Sunday 13 December 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
, Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Chocolate holidays
, Food holidays
, Unusual Holidays
Holidays and observances
- Acadia Memorial Day (dedicated to the tragic event during the deportation of the Acadians, the ships of the Duke of William, Ruby and Violet, sunk in 1758)
- Christmas Jumper Day
- Lucia Festival (a tradition that is widespread in the countries of Northern Europe: Sweden, Denmark, Norway)
- Martial Law Victims Remembrance Day in Poland (Dzień Pamięci Ofiar Stanu Wojennego)
- Mass for the prosperity of France (conducted by Cardinal Vicar in the Basilica of St. John of Lateran)
- Nanking Massacre Memorial Day (China)
- National Cocoa Day and National Popcorn String Day in USA
- National Salesperson Day (US)
- Nusantara Day (Indonesia)
- Republic Day in Malta
- Sailor's Day in Brazil
- Saint Lucia Day (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden and parts of Italy)
- Saint Lucy's Day (mainly Scandinavia, some regions of Italy for example, Sicily, Veneto and Trentino, and Malta)
- Violin Day
- 1988 – PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat gives a speech at a UN General Assembly meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, after United States authorities refused to grant him a visa to visit UN headquarters in New York.
- 1974 – Malta becomes a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations.
- 1972 – Apollo program: Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt begin the third and final extra-vehicular activity (EVA) or "Moonwalk" of Apollo 17. To date they are the last humans to set foot on the Moon.
- 1962 – NASA launches Relay 1, the first active repeater communications satellite in orbit.
- 1959 – Archbishop Makarios III becomes the first President of Cyprus.
- 1949 – The Knesset votes to move the capital of Israel to Jerusalem.
- 1928 – George Gershwin's An American in Paris is first performed.
- 1862 – American Civil War: At the Battle of Fredericksburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee defeats Union Major General Ambrose Burnside.
- 1769 – Dartmouth College is founded by the Reverend Eleazar Wheelock, with a royal charter from King George III, on land donated by Royal governor John Wentworth.
- 1636 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the National Guard of the United States.
- 1989 – Taylor Swift, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress. At age 14, she became the youngest artist signed by the Sony/ATV Music publishing house and, at 15, she signed her first record deal.
- 1988 – Rickie Fowler, American golfer. Rick Yutaka Fowler (born December 13, 1988) is an American professional golfer who plays on the PGA Tour.
- 1985 – Michael Bumpus, American football player, was signed by the Seattle Seahawks as an undrafted free agent in 2008. He played college football at Washington State.
- 1983 – Matt Deis, American bass player and songwriter. Matthew Christopher Deis (born December 13, 1983) is an American bass guitarist.
- 1982 – Ricky Nolasco, American baseball player. He is of Mexican descent.
- 1981 – Amy Lee, American singer-songwriter and pianist. Along with her contributions with the band, Lee has also participated on other musical projects including Walt Disney Records' Nightmare Revisited and Muppets: The Green Album.
- 1978 – B.J. Penn, American mixed martial artist and wrestler. Prior to fighting for the UFC, he became the first American Gold medalist of the World Jiu-Jitsu Championship.
- 1976 – Josh Fogg, American baseball player, was a pitcher for nine Major League Baseball seasons. Fogg played college baseball for the University of Florida and was drafted by the Chicago White Sox in the third round of the 1998 Major League Baseball Draft.
- 1975 – Bates Battaglia, American ice hockey player. Jonathan "Bates" Battaglia (born December 13, 1975) is an American former professional ice hockey left winger who played in the National Hockey League (NHL) with the Carolina Hurricanes, Colorado Avalanche, Washington Capitals and the Toronto Maple Leafs.
- 1975 – Matthew LeCroy, American baseball player and coach. Matthew Hanks LeCroy (born December 13, 1975) is an American former professional baseball catcher, first baseman, and designated hitter and current manager for the Harrisburg Senators.
- 1975 – Tom DeLonge, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. He is the lead vocalist and guitarist of the rock band Angels & Airwaves, which he formed in 2005, and was the co-lead vocalist, guitarist, and co-founder of the rock band Blink-182 from its formation in 1992 until his dismissal from the group in 2015.
- 1972 – James Murdoch, Australian-American businessman, son of Rupert Murdoch. James Rupert Jacob Murdoch (born 13 December 1972) is a British-American businessman, the younger son of media mogul Rupert Murdoch, the former chief executive officer (CEO) of 21st Century Fox.
- 1970 – Tonja Buford-Bailey, American hurdler and coach. Tonja Yvette Buford-Bailey (born December 13, 1970 in Dayton, Ohio) is an American former athlete who competed mainly in the 400 meter hurdles.
- 1967 – Bo Pelini, American football player and coach. Mark Anthony "Bo" Pelini (born December 13, 1967) is the American football head coach for the Youngstown State Penguins football team at Youngstown State University.
- 1967 – Jamie Foxx, American actor. Eric Marlon Bishop (born December 13, 1967), known professionally as Jamie Foxx, is an American actor, singer, comedian, presenter, and producer.
- 1966 – Mike Tirico, American sportscaster. During his 25 year tenure with ESPN, Tirico also called a multitude of sports for the network, including the NBA, college football and basketball, golf, tennis, hockey and world cup soccer.
- 1962 – Jamie Raskin, American lawyer, academic, and politician. This seat was left open when former Rep.
- 1962 – Rex Ryan, American football player and coach. Rex Ashley Ryan (born December 13, 1962) is a former American football coach and current television analyst.
- 1962 – Rob Ryan, American football player and coach. Ryan has served as a defensive coordinator or assistant coach for seven different NFL teams.
- 1961 – Gary Zimmerman, American football player. Gary Wayne Zimmerman (born December 13, 1961) is a former American football offensive tackle in the National Football League.
- 1960 – Richard Dent, American football player. Richard Lamar Dent (born December 13, 1960) is a former American football defensive end, who played primarily for the Chicago Bears of the National Football League (NFL).
- 1957 – Eric Marienthal, American saxophonist. Eric Marienthal (born December 19, 1957) is a Grammy Award-winning Los Angeles-based contemporary saxophonist best known for his work in the jazz, jazz fusion, smooth jazz, and pop genres.
- 1957 – Steve Buscemi, American actor and director. Buscemi is also known for his supporting roles in the Coen brothers films such as Miller's Crossing (1990), Barton Fink (1991), The Hudsucker Proxy (1994), Fargo (1996) and The Big Lebowski (1998).
- 1956 – Dale Berra, American baseball player. Dale Anthony Berra (born December 13, 1956) is an American former Major League Baseball player who primarily played as an infielder from 1977 to 1987.
- 1956 – Phil Hubbard, American basketball player and coach. Hubbard later served as an assistant coach for the Washington Wizards from 2003–2009 and as the head coach of the Los Angeles D-Fenders in 2014–15.
- 1954 – Steve Forbert, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Bob Harris of BBC Radio 2 said Forbert has "One of the most distinctive voices anywhere.”
- 1953 – Ben Bernanke, American economist and academic. Ben Shalom Bernanke (/bərˈnæŋki/ bər-NANG-kee; born December 13, 1953) is an American economist at the Brookings Institution who served two terms as Chair of the Federal Reserve, the central bank of the United States, from 2006 to 2014.
- 1953 – Berton Averre, American guitarist and songwriter. That group had a No. 6 UK / No. 1 US hit with "My Sharona", which sold 10 million copies in the US.
- 1952 – Junkyard Dog, American football player and wrestler (d. 1998), was an American professional wrestler and college football player, best known for his work in Mid-South Wrestling and the World Wrestling Federation as the Junkyard Dog (or JYD), a nickname he received while working in a wrecking yard. He was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame class of 2004.
- 1952 – Larry Kenon, American basketball player. Larry Joe Kenon (born December 13, 1952) is an American former professional basketball player.
- 1950 – Tom Vilsack, American lawyer and politician, 30th United States Secretary of Agriculture. A member of the Iowa Democratic Party, Vilsack also served as the 40th Governor of Iowa from 1999 to 2007.
- 1950 – Wendie Malick, American actress, model and comedian. She starred as Judith Tupper Stone in the HBO sitcom Dream On, and as Nina Van Horn in the NBC sitcom Just Shoot Me!, for which she was nominated for two Primetime Emmys and a Golden Globe Award.
- 1949 – R. A. MacAvoy, American computer programmer and author. Roberta Ann MacAvoy (born December 13, 1949) is an American fantasy and science fiction author.
- 1949 – Randy Owen, American country music singer-songwriter and guitarist. Alabama became the most successful band in country music, releasing over 20 gold and platinum records, dozens of number 1 singles, and selling over 75 million records during their career.
- 1949 – Tom Verlaine, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Tom Verlaine (born Thomas Miller, December 13, 1949) is an American singer, songwriter and guitarist, best known as the frontman of the New York City rock band Television.
- 1948 – Jeff Baxter, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer. Jeffrey Allen "Skunk" Baxter (born December 13, 1948) is an American guitarist, known for his stints in the rock bands Steely Dan and The Doobie Brothers during the 1970s and Spirit in the 1980s.
- 1948 – Lester Bangs, American journalist and author (d. 1982), was an American music journalist, critic, author, and musician. He wrote for Creem and Rolling Stone magazines, and was known for his leading influence in rock music criticism.
- 1948 – Ted Nugent, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor. After dissolving the Amboy Dukes, he embarked on a solo career.
- 1945 – Herman Cain, American businessman and political activist. Herman Cain (born December 13, 1945) is an American politician, business executive, syndicated columnist, and Tea Party activist from Georgia.
- 1942 – Anna Eshoo, American lawyer and politician. Georges Eshoo /ˈɛʃuː/ (born December 13, 1942) is the U.S.
- 1936 – J. C. Martin, American baseball player and sportscaster. Joseph Clifton Martin (born December 13, 1936) is a former Major League Baseball player.
- 1935 – Kenneth Hall, American football player. Kenneth Hall (or Ken Hall) may refer to:
- 1935 – Lindy McDaniel, American baseball player. Lyndall Dale McDaniel, known as Lindy (born December 13, 1935) is a right-handed former relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who had a 21-year career from 1955 to 1975.
- 1934 – Antoinette Rodez Schiesler, American chemist (d. 1996), was an African-American chemist and Director of Research at Villanova University. She was also a former Roman Catholic nun and Episcopal deaconess.
- 1934 – Richard D. Zanuck, American film producer (d. 2012). His 1989 film Driving Miss Daisy won the Academy Award for Best Picture.
- 1933 – Doug Mohns, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 2014), was a professional ice hockey player who played 22 seasons in the National Hockey League from 1953–54 until 1974–75. Mohns twice won the most coveted prize in junior hockey, the Memorial Cup.
- 1930 – Robert Prosky, American actor (d. 2008). He became a well-known supporting actor in the 1980s with his roles in Thief (1981), Christine (1983), The Natural (1984), and Broadcast News (1987).
- 1926 – Carl Erskine, American major-league baseball player. Carl Daniel Erskine (born December 13, 1926) is a former right-handed starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played his entire career for the Brooklyn and Los Angeles Dodgers from 1948 through 1959.
- 1925 – Dick Van Dyke, American actor, singer, and dancer. Richard Wayne Van Dyke (born December 13, 1925) is an American actor, comedian, writer, singer, and dancer, whose award-winning career has spanned seven decades.
- 1923 – Larry Doby, American baseball player and manager (d. 2003). Lawrence Eugene Doby (December 13, 1923 – June 18, 2003) was an American professional baseball player in the Negro leagues and Major League Baseball (MLB) who was the second black player to break baseball's color barrier and the first black player in the American League.
- 1923 – Philip Warren Anderson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate. Anderson has made contributions to the theories of localization, antiferromagnetism, symmetry breaking (including a paper in 1962 discussing symmetry breaking in particle physics, leading to the development of the Standard Model around 10 years later), and high-temperature superconductivity, and to the philosophy of science through his writings on emergent phenomena.
- 1920 – George P. Shultz, American economist and politician, 60th United States Secretary of State. Shultz played a major role in shaping the foreign policy of the Ronald Reagan administration.
- 1918 – Bill Vukovich, Serbian-American racing driver (d. 1955), was an American automobile racing driver. He won the 1953 and 1954 Indianapolis 500 plus two more American Automobile Association National Championship races.
- 1916 – Archie Moore, American boxer (d. 1998), was an American professional boxer and the longest reigning World Light Heavyweight Champion of all time (December 1952 – May 1962). He had one of the longest professional careers in the history of the sport, competing from 1935 to 1963.
- 1916 – Leonard Weisgard, American author and illustrator (d. 2000), was an American writer and illustrator of more than 200 children's books. He is known best for his collaborations with writer Margaret Wise Brown.
- 1911 – Kenneth Patchen, American poet and painter (d. 1972), was an American poet and novelist. He experimented with different forms of writing and incorporated painting, drawing, and jazz music into his works, which have been compared with those of William Blake and Walt Whitman.
- 1908 – Van Heflin, American actor (d. 1971), was an American theatre, radio and film actor. He played mostly character parts over the course of his film career, but during the 1940s had a string of roles as a leading man.
- 1903 – Ella Baker, American activist (d. 1986), was an African-American civil rights and human rights activist in the United States. She was a largely behind-the-scenes organizer whose career spanned more than five decades.
- 1902 – Talcott Parsons, American sociologist and academic (d. 1979), was an American sociologist of the classical tradition, best known for his social action theory and structural functionalism. Parsons is considered one of the most influential figures in sociology in the 20th century.
- 1900 – Jonel Perlea, Romanian-American conductor and educator (d. 1970), was a Romanian conductor particularly associated with the Italian and German opera repertories.
- 1897 – Albert Aalbers, Dutch architect, designed the Savoy Homann Bidakara Hotel (d. 1961), was a Dutch architect who created elegant villas, hotels and office buildings in Bandung, Indonesia under Dutch colonial rule in the 1930s. Albert Aalbers worked in the Netherlands between 1924 and 1930 and then migrated to the Dutch Indies after which he returned to the Netherlands in 1942 due to World War II and political circumstances following Indonesian independence.
- 1887 – Alvin C. York, American colonel, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1964). Alvin Cullum York (December 13, 1887 – September 2, 1964), also known as Sergeant York, was one of the most decorated United States Army soldiers of World War I.
- 1887 – George Pólya, Hungarian-American mathematician and academic (d. 1985), was a Hungarian mathematician. He was a professor of mathematics from 1914 to 1940 at ETH Zürich and from 1940 to 1953 at Stanford University.
- 1885 – Annie Dale Biddle Andrews, American mathematician (d. 1940), was the first woman to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of California, Berkeley.
- 1883 – Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian (d. 1950). Born Belle Marion Greener in Washington, D.C., Greene grew up there and in New York City.
- 1870 – Edward LeSaint, American actor and director (d. 1940), was an American stage and film actor and director whose career began in the silent era. He acted in over 300 films and directed more than 90.
- 1864 – Emil Seidel, American woodcarver and politician, 36th Mayor of Milwaukee (d. 1947), was a prominent German-American politician. Seidel was the mayor of Milwaukee from 1910 to 1912.
- 1818 – Mary Todd Lincoln, 16th First Lady of the United States (d. 1882), was the wife of the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, and as such the First Lady of the United States from 1861 to 1865. She dropped the name Ann after her younger sister, Ann Todd (Clark), was born, and did not use the name Todd after marrying.
- 1816 – Werner von Siemens, German engineer and businessman, founded Siemens (d. 1892), was a German electrical engineer, inventor and industrialist. Siemens's name has been adopted as the SI unit of electrical conductance, the siemens.
- 1780 – Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner, German chemist, invented the Döbereiner's lamp (d. 1849), was a German chemist who is best known for work that foreshadowed the periodic law for the chemical elements, and for inventing the first lighter, which was known as the Döbereiner's lamp. He became a professor of chemistry and pharmacy at the University of Jena.
- 2016 – Alan Thicke, Canadian-American actor and composer (b. 1947)
- 2016 – Thomas Schelling, American economist and educator (b. 1921)
- 2015 – Benedict Anderson, Chinese-American political scientist and academic (b. 1936)
- 2014 – Phil Stern, American photographer (b. 1919)
- 2014 – William E. May, American theologian and academic (b. 1928)
- 2013 – Harvey Littleton, American glass artist and educator (b. 1922)
- 2013 – Vivian Kellogg, American baseball player and manager (b. 1922)
- 2011 – Russell Hoban, American author and illustrator (b. 1925)
- 2011 – T. J. Bass, American physician and author (b. 1932)
- 2010 – Richard Holbrooke, American journalist and diplomat, 22nd United States Ambassador to the United Nations (b. 1941)
- 2007 – Floyd Red Crow Westerman, American actor and activist (b. 1936)
- 2006 – Lamar Hunt, American businessman, co-founded the American Football League and World Championship Tennis (b. 1932)
- 2005 – Stanley Williams, American gang leader, co-founded the Crips (b. 1953)
- 2004 – Bernarda Bryson Shahn, American painter and illustrator (b. 1903)
- 2003 – William V. Roth, Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1921)
- 2001 – Chuck Schuldiner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1967)
- 1997 – Don E. Fehrenbacher, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1920)
- 1995 – Ann Nolan Clark, American author and educator (b. 1896)
- 1992 – Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1899)
- 1986 – Ella Baker, American activist (b. 1903)
- 1983 – Alexander Schmemann, Estonian-American priest and theologian (b. 1921)
- 1975 – Cyril Delevanti, English-American actor (b. 1889)
- 1969 – Raymond A. Spruance, American admiral and diplomat, United States Ambassador to the Philippines (b. 1886)
- 1962 – Harry Barris, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1905)
- 1961 – Grandma Moses, American painter (b. 1860)
- 1954 – John Raymond Hubbell, American director and composer (b. 1879)
- 1947 – Henry James, American lawyer and author (b. 1879)
- 1942 – Robert Robinson Taylor, American architect (b. 1868)
- 1924 – Samuel Gompers, English-born American labor leader, founded the American Federation of Labor (b. 1850)
- 1922 – Arthur Wesley Dow, American painter and photographer (b. 1857)
- 1862 – Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, American general, lawyer, and politician (b. 1823)
- 1466 – Donatello, Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1386)