Wednesday 19 August 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: Health Calendar
, United Nations Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
, Brunei Darussalam
, Environmental Dates
, Food holidays
, Pet and Animal Holidays
, The Philippines
, Unusual Holidays
Holidays and observances
- 2010 – Operation Iraqi Freedom ends, with the last of the United States brigade combat teams crossing the border to Kuwait.
- 2005 – The first-ever joint military exercise between Russia and China, called Peace Mission 2005 begins.
- 1989 – Polish president Wojciech Jaruzelski nominates Solidarity activist Tadeusz Mazowiecki to be the first non-communist prime minister in 42 years.
- 1981 – Gulf of Sidra Incident: United States fighters intercept and shoot down two Libyan Sukhoi Su-22 fighter jets over the Gulf of Sidra.
- 1965 – Japanese prime minister Eisaku Satō becomes the first post-World War II sitting prime minister to visit Okinawa Prefecture.
- 1964 – Syncom 3, the first geostationary communication satellite, was launched.
- 1960 – Cold War: In Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union, downed American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers is sentenced to ten years imprisonment by the Soviet Union for espionage.
- 1955 – In the Northeast United States, severe flooding caused by Hurricane Diane, claims 200 lives.
- 1940 – First flight of the B-25 Mitchell medium bomber.
- 1934 – The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio.
- 1909 – The first automobile race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
- 1862 – American Indian Wars: During an uprising in Minnesota, Lakota warriors decide not to attack heavily defended Fort Ridgely and instead turn to the settlement of New Ulm, killing white settlers along the way.
- 1861 – First ascent of Weisshorn, fifth highest summit in the Alps.
- 1854 – The First Sioux War begins when United States Army soldiers kill Lakota chief Conquering Bear and in return are massacred.
- 1848 – California Gold Rush: The New York Herald breaks the news to the East Coast of the United States of the gold rush in California (although the rush started in January).
- 1812 – War of 1812: American frigate USS Constitution defeats the British frigate HMS Guerriere off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada earning the nickname "Old Ironsides".
- 1782 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Blue Licks: The last major engagement of the war, almost ten months after the surrender of the British commander Charles Cornwallis following the Siege of Yorktown.
- 1612 – The "Samlesbury witches", three women from the Lancashire village of Samlesbury, England, are put on trial, accused of practicing witchcraft, one of the most famous witch trials in British history.
- 295 BC – The first temple to Venus, the Roman goddess of love, beauty and fertility, is dedicated by Quintus Fabius Maximus Gurges during the Third Samnite War.
- 1989 – Romeo Miller, American basketball player, rapper, actor. Percy Romeo Miller (born August 19, 1989), formerly known as Lil' Romeo, is an American rapper, actor, entrepreneur, and model.
- 1988 – Hoodie Allen, American rapper. Steven Adam Markowitz (born August 19, 1988), better known by his stage name Hoodie Allen, is an American rapper, singer and songwriter from Plainview, New York.
- 1988 – Kirk Cousins, American football player. Kirk Daniel Cousins (born August 19, 1988) is an American football quarterback for the Minnesota Vikings of the National Football League (NFL).
- 1988 – Veronica Roth, American author. Veronica Anne Roth (born August 19, 1988) is an American novelist and short story writer, known for her debut New York Times bestselling Divergent trilogy, consisting of Divergent, Insurgent, and Allegiant; and Four: A Divergent Collection.
- 1985 – David A. Gregory, American actor. He wrote and produced “Powder Burns”, the Western podcast drama about a Blind Sheriff, which premiered on iTunes in 2015 to rave reviews and earned him a Voice Arts Award in 2017.
- 1985 – Lindsey Jacobellis, American snowboarder. Lindsey Jacobellis (born August 19, 1985) is an American snowboarder.
- 1983 – John McCargo, American football player. He played college football at North Carolina State.
- 1982 – J. J. Hardy, American baseball player. Hardy attended Sabino High School in Tucson, Arizona where he was an All-State selection from 1999 to 2001 and an All-American selection in 2001.
- 1981 – Percy Watson, American football player and wrestler. Nicholas Christopher McNeil (born August 19, 1981) is a retired American professional wrestler and former professional football player, signed to WWE under the ring name Percy Watson as a commentator on Worlds Collide.
- 1978 – Chris Capuano, American baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Arizona Diamondbacks, Milwaukee Brewers, New York Mets, Los Angeles Dodgers, Boston Red Sox, New York Yankees, and Milwaukee Brewers, and was an All Star in 2006.
- 1975 – Chynna Clugston, American illustrator. Chynna Clugston Flores (born August 19, 1975) is a freelance American comic book creator known for her manga-influenced teen comedy series Blue Monday.
- 1971 – Mary Joe Fernández, Dominican-American tennis player and coach. In singles, Fernández was the runner-up in three Grand Slam tournaments and won a bronze medal at 1992 Summer Olympics.
- 1970 – Jeff Tam, American baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball as a right-handed pitcher from 1998 to 2003 for the New York Mets, Cleveland Indians, New York Mets, Oakland Athletics and the Toronto Blue Jays.
- 1969 – Clay Walker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Both singles were included on his self-titled debut album, released in 1993 via Giant Records.
- 1969 – Matthew Perry, American actor, producer, and screenwriter. Matthew Langford Perry (born August 19, 1969) is a Canadian-American actor, comedian and playwright who gained worldwide recognition for his role as Chandler Bing on the NBC television sitcom Friends, which ran from 1994 to 2004.
- 1969 – Nate Dogg, American rapper (d. 2011), was an American rapper, singer, songwriter, and actor. Hale began his career as a member of the Long Beach, California rap trio 213, alongside his longtime friend Warren G and cousin Snoop Dogg.
- 1966 – Lee Ann Womack, American singer-songwriter. Her 2000 single, "I Hope You Dance" was a major crossover music hit, reaching No. 1 on the Billboard Country Chart and the Top 15 of the Billboard Hot 100, becoming her signature song.
- 1965 – Kevin Dillon, American actor. He was nominated for three Primetime Emmy Awards and a Golden Globe Award for his performance on Entourage.
- 1965 – Kyra Sedgwick, American actress and producer. For her portrayal of Johnson, Sedgwick won a Golden Globe Award in 2007 and an Emmy Award in 2010.
- 1963 – John Stamos, American actor. John Phillip Stamos (Greek: Τζον Φίλλιπ Στάμος; /ˈsteɪmoʊs/ STAY-mohss; born August 19, 1963) is an American actor, producer, musician, comedian and singer.
- 1960 – Morten Andersen, Danish-American football player. He formerly held both the NFL records for field goals and points scored.
- 1960 – Ron Darling, American baseball player and sportscaster. Ronald Maurice Darling Jr. (born August 19, 1960) is an American former right-handed starting pitcher in Major League Baseball (MLB) who played for the New York Mets, Montreal Expos, and Oakland Athletics.
- 1959 – Ricky Pierce, American basketball player. He was named an NBA All-Star (1991) and was twice the NBA Sixth Man of the Year (1987, 1990) while with the Milwaukee Bucks.
- 1958 – Anthony Muñoz, American football player and sportscaster. Michael Anthony Muñoz (born August 19, 1958), is a former American football offensive tackle who played 13 seasons for the National Football League's Cincinnati Bengals.
- 1958 – Gary Gaetti, American baseball player, coach, and manager. Gary Joseph Gaetti (/ˈɡaɪ.ɛti/; born August 19, 1958), is an American former third baseman in Major League Baseball for the Minnesota Twins (1981–1990), California Angels (1991–1993), Kansas City Royals (1993–1995), St.
- 1958 – Rick Snyder, American politician and businessman, 48th Governor of Michigan. He is a member of the Republican Party.
- 1957 – Gary Chapman, American contemporary Christian music singer-songwriter and guitarist. Gary Chapman is the name of:
- 1957 – Martin Donovan, American actor and director. Donovan also played Peter Scottson on Showtime's cable series Weeds.
- 1956 – Adam Arkin, American actor, director, and producer. He has been nominated for numerous awards, including a Tony (Best Actor, 1991, I Hate Hamlet) as well as three primetime Emmys, four SAG Awards (Ensemble, Chicago Hope), and a DGA Award (My Louisiana Sky).
- 1955 – Ned Yost, American baseball player and manager. Edgar Frederick Yost III (/ˈjoʊst/; born August 19, 1954) is a former Major League Baseball catcher and manager of the Milwaukee Brewers and Kansas City Royals.
- 1955 – Peter Gallagher, American actor. He is best known for starring as Sandy Cohen in the television drama series The O.C. from 2003 to 2007, recurring role as Deputy Chief William Dodds on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, and Nick on the Netflix series Grace & Frankie.
- 1953 – Mary Matalin, American political consultant. W.
- 1952 – Jonathan Frakes, American actor and director. Riker in the television series Star Trek: The Next Generation and subsequent films.
- 1948 – Elliot Lurie, American singer-songwriter and guitarist, was the lead guitarist and songwriter (and frequently, lead vocalist) for the band Looking Glass from 1969 to 1974. He wrote and sang lead on their 1972 #1 hit single "Brandy (You're a Fine Girl)" and their 1973 top-forty single "Jimmy Loves Mary-Anne."
- 1948 – Gerald McRaney, American actor, director, and producer. He was a series regular in the first season of Jericho and the final season of Deadwood.
- 1947 – Gerard Schwarz, American conductor and director. Gerard Schwarz (born August 19, 1947), also known as Gerry Schwarz or Jerry Schwarz, is an American symphony conductor and trumpeter.
- 1947 – Terry Hoeppner, American football player and coach (d. 2007), was an American college football coach who served as head coach of the Miami RedHawks from 1999 to 2004 and the Indiana Hoosiers from 2005 to 2006. Shortly after announcing that he would be on medical leave for the 2007 season, he died of brain cancer.
- 1946 – Bill Clinton, American lawyer and politician, 42nd President of the United States. A member of the Democratic Party, Clinton was known as a New Democrat, and many of his policies reflected a centrist "Third Way" political philosophy.
- 1946 – Charles Bolden, American general and astronaut. Charles Frank Bolden Jr. (born August 19, 1946) is a former NASA administrator, a retired United States Marine Corps Major General, and a former astronaut.
- 1946 – Dawn Steel, American film producer (d. 1997), was an American film studio executive and producer. She was one of the first women to run a major Hollywood film studio, rising through the ranks of merchandising and production to head Columbia Pictures.
- 1945 – Dennis Eichhorn, American author and illustrator (d. 2015). Eichhorn (August 19, 1945 – October 8, 2015) was an American writer, best known for his adult-oriented autobiographical comic book series Real Stuff.
- 1944 – Charles Wang, Chinese-American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Computer Associates International. He was a minority owner (and past majority owner) of the NHL's New York Islanders ice hockey team and their AHL affiliate, an investor in numerous businesses, and benefactor to charities including Smile Train.
- 1944 – Eddy Raven, American country music singer-songwriter. His greatest commercial success came between 1984 and 1990, during which time Raven achieved six number-one singles on the Billboard Hot Country Songs charts: "I Got Mexico", "Shine, Shine, Shine", "I'm Gonna Get You", "Joe Knows How to Live", "In a Letter to You", and "Bayou Boys".
- 1944 – Jack Canfield, American author. Jack Canfield (born August 19, 1944) is an American author, motivational speaker, corporate trainer, and entrepreneur.:453 He is the co-author of the Chicken Soup for the Soul series, which has more than 250 titles and 500 million copies in print in over 40 languages.
- 1942 – Fred Thompson, American actor, lawyer, and politician (d. 2015), was an American politician, attorney, lobbyist, columnist, actor and radio personality. Thompson, a Republican, served in the United States Senate representing Tennessee from 1994 to 2003, and was a Republican presidential candidate in 2008.
- 1940 – Jill St. John, American model and actress. She is known for playing Bond girl Tiffany Case in Diamonds Are Forever (1971).
- 1940 – Johnny Nash, American singer-songwriter. John Lester Nash, Jr. (born August 19, 1940) is an American reggae and pop music singer-songwriter, best known in the US for his 1972 hit, "I Can See Clearly Now".
- 1938 – Diana Muldaur, American actress. Law and Dr.
- 1937 – Richard Ingrams, English journalist, founded The Oldie. Richard Reid Ingrams (born 19 August 1937 in Chelsea, London) is an English journalist, a co-founder and second editor of the British satirical magazine Private Eye, and founding editor of The Oldie magazine.
- 1937 – William Motzing, American composer and conductor (d. 2014), was an American composer, conductor, arranger and trombonist best known for the award-winning film and television scores and gold and platinum pop album arrangements he wrote in Australia. He was a jazz lecturer and the Director of Jazz Studies at the Sydney Conservatorium of Music over a period of 40 years.
- 1936 – Richard McBrien, American priest, theologian, and academic (d. 2015), was a Catholic priest and the Crowley-O'Brien Professor of Theology at the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana, United States. He authored twenty-five books, including the very popular Catholicism, a reference text on the Church after the Second Vatican Council.
- 1935 – Bobby Richardson, American baseball player and coach. Robert Clinton Richardson (born August 19, 1935) is a former second baseman in Major League Baseball who played for the New York Yankees from 1955 through 1966.
- 1934 – David Durenberger, American soldier, lawyer, and politician. Senate from Minnesota.
- 1934 – Renée Richards, American tennis player and ophthalmologist. Renée Richards (born August 19, 1934) is an American ophthalmologist and former tennis player who had some success on the professional circuit in the 1970s, and became widely known following male-to-female sex reassignment surgery, when she fought to compete as a woman in the 1976 US Open.
- 1933 – Bettina Cirone, American model and photographer. Bettina Cirone (August 19, 1933) is an American photographer, interviewer, and former Ford model who lives in the Upper West Side of New York, New York.
- 1933 – Debra Paget, American actress. DeMille's epic The Ten Commandments (1956) and in Love Me Tender (1956) (the film debut of Elvis Presley), and for the risque (for the time) snake dance scene in The Indian Tomb (1959).
- 1932 – Thomas P. Salmon, American lawyer and politician, 75th Governor of Vermont. Thomas Paul Salmon (born August 19, 1932) is an American Democratic Party politician who served as the 75th Governor of Vermont from 1973 to 1977.
- 1931 – Bill Shoemaker, American jockey and author (d. 2003). American Classics / Breeders' Cup wins:
- 1930 – Frank McCourt, American author and educator (d. 2009), was an Irish-American teacher and writer. He won a Pulitzer Prize for his book Angela's Ashes, a tragicomic memoir of the misery and squalor of his childhood.
- 1926 – Angus Scrimm, American actor and author (d. 2016), was an American actor, author, and journalist, best known for his portrayal of the Tall Man in the 1979 horror film Phantasm and its sequels.
- 1921 – Gene Roddenberry, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1991), was an American television screenwriter, producer and creator of the original Star Trek television series, and its first spin-off The Next Generation. Born in El Paso, Texas, Roddenberry grew up in Los Angeles, where his father was a police officer.
- 1919 – Malcolm Forbes, American publisher and politician (d. 1990), was an American entrepreneur most prominently known as the publisher of Forbes magazine, founded by his father B. C.
- 1918 – Jimmy Rowles, American singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1996), was an American jazz pianist, vocalist, and composer. As a bandleader and accompanist, he explored various styles including swing and cool jazz.
- 1907 – Thruston Ballard Morton, American soldier and politician (d. 1982), was an American politician. A Republican, Morton represented Kentucky in the U.S.
- 1906 – Philo Farnsworth, American inventor, invented the Fusor (d. 1971), was an American inventor and television pioneer. He made many crucial contributions to the early development of all-electronic television.
- 1903 – James Gould Cozzens, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1978). He drew critical acclaim early, but did not achieve popularity until well into his career.
- 1902 – Ogden Nash, American poet (d. 1971), was an American poet well known for his light verse, of which he wrote over 500 pieces. With his unconventional rhyming schemes, he was declared the country's best-known producer of humorous poetry.
- 1899 – Colleen Moore, American actress (d. 1988), was an American film actress who began her career during the silent film era. Moore became one of the most fashionable (and highly-paid) stars of the era and helped popularize the bobbed haircut.
- 1883 – Coco Chanel, French fashion designer, founded the Chanel Company (d. 1971), was a French fashion designer, Nazi spy, and businesswoman. The founder and namesake of the Chanel brand, she was credited in the post-World War I era with liberating women from the constraints of the "corseted silhouette" and popularizing a sporty, casual chic as the feminine standard of style.
- 1873 – Fred Stone, American actor and producer (d. 1959). Stone began his career as a performer in circuses and minstrel shows, went on to act on vaudeville, and became a star on Broadway and in feature films, which earned him a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
- 1872 – Albert C. Campbell, American popular music singer (d. 1947), was an American popular music singer who recorded between the late 1890s and the 1920s. He was best known for his many duo recordings with Henry Burr, and as a member of the Peerless Quartet and other vocal groups, but also recorded successfully as a solo singer both under his own name and under various pseudonyms including Frank Howard.
- 1871 – Orville Wright, American engineer and pilot, co-founded the Wright Company (d. 1948). The Wright brothers – Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912) – were two American aviation pioneers generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane.
- 1870 – Bernard Baruch, American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1965), was an American financier, stock investor, philanthropist, statesman, and political consultant. After his success in business, he devoted his time toward advising U.S.
- 1843 – C. I. Scofield, American minister and theologian (d. 1921), was an American theologian, minister, and writer whose best-selling annotated Bible popularized futurism and dispensationalism among fundamentalist Christians.
- 2015 – George Houser, American minister and activist (b. 1916)
- 2013 – Donna Hightower, American singer-songwriter (b. 1926)
- 2013 – Russell S. Doughten, American director and producer (b. 1927)
- 2012 – Donal Henahan, American journalist and critic (b. 1921)
- 2012 – Edmund Skellings, American poet and academic (b. 1932)
- 2012 – Tony Scott, English-American director and producer (b. 1944)
- 2009 – Don Hewitt, American television producer, created 60 Minutes (b. 1922)
- 2000 – Theodore Trautwein, American lawyer and judge (b. 1920)
- 1994 – Linus Pauling, American chemist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
- 1977 – Groucho Marx, American comedian and actor (b. 1890)
- 1975 – Mark Donohue, American race car driver and engineer (b. 1937)
- 1968 – George Gamow, Ukrainian-American physicist and cosmologist (b. 1904)
- 1967 – Hugo Gernsback, Luxembourg-born American author and publisher (b. 1884)
- 1929 – Sergei Diaghilev, Russian critic and producer, founded Ballets Russes (b. 1872)
- 1883 – Jeremiah S. Black, American lawyer and politician, 24th United States Attorney General (b. 1810)
- 1753 – Johann Balthasar Neumann, German engineer and architect, designed Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers (b. 1687)
- 1680 – Jean Eudes, French priest, founded the Congregation of Jesus and Mary (b. 1601)
- 1580 – Andrea Palladio, Italian architect, designed the Church of San Giorgio Maggiore and Il Redentore (b. 1508)