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Friday 31 August 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

  • National Trail Mix Day (United States)

Events

  • 2006 – Edvard Munch's famous painting The Scream, stolen on August 22, 2004, is recovered in a raid by Norwegian police.
  • 1999 – The first of a series of bombings in Moscow kills one person and wounds 40 others.
  • 1943 – USS Harmon, the first U.S. Navy ship to be named after a black person, is commissioned.
  • 1940 – Pennsylvania Central Airlines Trip 19 crashes near Lovettsville, Virginia. The CAB investigation of the accident is the first investigation to be conducted under the Bureau of Air Commerce act of 1938.
  • 1935 – In an attempt to stay out of the growing turmoil in Europe, the United States passes the first of its Neutrality Acts.
  • 1920 – The first radio news program is broadcast by 8MK in Detroit.
  • 1897 – Thomas Edison patents the Kinetoscope, the first movie projector.
  • 1895 – German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his navigable balloon.
  • 1888 – Mary Ann Nichols is murdered. She is the first of Jack the Ripper's confirmed victims.
  • 1864 – During the American Civil War, Union forces led by General William T. Sherman launch an assault on Atlanta.
  • 1795 – War of the First Coalition: The British capture Trincomalee (present-day Sri Lanka) from the Dutch in order to keep it out of French hands.
  • 1776 – William Livingston, the first Governor of New Jersey, begins serving his first term.

Births

  • 1989 – Dezmon Briscoe, American football player
  • 1984 – Ryan Kesler, American ice hockey player
  • 1984 – Ted Ligety, American skier
  • 1983 – Larry Fitzgerald, American football player
  • 1982 – Chris Duhon, American basketball player
  • 1982 – G. Willow Wilson, American journalist and author
  • 1982 – Ian Crocker, American swimmer
  • 1982 – Josh Kroeger, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Steve Saviano, American ice hockey player
  • 1980 – Joe Budden, American rapper
  • 1979 – Clay Hensley, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Mickie James, American wrestler
  • 1977 – Jeff Hardy, American wrestler and singer
  • 1975 – John Grahame, American ice hockey player and coach
  • 1971 – Chris Tucker, American comedian and actor
  • 1970 – Debbie Gibson, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1968 – Hideo Nomo, Japanese-American baseball player
  • 1968 – Jolene Watanabe, American tennis player
  • 1967 – Gene Hoglan, American drummer
  • 1964 – Raymond P. Hammond, American poet and critic
  • 1963 – Reb Beach, American guitarist
  • 1962 – Dee Bradley Baker, American voice actor
  • 1960 – Chris Whitley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2005)
  • 1959 – Jessica Upshaw, American lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
  • 1957 – Gina Schock, American rock drummer (The Go-Go's)
  • 1955 – Aleksander Krupa, Polish-American actor
  • 1955 – Edwin Moses, American hurdler
  • 1955 – Gary Webb, American journalist and author (d. 2004)
  • 1954 – Julie Brown, American actress and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Kim Kashkashian, American viola player and educator
  • 1949 – Hugh David Politzer, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1949 – Richard Gere, American actor and producer
  • 1949 – Rick Roberts, American country-rock singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1948 – Lowell Ganz, American screenwriter and producer
  • 1946 – Jerome Corsi, American theorist and author
  • 1946 – Tom Coughlin, American football player and coach
  • 1945 – Bob Welch, American singer and guitarist (d. 2012)
  • 1945 – Itzhak Perlman, Israeli-American violinist and conductor
  • 1941 – William DeWitt, Jr., American businessman
  • 1940 – Larry Hankin, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1940 – Robbie Basho, American guitarist, pianist, and composer (d. 1986)
  • 1940 – Roger Newman, English-American actor and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1940 – Wilton Felder, American saxophonist and bass player (d. 2015)
  • 1939 – Jerry Allison, American drummer and songwriter
  • 1937 – Bobby Parker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2013)
  • 1937 – Warren Berlinger, American actor
  • 1935 – Eldridge Cleaver, American activist and author (d. 1998)
  • 1935 – Frank Robinson, American baseball player and manager
  • 1931 – Noble Willingham, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1930 – Big Tiny Little, American pianist (d. 2010)
  • 1928 – James Coburn, American actor (d. 2002)
  • 1925 – Moran Campbell, English-Canadian physician and academic, invented the venturi mask (d. 2004)
  • 1924 – Buddy Hackett, American actor and singer (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – John Davidson, American physician and politician (d. 2012)
  • 1921 – Otis G. Pike, American judge and politician (d. 2014)
  • 1918 – Alan Jay Lerner, American songwriter and composer (d. 1986)
  • 1916 – Daniel Schorr, American journalist and author (d. 2010)
  • 1916 – Danny Litwhiler, American baseball player and coach (d. 2011)
  • 1916 – John S. Wold, American geologist and politician (d. 2017)
  • 1915 – Pete Newell, American basketball player and coach (d. 2008)
  • 1914 – Richard Basehart, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 1913 – Helen Levitt, American photographer and cinematographer (d. 2009)
  • 1911 – Arsenio Rodríguez, Cuban-American tres player, composer, and bandleader (d. 1970)
  • 1908 – William Saroyan, American novelist, playwright, and short story writer (d. 1981)
  • 1907 – Augustus F. Hawkins, American lawyer and politician (d. 2007)
  • 1907 – William Shawn, American journalist (d. 1992)
  • 1905 – Robert Bacher, American physicist and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1905 – Sanford Meisner, American actor and educator (d. 1997)
  • 1903 – Arthur Godfrey, American radio and television host (d. 1983)
  • 1897 – Fredric March, American lieutenant, actor, and singer (d. 1975)
  • 1885 – DuBose Heyward, American author and playwright (d. 1940)
  • 1884 – George Sarton, Belgian-American historian of science (d. 1956)
  • 1879 – Alma Mahler, Austrian-American composer and author (d. 1964)
  • 1878 – Frank Jarvis, American sprinter and lawyer (d. 1933)
  • 1871 – James E. Ferguson, American banker and politician, 26th Governor of Texas (d. 1944)
  • 1842 – Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin, American journalist, publisher, and activist (d. 1924)
  • 1822 – Galusha A. Grow, American lawyer and politician, 28th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1907)
  • 1767 – Henry Joy McCracken, Irish businessman and activist, founded the Society of United Irishmen (d. 1798)

Deaths

  • 2015 – Edward Douglas-Scott-Montagu, 3rd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu, English politician, founded the National Motor Museum (b. 1926)
  • 2015 – Tom Scott, American football player (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Stan Goldberg, American illustrator (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – Joe Lewis, American martial artist and actor (b. 1944)
  • 2012 – John C. Shabaz, American judge and politician (b. 1931)
  • 2008 – Ike Pappas, American journalist (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Gay Brewer, American golfer (b. 1932)
  • 2002 – Lionel Hampton, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1908)
  • 2000 – Dolores Moore, American baseball player and educator (b. 1932)
  • 2000 – Lucille Fletcher, American screenwriter (b. 1912)
  • 1990 – Nathaniel Clifton, American basketball player and coach (b. 1922)
  • 1986 – Elizabeth Coatsworth, American author and poet (b. 1893)
  • 1984 – Audrey Wagner, American baseball player, obstetrician, and gynecologist (b. 1927)
  • 1979 – Sally Rand, American actress and dancer (b. 1904)
  • 1974 – William Pershing Benedict, American soldier and pilot (b. 1928)
  • 1973 – John Ford, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1894)
  • 1969 – Rocky Marciano, American boxer (b. 1923)
  • 1965 – E. E. Smith, American engineer and author (b. 1890)
  • 1954 – Elsa Barker, American author and poet (b. 1869)
  • 1799 – Nicolas-Henri Jardin, French architect and academic, designed the Bernstorff Palace and Marienlyst Castle (b. 1720)
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