Wednesday 5 April 2023 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
, Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Children’s Days
, Dominican Republic
, El Salvador
, Environmental Dates
, Food holidays
, Health Calendar
, Sri Lanka
, US Holidays
, United Nations Holidays
, Unusual Holidays (Weird and Funny Holidays)
, Worldwide Holidays
Holidays and observances
- 1992 – Peace protesters Suada Dilberovic and Olga Sučić are killed on the Vrbanja Bridge in Sarajevo, becoming the first casualties of the Bosnian War.
- 1957 – In India, Communists win the first elections in united Kerala and E. M. S. Namboodiripad is sworn in as the first Chief Minister.
- 1949 – A fire in a hospital in Effingham, Illinois, kills 77 people and leads to nationwide fire code improvements in the United States.
- 1943 – World War II: American bomber aircraft accidentally cause more than 900 civilian deaths, including 209 children, and 1,300 wounded among the civilian population of the Belgian town of Mortsel. Their target was the Erla factory one kilometer from the residential area hit.
- 1922 – The American Birth Control League, forerunner of Planned Parenthood, is incorporated.
- 1904 – The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England.
- 1900 – Archaeologists in Knossos, Crete, discover a large cache of clay tablets with hieroglyphic writing in a script they call Linear B.
- 1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of Yorktown begins.
- 1792 – United States President George Washington exercises his authority to veto a bill, the first time this power is used in the United States.
- 1722 – The Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen discovers Easter Island.
- 1614 – In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe.
- 1993 – Maya DiRado, American swimmer. Madeline Jane "Maya" DiRado - Andrews (born April 5, 1993) is an American former competitive swimmer who specialized in freestyle, butterfly, backstroke, and individual medley events.
- 1985 – Lastings Milledge, American baseball player. He was the youngest player in MLB's National League during the 2006 season.
- 1984 – David Dillehunt, American director, producer, and composer. David Nelson Dillehunt (born April 5, 1984 in Charlottesville, Virginia) is an American film director, television producer and composer.
- 1982 – Hayley Atwell, English-American actress. She is also known for her work in stage productions, such as A View from the Bridge (2009), and onscreen, for period pieces, such as The Duchess (2008), the miniseries The Pillars of the Earth (2010) and her appearance as Evelyn Robin in Disney's live-action Winnie the Pooh film, Christopher Robin (2018).
- 1982 – Kelly Pavlik, American boxer. Kelly Robert Pavlik (born April 5, 1982) is an American former professional boxer who competed from 2000 to 2012.
- 1982 – Matt Pickens, American soccer player. Matt Pickens (born April 5, 1982) is an American retired soccer player who is currently the goalkeeping coach for Nashville SC in Major League Soccer.
- 1981 – Michael A. Monsoor, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2006), was a United States Navy SEAL who was killed during Operation Iraqi Freedom and posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. Monsoor enlisted in the United States Navy in 2001 and graduated from Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL training BUD/S class 250 in 2004.
- 1980 – Mary Katharine Ham, American journalist and blogger. She is a contributing editor for Townhall Magazine, a senior writer at The Federalist, and a CNN contributor.
- 1980 – Matt Bonner, American basketball player. During his career Bonner played for the Toronto Raptors and the San Antonio Spurs with whom he won two NBA championships.
- 1979 – Benji Radach, American mixed martial artist and trainer. A professional competitor since 2001, Radach has also formerly competed for the UFC, the WEC, Strikeforce, and the Los Angeles Anacondas of the IFL.
- 1979 – Dante Wesley, American football player. He played college football at the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff.
- 1978 – Robert Glasper, African-American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer. His 2012 album Black Radio won the Grammy Award for Best R&B Album at the 55th Grammy Awards.
- 1978 – Stephen Jackson, American basketball player. Stephen Jesse Jackson (born April 5, 1978) is an American retired professional basketball player who played 14 seasons in the National Basketball Association (NBA) with the New Jersey Nets, Indiana Pacers, Golden State Warriors, Milwaukee Bucks, Charlotte Bobcats, San Antonio Spurs, and Los Angeles Clippers.
- 1976 – Ross Gload, American baseball player. Ross Peter Gload (born April 5, 1976) is a former Major League Baseball first baseman and outfielder.
- 1976 – Ryan Drese, American baseball player. Ryan Thomas Drese (born April 5, 1976) is an American former professional baseball pitcher.
- 1975 – Juicy J, American rapper and producer. Jordan Michael Houston (born April 5, 1975), known professionally as Juicy J, is an American rapper, songwriter and record producer from Memphis, Tennessee.
- 1975 – Shammond Williams, American basketball player and coach. During his career he played in the NBA and in Europe.
- 1974 – Sahaj, American singer-songwriter. Sahaja (Sanskrit: सहज sahaja) means spontaneous enlightenment in Indian and Tibetan Buddhist spirituality.
- 1973 – Élodie Bouchez, French-American actress. She is known for her role as Renée Rienne on the fifth and final season of the television show Alias and for playing Maïté Alvarez in the film Wild Reeds.
- 1973 – Pharrell Williams, American rapper, producer, and fashion designer. He is the lead vocalist of the band N*E*R*D, which he formed with Hugo and childhood friend Shay Haley.
- 1972 – Pat Green, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Patrick Craven Green (born April 5, 1972, in San Antonio, Texas) is an American Texas Country artist.
- 1972 – Waylon Payne, American singer-songwriter and actor. He is the son of the country singer Sammi Smith.
- 1968 – Paula Cole, American singer-songwriter and pianist. Her song "I Don't Want to Wait" was used as the theme song of the television show Dawson's Creek.
- 1967 – Anu Garg, Indian-American journalist and author. His books explore the joy of words.
- 1967 – Troy Gentry, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Montgomery Gentry is a country music duo founded by singers Eddie Montgomery and Troy Gentry, both natives of Kentucky.
- 1966 – Mike McCready, American guitarist and songwriter. Michael David "Mike" McCready (born April 5, 1966) is an American musician who serves as the lead guitarist for the American rock band Pearl Jam.
- 1965 – Cris Carpenter, American baseball player and educator. Cris Howell Carpenter (born April 5, 1965) is a former Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher.
- 1964 – Christopher Reid, American rapper and actor. Christopher John Reid, FRSL (born 13 May 1949) is a Hong Kong-born British poet, essayist, cartoonist, and writer.
- 1962 – Lana Clarkson, American actress and model (d. 2003), was an American actress and fashion model. During the 1980s, she rose to prominence in several sword-and-sorcery films.
- 1961 – Jim LeRoy, American pilot (d. 2007), was an American aerobatics pilot. He died upon impact in a crash at the Dayton Air Show in Ohio.
- 1960 – Larry McCray, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Larry McCray (born April 5, 1960, Magnolia, Arkansas, United States) is an American blues guitarist and singer.
- 1958 – Johan Kriek, South African-American tennis player. Johan Kriek (born April 5, 1958) is a retired South African-American tennis player and founder of the Global Water Foundation, a non-profit organization dedicated to delivering clean water to the world's neediest communities.
- 1956 – Diamond Dallas Page, American wrestler and actor. Dallas Page (born Page Joseph Falkinburg, April 5, 1956), better known by his ring name Diamond Dallas Page (DDP), is an American semi-retired professional wrestler currently signed to All Elite Wrestling, fitness instructor, motivational speaker and actor. In the course of his wrestling career, which spanned two decades, Falkinburg has wrestled for mainstream wrestling promotions World Championship Wrestling (WCW), the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE), and Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA)
- 1954 – Peter Case, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. His career is wide-ranging, from rock n' roll and blues, to folk rock and solo acoustic performance.
- 1954 – Stan Ridgway, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Stanard "Stan" Ridgway (born April 5, 1954) is an American multi-instrumentalist singer-songwriter and film and television composer known for his distinctive voice, dramatic lyrical narratives, and eclectic solo albums.
- 1953 – Frank Gaffney, American journalist and radio host. Gaffney Jr. (born 5 April 1953) is an American anti-Muslim conspiracy theorist and the founder and president of the Center for Security Policy.
- 1952 – John C. Dvorak, American author, editor and co-host of No Agenda podcast. John Charles Dvorak (born April 5, 1952) is an American columnist and broadcaster in the areas of technology and computing.
- 1952 – Mitch Pileggi, American actor. He played Horace Pinker in Shocker, Walter Skinner on The X-Files, Colonel Steven Caldwell on Stargate Atlantis, Ernest Darby in Sons of Anarchy, and Harris Ryland in the TNT revival of Dallas (2012–2014).
- 1951 – Dean Kamen, American inventor and businessman, founded Segway Inc. Heinz Award in Technology, the Economy and Employment (1999) National Medal of Technology and Innovation (2000) Lemelson–MIT Prize (2002) ASME Medal (2007) Lindbergh Award (2011)
- 1949 – Judith Resnik, Ukrainian Jewish-American engineer and astronaut (d. 1986), was an American electrical engineer, software engineer, biomedical engineer, pilot and NASA astronaut who died when the Space Shuttle Challenger was destroyed during the launch of mission STS-51-L. Resnik was the second American woman in space and the fourth woman in space worldwide, logging 145 hours in orbit.
- 1944 – Peter T. King, American soldier, lawyer, and politician. A member of the Republican Party, King is currently in his 14th term in Congress, having served since 1993.
- 1943 – Max Gail, American actor and director. Maxwell Trowbridge Gail Jr. (born April 5, 1943), known as Max Gail, is an American actor who has starred in stage, television, and film roles.
- 1941 – Michael Moriarty, American-Canadian actor. He played Executive Assistant District Attorney Benjamin Stone for the first four seasons (1990–1994) on the television show Law & Order.
- 1940 – Tommy Cash, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Tommy Cash (born April 5, 1940) is an American country singer-songwriter and the younger brother of Johnny Cash.
- 1939 – Ronald White, American singer-songwriter (d. 1995), was an American musician, best known as the co-founder of The Miracles and its only consistent original member. White was also known for bringing Stevie Wonder to the attention of Motown Records and songwriting several hit singles for the Miracles and other artists including The Temptations, Marvin Gaye, and Mary Wells.
- 1938 – Nancy Holt, American sculptor and painter (d. 2014), was an American artist most known for her public sculpture, installation art and land art. Throughout her career, Holt also produced works in other media, including film and photography, and wrote books and articles about art.
- 1937 – Colin Powell, American general and politician, 65th United States Secretary of State. Army Forces Command (1989) and as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1989–1993), holding the latter position during the Persian Gulf War.
- 1937 – Joseph Lelyveld, American journalist and author, was an American executive editor of the New York Times from 1994 to 2001, and interim executive editor in 2003 after the resignation of Howell Raines. He is a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and author, and a frequent contributor to the New York Review of Books.
- 1934 – Moise Safra, Brazilian businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Banco Safra (d. 2014). He co-founded Banco Safra with his brothers Edmond Safra and Joseph Safra.
- 1934 – Stanley Turrentine, American saxophonist and composer (d. 2000), was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. He began his career playing R&B for Earl Bostic and later soul jazz recording for the Blue Note label from 1960, touched on jazz fusion during a stint on CTI in the 1970s.
- 1933 – Barbara Holland, American author (d. 2010), was an American author who wrote in defense of such modern-day vices as cursing, drinking, eating fatty food and smoking cigarettes, as well as a memoir of her time spent growing up in Chevy Chase, Maryland, near Washington, D.C.
- 1933 – Frank Gorshin, American actor (d. 2005), was an American character actor, impressionist, and comedian. He was perhaps best known as an impressionist, with many guest appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show and Tonight Starring Steve Allen.
- 1931 – Jack Clement, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2013), was an American singer, songwriter, and record and film producer.
- 1929 – Ivar Giaever, Norwegian-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate. Ivar Giaever (Norwegian: Giæver, IPA: ; born April 5, 1929) is a Norwegian-American physicist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1973 with Leo Esaki and Brian Josephson "for their discoveries regarding tunnelling phenomena in solids".
- 1926 – Roger Corman, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Much of Corman's work has an established critical reputation, such as his cycle of low-budget cult films adapted from the tales of Edgar Allan Poe.
- 1923 – Michael V. Gazzo, American actor (d. 1995), was an American playwright who later in life became a film and television actor. He was nominated for an Academy Award for his role in The Godfather Part II (1974).
- 1922 – Gale Storm, American actress and singer (d. 2009), was an American actress and singer who starred in two popular television programs of the 1950s, My Little Margie and The Gale Storm Show. Six of her songs were top ten hits.
- 1917 – Robert Bloch, American author (d. 1994), was an American fiction writer, primarily of crime, horror, fantasy and science fiction, from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He is best known as the writer of Psycho (1959), the basis for the film of the same name by Alfred Hitchcock.
- 1916 – Albert Henry Ottenweller, American bishop (d. 2012), was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Steubenville from 1977 to 1992.
- 1916 – Gregory Peck, American actor, political activist, and producer (d. 2003). He was one of the most popular film stars from the 1940s to the 1960s.
- 1911 – Johnny Revolta, American golfer (d. 1991). Revolta (April 5, 1911 – March 3, 1991) was an American professional golfer who played on the PGA Tour in the 1930s, 1940s, and early 1950s.
- 1909 – Albert R. Broccoli, American film producer, co-founded Eon Productions (d. 1996), was an American film producer who made more than 40 motion pictures throughout his career. Most of the films were made in the United Kingdom and often filmed at Pinewood Studios.
- 1908 – Bette Davis, American actress (d. 1989), was an American actress of film, television and theater. With a career spanning 60 years and 100 acting credits, she is regarded as one of the greatest actresses in Hollywood history.
- 1908 – Ernestine Gilbreth Carey, German-American author (d. 2006). Carey (April 5, 1908 – November 4, 2006) was an American author.
- 1906 – Lord Buckley, English-American stage performer, recording artist and monologist (d. 1960), was an American stand-up comedian and recording artist, who in the 1940s and 1950s created a character that was, according to The New York Times, "an unlikely persona ... part English royalty, part Dizzy Gillespie."
- 1904 – Richard Eberhart, American poet and academic (d. 2005), was an American poet who published more than a dozen books of poetry and approximately twenty works in total. "Richard Eberhart emerged out of the 1930s as a modern stylist with romantic sensibilities." He won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for Selected Poems, 1930–1965 and the 1977 National Book Award for Poetry for Collected Poems, 1930–1976. He was the grandfather of former Red Sox general manager Ben Cherington.
- 1902 – Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Russian-American rabbi (d. 1994), was a Russian Empire-born American Orthodox Jewish rabbi, and the most recent rebbe of the Lubavitcher Hasidic dynasty. He is considered one of the most influential Jewish leaders of the 20th century.
- 1901 – Melvyn Douglas, American actor (d. 1981). Douglas came to prominence in the 1930s as a suave leading man, perhaps best typified by his performance in the 1939 romantic comedy Ninotchka with Greta Garbo.
- 1900 – Herbert Bayer, Austrian-American graphic designer, painter, and photographer (d. 1985), was an Austrian and American graphic designer, painter, photographer, sculptor, art director, environmental and interior designer, and architect. He was instrumental in the development of the Atlantic Richfield Company's corporate art collection until his death in 1985.
- 1900 – Spencer Tracy, Irish-American actor (d. 1967), was an American actor, noted for his natural performing style and versatility. One of the major stars of Hollywood's Golden Age, Tracy won two Academy Awards for Best Actor from nine nominations, sharing the record for nominations in the category with Laurence Olivier.
- 1899 – Alfred Blalock, American surgeon and academic (d. 1964), was an American surgeon most noted for his work on the medical condition of shock as well as Tetralogy of Fallot— commonly known as Blue baby syndrome. He created, with assistance from his research and laboratory assistant Vivien Thomas and pediatric cardiologist Helen Taussig, the Blalock-Thomas-Taussig Shunt, a surgical procedure to relieve the cyanosis from Tetralogy of Fallot.
- 1899 – Elsie Thompson, American super-centenarian (d. 2013). Thompson (August 19, 1899 – June 19, 1986) was an American politician from Pennsylvania.
- 1883 – Walter Huston, Canadian-American actor and singer (d. 1950), was a Canadian actor and singer. Huston won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, directed by his son John Huston.
- 1872 – Samuel Cate Prescott, American microbiologist and chemist (d. 1962), was an American food scientist and microbiologist who was involved in the development of food safety, food science, public health, and industrial microbiology.
- 1858 – Washington Atlee Burpee, Canadian businessman, founded Burpee Seeds (d. 1915), was the founder of the W. Atlee Burpee & Company, now more commonly known as Burpee Seeds.
- 1856 – Booker T. Washington, African-American educator, essayist and historian (d. 1915), was an American educator, author, orator, and adviser to multiple presidents of the United States. Between 1890 and 1915, Washington was the dominant leader in the African American community and of the contemporary black elite.
- 1839 – Robert Smalls, African-American ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician (d. 1915). He then piloted the ship to the Union-controlled enclave in Beaufort-Port Royal-Hilton Head area, where it became a Union warship.
- 1824 – Moses Dickson, African-American abolitionist, soldier, minister and founder of The Knights of Liberty (d. 1901), was an American abolitionist, soldier, minister and founder of the secret organization The Knights of Liberty which planned a slave uprising in the United States and helped African-American enslaved people to freedom through the Underground Railroad. He also founded the black self-help organization The International Order of Twelve Knights and Daughters of Tabor and was a co-founder of Lincoln University.
- 1816 – Samuel Freeman Miller, American physician, lawyer, and jurist (d. 1890), was an associate justice of the United States Supreme Court who served from 1862 to 1890. He was a physician and lawyer.
- 1780 – Benjamin Greene, English brewer and businessman, founded Greene King Brewery (d. 1860), was the founder of Greene King, one of the United Kingdom's largest brewing businesses.
- 1761 – Sybil Ludington, heroine of the American Revolutionary War (d. 1839). The ride was similar to those performed by William Dawes, Paul Revere (Massachusetts, April 1775), and Jack Jouett (Virginia, 1781).
- 1649 – Elihu Yale, American-English merchant and philanthropist (d. 1721), was a British merchant, slave trader, President of the East India Company settlement in Fort St. George, at Madras, and a benefactor of the Collegiate School in the Colony of Connecticut, which in 1718 was renamed Yale College in his honour.
- 2015 – Fredric Brandt, American dermatologist and author (b. 1949)
- 2015 – Julie Wilson, American actress and singer (b. 1924)
- 2015 – Richard Dysart, American actor (b. 1929)
- 2014 – John Pinette, American comedian (b. 1964)
- 2014 – Peter Matthiessen, American novelist, short story writer, editor, co-founded The Paris Review (b. 1927)
- 2013 – Dave Hunt, American radio host and author (b. 1926)
- 2013 – David Kuo, American journalist and author (b. 1968)
- 2012 – Gil Noble, American journalist and producer (b. 1932)
- 2012 – Jim Herr, American businessman, founded Herr's Snacks (b. 1924)
- 2012 – Joe Avezzano, American football player and coach (b. 1943)
- 2009 – Constantine Papadakis, Greek-American businessman and academic (b. 1946)
- 2008 – Charlton Heston, American actor, director, and political activist (b. 1923)
- 2007 – Darryl Stingley, American football player and scout (b. 1951)
- 2007 – Mark St. John, American guitarist (b. 1956)
- 2006 – Allan Kaprow, American painter and educator (b. 1927)
- 2006 – Gene Pitney, American singer-songwriter (b. 1941)
- 2005 – Dale Messick, American author and illustrator (b. 1906)
- 2005 – Neil Welliver, American painter (b. 1929)
- 2005 – Saul Bellow, Canadian-American novelist, essayist and short story writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
- 2002 – Layne Staley, American singer-songwriter (b. 1967)
- 2001 – Brother Theodore, German-American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1906)
- 2000 – Lee Petty, American race car driver (b. 1914)
- 1997 – Allen Ginsberg, American poet (b. 1926)
- 1996 – Larry LaPrise, American songwriter (b. 1913)
- 1994 – Kurt Cobain, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1967)
- 1994 – Roy Smeck, American country musician (b. 1900)
- 1992 – Sam Walton, American businessman, founded Walmart and Sam's Club (b. 1918)
- 1991 – John Tower, American soldier, academic, and politician (b. 1925)
- 1991 – Sonny Carter, American soccer player, physician, and astronaut (b. 1947)
- 1983 – Danny Rapp, American singer-songwriter (b. 1941)
- 1982 – Abe Fortas, American lawyer and jurist (b. 1910)
- 1981 – Bob Hite, American singer-songwriter (b. 1945)
- 1976 – Howard Hughes, American pilot, engineer, and director (b. 1905)
- 1976 – Wilder Penfield, American-Canadian surgeon and academic (b. 1891)
- 1972 – Brian Donlevy, American actor and producer (b. 1901)
- 1972 – Isabel Jewell, American actress and singer (b. 1907)
- 1970 – Alfred Sturtevant, American geneticist and academic (b. 1891)
- 1969 – Shelby Storck, American journalist, actor, director, and producer (b. 1917)
- 1967 – Hermann Joseph Muller, American geneticist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1890)
- 1967 – Mischa Elman, Ukrainian-American violinist (b. 1891)
- 1964 – Douglas MacArthur, American general (b. 1880)
- 1946 – Vincent Youmans, American composer and producer (b. 1898)
- 1943 – Aleš Hrdlička, Czech-American anthropologist and scholar (b. 1869)
- 1936 – Chandler Egan, American golfer and architect (b. 1884)