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Friday 4 September 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • In 2017 astronomers report the discovery of an intermediate-mass black hole with 100,000 solar masses hiding in a gas cloud near the heart of the Milky Way, ranking it as the second largest black hole ever seen in the galaxy.
  • 2002 – The Oakland Athletics win their 20th consecutive game, an American League record.
  • 1998 – Google is founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University.
  • 1989 – In Leipzig, East Germany, the first of weekly demonstration for the legalisation of opposition groups and democratic reforms takes place.
  • 1985 – The discovery of Buckminsterfullerene, the first fullerene molecule of carbon.
  • 1972 – Mark Spitz becomes the first competitor to win seven medals at a single Olympic Games.
  • 1957 – American Civil Rights Movement: Little Rock Crisis: Orval Faubus, governor of Arkansas, calls out the National Guard to prevent African American students from enrolling in Central High School.
  • 1951 – The first live transcontinental television broadcast takes place in San Francisco, from the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference.
  • 1950 – Darlington Raceway is the site of the inaugural Southern 500, the first 500-mile NASCAR race.
  • 1941 – World War II: A German submarine makes the first attack against a United States ship, the USS Greer.
  • 1939 – World War II: A Bristol Blenheim is the first British aircraft to cross the German coast following the declaration of war and German ships are bombed.
  • 1923 – Maiden flight of the first U.S. airship, the USS Shenandoah.
  • 1919 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who founded the Republic of Turkey, gathers a congress in Sivas to make decisions as to the future of Anatolia and Thrace.
  • 1888 – George Eastman registers the trademark Kodak and receives a patent for his camera that uses roll film.
  • 1886 – American Indian Wars: After almost 30 years of fighting, Apache leader Geronimo, with his remaining warriors, surrenders to General Nelson Miles in Arizona.
  • 1882 – Thomas Edison flips the switch to the first commercial electrical power plant in history, lighting one square mile of lower Manhattan. This is considered by many as the day that began the electrical age.
  • 1862 – American Civil War Maryland Campaign: General Robert E. Lee takes the Army of Northern Virginia, and the war, into the North.
  • 1781 – Los Angeles is founded as El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora La Reina de los Ángeles de Porciúncula (The Village of Our Lady, the Queen of the Angels of Porziuncola) by 44 Spanish settlers.
  • 1774 – New Caledonia is first sighted by Europeans, during the second voyage of Captain James Cook.

Births

  • 1988 – John Tyler Hammons, American politician. Hammons was reelected on April 6, 2010, in a four-way race.
  • 1987 – Wesley Blake, American wrestler. Working as Wesley Blake, he is currently a member of the "Forgotten Sons" stable alongside Steve Cutler and Jaxson Ryker working as a heel.
  • 1986 – Xavier Woods, American wrestler. Austin Watson (born September 4, 1986) is an American professional wrestler currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the SmackDown brand under the ring name Xavier Woods.
  • 1984 – Kyle Mooney, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter. Kyle James Kozub Mooney (born September 4, 1984) is an American actor, comedian, and writer, who has been a cast member of Saturday Night Live since 2013.
  • 1982 – Whitney Cummings, American comedian, actress, producer, and screenwriter. Her credits include one comedy album, four stand-up specials, three Comedy Central Roasts, and numerous television series in which she has served various roles including producer, director, showrunner, and actress.
  • 1981 – Beyoncé, American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, and actress. She rose to fame in the late 1990s as the lead singer of Destiny's Child, one of the best-selling girl groups of all time.
  • 1981 – Lacey Sturm, American singer-songwriter. Lacey Nicole Sturm (née Mosley, previously Carder) is an American singer and songwriter born in Homestead, Florida and raised in Arlington, Texas.
  • 1980 – Max Greenfield, American actor. He co-starred as Schmidt in the Fox sitcom New Girl, for which he received Emmy, Critics' Choice Television, and Golden Globe awards nominations, and the voice of Roger in the Ice Age franchise.
  • 1980 – Pat Neshek, American baseball player. Patrick John Neshek (pronounced NEE-shehk; born September 4, 1980), is an American professional baseball pitcher who is a free agent.
  • 1978 – Wes Bentley, American actor and producer. Wesley Cook Bentley (born September 4, 1978) is an American actor known for blockbusters and independent films.
  • 1977 – Kia Stevens, American wrestler. Kia Stevens (born September 4, 1977) is an American professional wrestler and actress, where she is currently signed to All Elite Wrestling (AEW) under the ring name Awesome Kong.
  • 1975 – Mark Ronson, English DJ, producer, and songwriter, co-founded Allido Records. Mark Daniel Ronson (born 4 September 1975) is a British–American musician, DJ, songwriter, and record producer.
  • 1973 – Aaron Fultz, American baseball player and coach. Richard Aaron Fultz (born September 4, 1973), is an American former professional baseball relief pitcher, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB), in all or part of 7 seasons, for 5 big league teams.
  • 1973 – Lazlow Jones, American radio presenter, producer and screenwriter. Jeffrey Crawford "Lazlow" Jones (born September 4, 1973) is an American writer, producer, director, talk show host and voice actor based in New York City.
  • 1971 – Ione Skye, English-American actress. She continued to appear in films throughout the 1990s, with notable roles in Wayne's World (1992) and One Night Stand (1997).
  • 1968 – John DiMaggio, American voice actor. Drakken on Kim Possible, the Scotsman on Samurai Jack, Brother Blood on Teen Titans, Shnitzel on Chowder, Hammerhead and Sandman on The Spectacular Spider-Man, Aquaman on Batman: The Brave and the Bold and King Zøg on the Netflix series Disenchantment.
  • 1968 – Mike Piazza, American baseball player. Michael Joseph Piazza (/piˈɑːtsə/; born September 4, 1968) is an American former professional baseball catcher who played 16 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB), from 1992 to 2007.
  • 1966 – Jeff Tremaine, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Jeffrey James Tremaine (born September 4, 1966) is an American showrunner, filmmaker and former magazine editor.
  • 1964 – Guy Boros, American golfer. Guy Donald Boros (born September 4, 1964) is an American professional golfer who has played on the PGA Tour and the Nationwide Tour.
  • 1963 – Bobby Jarzombek, American drummer. Bobby Jarzombek (born September 4, 1963 in San Antonio, TX) is an American musician of Polish and German ancestry who is currently the drummer for progressive metal band Fates Warning and former Skid Row vocalist Sebastian Bach.
  • 1963 – John Vanbiesbrouck, American ice hockey player, coach, and manager. John Vanbiesbrouck (born September 4, 1963), nicknamed "the Beezer" and "VBK", is an American professional ice hockey executive and former player.
  • 1960 – Damon Wayans, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Wayans performed as a comedian and actor throughout the 1980s, including a year long stint on the sketch comedy series Saturday Night Live.
  • 1960 – Kim Thayil, American guitarist and songwriter. Thayil (born September 4, 1960) is an American musician best known as the lead guitarist of the Seattle-based rock band Soundgarden, which he cofounded with singer Chris Cornell and bassist Hiro Yamamoto in 1984.
  • 1958 – Drew Pinsky, American radio and television host. David Drew Pinsky (born September 4, 1958), commonly known as Dr.
  • 1958 – Jacqueline Hewitt, American astrophysicist and astronomer. She was the first person to discover an Einstein ring.
  • 1957 – Khandi Alexander, American actress, dancer, and choreographer. She began her career as a dancer in the 1980s and was a choreographer for Whitney Houston's world tour from 1988 to 1992.
  • 1956 – Blackie Lawless, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Blackie Lawless (born Steven Edward Duren; September 4, 1956) is an American songwriter and musician best known as the lead singer and rhythm guitarist (formerly bassist) for the heavy metal band W.A.S.P.
  • 1955 – Brian Schweitzer, American politician, 23rd Governor of Montana. He also served as President of the Council of State Governments.
  • 1953 – Janet Biehl, American philosopher and author. Janet Biehl (born September 4, 1953) is an American political writer who is the author of numerous books and articles associated with social ecology, the body of ideas developed and publicized by Murray Bookchin.
  • 1952 – Stephen Easley, American businessman and politician (d. 2013). Easley received his bachelor's degree from Purdue University, his masters and doctorate degrees from Washington University.
  • 1951 – Judith Ivey, American actress. She received two Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play for her performances in Steaming (1981) and Hurlyburly (1984).
  • 1950 – Doyle Alexander, American baseball player. Doyle Lafayette Alexander (born September 4, 1950) is a former pitcher in Major League Baseball (MLB) who played for the Los Angeles Dodgers, Baltimore Orioles, New York Yankees, Texas Rangers, Atlanta Braves, San Francisco Giants, Toronto Blue Jays, and Detroit Tigers.
  • 1949 – Dean Pees, American football player and coach. Russell Dean Pees (born September 4, 1949) is an American football coach who is the defensive coordinator for the Tennessee Titans of the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1946 – Dave Liebman, American saxophonist, flute player, and composer. David Liebman (born September 4, 1946) is an American saxophonist and flautist.
  • 1946 – Gary Duncan, American guitarist, was an American guitarist and singer. He was guitarist with The Brogues, then most notably with Quicksilver Messenger Service, where the complex interplay between himself and fellow-guitarist John Cipollina did much to define the unique sound of that San Francisco based band.
  • 1945 – Danny Gatton, American guitarist (d. 1994), was an American guitarist who fused blues, rockabilly, jazz, and country to create a musical style he called "redneck jazz".
  • 1944 – Gene Parsons, American singer-songwriter, drummer, guitarist, and banjo player. Gene Victor Parsons (born September 4, 1944 in Morongo Valley, California) is an American drummer, banjo player, guitarist, singer-songwriter, and engineer, best known for his work with the Byrds from 1968 to 1972.
  • 1942 – Jerry Jarrett, American wrestler and promoter, co-founded Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. Described as a "wrestling genius", he was inducted into the National Wrestling Alliance Hall of Fame in 2009.
  • 1942 – Merald "Bubba" Knight, American R&B/soul singer (Gladys Knight & the Pips). Gladys Knight & The Pips evolved out of The Pips.
  • 1942 – Raymond Floyd, American golfer. Raymond Loran Floyd (born September 4, 1942) is an American retired golfer who has won numerous tournaments on both the PGA Tour and Senior PGA Tour, including four majors and three senior majors.
  • 1941 – Ken Harrelson, American baseball player and sportscaster. Kenneth Smith Harrelson (born September 4, 1941), nicknamed "The Hawk" due to his distinctive profile, is an American former professional baseball All-Star first baseman and outfielder, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1963 to 1971.
  • 1937 – Gene Ludwig, American organist and composer (d. 2010), was an American jazz and rhythm and blues organist, who recorded as a leader as well as a sideman for Sonny Stitt, Arthur Prysock, Scott Hamilton, Bob DeVos, and Leslie West, and others. Ludwig received international acclaim as a Hammond organ player and was a prominent figure in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania jazz scene.
  • 1937 – Virgil A. Richard, American general (d. 2013), was a retired US Army General who served 32 years of active military service of which 30 were devoted to Financial Management. Richard became an outspoken critic of the "Don't ask, don't tell" policy of the U.S.
  • 1935 – Charles A. Hines, American general and academic (d. 2013), was an American Army Major General, university administrator, and sociology professor.
  • 1935 – Dallas Willard, American philosopher and academic (d. 2013), was an American philosopher also known for his writings on Christian spiritual formation. Much of his work in philosophy was related to phenomenology, particularly the work of Edmund Husserl, many of whose writings he translated into English for the first time.
  • 1934 – Clive Granger, Welsh-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2009), was a British econometrician known for his contributions to non-linear time series. He taught in Britain, at the University of Nottingham and in the United States, at the University of California, San Diego.
  • 1931 – Mitzi Gaynor, American actress, singer, and dancer. Her notable films include There's No Business Like Show Business (1954), which featured Irving Berlin's music and also starred Ethel Merman, Dan Dailey, Marilyn Monroe, Donald O'Connor, and Johnnie Ray; and South Pacific, the 1958 motion picture adaptation of the stage musical by Rodgers and Hammerstein.
  • 1930 – Robert Arneson, American sculptor and academic (d. 1992), was an American sculptor and professor of ceramics in the Art department at UC Davis for nearly three decades.
  • 1930 – William Maxson, American general (d. 2013). Maxson (4 September 1930 – 3 January 2013) was an American Air Force Major General and vice commander, 15th Air Force, Strategic Air Command, March Air Force Base, Calif.
  • 1929 – Robert V. Keeley, Lebanese-American soldier and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Greece (d. 2015). Robert Vossler Keeley (September 4, 1929 – January 9, 2015) had a 34-year career in the Foreign Service of the United States, from 1956 to 1989.
  • 1929 – Thomas Eagleton, American lawyer and politician, 38th Lieutenant Governor of Missouri (d. 2007), was a United States senator from Missouri, serving from 1968 to 1987. He is best remembered for briefly being the Democratic vice presidential nominee under George McGovern in 1972.
  • 1928 – Dick York, American actor (d. 1992), was an American radio, stage, film and television actor. He is best remembered for his role as the first Darrin Stephens on the ABC fantasy sitcom Bewitched.
  • 1925 – Asa Earl Carter, American Ku Klux Klan leader and author (d. 1979), was a 1950s Ku Klux Klan leader, segregationist speech writer, and later western novelist. He co-wrote George Wallace's well-known pro-segregation line of 1963, "Segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever", and ran in the Democratic primary for governor of Alabama on a segregationist ticket.
  • 1920 – Craig Claiborne, American journalist, author, and critic (d. 2000), was an American restaurant critic, food journalist and book author. A long-time food editor and restaurant critic for The New York Times, he was also the author of numerous cookbooks and an autobiography.
  • 1919 – Howard Morris, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2005), was an American actor, voice actor and director who was best known for his role in The Andy Griffith Show as Ernest T. Bass, and as "Uncle Goopy" on Sid Caesar's Your Show of Shows (1954).
  • 1918 – Gerald Wilson, American trumpet player and composer (d. 2014), was an American jazz trumpeter, big band bandleader, composer/arranger, and educator. Born in Mississippi, he was based in Los Angeles from the early 1940s.
  • 1918 – Paul Harvey, American radio host (d. 2009), was a conservative American radio broadcaster for the ABC Radio Networks. He broadcast News and Comment on weekday mornings and mid-days and at noon on Saturdays, as well as his famous The Rest of the Story segments.
  • 1917 – Henry Ford II, American businessman (d. 1987), was the eldest son of Edsel Ford and eldest grandson of Henry Ford. He was president of the Ford Motor Company from 1945 to 1960, chief executive officer (CEO) from 1945 to 1979, and chairman of the board of directors from 1960 to 1980.
  • 1913 – Kenzō Tange, Japanese architect, designed the Yoyogi National Gymnasium (d. 2005), was a Japanese architect, and winner of the 1987 Pritzker Prize for architecture. He was one of the most significant architects of the 20th century, combining traditional Japanese styles with modernism, and designed major buildings on five continents.
  • 1913 – Mickey Cohen, American mob boss (d. 1976), was an American gangster based in Los Angeles and boss of the Cohen crime family. He also had strong ties to the Italian American Mafia from the 1930s through 1960s.
  • 1913 – Stanford Moore, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1982). He shared a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1972 (with Christian B.
  • 1912 – Alexander Liberman, Russian-American publisher, painter, photographer, and sculptor (d. 1999), was a Russian-American magazine editor, publisher, painter, photographer, and sculptor. He held senior artistic positions during his 32 years at Condé Nast Publications.
  • 1912 – Syd Hoff, American author and illustrator (d. 2004), was a Jewish-American cartoonist and children's book author, best known for his classic early reader Danny and the Dinosaur. His cartoons appeared in a multitude of genres, including advertising commissions for such companies as Eveready Batteries, Jell-O, OK Used Cars, S.O.S Pads, Rambler, Ralston Cereal, and more.
  • 1908 – Edward Dmytryk, Canadian-American director and producer (d. 1999), was a Canadian-born American film director. He was known for his 1940s noir films and received an Oscar nomination for Best Director for Crossfire (1947).
  • 1907 – Reggie Nalder, Austrian-American actor (d. 1991), was a prolific Austrian film and television character actor from the late 1940s to the early 1990s. His distinctive features—partially the result of disfiguring burns—together with a haunting style and demeanor led to his being called "The Face That Launched a Thousand Trips".
  • 1906 – Max Delbrück, German-American biophysicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981). Formed in 1945 and led by Delbrück along with Salvador Luria and Alfred Hershey, the Phage Group made substantial headway unraveling important aspects of genetics.
  • 1905 – Walter Zapp, Latvian-Estonian inventor, invented the Minox (d. 2003), was a Baltic German inventor. His greatest creation was the Minox subminiature camera.
  • 1901 – William Lyons, English businessman, co-founded Jaguar Cars (d. 1985). Sir William Lyons (4 September 1901 – 8 February 1985), known as "Mr.
  • 1848 – Lewis Howard Latimer, American inventor (d. 1928), was an American inventor and patent draftsman for the lightbulb and telephone.
  • 1846 – Daniel Burnham, American architect, designed the World's Columbian Exposition (d. 1912), was an American architect and urban designer. He was the Director of Works for the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, colloquially referred to as "The White City".
  • 1776 – Stephen Whitney, American businessman (d. 1860), was an American merchant. He was one of the wealthiest merchants in New York City in the first half of the 19th century.

Deaths

  • 2015 – Jean Darling, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 2015 – Warren Murphy, American author and screenwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Joan Rivers, American comedian, television host, and author (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Casey Viator, American bodybuilder and journalist (b. 1951)
  • 2012 – Albert Marre, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – George Savitsky, American football player (b. 1924)
  • 2011 – Lee Roy Selmon, American football player (b. 1954)
  • 2006 – Astrid Varnay, Swedish-American soprano (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Alphonso Ford, American basketball player (b. 1971)
  • 1997 – Aldo Rossi, Italian architect, designed the Bonnefanten Museum and Teatro Carlo Felice (b. 1931)
  • 1995 – William Kunstler, American lawyer and activist (b. 1919)
  • 1993 – Hervé Villechaize, French-American actor (b. 1943)
  • 1991 – Charlie Barnet, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1913)
  • 1991 – Dottie West, American singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1932)
  • 1991 – Tom Tryon, American actor and author (b. 1926)
  • 1990 – Irene Dunne, American actress and singer (b. 1898)
  • 1990 – Lawrence A. Cremin, American historian and author (b. 1925)
  • 1986 – Hank Greenberg, American baseball player and manager (b. 1911)
  • 1982 – Jack Tworkov, Polish-American painter (b. 1900)
  • 1974 – Creighton Abrams, American general (b. 1914)
  • 1909 – Clyde Fitch, American playwright and songwriter (b. 1865)
  • 1864 – John Hunt Morgan, American general (b. 1825)
  • 1804 – Richard Somers, American lieutenant (b. 1778)
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