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Thursday 6 June 2024 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances


  • 2005 – In Gonzales v. Raich, the United States Supreme Court upholds a federal law banning cannabis, including medical marijuana.
  • 1993 – Mongolia holds its first direct presidential elections.
  • 1971 – A midair collision between a Hughes Airwest Douglas DC-9 jetliner and a United States Marine Corps McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II jet fighter near Duarte, California, claims 50 lives.
  • 1946 – The Basketball Association of America is founded in New York City; the BAA was the precursor to the modern National Basketball Association
  • 1944 World War II: The Battle of Normandy begins. D-Day, code named Operation Overlord, commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France. The allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland in the largest amphibious military operation in history.
  • 1934 New Deal: The U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 into law, establishing the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
  • 1933 – The first drive-in theater opens in Camden, New Jersey, United States.
  • 1932 – The Revenue Act of 1932 is enacted, creating the first gas tax in the United States, at a rate of 1 cent per US gallon ( 1⁄4¢/L) sold.
  • 1912 The eruption of Novarupta in Alaska begins. It is the largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century.
  • 1894 Governor Davis H. Waite orders the Colorado state militia to protect and support the miners engaged in the Cripple Creek miners' strike.
  • 1892 The Chicago "L" elevated rail system begins operation.
  • 1889 The Great Seattle Fire destroys all of downtown Seattle.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Memphis: Union forces capture Memphis, Tennessee, from the Confederates.
  • 1859 Australia: Queensland is established as a separate colony from New South Wales (Queensland Day).
  • 1844 – The Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) is founded in London.
  • 1844 The Glaciarium, the world's first mechanically frozen ice rink, opens.
  • 1822 Alexis St. Martin is accidentally shot in the stomach, leading to William Beaumont's studies on digestion.
  • 1813 – War of 1812: Battle of Stoney Creek: A British force of 700 under John Vincent defeats an American force twice its size under William Winder and John Chandler.
  • 1749 – The Conspiracy of the Slaves in Malta is discovered.
  • 1586 Francis Drake's forces raid St. Augustine in Spanish Florida.


  • 1995 – Julian Green, American footballer. Julian Wesley Green (born June 6, 1995) is a professional soccer player who plays as an attacking midfielder or a winger for Greuther Fürth, and for the United States national team.
  • 1993 – Vic Mensa, American rapper. Victor Kwesi Mensah (born June 6, 1993), better known by his stage name Vic Mensa, is an American rapper, singer, record producer and activist.
  • 1990 – Anthony Rendon, American baseball player. Anthony Michael Rendon (/rɛnˈdoʊn/, born June 6, 1990) is an American baseball third baseman for the Los Angeles Angels of Major League Baseball (MLB).
  • 1986 – Junichi Tazawa, Japanese-American baseball player. He has played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Boston Red Sox, Miami Marlins and Los Angeles Angels.
  • 1973 – Patrick Rothfuss, American author and academic. Its sequel, The Wise Man's Fear, topped The New York Times Best Seller list.
  • 1970 – James Shaffer, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer. James Christian Shaffer (born June 6, 1970), also known by his stage name "Munky", is an American musician best known as co-founder and guitarist of the nu metal band Korn.
  • 1969 – Erik Prince, American soldier and businessman, co-founded Academi. He served as Blackwater's CEO until 2009 and as its chairman until its sale to a group of investors in 2010.
  • 1967 – Max Casella, American actor. He is known for his roles on the television series The Sopranos, Boardwalk Empire, Doogie Howser, M.D., Vinyl, Cro and the voice of Daxter in the Jak and Daxter video game series.
  • 1967 – Paul Giamatti, American actor. Paul Edward Valentine Giamatti (/ˌdʒiːəˈmɑːti/; born June 6, 1967) is an American actor and producer. He first garnered attention for his breakout role in Private Parts (1997) as Kenny "Pig Vomit" Rushton, which led to him playing more supporting roles such as Sergeant Hill in Saving Private Ryan (1998), Bob Zmuda in Man on the Moon (1999), John Maxwell in Big Momma's House (2000), and Marty Wolf in Big Fat Liar (2002)
  • 1964 – Jay Bentley, American singer and bass player. Jay Dee Bentley (born June 6, 1964) is the bassist and co-founding member of the punk rock group Bad Religion.
  • 1963 – Ahmed Johnson, American football player, wrestler, and actor. Anthony Norris (born June 6, 1963) is an American retired professional wrestler and football player.
  • 1963 – Eric Cantor, American lawyer and politician. Eric Ivan Cantor (born June 6, 1963) is a former American politician and lawyer who served as the United States representative for Virginia's 7th congressional district from 2001 until 2014.
  • 1961 – Tom Araya, Chilean-American singer-songwriter and bass player. Tomás Enrique Araya Díaz (Spanish pronunciation: ; born June 6, 1961) is a Chilean-American musician, best known as the lead vocalist and bassist of the American thrash metal band Slayer.
  • 1960 – Steve Vai, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. He embarked on a solo career in 1983 and has released eight solo albums to date.
  • 1959 – Jimmy Jam, American keyboard player, songwriter, and producer. James Samuel "Jimmy Jam" Harris III (born June 6, 1959) and Terry Steven Lewis (born November 24, 1956) are an American R&B/pop songwriting and record production team.
  • 1955 – Lee Smolin, American theoretical physicist. Lee Smolin (/ˈsmoʊlɪn/; born June 6, 1955) is an American theoretical physicist, a faculty member at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, an adjunct professor of physics at the University of Waterloo and a member of the graduate faculty of the philosophy department at the University of Toronto.
  • 1955 – Sam Simon, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2015), was an American director, producer, writer, animal rights activist and philanthropist, who co-developed the television series The Simpsons.
  • 1955 – Sandra Bernhard, American actress and comedian. She first gained attention in the late 1970s, with her stand-up comedy in which she often bitterly critiqued celebrity culture and political figures.
  • 1954 – Harvey Fierstein, American actor and playwright. He also wrote the book for the musical La Cage aux Folles, for which he won the Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical, and wrote the book for the Tony Award-winning Kinky Boots.
  • 1951 – Dwight Twilley, American rock singer-songwriter, guitarist, and pianist. Twilley and Phil Seymour performed as the Dwight Twilley Band through 1978, and Twilley has performed as a solo act since then.
  • 1949 – Holly Near, American folk singer-songwriter. Holly Near (born June 6, 1949 in Ukiah, California) is an American singer-songwriter, actress, teacher, and activist.
  • 1948 – Arlene Harris, American entrepreneur, inventor, investor and policy advocate, was a Canadian-born American radio, film, and television actress. (Another source gives her date of birth as July 7, 1898.) She was best known for her role as "the human chatterbox" on Al Pearce's radio program.
  • 1947 – Robert Englund, American actor. Robert Barton Englund (born June 6, 1947) is an American actor, voice actor, singer, and director, best known for playing the infamous serial killer Freddy Krueger in the Nightmare on Elm Street film series.
  • 1946 – Tony Levin, American bass player and songwriter. Anthony Frederick Levin (born June 6, 1946) is an American musician and composer, specializing in electric bass, Chapman Stick and upright bass.
  • 1945 – David Dukes, American actor (d. 2000), was an American character actor. He had a long career in films, appearing in 35.
  • 1944 – Phillip Allen Sharp, American geneticist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate. Roberts for "the discovery that genes in eukaryotes are not contiguous strings but contain introns, and that the splicing of messenger RNA to delete those introns can occur in different ways, yielding different proteins from the same DNA sequence".
  • 1944 – Tommie Smith, American runner and football player. Smith (born June 6, 1944) is an American former track & field athlete and wide receiver in the American Football League.
  • 1943 – Joe Stampley, American country music singer-songwriter. Joe Stampley (born June 6, 1943) is an American country music singer.
  • 1943 – Richard Smalley, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005), was the Gene and Norman Hackerman Professor of Chemistry and a Professor of Physics and Astronomy at Rice University, in Houston, Texas. In 1996, along with Robert Curl, also a professor of chemistry at Rice, and Harold Kroto, a professor at the University of Sussex, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the discovery of a new form of carbon, buckminsterfullerene, also known as buckyballs.
  • 1941 – Alexander Cockburn, Scottish-American journalist and author (d. 2012), was an Irish-American political journalist and writer. Cockburn was brought up by British parents in Ireland but had lived and worked in the United States since 1972.
  • 1939 – Eddie Giacomin, Canadian-American ice hockey player, coach, and sportscaster. Edward "Ed" Giacomin (born June 6, 1939) is a retired professional ice hockey goaltender who played for the New York Rangers and Detroit Red Wings in the National Hockey League, as well as for the Providence Reds of the American Hockey League.
  • 1939 – Gary U.S. Bonds, American singer-songwriter. Bonds (born Gary Levone Anderson, June 6, 1939) is an American rhythm and blues and rock and roll singer, known for his classic hits "New Orleans" and "Quarter to Three".
  • 1936 – D. Ramanaidu, Indian actor, director, and producer, founded Suresh Productions (d. 2015), was an Indian film producer. He was the founder of Suresh Productions and has a place in the Guinness Book of World Records for the most films produced by an individual, having produced more than 150 films in 13 Indian languages.
  • 1936 – Levi Stubbs, American singer (d. 2008), was an American baritone singer, best known as the lead vocalist of the R&B group the Four Tops, who released a variety of Motown hit records during the 1960s and 1970s. He has been noted for his powerful, emotional, dramatic style of singing.
  • 1933 – Eli Broad, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded KB Home. As of June 2019, Forbes ranked Broad as the 233rd wealthiest person in the world and the 78th wealthiest person in the United States, with an estimated net worth of $6.7 billion.
  • 1932 – David Scott, American colonel, engineer, and astronaut, was the seventh person to walk on the Moon. The commander of Apollo 15, Scott was selected as an astronaut as part of the third group in 1963.
  • 1925 – Frank Chee Willeto, American soldier and politician, 4th Vice President of the Navajo Nation (d. 2013), was an American politician and Navajo code talker during World War II. Willeto served as the vice president of the Navajo Nation under President Milton Bluehouse, Sr. from his appointment in August 1998 until January 1999, when the Begaye administration took office.
  • 1925 – Maxine Kumin, American poet and author (d. 2014). She was appointed Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 1981–1982.
  • 1923 – V. C. Andrews, American author, illustrator, and painter (d. 1986). Cleo Virginia Andrews (June 6, 1923 – December 19, 1986), better known as V.
  • 1918 – Edwin G. Krebs, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2009). He received the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research and the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize of Columbia University in 1989 together with Alfred Gilman and, together with his collaborator Edmond H.
  • 1917 – Kirk Kerkorian, American businessman, founded the Tracinda Corporation (d. 2015), was an Armenian American businessman, investor, and philanthropist. He was the president and CEO of Tracinda Corporation, his private holding company based in Beverly Hills, California.
  • 1915 – Vincent Persichetti, American pianist and composer (d. 1987), was an American composer, teacher, and pianist. An important musical educator and writer, Persichetti was a native of Philadelphia.
  • 1913 – Carlo L. Golino, Italian-American author, critic, and academic (d. 1991), was an Italian American who taught Italian literature at many colleges in the United States
  • 1907 – Bill Dickey, American baseball player and manager (d. 1993). Dickey managed the Yankees as a player-manager in 1946 in his last season as a player.
  • 1902 – Jimmie Lunceford, American saxophonist and bandleader (d. 1947), was an American jazz alto saxophonist and bandleader in the swing era.
  • 1900 – Manfred Sakel, Ukrainian-American psychiatrist and physician (d. 1957), was an Austrian-Jewish (later Austrian-American) neurophysiologist and psychiatrist, credited with developing insulin shock therapy in 1927.
  • 1898 – Walter Abel, American actor (d. 1987), was an American film, stage and radio actor.
  • 1884 – Jock Hutchison, Scottish-American golfer (d. 1977), was a Scottish-American professional golfer.
  • 1867 – David T. Abercrombie, American surveyor and businessman, founded Abercrombie & Fitch (d. 1931), was the founder of the American lifestyle brand Abercrombie & Fitch. A topographer and expert in the outdoors, Abercrombie opened the Company as New York's outfitter for the elite and later partnered up with co-founder Ezra Fitch – both men managed the Company through great years of success.
  • 1850 – Karl Ferdinand Braun, German-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1918), was a German inventor, physicist and Nobel laureate in physics. Braun contributed significantly to the development of radio and television technology: he shared the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics with Guglielmo Marconi "for their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy".
  • 1756 – John Trumbull, American soldier and painter (d. 1843), was a Revolutionary War veteran and an American artist of the early independence period, notable for his historical paintings of the American Revolutionary War. He has been called The Painter of the Revolution.
  • 1755 – Nathan Hale, American soldier (d. 1776), was an American soldier and spy for the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He volunteered for an intelligence-gathering mission in New York City but was captured by the British and executed.
  • 1622 – Claude-Jean Allouez, French-American missionary and explorer (d. 1689), was a Jesuit missionary and French explorer of North America. He established a number of missions among the indigenous people living near Lake Superior.


  • 2015 – Ronnie Gilbert, American singer-songwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Vincent Bugliosi, American lawyer and author (b. 1934)
  • 2014 – Eric Hill, English-American author and illustrator (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Esther Williams, American swimmer and actress (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Eugen Merzbacher, German-American physicist and academic (b. 1921)
  • 2013 – Jerome Karle, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 2010 – Marvin Isley, American singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1953)
  • 2009 – Jim Owens, American football player and coach (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Arnold Newman, American photographer and educator (b. 1918)
  • 2006 – Billy Preston, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (b. 1946)
  • 2005 – Anne Bancroft, American actress (b. 1931)
  • 2005 – Dana Elcar, American actor (b. 1927)
  • 2003 – Ken Grimwood, American author (b. 1944)
  • 1997 – Magda Gabor, Hungarian-American actress and socialite (b. 1915)
  • 1996 – George Davis Snell, American geneticist and immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1991 – Stan Getz, American saxophonist (b. 1927)
  • 1982 – Kenneth Rexroth, American poet and academic (b. 1905)
  • 1980 – Ruth Aarons, American table tennis player and manager (b. 1918)
  • 1979 – Jack Haley, American actor (b. 1898)
  • 1976 – J. Paul Getty, American businessman, founded the Getty Oil Company (b. 1892)
  • 1975 – Larry Blyden, American actor (b. 1925)
  • 1968 – Robert F. Kennedy, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 64th United States Attorney General (b. 1925)
  • 1963 – William Baziotes, American painter and academic (b. 1912)
  • 1951 – Olive Tell, American actress (b. 1894)
  • 1941 – Louis Chevrolet, Swiss-American race car driver and businessman, founded Chevrolet and Frontenac Motor Corporation (b. 1878)
  • 1922 – Lillian Russell, American actress and singer (b. 1860)
  • 1878 – Robert Stirling, Scottish minister and engineer, invented the stirling engine (b. 1790)
  • 1865 – William Quantrill, American captain (b. 1837)
  • 1862 – Turner Ashby, American colonel (b. 1828)
  • 1840 – Marcellin Champagnat, French priest and saint, founded the Marist Brothers (b. 1789)
  • 1813 – Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect, designed the Hôtel de Mademoiselle de Condé (b. 1739)
  • 1799 – Patrick Henry, American lawyer and politician, 1st Governor of Virginia (b. 1736)
  • 1740 – Alexander Spotswood, Moroccan-American colonial and politician, Lieutenant Governor of Virginia (b. 1676)