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Thursday 23 July 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 2015 – NASA announces discovery of Kepler-452b by Kepler.
  • 1995 – Comet Hale–Bopp is discovered; it becomes visible to the naked eye on Earth nearly a year later.
  • 1980 – Phạm Tuân becomes the first Vietnamese citizen and the first Asian in space when he flies aboard the Soyuz 37 mission as an Intercosmos Research Cosmonaut.
  • 1972 – The United States launches Landsat 1, the first Earth-resources satellite.
  • 1967 – Detroit Riots: In Detroit, one of the worst riots in United States history begins on 12th Street in the predominantly African American inner city. It ultimately kills 43 people, injures 342 and burns about 1,400 buildings.
  • 1962 – Telstar relays the first publicly transmitted, live trans-Atlantic television program, featuring Walter Cronkite.
  • 1961 – The Sandinista National Liberation Front is founded in Nicaragua.
  • 1940 – The United States' Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles issues a declaration on the U.S. non-recognition policy of the Soviet annexation and incorporation of three Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
  • 1936 – In Catalonia, Spain, the Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia is founded through the merger of Socialist and Communist parties.
  • 1927 – The first station of the Indian Broadcasting Company goes on the air in Bombay.
  • 1926 – Fox Film buys the patents of the Movietone sound system for recording sound onto film.
  • 1903 – The Ford Motor Company sells its first car.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Henry Halleck takes command of the Union Army.
  • 1829 – In the United States, William Austin Burt patents the typographer, a precursor to the typewriter.

Births

  • 1984 – Brandon Roy, American basketball player. He was selected sixth in the 2006 NBA draft, having completed four years playing for the Washington Huskies.
  • 1984 – Celeste Thorson, American actress, producer, and screenwriter. Thorson has written twenty four episodes of television and several short films.
  • 1983 – Aaron Piersol, American swimmer. Aaron Wells Peirsol (born July 23, 1983) is an American former competition swimmer and backstroke specialist who is a former world champion and world record-holder.
  • 1982 – Gerald Wallace, American basketball player. He played college basketball for the Alabama Crimson Tide.
  • 1982 – Joe Mather, American baseball player. Joseph Paul Mather (born July 23, 1982) is an American former professional baseball outfielder and current coach.
  • 1982 – Paul Wesley, American actor, director, and producer. He is perhaps best known for his multiple roles on the drama series The Vampire Diaries as well as his multiple roles on the anthology series Tell Me a Story.
  • 1980 – Sandeep Parikh, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. He is the founder of Effinfunny.com, a comedy video site focusing on alternative stand up comedy and the creation of original web series like The Legend of Neil (for Comedy Central and AtomFilms), which are currently available online.
  • 1978 – Lauren Groff, American novelist and short story writer. She has written three novels and two short story collections.
  • 1977 – Scott Clemmensen, American ice hockey player and coach. Scott Lee Clemmensen (born July 23, 1977) is an American former professional ice hockey goaltender, who played with the New Jersey Devils, Toronto Maple Leafs and the Florida Panthers in the National Hockey League (NHL).
  • 1974 – Terry Glenn, American football player and coach, was an American football player who was a wide receiver in the National Football League (NFL) for the New England Patriots, Green Bay Packers and Dallas Cowboys. He was drafted by the New England Patriots seventh overall in the 1996 NFL Draft.
  • 1973 – Nomar Garciaparra, American baseball player and sportscaster. He is one of 13 players in Major League history to hit two grand slams during a single game, and the only player to achieve the feat at his home stadium.
  • 1972 – Marlon Wayans, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Marlon Lamont Wayans (born July 23, 1972) is an American actor, comedian, screenwriter, and film producer, beginning with his role as a pedestrian in I'm Gonna Git You Sucka in 1988.
  • 1971 – Alison Krauss, American singer-songwriter and fiddler. She signed with Rounder Records in 1985 and released her first solo album in 1987.
  • 1971 – Dalvin DeGrate, American rapper and producer. Dalvin Ertimus DeGrate (born July 23, 1971, in Hampton, Virginia) is an American R&B and soul musician, singer and rapper, best known for his days as Mr.
  • 1971 – Joel Stein, American journalist. He wrote a column and occasional articles for Time for 19 years until 2017.
  • 1970 – Charisma Carpenter, American actress. She also starred as Kyra in Charmed (2004), Kendall Casablancas in Veronica Mars (2005–2006), Rebecca Sewell in The Lying Game (2012–2013), and Lacy in The Expendables film series (2010–2012).
  • 1970 – Sam Watters, American singer-songwriter and producer. Watters has also written and produced songs for Grammy-winning and nominated artists such as American Idol winners Fantasia, Kelly Clarkson and Jordin Sparks, and other superstars such as Céline Dion, Whitney Houston, Leona Lewis, and Anastacia.
  • 1968 – Elden Campbell, American basketball player. Elden Jerome Campbell (born July 23, 1968) is an American retired professional basketball player who played as a power forward and center in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1968 – Gary Payton, American basketball player and actor. He is best known for his 13-year tenure with the Seattle SuperSonics, and holds Seattle franchise records in points, assists, and steals.
  • 1968 – Stephanie Seymour, American model and actress. Stephanie Michelle Seymour (born July 23, 1968) is an American model and actress.
  • 1967 – Philip Seymour Hoffman, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2014). Best known for his distinctive supporting and character roles–typically lowlifes, eccentrics, bullies, and misfits—Hoffman acted in many films, including leading roles, from the early 1990s until his death in 2014.
  • 1965 – Slash, English-American guitarist, songwriter, and producer. Slash may also refer to:
  • 1962 – Eriq La Salle, American actor, director, and producer. Erik Ki La Salle (born July 23, 1962), professionally known as Eriq La Salle, is an American actor, director, writer and producer known for his performances in the films Coming to America (1988) and especially as Dr.
  • 1961 – Michael Durant, American pilot and author. He retired from the Army as a Chief Warrant Officer 4 Blackhawk helicopter Master Aviator in the 160th SOAR after participating in combat operations Prime Chance, Just Cause, and Desert Storm, and also Gothic Serpent, in which he was briefly held prisoner in 1993 after a raid in Somalia.
  • 1961 – Woody Harrelson, American actor and activist. He has also received three Academy Award nominations: Best Actor for The People vs.
  • 1960 – Al Perez, American wrestler. He held 16 titles during a 20-year career, including the WCWA World Heavyweight Championship.
  • 1960 – Susan Graham, American soprano and educator. Susan Graham (born July 23, 1960, Roswell, New Mexico) is an American mezzo-soprano.
  • 1959 – Nancy Savoca, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Nancy Laura Savoca (born July 23, 1959) is an American film director, producer, and screenwriter.
  • 1958 – Tomy Winata, Indonesian businessman and philanthropist, founded the Artha Graha Peduli Foundation. Tomy Winata (pronounced and sometimes misspelled as Tommy Winata); born Guo Shuo Feng 郭說鋒 on 23 July 1958; is an Indonesian businessman with interests in banking, property, gambling and infrastructure, whose wealth comes from his business deals for the Indonesian Military.
  • 1957 – Nikos Galis, American basketball player. Nikolaos Georgalis (Greek: Νικόλαος Γεωργαλής; born July 23, 1957), commonly known as either Nikos Galis (Greek: Νίκος Γκάλης), or Nick Galis, is a retired Greek professional basketball player.
  • 1952 – Bill Nyrop, American ice hockey player and coach (d. 1995), was a professional ice hockey player who won three Stanley Cups with the Montreal Canadiens in 1976, 1977, and 1978.
  • 1952 – Janis Siegel, American jazz singer (The Manhattan Transfer). Janis Siegel (born July 23, 1952) is an American jazz singer, best known as a member of the vocal group The Manhattan Transfer.
  • 1950 – Alex Kozinski, Romanian-born American lawyer and judge, was a judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit from 1985 to 2017.
  • 1947 – Gardner Dozois, American journalist and author, was an American science fiction author and editor. He was the founding editor of The Year's Best Science Fiction anthologies (1984–present) and was editor of Asimov's Science Fiction magazine (1984–2004), garnering multiple Hugo and Locus Awards for those works almost every year.
  • 1946 – René Ricard, American poet, painter, and critic (d. 2014), was an American poet, actor, art critic, and painter.
  • 1944 – Dino Danelli, American drummer. He has been called "one of the great unappreciated rock drummers in history."
  • 1943 – Randall Forsberg, American scientist (d. 2007). Randall Caroline Forsberg (July 23, 1943 – October 19, 2007) led a lifetime of research and advocacy on ways to reduce the risk of war, minimize the burden of military spending, and promote democratic institutions.
  • 1943 – Tony Joe White, American singer-songwriter and guitarist, was an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, best known for his 1969 hit "Polk Salad Annie" and for "Rainy Night in Georgia", which he wrote but was first made popular by Brook Benton in 1970. He also wrote "Steamy Windows" and "Undercover Agent for the Blues", both hits for Tina Turner in 1989; those two songs came by way of Turner's producer at the time, Mark Knopfler, who was a friend of White. "Polk Salad Annie" was also recorded by Joe Dassin, Elvis Presley, and Tom Jones.
  • 1942 – Madeline Bell, American singer-songwriter. Madeline Bell (born July 23, 1942) is an American soul singer, who became famous as a performer in the UK during the 1960s, having arrived from the US in the gospel show Black Nativity in 1962, with the vocal group Bradford Singers.
  • 1942 – Richard E. Dauch, American businessman, co-founded American Axle (d. 2013), was co-founder and Executive Chairman of the Board of American Axle and Manufacturing. Previously, Dauch served as a manufacturing manager at Chevrolet, Chrysler and at Volkswagen's Westmoreland Assembly Plant.
  • 1941 – Richie Evans, American race car driver (d. 1985), was an American racing driver who won nine NASCAR National Modified Championships, including eight in a row from 1978 to 1985. The International Motorsports Hall of Fame lists this achievement as "one of the supreme accomplishments in motorsports".
  • 1940 – Don Imus, American radio host, was an American radio personality, television show host, recording artist, and author. His radio show Imus in the Morning aired on various stations and digital platforms nationwide until 2018.
  • 1938 – Charles Harrelson, American murderer (d. 2007), was an American organized crime figure who was convicted of assassinating federal judge John H. Wood Jr., the first federal judge to have been killed in the 20th century.
  • 1938 – Ronny Cox, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor. He plays over 100 shows at festivals and theaters each year with his band.
  • 1937 – Dave Webster, American football player and engineer. Webster, Jr. (July 23, 1937 – June 23, 2006) in Atlanta, Texas, was a professional American football cornerback who played two seasons for that American Football League's Dallas Texans, 1960-1961.
  • 1936 – Anthony Kennedy, American lawyer and jurist. Anthony McLeod Kennedy (born July 23, 1936) is an American lawyer and jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1988 until his retirement in 2018.
  • 1936 – Don Drysdale, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1993), was an American professional baseball player and television sports commentator. A right-handed pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers for his entire career in Major League Baseball, Drysdale was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1984.
  • 1933 – Benedict Groeschel, American priest, psychologist, and talk show host (d. 2014), was an American Franciscan friar, Catholic priest, retreat master, author, psychologist, activist and television host. He hosted the television talk program Sunday Night Prime (originally Sunday Night Live) broadcast on the Eternal Word Television Network, as well as several serial religious specials.
  • 1933 – Bert Convy, American actor, singer, and game show host (d. 1991), was an American actor, singer, game show host and panelist known for hosting Tattletales, Super Password and Win, Lose or Draw.
  • 1933 – Raimund Abraham, Austrian architect, designed the Austrian Cultural Forum (d. 2010). Raimund Johann Abraham was born in 1933, in the town of Lienz, Tyrol in Austria, and he died on March 4, 2010, in Los Angeles, California.
  • 1933 – Richard Rogers, Italian-English architect, designed the Millennium Dome and Lloyd's building. Richard George Rogers, Baron Rogers of Riverside CH FRIBA FCSD FREng RA (born 23 July 1933) is an Italian-British architect noted for his modernist and functionalist designs in high-tech architecture.
  • 1929 – Danny Barcelona, American drummer (d. 2007), was an American jazz drummer best known for his years with Louis Armstrong's All-Stars. He was a Filipino-American born in Waipahu, a community of Honolulu, Hawaii.
  • 1928 – Hubert Selby, Jr., American author and screenwriter (d. 2004), was an American writer. His best-known novels are Last Exit to Brooklyn (1964) and Requiem for a Dream (1978), exploring worlds in the New York area.
  • 1928 – Leon Fleisher, American pianist and conductor. Leon Fleisher (born July 23, 1928) is an American pianist and conductor.
  • 1928 – Vera Rubin, American astronomer and academic (d. 2016), was an American astronomer who pioneered work on galaxy rotation rates. She uncovered the discrepancy between the predicted angular motion of galaxies and the observed motion, by studying galactic rotation curves.
  • 1925 – Gloria DeHaven, American actress and singer (d. 2016), was an American actress and singer who was a contract star for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
  • 1924 – Gavin Lambert, English-American screenwriter and author (d. 2005), was a British-born screenwriter, novelist and biographer who lived for part of his life in Hollywood. His writing was mainly fiction and nonfiction about the film industry.
  • 1923 – Luis Aloma, Cuban-American baseball player (d. 1997), was a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Chicago White Sox from 1950 through 1953. Alomá batted and threw right-handed.
  • 1923 – Morris Halle, Latvian-American linguist and academic, was a Latvian-born Jewish American linguist who was an Institute Professor, and later professor emeritus, of linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The father of "modern phonology", he was best known for his pioneering work in generative phonology, having written "On Accent and Juncture in English" in 1956 with Noam Chomsky and Fred Lukoff and The Sound Pattern of English in 1968 with Chomsky.
  • 1921 – Calvert DeForest, American actor (d. 2007), was an American actor and comedian, best known for his appearances on Late Night with David Letterman and the Late Show with David Letterman.
  • 1918 – Pee Wee Reese, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1999), was an American professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball as a shortstop for the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers from 1940 to 1958.
  • 1918 – Ruth Duccini, American actress (d. 2014). Ruth is best known as the penultimate surviving Munchkin from the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz.
  • 1914 – Elly Annie Schneider, German-American actress (d. 2004). The Doll Family were an American quartet of sibling entertainers with dwarfism from Stolpen, Germany.
  • 1914 – Nassos Daphnis, Greek-American painter (d.2010). Nassos Daphnis (born July 23, 1914, Krokeai, Greece – d.
  • 1914 – Virgil Finlay, American illustrator (d. 1971), was an American pulp fantasy, science fiction and horror illustrator. He has been called "part of the pulp magazine history ... one of the foremost contributors of original and imaginative art work for the most memorable science fiction and fantasy publications of our time." While he worked in a range of media, from gouache to oils, Finlay specialized in, and became famous for, detailed pen-and-ink drawings accomplished with abundant stippling, cross-hatching, and scratchboard techniques.
  • 1912 – M. H. Abrams, American author, critic, and academic (d. 2015). Meyer Howard "Mike" Abrams (July 23, 1912 – April 21, 2015), usually cited as M.
  • 1909 – John William Finn, American lieutenant, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2010), was a sailor in the United States Navy who, as a chief petty officer, received the United States military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during the attack on Pearl Harbor in World War II. As a chief aviation ordnanceman stationed at Naval Air Station Kaneohe Bay, he earned the medal by manning a machine gun from an exposed position throughout the attack, despite being repeatedly wounded.
  • 1901 – Hank Worden, American actor and singer (d. 1992), was an American cowboy-turned-character actor who appeared in many Westerns, including many John Ford films such as The Searchers and the TV series The Lone Ranger.
  • 1900 – John Babcock, Canadian-American sergeant (d. 2010), was, at age 109, the last known surviving veteran of the Canadian military to have served in the First World War and, after the death of Harry Patch, was the conflict's oldest surviving veteran. Babcock first attempted to join the army at the age of fifteen, but was turned down and sent to work in Halifax until he was placed in the Young Soldiers Battalion in August 1917.
  • 1900 – Julia Davis Adams, American author and journalist (d. 1993), was an American writer best known for her young adult books, historical and biographical novels and dramas.
  • 1898 – Jacob Marschak, Ukrainian-American economist, journalist, and author (d. 1977), was an American economist, known as "the Father of Econometrics".
  • 1895 – Aileen Pringle, American actress (d. 1989), was an American stage and film actress during the silent film era.
  • 1894 – Arthur Treacher, English-American actor and television personality (d. 1975), was an English film and stage actor active from the 1920s to the 1960s, and known for playing English stereotypes, especially butler and manservant roles, such as the P.G. Wodehouse valet character Jeeves (Thank You, Jeeves, 1936) and the kind butler Andrews opposite Shirley Temple in Heidi (1937).
  • 1891 – Louis T. Wright, American surgeon and civil rights activist (d. 1952). In his position at Harlem Hospital he was the first African-American on the surgical staff of a non-segregated hospital in New York City.
  • 1888 – Raymond Chandler, American crime novelist and screenwriter (d. 1959), was an American-British novelist and screenwriter. In 1932, at the age of forty-four, Chandler became a detective fiction writer after losing his job as an oil company executive during the Great Depression.
  • 1885 – Georges V. Matchabelli, Georgian-American businessman, created Prince Matchabelli perfume (d. 1935), was an American perfumer. A Georgian nobleman and diplomat, he immigrated to the United States after the 1921 Soviet invasion of Georgia.

Deaths

  • 2017 – John Kundla, American basketball coach (b. 1916)
  • 2015 – Don Oberdorfer, American journalist, author, and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Shigeko Kubota, Japanese-American sculptor and director (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – William Wakefield Baum, American cardinal (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Norman Leyden, American composer and conductor (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Arthur J. Collingsworth, American diplomat (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – Emile Griffith, American boxer and trainer (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Sally Ride, American physicist and astronaut (b. 1951)
  • 2010 – Daniel Schorr, American journalist and author (b. 1916)
  • 2009 – E. Lynn Harris, American author and screenwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2007 – Ron Miller, American songwriter and producer (b. 1933)
  • 2005 – Ted Greene, American guitarist and journalist (b. 1946)
  • 2003 – James E. Davis, American police officer and politician (b. 1962)
  • 2002 – Chaim Potok, American novelist and rabbi (b. 1929)
  • 2002 – Clark Gesner, American author and composer (b. 1938)
  • 2002 – William Luther Pierce, American activist and author (b. 1933)
  • 2001 – Eudora Welty, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – Jean Muir, American actress (b. 1911)
  • 1989 – Donald Barthelme, American short story writer and novelist (b. 1931)
  • 1982 – Vic Morrow, American actor (b. 1929)
  • 1980 – Keith Godchaux, American keyboard player and songwriter (b. 1948)
  • 1973 – Eddie Rickenbacker, American pilot and race car driver, founded Rickenbacker Motors (b. 1890)
  • 1972 – Esther Applin, American geologist and paleontologist (b. 1895)
  • 1971 – Van Heflin, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1966 – Montgomery Clift, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 1957 – Bob Shiring, American football player and coach (b. 1870)
  • 1955 – Cordell Hull, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 47th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)
  • 1954 – Herman Groman, American runner (b. 1882)
  • 1951 – Robert J. Flaherty, American director and producer (b. 1884)
  • 1948 – D. W. Griffith, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1875)
  • 1941 – George Lyman Kittredge, American scholar and educator (b. 1860)
  • 1930 – Glenn Curtiss, American pilot and engineer (b. 1878)
  • 1924 – Frank Frost Abbott, American author and scholar (b. 1850)
  • 1920 – Conrad Kohrs, German-American rancher and politician (b. 1835)
  • 1885 – Ulysses S. Grant, American general and politician, 18th President of the United States (b. 1822)
  • 1875 – Isaac Singer, American businessman, founded the Singer Corporation (b. 1811)
  • 1793 – Roger Sherman, American lawyer and politician (b. 1721)
  • 1781 – John Joachim Zubly, Swiss-American pastor and politician (b. 1724)
  • 1373 – Bridget of Sweden, Swedish mystic and saint, founded the Bridgettine Order (b. 1303)
  • 1227 – Qiu Chuji, Chinese religious leader, founded the Dragon Gate Taoism (b. 1148)
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