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Tuesday 18 July 2023 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances


  • 2013 The Government of Detroit, with up to $20 billion in debt, files for the largest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history.
  • 1996 Storms provoke severe flooding on the Saguenay River, beginning one of Quebec's costliest natural disasters ever.
  • 1995 On the Caribbean island of Montserrat, the Soufrière Hills volcano erupts. Over the course of several years, it devastates the island, destroying the capital, forcing most of the population to flee.
  • 1992 A picture of Les Horribles Cernettes was taken, which became the first ever photo posted to the World Wide Web.
  • 1976 – Nadia Comăneci becomes the first person in Olympic Games history to score a perfect 10 in gymnastics at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
  • 1969 U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy crashes his car into a tidal basin at Chappaquiddick Island, Massachusetts, killing his passenger, campaign specialist Mary Jo Kopechne.
  • 1968 Intel is founded in Mountain View, California.
  • 1966 A racially charged incident in a bar sparks the six-day Hough riots in Cleveland, Ohio; 1,700 Ohio National Guard troops intervene to restore order.
  • 1966 Human spaceflight: Gemini 10 is launched from Cape Kennedy on a 70-hour mission that includes docking with an orbiting Agena target vehicle.
  • 1942 – The Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me 262 using its jet engines for the first time.
  • 1914 – The U.S. Congress forms the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, giving official status to aircraft within the U.S. Army for the first time.
  • 1872 The Ballot Act 1872 in the United Kingdom introduced the requirement that parliamentary and local government elections be held by secret ballot.
  • 1870 – The First Vatican Council decrees the dogma of papal infallibility.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Second Battle of Fort Wagner: One of the first formal African American military units, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, supported by several white regiments, attempts an unsuccessful assault on Confederate-held Battery Wagner.
  • 1862 First ascent of Dent Blanche, one of the highest summits in the Alps.
  • 1792 John Paul Jones, the Revolutionary War naval hero, dies in his apartment. Commander Jones, remembered as one of the most daring and successful naval commanders of the American Revolution, was born in Scotland, on July 6, 1747.
  • 1555 The College of Arms is reincorporated by Royal charter signed by Queen Mary I of England and King Philip II of Spain.
  • 1334 – The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.


  • 1985 – Chace Crawford, American actor. Chace Crawford (born July 18, 1985) is an American actor, known for his portrayal of Nate Archibald on The CW's teen drama series Gossip Girl.
  • 1983 – Aaron Gillespie, American singer-songwriter and drummer. Aaron Roderick Gillespie (born July 18, 1983) is an American musician, best known for being the original drummer and clean vocalist for the metalcore band Underoath, and the lead singer and rhythm guitarist for the alternative rock band The Almost.
  • 1982 – Ryan Cabrera, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Ryan Frank Cabrera (born July 18, 1982) is an American singer-songwriter and musician.
  • 1980 – Kristen Bell, American actress. In 2001, she made her Broadway debut as Becky Thatcher in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and starred in the Broadway revival of The Crucible the following year.
  • 1979 – Deion Branch, American football player. He played college football at Louisville under coach John L.
  • 1979 – Joey Mercury, American wrestler and producer. Adam Birch (born July 18, 1979), better known by the ring names Joey Mercury and Joey Matthews, is an American professional wrestler who Is best known for being in Ring Of Honor (ROH) as a producer, trainer and a member of the creative team.
  • 1978 – Ben Sheets, American baseball player and coach. Ben Michael Sheets (born July 18, 1978) is an American former professional baseball pitcher who played for the Milwaukee Brewers, Oakland Athletics, and Atlanta Braves of Major League Baseball.
  • 1975 – Daron Malakian, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. Daron Malakian is known for his distinctive playing and is ranked 14th in Loudwire's list of Top 50 Hard Rock + Metal Guitarists of All Time and number 11 in MusicRadar's poll, The 20 Greatest Metal Guitarists Ever.
  • 1975 – Torii Hunter, American baseball player. Torii Kedar Hunter (/ˈtɔːriː/; born July 18, 1975) is an American former professional baseball center fielder and right fielder.
  • 1971 – Penny Hardaway, American basketball player and coach. Anfernee Deon "Penny" Hardaway (born July 18, 1971) is an American college basketball coach for the Memphis Tigers and a former professional player.
  • 1969 – Elizabeth Gilbert, American author. She is best known for her 2006 memoir, Eat, Pray, Love, which as of December 2010 had spent 199 weeks on the New York Times Best Seller list, and which was also made into a film by the same name in 2010.
  • 1967 – Vin Diesel, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Mark Sinclair (born July 18, 1967), better known as Vin Diesel, is an American actor and producer.
  • 1966 – Dan O'Brien, American decathlete and coach. He won the Olympic title in 1996, three consecutive world championships (1991, 1993, 1995), and set the world record in 1992.
  • 1964 – Wendy Williams, American talk show host. Wendy Williams Hunter (born Wendy Joan Williams; July 18, 1964) is an American television and radio presenter, businesswoman, author, actress and media personality.
  • 1961 – Elizabeth McGovern, American actress. She is also known for her performance as Cora Crawley, Countess of Grantham in the British drama series Downton Abbey, for which she has been nominated for an Emmy Award and Golden Globe Award.
  • 1954 – Ricky Skaggs, American singer-songwriter, mandolin player, and producer. Rickie Lee Skaggs (born July 18, 1954), known professionally as Ricky Skaggs, is an American country and bluegrass singer, musician, producer, and composer.
  • 1951 – Margo Martindale, American actress. Martindale was nominated for an Emmy Award four times for her recurring role as Claudia on The Americans, winning the award in 2015 and 2016.
  • 1950 – Glenn Hughes, American disco singer (Village People) and actor (d. 2001). Glenn Hughes is an English rock bassist and vocalist, best known for playing bass and performing vocals for funk rock pioneers Trapeze, the Mk.
  • 1950 – Jack Dongarra, American computer scientist and academic. IEEE Fellow (1999) ACM Fellow (2001) Member of the National Academy of Engineering (2001) IEEE Sid Fernbach Award (2004) IEEE Medal of Excellence in Scalable Computing (2008) SIAM Fellow (2009) SIAM Special Interest Group on Supercomputing's award for Career Achievement (2010) IEEE Charles Babbage Award (2011) ACM/IEEE Ken Kennedy Award (2013) Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Science (2017) SIAM/ACM Prize in Computational Science and Engineering (2019)
  • 1950 – Mark Udall, American educator and politician. Mark Emery Udall (born July 18, 1950) is an American politician who served as a United States Senator from Colorado from 2009 to 2015.
  • 1950 – Richard Branson, English businessman, founded Virgin Group. Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson (born 18 July 1950) is a British business magnate, investor, author and philanthropist.
  • 1948 – Carlos Colón Sr., Puerto Rican-American wrestler and promoter. Carlos Edwin Colón González Sr. (born July 18, 1948) is a retired Puerto Rican professional wrestler, and wrestling promoter, better known as Carlitos Colón or simply Carlos Colón.
  • 1948 – Jeanne Córdova, American journalist and activist (d. 2016), was an American trailblazer of the lesbian and gay rights movement, founder of The Lesbian Tide, and a founder of the West Coast LGBT movement. Córdova was a second-wave feminist lesbian activist and proud butch.
  • 1947 – Steve Forbes, American publisher and politician. Forbes is the Editor-in-Chief of Forbes, a business magazine.
  • 1943 – Joseph J. Ellis, American historian and author. Joseph John Ellis (born July 18, 1943) is an American historian whose work focuses on the lives and times of the founders of the United States of America.
  • 1941 – Lonnie Mack, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016), was an influential pioneer of blues-rock music and rock guitar soloing.
  • 1941 – Martha Reeves, American singer and politician. Martha Rose Reeves (born July 18, 1941) is an American R&B and pop singer and former politician, and is the lead singer of the Motown girl group Martha Reeves and the Vandellas.
  • 1940 – James Brolin, American actor. James Brolin (/ˈbroʊlɪn/; born Craig Kenneth Bruderlin, July 18, 1940) is an American actor, producer, and director.
  • 1940 – Joe Torre, American baseball player and manager. Joseph Paul Torre (/ˈtɒri/; born July 18, 1940) is an American professional baseball executive, serving in the capacity of Major League Baseball's (MLB) chief baseball officer since 2011.
  • 1939 – Dion DiMucci, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Dion Francis DiMucci (born July 18, 1939), better known mononymously as Dion, is an American singer and songwriter whose work has incorporated elements of doo-wop, rock and R&B styles—and, most recently, straight blues.
  • 1937 – Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (d. 2005), was an American journalist and author, and the founder of the gonzo journalism movement. He first rose to prominence with the publication of Hell's Angels (1967), a book for which he spent a year living and riding with the Hells Angels motorcycle gang in order to write a first-hand account of the lives and experiences of its members.
  • 1935 – Tenley Albright, American figure skater and physician. Albright is also a graduate of Harvard Medical School.
  • 1934 – Darlene Conley, American actress (d. 2007). Conley's career spanned fifty years, but she was best known for her performances in daytime television, and in particular, for her portrayal of larger-than-life fashion industrialist Sally Spectra on The Bold and the Beautiful.
  • 1932 – Robert Ellis Miller, American director and screenwriter, was an American film director.
  • 1929 – Dick Button, American figure skater and actor. He is also the only non-European man to have become European champion.
  • 1929 – Screamin' Jay Hawkins, American R&B singer-songwriter, musician, and actor (d. 2000), was an American singer-songwriter, musician, actor, film producer, and boxer. Famed chiefly for his powerful, operatic vocal delivery and wildly theatrical performances of songs such as "I Put a Spell on You", he sometimes used macabre props onstage, making him an early pioneer of shock rock.
  • 1928 – Baddiewinkle, American internet personality. She became an Internet sensation at the age of eighty-five.
  • 1926 – Nita Bieber, American actress, was an American actress and dancer.
  • 1925 – Windy McCall, American baseball relief pitcher, was a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who played from 1948 through 1957 for the Boston Red Sox (1948–49), Pittsburgh Pirates (1950) and New York Giants (1954–57). Listed at 6 feet (1.83 m) tall and 180 pounds (82 kg), McCall batted and threw left-handed.
  • 1923 – Jerome H. Lemelson, American engineer and businessman (d. 1997), was an American engineer, inventor, and patent holder. Several of his inventions and works in the fields in which he patented have made possible, either wholly or in part, innovations like automated warehouses, industrial robots, cordless telephones, fax machines, videocassette recorders, camcorders, and the magnetic tape drive used in Sony's Walkman tape players.
  • 1922 – Thomas Kuhn, American physicist, historian, and philosopher (d. 1996), was an American philosopher of science whose 1962 book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions was influential in both academic and popular circles, introducing the term paradigm shift, which has since become an English-language idiom.
  • 1921 – Aaron T. Beck, American psychiatrist and academic. Aaron Temkin Beck (Yiddish: אַאַראָן טעמקין בעשק‎; born July 18, 1921) is an American psychiatrist who is professor emeritus in the department of psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania.
  • 1921 – John Glenn, American colonel, astronaut, and politician (d. 2016), was a United States Marine Corps aviator, engineer, astronaut, businessman, and politician. He was the first American to orbit the Earth, circling it three times in 1962.
  • 1921 – Peter Austin, English brewer, founded Ringwood Brewery (d. 2014).
  • 1918 – Nelson Mandela, South African lawyer and politician, 1st President of South Africa, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013), was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country's first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election.
  • 1915 – Roxana Cannon Arsht, American judge (d. 2003). She was the fifth woman to be admitted to the bar in the U.S. state of Delaware, and the first to hold a judicial position in the state's history.
  • 1913 – Red Skelton, American actor and comedian (d. 1997), was an American comedy entertainer. He was best known for his national radio and television shows between 1937 and 1971, especially as host of the television program The Red Skelton Show.
  • 1911 – Hume Cronyn, Canadian-American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2003), was a Canadian actor of stage and screen, who enjoyed a long career, often appearing professionally alongside Jessica Tandy, his wife of over fifty years.
  • 1909 – Harriet Nelson, American singer and actress (d. 1994). Nelson is best known for her role on the sitcom The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet.
  • 1908 – Beatrice Aitchison, American mathematician, statistician, and transportation economist (d. 1997), was an American mathematician, statistician, and transportation economist who directed the Transport Economics Division of the United States Department of Commerce, and later became the top woman in the United States Postal Service and the first policy-level appointee there.
  • 1908 – Lupe Vélez, Mexican-American actress and dancer (d. 1944), was a Mexican-born stage and screen actress, comedian, singer, dancer, and vedette.
  • 1908 – Peace Pilgrim, American mystic and activist (d. 1981), was an American spiritual teacher, mystic, pacifist, vegetarian activist and peace activist. In 1952, she became the first woman to walk the entire length of the Appalachian Trail in one season.
  • 1906 – Clifford Odets, American director, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 1963), was an American playwright, screenwriter, and director. In the mid-1930s he was widely seen as the potential successor to Nobel Prize-winning playwright Eugene O'Neill, as O'Neill began to withdraw from Broadway's commercial pressures and increasing critical backlash.
  • 1906 – S. I. Hayakawa, Canadian-American academic and politician (d. 1992), was a Canadian-born American academic and politician of Japanese ancestry. A professor of English, he served as president of San Francisco State University, and then as U.S.
  • 1902 – Chill Wills, American actor (d. 1978), was an American actor and a singer in the Avalon Boys Quartet.
  • 1895 – Machine Gun Kelly, American gangster (d. 1954), was an American gangster from Memphis, Tennessee, during the prohibition era. His nickname came from his favorite weapon, a Thompson submachine gun.
  • 1895 – Olga Spessivtseva, Russian-American ballerina (d. 1991), was a Russian ballerina whose stage career spanned from 1913 to 1939.
  • 1886 – Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr., American general (d. 1945), was a lieutenant general in the United States Army during World War II. He served in the Pacific Theater of Operations and commanded the defenses of Alaska early in the war.
  • 1881 – Larry McLean, Canadian-American baseball player (d. 1921), was a professional baseball catcher between 1901 until 1915. During his years in Major League Baseball, he played for five different teams.
  • 1867 – Margaret Brown, American philanthropist and activist (d. 1932), was an American socialite and philanthropist. She unsuccessfully encouraged the crew in Lifeboat No. 6 to return to the debris field of the 1912 sinking of RMS Titanic to look for survivors.


  • 2015 – Alex Rocco, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 2013 – Olivier Ameisen, French-American cardiologist and academic (b. 1953)
  • 2007 – Jerry Hadley, American tenor (b. 1952)
  • 2005 – William Westmoreland, American general (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – Mimi Fariña, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1945)
  • 1990 – Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1896)
  • 1989 – Donnie Moore, American baseball player (b. 1954)
  • 1982 – Roman Jakobson, Russian–American linguist and theorist (b. 1896)
  • 1975 – Vaughn Bodē, American illustrator (b. 1941)
  • 1969 – Mary Jo Kopechne, American educator and secretary (b. 1940)
  • 1966 – Bobby Fuller, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1942)
  • 1954 – Machine Gun Kelly, American gangster (b. 1895)
  • 1950 – Carl Clinton Van Doren, American critic and biographer (b. 1885)
  • 1932 – Jean Jules Jusserand, French author and diplomat, French Ambassador to the United States (b. 1855)
  • 1916 – Benjamin C. Truman, American journalist and author (b. 1835)
  • 1899 – Horatio Alger, American novelist and journalist (b. 1832)
  • 1892 – Thomas Cook, English travel agent, founded the Thomas Cook Group (b. 1808)
  • 1890 Lydia Becker, English journalist, author, and activist, co-founded the Women's Suffrage Journal (b. 1827)
  • 1863 – Robert Gould Shaw, American colonel (b. 1837)
  • 1792 – John Paul Jones, Scottish-American admiral and diplomat (b. 1747)
  • 1300 – Gerard Segarelli, Italian religious leader, founded the Apostolic Brethren (b. 1240)
  • 1185 – Stefan, first Archbishop of Uppsala (b. before 1143)