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Wednesday 8 April 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 2008 – The construction of the world's first building to integrate wind turbines is completed in Bahrain.
  • 1975 – Frank Robinson manages the Cleveland Indians in his first game as major league baseball's first African American manager.
  • 1959 – The Organization of American States drafts an agreement to create the Inter-American Development Bank.
  • 1913 – The 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution, requiring direct election of Senators, becomes law.
  • 1911 – Dutch physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes discovers superconductivity.
  • 1906 – Auguste Deter, the first person to be diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, dies.
  • 1904 – British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the first chapter of The Book of the Law.
  • 1895 – In Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. the Supreme Court of the United States declares unapportioned income tax to be unconstitutional.
  • 1886 – William Ewart Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Mansfield: Union forces are thwarted by the Confederate army at Mansfield, Louisiana.
  • 1832 – Black Hawk War: Around three-hundred United States 6th Infantry troops leave St. Louis, Missouri to fight the Sauk Native Americans.
  • 1820 – The Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Milos.
  • 1730 – Shearith Israel, the first synagogue in New York City, is dedicated.
  • 1665 – English colonial patents are granted for the establishment of the Monmouth Tract, for what would eventually become Monmouth County in northeastern New Jersey.

Births

  • 1987 – Jeremy Hellickson, American baseball player. Following the 2011 season, Hellickson was named American League Rookie of the Year.
  • 1986 – Félix Hernández, Venezuelan-American baseball player. He made his MLB debut in 2005.
  • 1984 – Ezra Koenig, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Ezra Michael Koenig (born April 8, 1984) is an American musician, singer-songwriter, television producer, record producer, radio personality, and screenwriter.
  • 1984 – Taran Noah Smith, American actor. Taran Noah Smith (born April 8, 1984) is an American former actor widely known for his role as Mark Taylor on the sitcom Home Improvement.
  • 1980 – Katee Sackhoff, American actress. Kathryn Ann Sackhoff (born April 8, 1980) is an American actress known for playing Lieutenant Kara "Starbuck" Thrace on the Sci Fi Channel's television program Battlestar Galactica (2004–2009) and for voicing Bitch Pudding on Robot Chicken (2005-present).
  • 1975 – Timo Pérez, Dominican-American baseball player. Pérez (born April 8, 1975) is a former Major League Baseball (MLB) outfielder.
  • 1974 – Nnedi Okorafor, Nigerian-American author and educator. Nnedimma Nkemdili "Nnedi" Okorafor (formerly Okorafor-Mbachu; born April 8, 1974) is a Nigerian-American writer of fantasy and science fiction for both children and adults.
  • 1973 – Emma Caulfield, American actress. Her film roles include Darkness Falls (2003) and TiMER (2009).
  • 1971 – Darren Jessee, American singer-songwriter and drummer. Darren Michael Jessee is an American drummer, songwriter and singer best known as a member of the alternative rock trio Ben Folds Five.
  • 1968 – Patricia Arquette, French-Canadian Russian/Polish Jewish-American actress and director. Her other notable films include True Romance (1993), Ed Wood (1994), Flirting with Disaster (1996), Lost Highway (1997), The Hi-Lo Country (1998), Bringing Out the Dead (1999), Stigmata (1999), Holes (2003), Fast Food Nation (2006), The Wannabe (2015), and Toy Story 4 (2019).
  • 1968 – Tracy Grammer, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Tracy Grammer is an American folk singer known for her work as half of the folk duo Dave Carter and Tracy Grammer and for the solo career that she has continued since Carter's death.
  • 1966 – Robin Wright, American actress, director, producer. She is the recipient of eight Primetime Emmy Award nominations and has earned a Golden Globe Award and a Satellite Award for her work in television.
  • 1964 – Biz Markie, American rapper, producer, and actor. Marcel Theo Hall (born April 8, 1964), better known by his stage name Biz Markie, is an American rapper, beatboxer, DJ, actor, comedian, television personality and spokesperson.
  • 1963 – Donita Sparks, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Donita Sparks (born April 8, 1963) is an American vocalist, guitarist, songwriter, and creative director most notable for being the co-founder of the band L7.
  • 1963 – Seth Tobias, American businessman (d. 2007), was an American hedge fund manager and financial commentator who made frequent appearances on the CNBC television programs Squawk Box and Kudlow & Company.
  • 1963 – Terry Porter, American basketball player and coach. A native of Wisconsin, he played college basketball at the University of Wisconsin–Stevens Point before being drafted 24th by the Portland Trail Blazers in the 1985 NBA draft.
  • 1962 – Izzy Stradlin, American guitarist and songwriter. He is best known as the co-founder and former rhythm guitarist of the hard rock band Guns N' Roses, which he left at the height of their fame in 1991, and with whom he recorded four studio albums.
  • 1958 – Tom Petranoff, American javelin thrower and coach. During his career, he was a silver medalist at the World Championships in 1983 and represented the United States at the Summer Olympics in 1984 and 1988.
  • 1957 – Fred Smerlas, American football player and radio host, was a five-time NFL Pro Bowl selection during a 14-year career as a nose tackle with the Buffalo Bills, San Francisco 49ers and New England Patriots.
  • 1955 – Barbara Kingsolver, American novelist, essayist and poet. Kingsolver earned degrees in biology at DePauw University and the University of Arizona and worked as a freelance writer before she began writing novels.
  • 1955 – David Wu, Taiwanese-American lawyer and politician. David Wu (traditional Chinese: 吳振偉; simplified Chinese: 吴振伟; pinyin: Wú Zhènwěi; born April 8, 1955) is an American politician who served as the U.S. representative for Oregon's 1st congressional district from 1999 to 2011.
  • 1954 – G.V. Loganathan, Indian-American engineer and academic (d. 2007). V." Loganathan (April 8, 1954 – April 16, 2007) was an Indian-born American professor, who, at the time of his death, was a professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental engineering, part of the College of Engineering at Virginia Tech, United States.
  • 1954 – Gary Carter, American baseball player and coach (d. 2012), was an American professional baseball catcher whose 19-year Major League Baseball (MLB) career was spent primarily with the Montreal Expos and New York Mets.
  • 1951 – Mel Schacher, American bass player. Melvin George "Mel" Schacher (born April 8, 1951) is best known as the bassist for rock band Grand Funk Railroad.
  • 1949 – Brenda Russell, African-American-Canadian singer-songwriter and keyboard player. She has received a sum of five Grammy nominations altogether.
  • 1947 – Larry Norman, American singer-songwriter, and producer (d. 2008), was an American musician, singer, songwriter, record label owner, and record producer. He is considered to be one of the pioneers of Christian rock music, and released more than 100 albums.
  • 1947 – Robert Kiyosaki, American businessman, co-founded Cashflow Technologies. The company's main revenues come from franchisees of the Rich Dad seminars that are conducted by independent people using Kiyosaki's brand name for a fee.
  • 1947 – Tom DeLay, American lawyer and politician. Thomas Dale DeLay (/dəˈleɪ/; born April 8, 1947) is a former member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Texas's 22nd congressional district from 1985 until 2006.
  • 1946 – Catfish Hunter, American baseball player (d. 1999), was a professional baseball player in Major League Baseball (MLB). From 1965 to 1979, he was a pitcher for the Kansas City / Oakland Athletics and New York Yankees.
  • 1946 – Tim Thomerson, American actor and producer. Joseph Timothy "Tim" Thomerson (born April 8, 1946) is an American actor and comedian.
  • 1944 – Deke Richards, American songwriter and producer (d. 2013), was an American songwriter and record producer who was affiliated with Motown. He was a member of both The Clan and The Corporation, the latter a production team that wrote and produced some of The Jackson 5's early hits.
  • 1943 – Miller Farr, American football player. Miller Farr Jr. (born April 8, 1943) is a former American football cornerback who played for ten seasons in the American Football League (AFL) and the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1942 – Douglas Trumbull, American director, producer, and special effects artist. He contributed to, or was responsible for, the special photographic effects of 2001: A Space Odyssey, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Star Trek: The Motion Picture, Blade Runner and The Tree of Life, and directed the movies Silent Running and Brainstorm.
  • 1940 – John Havlicek, American basketball player, was an American professional basketball player who competed for 16 seasons with the Boston Celtics, winning eight NBA championships, four of them coming in his first four seasons with the team.
  • 1939 – Trina Schart Hyman, American author and illustrator (d. 2004), was an American illustrator of children's books. She illustrated over 150 books, including fairy tales and Arthurian legends.
  • 1938 – Mary W. Gray, American mathematician, statistician, and lawyer. She is currently on the Board of Advisers for POMED (Project on Middle East Democracy) and is the Chair of the Board of Directors of AMIDEAST (America-Mideast Educational and Training Services, Inc.).
  • 1937 – Seymour Hersh, American journalist and author. He is a longtime contributor to The New Yorker magazine on national security matters and has also written for the London Review of Books since 2013.
  • 1935 – Albert Bustamante, American soldier, educator, and politician. Albert Garza Bustamante (born April 8, 1935) is a former member of the United States House of Representatives from Texas.
  • 1935 – Oscar Zeta Acosta, American lawyer and politician (d. 1974), was an American attorney, politician, novelist and activist in the Chicano Movement. He was most well known for his novels Autobiography of a Brown Buffalo (1972) and The Revolt of the Cockroach People (1973), and his friendship with American author Hunter S.
  • 1934 – Kisho Kurokawa, Japanese architect, designed the Nakagin Capsule Tower and Singapore Flyer (d. 2007), was a leading Japanese architect and one of the founders of the Metabolist Movement.
  • 1931 – John Gavin, American actor and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Mexico, was an American actor who was the president of the Screen Actors Guild (1971–73), and the United States Ambassador to Mexico (1981–86). He was best known for his performances in the films Imitation of Life (1959), Spartacus (1960), Psycho (1960), and Thoroughly Modern Millie (1967), playing leading roles in a series of films for producer Ross Hunter.
  • 1928 – Fred Ebb, American lyricist (d. 2004), was an American musical theatre lyricist who had many successful collaborations with composer John Kander. The Kander and Ebb team frequently wrote for such performers as Liza Minnelli and Chita Rivera.
  • 1927 – Ollie Mitchell, American trumpet player and bandleader (d. 2013), was an American musician and bandleader. He was the son of Harold Mitchell, lead trumpeter for MGM Studios, who also taught Ollie to play the trumpet.
  • 1926 – Henry N. Cobb, American architect and academic, co-founded Pei Cobb Freed & Partners. Cobb (born April 8, 1926, in Boston, Massachusetts) is an American architect and founding partner with I.M.
  • 1926 – Shecky Greene, American actor. Shecky Greene (born Fred Sheldon Greenfield; April 8, 1926) is an American comedian.
  • 1923 – Edward Mulhare, Irish-American actor (d. 1997), was an Irish actor whose career spanned five decades. He is best known for his starring roles in two television series: The Ghost & Mrs.
  • 1920 – Carmen McRae, African-American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actress (d. 1994), was an American jazz singer. She is considered one of the most influential jazz vocalists of the 20th century and is remembered for her behind-the-beat phrasing and ironic interpretation of lyrics.
  • 1918 – Betty Ford, American wife of Gerald Ford, 40th First Lady of the United States (d. 2011), was the First Lady of the United States from 1974 to 1977, as the wife of President Gerald Ford. As First Lady, she was active in social policy and set a precedent as a politically active presidential spouse.
  • 1918 – Glendon Swarthout, American author and academic (d. 1992), was an American writer and novelist.
  • 1917 – Winifred Asprey, American mathematician and computer scientist (d. 2007). She was one of only around 200 women to earn PhDs in mathematics from American universities during the 1940s, a period of women's underrepresentation in mathematics at this level.
  • 1912 – Sonja Henie, Norwegian-American figure skater and actress (d. 1969), was a Norwegian figure skater and film star. She was a three-time Olympic Champion (1928, 1932, 1936) in Ladies' Singles, a ten-time World Champion (1927–1936) and a six-time European Champion (1931–1936).
  • 1911 – Melvin Calvin, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1997), was an American biochemist known for discovering the Calvin cycle along with Andrew Benson and James Bassham, for which he was awarded the 1961 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He spent most of his five-decade career at the University of California, Berkeley.
  • 1910 – George Musso, American football player and police officer (d. 2000), was an American football lineman, playing both offensive guard and tackle as well as defensive middle guard. His twelve-year career in the National Football League (NFL) was spent entirely with the Chicago Bears.
  • 1909 – John Fante, American author and screenwriter (d. 1983), was an American novelist, short story writer and screenwriter. He is best known for his semi-autobiographical novel Ask the Dust (1939) about the life of a struggling writer, Arturo Bandini, in Depression-era Los Angeles.
  • 1904 – Hirsch Jacobs, American horse trainer (d. 1970), was an American thoroughbred horse trainer and owner.
  • 1896 – Yip Harburg, American composer (d. 1981), was an American popular song lyricist and librettist who worked with many well-known composers. He wrote the lyrics to the standards "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?" (with Jay Gorney), "April in Paris", and "It's Only a Paper Moon", as well as all of the songs for the film The Wizard of Oz, including "Over the Rainbow".
  • 1892 – Mary Pickford, Canadian-American actress, producer, and screenwriter, co-founded United Artists (d. 1979), was a Canadian-born American film actress and producer. With a career spanning 50 years, she was a co-founder of both the Pickford–Fairbanks Studio (along with Douglas Fairbanks) and, later, the United Artists film studio (with Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin and D.
  • 1892 – Richard Neutra, Austrian-American architect, designed the Los Angeles County Hall of Records (d. 1970), was a Jewish Austrian-American architect. Living and building for the majority of his career in Southern California, he came to be considered among the most prominent and important modernist architects.
  • 1888 – Dennis Chávez, American journalist and politician (d. 1964), was a Democratic politician from the U.S. state of New Mexico who served in the United States House of Representatives from 1931 to 1935, and in the United States Senate from 1935 to 1962. He was the first Hispanic person elected to a full term in the US Senate and the first U.S.
  • 1886 – Margaret Ayer Barnes, American author and playwright (d. 1967), was an American playwright, novelist, and short-story writer. She was awarded the Pulitzer Prize.
  • 1871 – Clarence Hudson White, American photographer and educator (d. 1925), was an American photographer, teacher and a founding member of the Photo-Secession movement. He grew up in small towns in Ohio, where his primary influences were his family and the social life of rural America.
  • 1869 – Harvey Cushing, American surgeon and academic (d. 1939), was an American neurosurgeon, pathologist, writer and draftsman. A pioneer of brain surgery, he was the first exclusive neurosurgeon and the first person to describe Cushing's disease.
  • 1867 – Allen Butler Talcott, American painter and educator (d. 1908), was an American landscape painter. After studying art in Paris for three years at Académie Julian, he returned to the United States, becoming one of the first members of the Old Lyme Art Colony in Connecticut.
  • 1842 – Elizabeth Bacon Custer, American author and educator (d. 1933), was an American author and public speaker, and the wife of Brevet Major General George Armstrong Custer, United States Army. She spent most of their marriage in relatively close proximity to him despite his numerous military campaigns in the American Civil War and subsequent postings on the Great Plains as a commanding officer in the United States Cavalry.
  • 1761 – William Joseph Chaminade, French priest, founded the Society of Mary (d. 1850), was a French Catholic priest who survived persecution during the French Revolution and later founded the Society of Mary, usually called the Marianists, in 1817. He was beatified by Pope John Paul II on 3 September 2000 his feast day is celebrated on 22 January.
  • 1732 – David Rittenhouse, American astronomer and mathematician (d. 1796), was an American astronomer, inventor, clockmaker, mathematician, surveyor, scientific instrument craftsman, and public official. Rittenhouse was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the first director of the United States Mint.
  • 1726 – Lewis Morris, American judge and politician (d. 1798), was an American landowner and developer from Morrisania, New York, presently part of Bronx County. He signed the U.S.

Deaths

  • 2015 – David Laventhol, American journalist and publisher (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Ivan Mercep, New Zealand architect, designed the Te Papa Tongarewa Museum (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Annette Funicello, American actress and singer (b. 1942)
  • 2012 – Blair Kiel, American football player and coach (b. 1961)
  • 2012 – Jack Tramiel, Polish-American businessman, founded Commodore International (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – Janusz K. Zawodny, Polish-American soldier, historian, and political scientist (b. 1921)
  • 2011 – Hedda Sterne, Romanian-American painter and photographer (b. 1910)
  • 2009 – Richard de Mille, American Scientologist, author, investigative journalist, and psychologist (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Sol LeWitt, American painter and sculptor (b. 1928)
  • 2002 – Harvey Quaytman, American painter (b. 1937)
  • 2000 – Claire Trevor, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 1997 – Laura Nyro, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1947)
  • 1993 – Marian Anderson, American operatic singer (b. 1897)
  • 1990 – Ryan White, American activist, inspired the Ryan White Care Act (b. 1971)
  • 1985 – John Frederick Coots, American pianist and composer (b. 1897)
  • 1981 – Omar Bradley, American general (b. 1893)
  • 1979 – Breece D'J Pancake American short story writer (b. 1952)
  • 1920 – Charles Griffes, American pianist and composer (b. 1884)
  • 1906 – Auguste Deter, German woman, first person diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (b. 1850)
  • 1861 – Elisha Otis, American businessman, founded the Otis Elevator Company (b. 1811)
  • 1725 – John Wise, American minister (b. 1652)
  • 1691 – Carlo Rainaldi, Italian architect, designed the Santa Maria dei Miracoli and Santa Maria in Montesanto (b. 1611)
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