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Monday 23 July 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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July 23 Events

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Holidays and observances

  • Engineer's Day (Singapore. Organised by The Institution of Engineers, Singapore (IES) in 2016)
  • World Whale and Dolphin Day (International Whaling Commission — IWC)

Events

  • 2015 – NASA announces discovery of Kepler-452b by Kepler.
  • 1995 – Comet Hale–Bopp is discovered; it becomes visible to the naked eye on Earth nearly a year later.
  • 1980 – Phạm Tuân becomes the first Vietnamese citizen and the first Asian in space when he flies aboard the Soyuz 37 mission as an Intercosmos Research Cosmonaut.
  • 1972 – The United States launches Landsat 1, the first Earth-resources satellite.
  • 1967 – Detroit Riots: In Detroit, one of the worst riots in United States history begins on 12th Street in the predominantly African American inner city. It ultimately kills 43 people, injures 342 and burns about 1,400 buildings.
  • 1962 – Telstar relays the first publicly transmitted, live trans-Atlantic television program, featuring Walter Cronkite.
  • 1961 – The Sandinista National Liberation Front is founded in Nicaragua.
  • 1940 – The United States' Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles issues a declaration on the U.S. non-recognition policy of the Soviet annexation and incorporation of three Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
  • 1936 – In Catalonia, Spain, the Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia is founded through the merger of Socialist and Communist parties.
  • 1927 – The first station of the Indian Broadcasting Company goes on the air in Bombay.
  • 1926 – Fox Film buys the patents of the Movietone sound system for recording sound onto film.
  • 1903 – The Ford Motor Company sells its first car.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Henry Halleck takes command of the Union Army.
  • 1829 – In the United States, William Austin Burt patents the typographer, a precursor to the typewriter.

Births

  • 1989 – Donald Young, American tennis player
  • 1984 – Brandon Roy, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Celeste Thorson, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1983 – Aaron Piersol, American swimmer
  • 1982 – Gerald Wallace, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Joe Mather, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Paul Wesley, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1980 – Michelle Williams, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1980 – Sandeep Parikh, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1978 – Lauren Groff, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1977 – Scott Clemmensen, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1974 – Maurice Greene, American sprinter
  • 1974 – Terry Glenn, American football player and coach
  • 1973 – Nomar Garciaparra, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1972 – Marlon Wayans, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1971 – Alison Krauss, American singer-songwriter and fiddler
  • 1971 – Dalvin DeGrate, American rapper and producer
  • 1971 – Joel Stein, American journalist
  • 1970 – Charisma Carpenter, American actress
  • 1970 – Sam Watters, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1968 – Elden Campbell, American basketball player
  • 1968 – Gary Payton, American basketball player and actor
  • 1968 – Stephanie Seymour, American model and actress
  • 1967 – Philip Seymour Hoffman, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2014)
  • 1965 – Slash, English-American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1962 – Eriq La Salle, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1961 – Michael Durant, American pilot and author
  • 1961 – Woody Harrelson, American actor and activist
  • 1960 – Al Perez, American wrestler
  • 1960 – Susan Graham, American soprano and educator
  • 1959 – Nancy Savoca, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1958 – Ken Green, American golfer
  • 1958 – Tomy Winata, Indonesian businessman and philanthropist, founded the Artha Graha Peduli Foundation
  • 1957 – Nikos Galis, American basketball player
  • 1952 – Bill Nyrop, American ice hockey player and coach (d. 1995)
  • 1952 – Janis Siegel, American jazz singer (The Manhattan Transfer)
  • 1950 – Alex Kozinski, Romanian-born American lawyer and judge
  • 1948 – John Hall, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and politician
  • 1947 – Gardner Dozois, American journalist and author
  • 1946 – René Ricard, American poet, painter, and critic (d. 2014)
  • 1944 – Dino Danelli, American drummer
  • 1943 – Randall Forsberg, American scientist (d. 2007)
  • 1943 – Tony Joe White, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1942 – Madeline Bell, American singer-songwriter
  • 1942 – Richard E. Dauch, American businessman, co-founded American Axle (d. 2013)
  • 1941 – Richie Evans, American race car driver (d. 1985)
  • 1940 – Don Imus, American radio host
  • 1938 – Charles Harrelson, American murderer (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – Juliet Anderson, American porn actress and producer (d. 2010)
  • 1938 – Ronny Cox, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1937 – Dave Webster, American football player and engineer
  • 1936 – Anthony Kennedy, American lawyer and jurist
  • 1936 – Don Drysdale, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1993)
  • 1935 – Jim Hall, American race car driver
  • 1933 – Benedict Groeschel, American priest, psychologist, and talk show host (d. 2014)
  • 1933 – Bert Convy, American actor, singer, and game show host (d. 1991)
  • 1933 – Raimund Abraham, Austrian architect, designed the Austrian Cultural Forum (d. 2010)
  • 1933 – Richard Rogers, Italian-English architect, designed the Millennium Dome and Lloyd's building
  • 1929 – Danny Barcelona, American drummer (d. 2007)
  • 1928 – Hubert Selby, Jr., American author and screenwriter (d. 2004)
  • 1928 – Leon Fleisher, American pianist and conductor
  • 1928 – Vera Rubin, American astronomer and academic (d. 2016)
  • 1925 – Gloria DeHaven, American actress and singer (d. 2016)
  • 1924 – Gavin Lambert, English-American screenwriter and author (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Luis Aloma, Cuban-American baseball player (d. 1997)
  • 1923 – Morris Halle, Latvian-American linguist and academic
  • 1921 – Calvert DeForest, American actor (d. 2007)
  • 1918 – Pee Wee Reese, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 1999)
  • 1918 – Ruth Duccini, American actress (d. 2014)
  • 1914 – Elly Annie Schneider, German-American actress (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Nassos Daphnis, Greek-American painter (d.2010)
  • 1914 – Virgil Finlay, American illustrator (d. 1971)
  • 1912 – M. H. Abrams, American author, critic, and academic (d. 2015)
  • 1909 – John William Finn, American lieutenant, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2010)
  • 1901 – Hank Worden, American actor and singer (d. 1992)
  • 1900 – John Babcock, Canadian-American sergeant (d. 2010)
  • 1900 – Julia Davis Adams, American author and journalist (d. 1993)
  • 1898 – Jacob Marschak, Ukrainian-American economist, journalist, and author (d. 1977)
  • 1895 – Aileen Pringle, American actress (d. 1989)
  • 1894 – Arthur Treacher, English-American actor and television personality (d. 1975)
  • 1891 – Louis T. Wright, American surgeon and civil rights activist (d. 1952)
  • 1888 – Raymond Chandler, American crime novelist and screenwriter (d. 1959)
  • 1885 – Georges V. Matchabelli, Georgian-American businessman, created Prince Matchabelli perfume (d. 1935)

Deaths

  • 2017 – John Kundla, American basketball coach (b. 1916)
  • 2015 – Don Oberdorfer, American journalist, author, and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2015 – Shigeko Kubota, Japanese-American sculptor and director (b. 1937)
  • 2015 – William Wakefield Baum, American cardinal (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Norman Leyden, American composer and conductor (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Arthur J. Collingsworth, American diplomat (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – Emile Griffith, American boxer and trainer (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Sally Ride, American physicist and astronaut (b. 1951)
  • 2010 – Daniel Schorr, American journalist and author (b. 1916)
  • 2009 – E. Lynn Harris, American author and screenwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2007 – Ron Miller, American songwriter and producer (b. 1933)
  • 2005 – Ted Greene, American guitarist and journalist (b. 1946)
  • 2003 – James E. Davis, American police officer and politician (b. 1962)
  • 2002 – Chaim Potok, American novelist and rabbi (b. 1929)
  • 2002 – Clark Gesner, American author and composer (b. 1938)
  • 2002 – William Luther Pierce, American activist and author (b. 1933)
  • 2001 – Eudora Welty, American novelist and short story writer (b. 1909)
  • 1996 – Jean Muir, American actress (b. 1911)
  • 1989 – Donald Barthelme, American short story writer and novelist (b. 1931)
  • 1982 – Vic Morrow, American actor (b. 1929)
  • 1980 – Keith Godchaux, American keyboard player and songwriter (b. 1948)
  • 1973 – Eddie Rickenbacker, American pilot and race car driver, founded Rickenbacker Motors (b. 1890)
  • 1972 – Esther Applin, American geologist and paleontologist (b. 1895)
  • 1971 – Van Heflin, American actor (b. 1910)
  • 1966 – Montgomery Clift, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 1957 – Bob Shiring, American football player and coach (b. 1870)
  • 1955 – Cordell Hull, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 47th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1871)
  • 1954 – Herman Groman, American runner (b. 1882)
  • 1951 – Robert J. Flaherty, American director and producer (b. 1884)
  • 1948 – D. W. Griffith, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1875)
  • 1941 – George Lyman Kittredge, American scholar and educator (b. 1860)
  • 1930 – Glenn Curtiss, American pilot and engineer (b. 1878)
  • 1924 – Frank Frost Abbott, American author and scholar (b. 1850)
  • 1920 – Conrad Kohrs, German-American rancher and politician (b. 1835)
  • 1885 – Ulysses S. Grant, American general and politician, 18th President of the United States (b. 1822)
  • 1875 – Isaac Singer, American businessman, founded the Singer Corporation (b. 1811)
  • 1793 – Roger Sherman, American lawyer and politician (b. 1721)
  • 1781 – John Joachim Zubly, Swiss-American pastor and politician (b. 1724)
  • 1373 – Bridget of Sweden, Swedish mystic and saint, founded the Bridgettine Order (b. 1303)
  • 1227 – Qiu Chuji, Chinese religious leader, founded the Dragon Gate Taoism (b. 1148)
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