his offbeat, absurdist comedy routines before packed houses on national tours.
  • 1943 – Ben Sidran, American jazz and rock keyboardist, producer, label owner, and music writer. Early in his career he was a member of the Steve Miller Band.
  • 1941 – Connie Smith, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist. Her debut single "Once a Day" reached number one on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart in November 1964 and remained at the top position for eight weeks.
  • 1941 – David Crosby, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. In addition to his solo career, he was a founding member of both the Byrds and Crosby, Stills & Nash.
  • 1941 – Ernest Everett Just, African-American biologist and academic (d. 1941), was a pioneering African-American biologist, academic and science writer. Just's primary legacy is his recognition of the fundamental role of the cell surface in the development of organisms.
  • 1940 – Galen Hall, American football player and coach. Hall was previously the offensive coordinator at the University of Oklahoma and the University of Florida, and the head coach of the University of Florida, the Orlando Thunder, the Rhein Fire, and the XFL's Orlando Rage.
  • 1935 – John Brodie, American football player and golfer. John Riley Brodie (born August 14, 1935) is a former American football player, a quarterback for the San Francisco 49ers of the National Football League (NFL) for seventeen seasons.
  • 1932 – Lee Hoffman, American author (d. 2007), was an American science fiction fan, an editor of early folk music fanzines, and an author of science fiction, Western and romance novels.
  • 1931 – Frederic Raphael, American journalist, author, and screenwriter. Frederic Michael Raphael (born 14 August 1931) is an American-born, British screenwriter, biographer, nonfiction writer, novelist and journalist.
  • 1930 – Earl Weaver, American baseball player and manager (d. 2013), was an American professional baseball player, Hall of Fame Major League manager, author, and television broadcaster. After playing in minor league baseball, he retired without playing in Major League Baseball (MLB).
  • 1929 – Gene Scott, American pastor and broadcaster (d. 2005), was an American pastor and teacher who served for almost 50 years as an ordained minister and broadcaster in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1929 – Kinnaird R. McKee, American admiral (d. 2013), was an American United States Navy four star admiral who served as Director, Naval Nuclear Propulsion from 1982 to 1988. He also served as Superintendent, United States Naval Academy from 1975 to 1978.
  • 1926 – Buddy Greco, American singer and pianist (d. 2017), was an American jazz and pop singer and pianist who had a long career in the US and UK. His recordings have sold millions, including "Oh Look A-There Ain't She Pretty", "Up, Up and Away", and "Around the World".
  • 1925 – Russell Baker, American critic and essayist, was an American journalist, narrator, writer of Pulitzer Prize-winning satirical commentary and self-critical prose, and author of Pulitzer Prize-winning autobiography Growing Up (1983). He was a columnist for The New York Times from 1962 to 1998, and hosted the PBS show Masterpiece Theatre from 1992 to 2004.
  • 1924 – Sverre Fehn, Norwegian architect, designed the Hedmark Museum (d. 2009). Fehn was born at Kongsberg in Buskerud, Norway.
  • 1923 – Alice Ghostley, American actress (d. 2007), was an American actress and singer. She was best known for her roles as the bungling insecure Esmeralda (1969–70; 1972) on Bewitched, as Cousin Alice (1970–71) on Mayberry R.F.D., and as Bernice Clifton (1986–93) on Designing Women, for which she received an Emmy nomination for Best Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series in 1992.
  • 1916 – Frank and John Craighead, American naturalists (twins, Frank d. 2001, John d. 2016). Frank Cooper Craighead Jr. (August 14, 1916 – October 21, 2001) and John Johnson Craighead (August 14, 1916 – September 18, 2016), twin brothers, were American conservationists, naturalists, and researchers who made important contributions to the study of falconry and grizzly bear biology.
  • 1916 – Wellington Mara, American businessman (d. 2005), was the co-owner of the New York Giants of the National Football League (NFL) from 1959 until his death, and one of the most influential and iconic figures in the history of the NFL. He was the younger son of Tim Mara, who founded the Giants in 1925.
  • 1914 – Herman Branson, African-American physicist, chemist, and academic (d. 1995), was an American physicist, chemist, best known for his research on the alpha helix protein structure, and was also the president of two colleges.
  • 1912 – Frank Oppenheimer, American physicist and academic (d. 1985), was an American particle physicist, cattle rancher, professor of physics at the University of Colorado, and the founder of the Exploratorium in San Francisco.
  • 1907 – Skinnay Ennis, American bandleader and singer (d. 1963), was an American jazz and pop music bandleader and singer.
  • 1886 – Arthur Jeffrey Dempster, Canadian-American physicist and academic (d. 1950), was a Canadian-American physicist best known for his work in mass spectrometry and his discovery in 1935 of the uranium isotope 235U.
  • 1880 – Fred Alexander, American tennis player (d. 1969), was an American tennis player in the early 20th century. He won the singles title at the 1908 Australasian Championships and six double titles at Grand Slam events.
  • 1875 – Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian-American painter and illustrator (d. 1957), was a Russian-Lithuanian artist noted for his cityscapes conveying the explosive growth and decay of the early twentieth-century city.
  • 1870 – Nelson McDowell, American actor (d. 1947). He appeared in 176 films between 1917 and 1945.
  • 1867 – Cupid Childs, American baseball player (d. 1912), was an American second baseman in Major League Baseball with a 13-season career from 1888, 1890–1901, playing for the Philadelphia Quakers, Cleveland Spiders, St. Louis Perfectos and Chicago Orphans of the National League and the Syracuse Stars of the American Association.
  • 1863 – Ernest Thayer, American poet and author (d. 1940), was an American writer and poet who wrote the poem "Casey" (or "Casey at the Bat"), which is "the single most famous baseball poem ever written" according to the Baseball Almanac, and "the nation’s best-known piece of comic verse—a ballad that began a native legend as colorful and permanent as that of Johnny Appleseed or Paul Bunyan."
  • 1851 – Doc Holliday, American dentist and gambler (d. 1887), was an American gambler, gunfighter, and dentist. A close friend and associate of lawman Wyatt Earp, Holliday is best known for his role in the events leading up to and following the Gunfight at the O.K.
  • 1817 – Alexander H. Bailey, American lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 1874). Alexander Hamilton Bailey (August 14, 1817 – April 20, 1874) was an American politician, a United States Representative and judge from New York.

Deaths

  • 2016 – Philip "Fyuvsh" Finkel, American actor (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Bob Johnston, American songwriter and producer (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – George V. Hansen, American soldier and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Leonard Fein, American journalist and academic, co-founded Moment Magazine (b. 1934)
  • 2013 – Jack Garfinkel, American basketball player and coach (b. 1918)
  • 2013 – Jack Germond, American journalist and author (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – Phyllis Thaxter, American actress (b. 1919)
  • 2010 – Herman Leonard, American soldier and photographer (b. 1923)
  • 2006 – Bruno Kirby, American actor (b. 1949)
  • 2004 – Czesław Miłosz, Polish-born American novelist, essayist, and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
  • 2002 – Larry Rivers, American painter and sculptor (b. 1923)
  • 1999 – Pee Wee Reese, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1918)
  • 1994 – Alice Childress, American actress, playwright, and author (b. 1912)
  • 1992 – John Sirica, American lawyer and judge (b. 1904)
  • 1989 – Ricky Berry, American basketball player (b. 1964)
  • 1988 – Enzo Ferrari, Italian race car driver and businessman, founded Ferrari (b. 1898)
  • 1988 – Roy Buchanan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1939)
  • 1985 – Gale Sondergaard, American actress (b. 1899)
  • 1984 – Spud Davis, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1904)
  • 1980 – Dorothy Stratten, Canadian-American model and actress (b. 1960)
  • 1973 – Fred Gipson, American journalist and author (b. 1908)
  • 1972 – Oscar Levant, American actor, pianist, and composer (b. 1906)
  • 1964 – Johnny Burnette, American singer-songwriter (b. 1934)
  • 1963 – Clifford Odets, American director, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1906)
  • 1955 – Herbert Putnam, American lawyer and publisher, Librarian of Congress (b. 1861)
  • 1951 – William Randolph Hearst, American publisher and politician, founded the Hearst Corporation (b. 1863)
  • 1943 – Joe Kelley, American baseball player and manager (b. 1871)
  • 1926 – John H. Moffitt, American sergeant and politician, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1843)
  • 1909 – William Stanley, American engineer and philanthropist (b. 1829)
  • 1890 – Michael J. McGivney, American priest, founded the Knights of Columbus (b. 1852)
  • 1874 – Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American minister and politician (b. 1821)
  • 1870 – David Farragut, American admiral (b. 1801)
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