Tuesday 1 September 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
, Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Food holidays
, Health Calendar
, Unusual Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
Holidays and observances
- In 2017 the European X-ray Free Electron Laser (XFEL) is officially opened in the German city of Hamburg.
- In 2016 an annular solar eclipse occurs.
- 1985 – A joint American–French expedition locates the wreckage of the RMS Titanic.
- 1982 – The United States Air Force Space Command is founded.
- 1979 – The American space probe Pioneer 11 becomes the first spacecraft to visit Saturn when it passes the planet at a distance of 21,000 kilometres (13,000 mi).
- 1972 – In Reykjavík, Iceland, American Bobby Fischer beats Russian Boris Spassky to become the world chess champion.
- 1961 – The first conference of the Non Aligned Countries is held in Belgrade.
- 1952 – The Old Man and the Sea, the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Ernest Hemingway, is first published.
- 1951 – The United States, Australia and New Zealand sign a mutual defense pact, called the ANZUS Treaty.
- 1939 – General George C. Marshall becomes Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
- 1934 – The first Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer animated cartoon, The Discontented Canary, is released to movie theatres.
- 1920 – The Fountain of Time opens as a tribute to the 100 years of peace between the United States and Great Britain following the Treaty of Ghent.
- 1897 – The Tremont Street Subway in Boston opens, becoming the first underground rapid transit system in North America.
- 1878 – Emma Nutt becomes the world's first female telephone operator when she is recruited by Alexander Graham Bell to the Boston Telephone Dispatch Company.
- 1864 – American Civil War: The Confederate Army General John Bell Hood orders the evacuation of Atlanta, ending a four-month siege by General William Tecumseh Sherman.
- 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Chantilly: Confederate Army troops defeat a group of retreating Union Army troops in Chantilly, Virginia.
- 1836 – Narcissa Whitman, one of the first English-speaking white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.
- 1804 – Juno, one of the largest asteroids in the Main Belt, is discovered by the German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.
- 1772 – The Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa is founded in San Luis Obispo, California.
- 1604 – Adi Granth, now known as Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhs, was first installed at Harmandir Sahib.
- 1529 – The Spanish fort of Sancti Spiritu, the first one built in modern Argentina, is destroyed by natives.
- 1988 – Gabriel Ferrari, American soccer player. Gabriel Enzo Ferrari (born 1 September 1988) is a former American association football player.
- 1985 – Larsen Jensen, American swimmer. Larsen Alan Jensen (born September 1, 1985) is an American former competition swimmer and a two-time Olympic medalist.
- 1984 – Joe Trohman, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. Fall Out Boy began as Trohman and Pete Wentz's side project from the hardcore punk scene they were involved with, and the band has scored four number one albums on the US Billboard 200.
- 1984 – Nick Noble, American football player. Nicholas Noble (born September 1, 1984 in Charleston, West Virginia) is a retired American soccer player.
- 1982 – Ryan Gomes, American basketball player. Ryan Anthony Gomes (born September 1, 1982) is an American former professional basketball player and former assistant coach for the Long Island Nets of the NBA G League.
- 1981 – Clinton Portis, American football player. Clinton Earl Portis (born September 1, 1981) is a former American football running back who played in the National Football League (NFL) for nine seasons.
- 1977 – Aaron Schobel, American football player. Aaron Ross Schobel (/ˈʃoʊbəl/; born September 1, 1977) is a former American football defensive end for the Buffalo Bills of the National Football League (NFL).
- 1977 – Arsalan Iftikhar, American lawyer and author. Arsalan Iftikhar (born September 1, 1977) is an American human rights lawyer, global media commentator and author of the book SCAPEGOATS: How Islamophobia Helps Our Enemies & Threatens Our Freedoms which President Jimmy Carter called “an important book that shows Islamophobia must be addressed urgently.”
- 1976 – Babydaddy, American singer-songwriter and producer. Scott Hoffman (born September 1, 1976), known by his stage name Babydaddy, is an American musician and the Ivor Novello Award-winning multi-instrumentalist, backing vocalist and composer for the U.S. glam rock band, Scissor Sisters.
- 1975 – Cuttino Mobley, American basketball player. Cuttino Rashawn Mobley (born September 1, 1975) is an American retired professional basketball player who played from 1998 to 2008 in the NBA.
- 1975 – Nomy Lamm, American singer-songwriter and activist. This trauma influenced Lamm's later work concerning body image.
- 1974 – Jhonen Vasquez, American writer, director, cartoonist, and comic illustrator. He is best known for creating the comic book Johnny the Homicidal Maniac, its spin-off comics Squee! and I Feel Sick, and the Nickelodeon animated series Invader Zim.
- 1974 – Yutaka Yamamoto, Japanese director and producer, founded Ordet Animation Studio. Yutaka Yamamoto (山本 寛, Yamamoto Yutaka, born September 1, 1974) is a Japanese anime director from Osaka Prefecture.
- 1973 – Zach Thomas, American football player, was a middle linebacker in the National Football League (NFL) for thirteen seasons. He played college football for Texas Tech University, and was recognized as a unanimous All-American.
- 1971 – Joe Enochs, American soccer player and manager. Joseph Andrew Enochs (born September 1, 1971) is a retired American soccer player who spent the majority of his career at German club VfL Osnabrück and is the current manager of FSV Zwickau.
- 1970 – Padma Lakshmi, Indian-American actress and author. Padma Parvati Lakshmi Vaidynathan (born September 1, 1970), known professionally as Padma Lakshmi (pronounced ), is an American author, actress, model, television host.
- 1966 – Tim Hardaway, American basketball player and coach. At 6 ft (1.83 m) tall, he was best known for his crossover dribble which was dubbed the "UTEP Two-step" by television analysts.
- 1964 – Charlie Robison, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. His brother, Bruce Robison, and his sister, Robyn Ludwick, are also singer/songwriters.
- 1961 – Boney James, American saxophonist, composer, and producer. Boney James (born James Oppenheim on September 1, 1961) is an American saxophonist, songwriter, and record producer.
- 1961 – Christopher Ferguson, American captain, pilot, and astronaut. Christopher J. "Fergy" Ferguson (born September 1, 1961) is a Boeing commercial astronaut and a retired United States Navy Captain and NASA astronaut.
- 1961 – Pete DeCoursey, American journalist (d. 2014). DeCoursey (September 1, 1961 – January 1, 2014) was a prominent reporter of political news in Pennsylvania.
- 1960 – Karl Mecklenburg, American football player. Karl Bernard Mecklenburg (born September 1, 1960) is a former football linebacker for the Denver Broncos in the National Football League.
- 1959 – Joe Jusko, American illustrator and painter. Joe Jusko (/ˈdʒʌskoʊ/; born September 1, 1959) is an American artist known for his realistic, highly detailed painted fantasy, pin-up, and cover illustrations, mainly in the comic book industry.
- 1959 – Keith Clearwater, American golfer. Keith Allen Clearwater (born September 1, 1959) is an American professional golfer who has won two tournaments on the PGA Tour.
- 1959 – Kenny Mayne, American football player and journalist. He currently appears as host of Kenny Mayne's Wider World of Sports on ESPN.com, and he appeared as a weekly contributor to "Sunday NFL Countdown" with his weekly "Mayne Event" segment.
- 1957 – Gloria Estefan, Cuban-American singer-songwriter and actress. A contralto, she started her career as the lead singer in the group "Miami Latin Boys", which later became known as Miami Sound Machine.
- 1956 – Bernie Wagenblast, American publisher, founded the Transportation Communications Newsletter. Bernhard Robert Wagenblast (born September 1, 1956 in Elizabeth, New Jersey) is the founder and editor of the Transportation Communications Newsletter, an e-mail publication with over 7,000 subscribers as of January 2008 which is distributed via Yahoo Groups and Google Groups Monday through Friday.
- 1956 – Vinnie Johnson, American basketball player and sportscaster. Vincent Johnson (born September 1, 1956), is an American retired professional basketball player and a key player as sixth man for the Detroit Pistons during the team's National Basketball Association (NBA) championships of 1989 and 1990.
- 1953 – Don Blackman, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (d. 2013), was an American jazz-funk pianist, singer, and songwriter. He performed with Louis Hayes, Earth, Wind and Fire, and Nicolas Dietz.
- 1950 – Phil McGraw, American psychologist, author, and talk show host. Phillip Calvin McGraw (born September 1, 1950), also known as Dr.
- 1950 – Phillip Fulmer, American football player and coach. He is best known for coaching the Volunteers in the first BCS National Championship Game in 1998, defeating Florida State Seminoles.
- 1949 – Garry Maddox, American baseball player and sportscaster. Garry Lee Maddox (born September 1, 1949), is an American former professional baseball center fielder, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the San Francisco Giants and Philadelphia Phillies, from 1972 to 1986.
- 1948 – Greg Errico, American drummer and producer. Greg Errico (born September 1, 1948) is an American musician and record producer, best known as the drummer for the popular and influential psychedelic soul/funk band Sly and the Family Stone.
- 1948 – Russ Kunkel, American drummer and producer. Russell Kunkel (born September 27, 1948) is an American drummer and producer who has worked as a session musician with many popular artists, including Linda Ronstadt, James Taylor, Jimmy Buffett, Dan Fogelberg, Stephen Stills, Harry Chapin, Bob Dylan, Neil Young, Stevie Nicks, Carole King, Jackson Browne, Joe Walsh, Neil Diamond, Glenn Frey, and Carly Simon.
- 1944 – Archie Bell, American soul singer-songwriter and musician. Archibald Bell is the name of:
- 1944 – Leonard Slatkin, American conductor and composer. Leonard Edward Slatkin (born September 1, 1944) is an American conductor, author and composer.
- 1942 – C. J. Cherryh, American author and educator. Carolyn Janice Cherry (born September 1, 1942), better known by the pen name C.
- 1939 – Lily Tomlin, American actress, comedian, screenwriter, and producer. Her breakout role was on the variety show Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In from 1969 until 1973.
- 1938 – Alan Dershowitz, American lawyer and author. He has also been described as a noted civil libertarian.
- 1937 – Al Geiberger, American golfer. Allen Lee Geiberger Sr. (born September 1, 1937) is an American former professional golfer.
- 1937 – Allen Weinstein, American historian and academic (d. 2015), was an American historian, educator, and federal official who served in several different offices. He was, under the Reagan administration, cofounder of the National Endowment for Democracy in 1983.
- 1937 – Ron O'Neal, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2004), was an American actor, director and screenwriter, who rose to fame in his role as Youngblood Priest, a New York cocaine dealer, in the blaxploitation film Super Fly (1972) and its sequel Super Fly T.N.T. (1973). O'Neal was also a director and writer for the sequel, and for the film Up Against the Wall.
- 1933 – Ann Richards, American educator and politician, 45th Governor of Texas (d. 2006), was an American politician and 45th Governor of Texas (1991–95). A Democrat, she first came to national attention as the Texas State Treasurer, when she delivered the keynote address at the 1988 Democratic National Convention.
- 1933 – Conway Twitty, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1993), was an American country music singer. He also had success in the rock and roll, R&B, and pop genres.
- 1933 – Marshall Lytle, American bass player and songwriter (d. 2013), was an American rock and roll bassist, best known for his work with the groups Bill Haley & His Comets and The Jodimars in the 1950s. He played upright slap bass on the iconic 1950s rock and roll records "Crazy Man, Crazy", "Shake, Rattle and Roll", and "Rock Around the Clock".
- 1931 – Beano Cook, American journalist and sportscaster (d. 2012), was an American television personality who worked for ESPN. He was a college football historian and commentator.
- 1931 – Boxcar Willie, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1999), was Boxcar Willie, was an American country music singer-songwriter and Air Force personnel sergeant, who sang in the "old-time hobo" music style, complete with dirty face, overalls, and a floppy hat. "Boxcar Willie" was originally a character in a ballad he wrote, but he later adopted it as his own stage name.
- 1929 – Mava Lee Thomas, American baseball player (d. 2013), was an infielder and catcher who played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. She was a switch-hitter and threw right-handed.
- 1927 – Wyatt Cooper, American author and screenwriter (d. 1978), was an American author, screenwriter, and actor. He was the fourth husband of Vanderbilt heiress and socialite Gloria Vanderbilt and the father of CNN anchor Anderson Cooper.
- 1926 – Gene Colan, American illustrator (d. 2011), was an American comic book artist best known for his work for Marvel Comics, where his signature titles include the superhero series Daredevil, the cult-hit satiric series Howard the Duck, and The Tomb of Dracula, considered one of comics' classic horror series. He co-created the Falcon, the first African-American superhero in mainstream comics and is portrayed by Anthony Mackie in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU); Carol Danvers, who would become Ms.
- 1925 – Art Pepper, American saxophonist, clarinet player, and composer (d. 1982), was an American alto saxophonist and very occasional tenor saxophonist and clarinetist. A longtime figure in West Coast jazz, Pepper came to prominence in Stan Kenton's big band.
- 1925 – Arvonne Fraser, American activist, was an American women's rights advocate and political campaigner. She held the position of Senior Fellow at the Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, University of Minnesota, and from 1993–1994 was the U.S.
- 1924 – Hal Douglas, American voice actor (d. 2014), was an American voice actor best known for performing thousands of voice-overs for movie trailers, television commercials, and stage plays over the course of a six-decade career.
- 1923 – Rocky Marciano, American boxer (d. 1969), was an American professional boxer who competed from 1947 to 1955, and held the world heavyweight title from 1952 to 1956. He is the only Heavyweight champion to have finished his career undefeated.
- 1922 – Yvonne De Carlo, Canadian-American actress and singer (d. 2007), was a Canadian-American actress, dancer, and singer. A brunette with blue-grey eyes, she became an internationally famous Hollywood film star in the 1940s and 1950s, made several recordings, and later acted on television and stage.
- 1920 – Liz Carpenter, American journalist, author, and activist (d. 2010), was a writer, feminist, reporter, media advisor, speechwriter, political humorist, and public relations expert. Carpenter was born in historic Salado in southern Bell County, Texas.
- 1920 – Richard Farnsworth, American actor and stuntman (d. 2000). He is best known for his performances in The Grey Fox (1982), for which he received a Golden Globe Award nomination, Anne of Green Gables (1985), Misery (1990), and The Straight Story (1999), for which he received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor.
- 1916 – Dorothy Cheney, American tennis player (d. 2014), was an American tennis player from her youth into her 90s. In 1938, Bundy was the first American to win the women's singles title at the Australian National Championships, defeating Dorothy Stevenson in the final.
- 1914 – John H. Adams, American jockey (d. 1995). American Classic Race wins:Preakness Stakes (1954)
- 1913 – Christian Nyby, American director and producer (d. 1993), was an American television and film director and editor. As an editor, he had seventeen feature film credits from 1943 to 1952, including The Big Sleep (1946) and Red River (1948).
- 1907 – Walter Reuther, American union leader, founded United Auto Workers (d. 1970), was an American leader of organized labor and civil rights activist who built the United Automobile Workers (UAW) into one of the most progressive labor unions in American history. He saw labor movements not as narrow special interest groups but as instruments to advance social justice and human rights in democratic societies.
- 1904 – Johnny Mack Brown, American football player and actor (d. 1974), was an American college football player and film actor originally billed as John Mack Brown at the height of his screen career. He was mostly in Western films.
- 1899 – Richard Arlen, American actor (d. 1976), was an American actor of film and television.
- 1896 – A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Indian religious leader, founded the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (d. 1977), was an Indian spiritual teacher and the founder-preceptor of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), commonly known as the "Hare Krishna Movement". Members of the ISKCON movement view Bhaktivedānta Swāmi as a representative and messenger of Krishna Chaitanya.
- 1895 – Engelbert Zaschka, German engineer and designer, invented the Human-powered aircraft (d. 1955), was a German chief engineer, chief designer and inventor. Zaschka is one of the first German helicopter pioneers and he is a pioneer of flying with muscle power and the folding car.
- 1893 – Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Japanese-American painter and photographer (d. 1953), was a Japanese-American painter, photographer and printmaker.
- 1892 – Leverett Saltonstall, American lieutenant and politician, 55th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1979). He served three two-year terms as the 55th Governor of Massachusetts, and for more than twenty years as a United States Senator (1945–1967).
- 1877 – Rex Beach, American author, playwright, and water polo player (d. 1949), was an American novelist, playwright, and Olympic water polo player.
- 1875 – Edgar Rice Burroughs, American soldier and author (d. 1950), was an American fiction writer best known for his celebrated and prolific output in the adventure and science-fiction genres. Among the most notable of his creations are the jungle hero Tarzan, the heroic Mars adventurer John Carter, and the fictional landmass within Earth known as Pellucidar.
- 1871 – J. Reuben Clark, American lawyer, civil servant, and religious leader (d. 1961), was an American attorney, civil servant, and a prominent leader in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Born in Grantsville, Utah Territory, Clark was a prominent attorney in the Department of State, and Undersecretary of State for U.S.
- 1866 – James J. Corbett, American boxer (d. 1933), was an American professional boxer and a World Heavyweight Champion, best known as the only man who ever defeated the great John L. Sullivan (hence the "man who beat the man" concept of the championship boxing lineage.) Despite a career spanning only 20 bouts, Corbett faced the best competition his era had to offer; squaring off with a total of 9 fighters who would later be enshrined alongside him in the International Boxing Hall of Fame.
- 1851 – John Clum, American journalist and agent (d. 1932), was an Indian agent for the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in the Arizona Territory. He implemented a limited form of self-government on the reservation that was so successful that other reservations were closed and their residents moved to San Carlos.
- 1795 – James Gordon Bennett Sr., American publisher, founded the New York Herald (d. 1872), was the founder, editor and publisher of the New York Herald and a major figure in the history of American newspapers.
- 1689 – Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer, Bohemian architect, designed Ss. Cyril and Methodius Cathedral (d. 1751), was a Bohemian architect of the Baroque era. He was the fifth son of the German architect Christoph Dientzenhofer and the Bohemian German ethnics Maria Anna Aichbauer (née Lang), the widow of the architect Johann Georg Achbauer the Elder, and a member of the well known Dientzenhofer family of architects.
- 2015 – Ben Kuroki, American sergeant and pilot (b. 1917)
- 2015 – Richard G. Hewlett, American historian and author (b. 1923)
- 2014 – Joseph Shivers, American chemist and academic, developed spandex (b. 1920)
- 2014 – Rogers McKee, American baseball player (b. 1926)
- 2013 – Margaret Mary Vojtko, American linguist and academic (b. 1930)
- 2012 – Hal David, American songwriter and composer (b. 1921)
- 2008 – Jerry Reed, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1937)
- 2006 – Warren Mitofsky, American journalist (b. 1934)
- 2005 – R. L. Burnside, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1926)
- 2003 – Rand Brooks, American actor and producer (b. 1918)
- 1998 – Cary Middlecoff, American golfer and sportscaster (b. 1921)
- 1990 – Edwin O. Reischauer, American scholar and diplomat (b. 1910)
- 1989 – A. Bartlett Giamatti, American businessman and academic (b. 1938)
- 1989 – Tadeusz Sendzimir, Polish-American engineer (b. 1894)
- 1988 – Luis Walter Alvarez, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
- 1986 – Murray Hamilton, American actor (b. 1923)
- 1983 – Henry M. Jackson, American lawyer and politician (b. 1912)
- 1983 – Larry McDonald, American physician and politician (b. 1935)
- 1982 – Haskell Curry, American mathematician and academic (b. 1900)
- 1981 – Ann Harding, American actress (b. 1901)
- 1977 – Ethel Waters, American singer and actress (b. 1896)
- 1947 – Frederick Russell Burnham, American soldier and adventurer (b. 1861)
- 1838 – William Clark, American soldier, explorer, and politician, 4th Governor of Missouri Territory (b. 1770)