Saturday 11 January 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Worldwide Holidays
, Children’s Days
, Dominican Republic
, Food holidays
, Puerto Rico
, Unusual Holidays
Holidays and observances
- In 2017 a new species of gibbon, named Hoolock tianxing, is identified in southwest China.
- 1996 – Space Shuttle program: STS-72 launches from the Kennedy Space Center marking the start of the 74th Space Shuttle mission and the 10th flight of Endeavour.
- 1994 – The Irish Government announces the end of a 15-year broadcasting ban on the IRA and its political arm Sinn Féin.
- 1973 – Major League Baseball owners vote in approval of the American League adopting the designated hitter position.
- 1972 – East Pakistan renames itself Bangladesh.
- 1964 – Surgeon General of the United States Dr. Luther Terry, M.D., publishes the landmark report Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the United States saying that smoking may be hazardous to health, sparking national and worldwide anti-smoking efforts.
- 1957 – The African Convention is founded in Dakar, Senegal.
- 1949 – The first "networked" television broadcasts took place as KDKA-TV in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania goes on the air connecting the east coast and mid-west programming.
- 1943 – Italian-American anarchist Carlo Tresca is assassinated in New York City.
- 1943 – The Republic of China agrees to the Sino-British New Equal Treaty and the Sino-American New Equal Treaty.
- 1935 – Amelia Earhart becomes the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
- 1927 – Louis B. Mayer, head of film studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), announces the creation of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, at a banquet in Los Angeles, California.
- 1922 – First use of insulin to treat diabetes in a human patient.
- 1908 – Grand Canyon National Monument is created.
- 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Arkansas Post: General John McClernand and Admiral David Dixon Porter capture the Arkansas River for the Union.
- 1863 – American Civil War: CSS Alabama encounters and sinks the USS Hatteras off Galveston Lighthouse in Texas.
- 1861 – Alabama secedes from the United States.
- 1805 – The Michigan Territory is created.
- 1787 – William Herschel discovers Titania and Oberon, two moons of Uranus.
- 1759 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the first American life insurance company is incorporated.
- 1571 – Austrian nobility is granted freedom of religion.
- 1569 – First recorded lottery in England.
- 1987 – Scotty Cranmer, American Professional BMX rider. He attended Jackson Memorial High School.
- 1985 – Lucy Knisley, American author and illustrator. Her work is often autobiographical, and food is a common theme.
- 1984 – Kevin Boss, American football player. With the Giants, he won Super Bowl XLII over the New England Patriots.
- 1984 – Matt Mullenweg, American web developer and businessman, co-created WordPress. Matthew Charles "Matt" Mullenweg (born January 11, 1984) is an American entrepreneur and web developer living in Houston.
- 1983 – Turner Battle, American basketball player. Turner Battle (born January 11, 1983) is an American former basketball point guard for the University at Buffalo Bulls men's basketball team from 2001 to 2005.
- 1980 – Mike Williams, American football player. Mike Williams is the name of:
- 1979 – Darren Lynn Bousman, American director and screenwriter. Darren Lynn Bousman (/ˈbaʊzmən/; born January 11, 1979) is an American film director and screenwriter.
- 1977 – Shamari Buchanan, American football player. He has experience in the NFL, Arena Football League, af2 and also played for the Corpus Christi Hammerheads of the Intense Football League.
- 1975 – Rory Fitzpatrick, American ice hockey player. Rory Brian Fitzpatrick (born January 11, 1975) is an American former professional ice hockey defenseman who played ten seasons in the National Hockey League (NHL) for the Montreal Canadiens, St.
- 1973 – Rockmond Dunbar, American actor. He also played Sheriff Eli Roosevelt on the FX Drama series Sons of Anarchy, FBI Agent Dennis Abbott on The Mentalist, and FBI Agent Abe Gaines in the Hulu series The Path.
- 1972 – Amanda Peet, American actress and playwright. Her featured role in the comedy The Whole Nine Yards (2000) brought her wider recognition, and she has since appeared in a variety of films, including Something's Gotta Give (2003), Identity (2003), Syriana (2005), The X-Files: I Want to Believe (2008), 2012 (2009), and The Way, Way Back (2013).
- 1972 – Christian Jacobs, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor. He is perhaps most recognized as the co-creator of the award-winning Nick Jr. children's television series Yo Gabba Gabba!, on which he additionally serves as a writer, director, composer and voice actor.
- 1971 – Mary J. Blige, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress. Furthermore, she went on to release 13 studio albums, eight of which have achieved multi-platinum worldwide sales.
- 1970 – Chris Jent, American basketball player and coach. Christopher Matthew Jent (born January 11, 1970) is an American basketball coach and former player, currently an assistant coach with the Atlanta Hawks of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
- 1970 – Ken Ueno, American composer. Ken Ueno (born January 11, 1970 in Bronxville, New York) is an American composer.
- 1970 – Malcolm D. Lee, American director, producer, screenwriter, and actor. He is known for directing numerous comedy films, including The Best Man (1999), Undercover Brother (2002), Roll Bounce (2005), Welcome Home Roscoe Jenkins (2008), Soul Men (2008), Scary Movie 5 (2013), The Best Man Holiday (2013), Girls Trip (2017), and Night School (2018).
- 1970 – Manfredi Beninati, Italian painter and sculptor. A contemporary figurative painter, his oeuvre also covers installations, drawings, sculpture, collage and film.
- 1969 – Manny Acta, Dominican-American baseball player, coach, manager, and sportscaster. Manuel Elias Acta (born January 11, 1969) is a former professional baseball manager who is currently the bench coach for the Seattle Mariners, and formerly a broadcast analyst for ESPN and ESPN Deportes.
- 1968 – Tom Dumont, American guitarist and producer. Dumont is a member of third wave ska band No Doubt, and during the band's hiatus, he began Invincible Overlord as a side project and produced Matt Costa's Songs We Sing.
- 1966 – Marc Acito, American author and screenwriter. Marc Acito (born January 11, 1966 in Bayonne, New Jersey) is an American playwright, novelist, and humorist.
- 1962 – Susan Lindauer, American journalist and activist. She was incarcerated in 2005 and released the next year after two judges ruled her mentally unfit to stand trial.
- 1959 – Brett Bodine, American race car driver. Brett Elias Bodine III (born January 11, 1959) is a former NASCAR Winston Cup Series driver and is the current driver of the pace car in Cup Series events.
- 1958 – Vicki Peterson, American rock singer-songwriter and guitarist. In intervening years she performed with other artists, most extensively with the Continental Drifters.
- 1957 – Darryl Dawkins, American basketball player and coach (d. 2015), was an American professional basketball player, particularly known for his tenure with the National Basketball Association's Philadelphia 76ers and New Jersey Nets, although he also played briefly for the Detroit Pistons and Utah Jazz late in his career. His nickname, "Chocolate Thunder", was bestowed upon him by Stevie Wonder.
- 1956 – Big Bank Hank, American rapper (d. 2014), was an American old school rapper and manager. Also known as Imp the Dimp, he was a member of the trio The Sugarhill Gang, the first hip hop act to have a hit with the cross-over single "Rapper's Delight" in the pop charts in 1979.
- 1956 – Robert Earl Keen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. His songs have had cover versions recorded by several country, folk and Texas country music musicians, including George Strait, Joe Ely, Lyle Lovett, The Highwaymen, Nanci Griffith, and the Dixie Chicks.
- 1952 – Ben Crenshaw, American golfer and architect. Ben Daniel Crenshaw (born January 11, 1952) is a retired American professional golfer who has won 19 events on the PGA Tour, including two major championships: the Masters Tournament in 1984 and 1995.
- 1952 – Diana Gabaldon, American author. Gabaldon (/ˈɡæbəldoʊn/; born January 11, 1952) is an American author, known for the Outlander series of novels.
- 1952 – Lee Ritenour, American guitarist, composer, and producer. Lee Mack Ritenour (born January 11, 1952) is an American jazz guitarist who has been active since the late 1960s.
- 1951 – Charlie Huhn, American rock singer and guitarist. He got his start playing with Vic Amato, Andy Dennen and Al Lesert in the band Cirrus, in and around Grand Rapids, Michigan playing many gigs in West Michigan before joining Ted Nugent in 1978.
- 1948 – Madeline Manning, American runner and coach. She participated in the 1968, 1972, and 1976 Summer Olympics.
- 1946 – Naomi Judd, American singer-songwriter and actress. Naomi Judd (born Diana Ellen Judd; January 11, 1946) is an American country music singer and actress.
- 1943 – Jim Hightower, American journalist and politician. James Allen Hightower (born January 11, 1943) is an American syndicated columnist, progressive political activist, and author.
- 1942 – Bud Acton, American basketball player. Charles R. "Bud" Acton (born January 11, 1942 in Troy, Michigan) is a retired American basketball player in the National Basketball Association.
- 1942 – Clarence Clemons, American saxophonist and actor (d. 2011), was an American musician and actor. From 1972 until his death in 2011, he was the saxophonist for Bruce Springsteen's E Street Band.
- 1942 – George Mira, American football player. George Ignacio Mira (born January 11, 1942) is a former professional American football player, a quarterback in eight National Football League (NFL) seasons for four teams.
- 1942 – Leo Cullum, American soldier, pilot, and cartoonist (d. 2010), was an American cartoonist, one of the more frequent contributors to The New Yorker with more than 800 gag cartoons published. He started his drawing career after having served as a pilot in the United States Marine Corps during the Vietnam War and flying planes commercially for Trans World Airlines and American Airlines.
- 1936 – Eva Hesse, German-American sculptor and educator (d. 1970), was a German-born American sculptor known for her pioneering work in materials such as latex, fiberglass, and plastics. She is one of the artists who ushered in the postminimal art movement in the 1960s.
- 1933 – Goldie Hill, American country singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2005), was an American country music singer. She was one of the first women in country music, and became one of the first women to reach the top of the country music charts with her No. 1 1953 hit, "I Let the Stars Get In My Eyes".
- 1931 – Mary Rodgers, American composer and author (d. 2014), was an American composer, author, and screenwriter.
- 1930 – Rod Taylor, Australian-American actor and screenwriter (d. 2015), was an Australian actor. He appeared in more than 50 feature films, including The Time Machine (1960), The Birds (1963), One Hundred and One Dalmatians (1961), 36 Hours (1965), The Glass Bottom Boat (1966), Hotel (1967), Chuka (1967), and The Hell with Heroes (1968).
- 1928 – David L. Wolper, American director and producer (d. 2010), was an American television and film producer, responsible for shows such as Roots, The Thorn Birds, North & South, L.A. Confidential, and the blockbuster Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory (1971).
- 1925 – Grant Tinker, American television producer, co-founded MTM Enterprises (d. 2016), was an American television executive who served as Chairman and CEO of NBC from 1981 to 1986. Additionally, he was the co-founder of MTM Enterprises and a television producer.
- 1924 – Roger Guillemin, French-American physician and endocrinologist, Nobel Prize laureate. Roger Charles Louis Guillemin (born January 11, 1924) is an American neuroscientist.
- 1924 – Sam B. Hall, Jr., American lawyer, judge, and politician (d. 1994), was an American lawyer, politician, and judge. He was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Texas's 1st congressional district from 1976 to 1985 and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas from 1985 until his death in 1994.
- 1924 – Slim Harpo, American blues singer-songwriter and musician (d. 1970), was an American blues musician, a leading exponent of the swamp blues style, and "one of the most commercially successful blues artists of his day". His most successful and influential recordings included "I'm a King Bee" (1957), "Rainin' in My Heart" (1961), and "Baby Scratch My Back" (1966) which reached no. 1 on the R&B chart and no.16 on the US pop chart.
- 1923 – Carroll Shelby, American race car driver, engineer, and businessman, founded Carroll Shelby International (d. 2012), was an American automotive designer, racing driver, entrepreneur, and author. Shelby is best known for his involvement with the AC Cobra and Mustang (later known as Shelby Mustangs) for Ford Motor Company, which he modified during the late 1960s and early 2000s.
- 1923 – Jerome Bixby, American author and screenwriter (d. 1998), was an American short story writer and scriptwriter. He wrote the 1953 story "It's a Good Life" which was the basis for a 1961 episode of The Twilight Zone and which was included in Twilight Zone: The Movie (1983).
- 1921 – Gory Guerrero, American wrestler and trainer (d. 1990), was one of the premier Mexican American professional wrestlers in the early days of Lucha Libre when most wrestlers were imported from outside Mexico. He wrestled primarily in Empresa Mexicana de la Lucha Libre (EMLL) between the 1940s and 1960s.
- 1921 – Juanita M. Kreps, American economist and politician, 24th United States Secretary of Commerce (d. 2010), was an American government official and businesswoman. She served as the United States Secretary of Commerce from January 23, 1977 until October 31, 1979, under President Jimmy Carter and was the first woman and first economist to hold that position, and the fourth woman to hold any cabinet position in the United States Executive Branch.
- 1912 – Don "Red" Barry, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1980), was an American film and television actor. He was nicknamed "Red" after appearing as the first Red Ryder in the highly successful 1940 film Adventures of Red Ryder; the character was played in later films by "Wild Bill" Elliott and Allan Lane.
- 1911 – Tommy Duncan, American Western swing singer-songwriter (d. 1967), was a pioneering American Western swing vocalist and songwriter who gained fame in the 1930s as a founding member of The Texas Playboys. He recorded and toured with bandleader Bob Wills on and off into the early 1960s.
- 1908 – Lionel Stander, American actor and activist (d. 1994), was an American actor in films, radio, theater and television.
- 1907 – Abraham Joshua Heschel, Polish-American rabbi, theologian, and philosopher (d. 1972), was a Polish-born American rabbi and one of the leading Jewish theologians and Jewish philosophers of the 20th century. Heschel, a professor of Jewish mysticism at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, authored a number of widely read books on Jewish philosophy and was active in the civil rights movement.
- 1906 – Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist and academic, discoverer of LSD (d. 2008). Albert Hofmann (11 January 1906 – 29 April 2008) was a Swiss scientist known best for being the first known person to synthesize, ingest, and learn of the psychedelic effects of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD).
- 1905 – Clyde Kluckhohn, American anthropologist and theorist (d. 1960), was an American anthropologist and social theorist, best known for his long-term ethnographic work among the Navajo and his contributions to the development of theory of culture within American anthropology.
- 1899 – Eva Le Gallienne, English-American actress, director, and producer (d. 1991), was a British-born American stage actress, producer, director, translator, and author. A Broadway star by age 21, Le Gallienne consciously ended her work on Broadway to devote herself to founding the Civic Repertory Theatre, in which she was both director, producer, and lead actress.
- 1897 – Bernard DeVoto, American historian and author (d. 1955), was a lifelong champion of American Public lands and the conservation of public resources as well as an outspoken defender of civil liberties. He was the author of a series of Pulitzer-Prize-winning popular histories of the American West and for many years wrote The Easy Chair, an influential column in Harper's Magazine.
- 1895 – Laurens Hammond, American engineer and businessman, founded the Hammond Clock Company (d. 1973), was an American engineer and inventor. His inventions include, most famously, the Hammond organ, the Hammond clock, and the world's first polyphonic musical synthesizer, the Novachord.
- 1893 – Anthony M. Rud, American journalist and author (d. 1942), was an American writer and pulp magazine editor. Some of his works were published under the pen names Ray McGillivary and Anson Piper.
- 1891 – Andrew Sockalexis, American runner (d. 1919), was an American track and field athlete who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
- 1890 – Max Carey, American baseball player and manager (d. 1976), was an American professional baseball center fielder and manager. Carey played in Major League Baseball for the Pittsburgh Pirates from 1910 through 1926 and for the Brooklyn Robins from 1926 through 1929.
- 1889 – Calvin Bridges, American geneticist and academic (d. 1938), was an American scientist known for his contributions to the field of genetics. Along with Alfred Sturtevant and H.J.
- 1888 – Joseph B. Keenan, American jurist and politician (d. 1954), was a United States political figure. He served in the administrations of Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman, and was the chief prosecutor in the International Military Tribunal for the Far East.
- 1887 – Aldo Leopold, American ecologist and author (d. 1948), was an American author, philosopher, scientist, ecologist, forester, conservationist, and environmentalist. He was a professor at the University of Wisconsin and is best known for his book A Sand County Almanac (1949), which has sold more than two million copies.
- 1885 – Alice Paul, American activist (d. 1977), was an American socialist, suffragist, feminist, and women's rights activist, and one of the main leaders and strategists of the campaign for the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which prohibits sex discrimination in the right to vote.
- 1876 – Elmer Flick, American baseball player (d. 1971), was an American professional baseball outfielder who played in Major League Baseball from 1898 to 1910 for the Philadelphia Phillies, Philadelphia Athletics, and Cleveland Bronchos/Naps. In 1,483 career games Flick recorded a .313 batting average while accumulating 164 triples, 1,752 hits, 330 stolen bases, and 756 runs batted in.
- 1873 – John Callan O'Laughlin, American soldier and journalist (d. 1949), was a journalist and longtime publisher of the Army and Navy Journal.
- 1872 – G. W. Pierce, American physicist and academic (d. 1956). He was a professor of physics at Harvard University and inventor in the development of electronic telecommunications.
- 1870 – Alexander Stirling Calder, American sculptor and educator (d. 1945), was an American sculptor and teacher. He was the son of sculptor Alexander Milne Calder and the father of sculptor Alexander (Sandy) Calder.
- 1858 – Harry Gordon Selfridge, American-English businessman, founded Selfridges (d. 1947), was an American-British retail magnate who founded the London-based department store Selfridges. His 20-year leadership of Selfridges led to his becoming one of the most respected and wealthy retail magnates in the United Kingdom.
- 1853 – Georgios Jakobides, Greek painter and sculptor (d. 1932), was a painter and one of the main representatives of the Greek artistic movement of the Munich School. He founded and was the first curator of the National Gallery of Greece in Athens.
- 1850 – Joseph Charles Arthur, American pathologist and mycologist (d. 1942), was a pioneer American plant pathologist and mycologist best known for his work with the parasitic rust fungi (Pucciniales).:4 He was a charter member of the Botanical Society of America, the Mycological Society of America, and the American Phytopathological Society. He was a recipient of the first Doctorate in Sciences awarded by Cornell University.
- 1843 – Adolf Eberle, German painter (d. 1914), was a German painter who specialised in genre painting, particularly of Bavarian and Tyrolean farmers and huntsmen.
- 1842 – William James, American psychologist and philosopher (d. 1910), was an American philosopher and psychologist, and the first educator to offer a psychology course in the United States. James is considered to be a leading thinker of the late nineteenth century, one of the most influential philosophers of the United States, and the "Father of American psychology".
- 1825 – Bayard Taylor, American poet, author, and critic (d. 1878), was an American poet, literary critic, translator, travel author, and diplomat.
- 1807 – Ezra Cornell, American businessman and philanthropist, founded Western Union and Cornell University (d. 1874), was an American businessman, politician, and philanthropist. He was the founder of Western Union, founder of Ithaca's first library, and a co-founder of Cornell University.
- 1760 – Oliver Wolcott Jr., American lawyer and politician, 2nd United States Secretary of the Treasury, 24th Governor of Connecticut (d. 1833), was the 2nd United States Secretary of the Treasury, a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Circuit Court for the Second Circuit and the 24th Governor of Connecticut.
- 1755 – Alexander Hamilton, Nevisian-American general, economist and politician, 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 1804), was an American statesman, politician, legal scholar, military commander, lawyer, banker, and economist. He was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
- 1624 – Bastiaan Govertsz van der Leeuw, Dutch painter (d. 1680), was a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.
- 889 – Abd-ar-Rahman III, first Caliph of Córdoba (d. 961), was ′Abd al-Rahmān ibn Muḥammad ibn ′Abd Allāh ibn Muḥammad ibn ′Abd al-Raḥmān ibn al-Ḥakam al-Rabdī ibn Hishām ibn ′Abd al-Raḥmān al-Dākhil; (عبدالرحمن بن محمد بن عبداللہ بن محمد بن عبدالرحمن بن حکم بن ہشام بن عبد الرحمن الداخل); (889/91 - 961). ′Abd al-Raḥmān won the laqab (sobriquet) al-Nasir li-Dīn Allāh – Defender of God's Faith – in his early 20s when, as Emir of Córdoba, he supported the Maghrawa in North Africa against Fatimid expansion and rose to the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba. His half a century reign (912–961) of al-Andalus – Muslim Iberian Spain – was known for its religious tolerance.
- 2016 – David Margulies, American actor (b. 1937)
- 2016 – Monte Irvin, American baseball player (b. 1919)
- 2015 – Anita Ekberg, Swedish-Italian model and actress (b. 1931)
- 2015 – Vernon Benjamin Mountcastle, American neuroscientist and academic (b. 1918)
- 2014 – Ariel Sharon, Israeli general and politician, 11th Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1928)
- 2013 – Aaron Swartz, American programmer (b. 1986)
- 2013 – Guido Forti, Italian businessman, founded the Forti Racing Team (b. 1940)
- 2013 – Tom Parry Jones, Welsh chemist, invented the breathalyzer (b. 1935)
- 2012 – Edgar Kaiser, Jr, American-Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1942)
- 2012 – Wally Osterkorn, American basketball player (b. 1928)
- 2008 – Carl Karcher, American businessman, co-founded Carl's Jr. (b. 1917)
- 2007 – Robert Anton Wilson, American psychologist, author, poet, and playwright (b. 1932)
- 2001 – Denys Lasdun, English architect, co-designed the Royal National Theatre (b. 1914)
- 2001 – Louis Krages, German-American race car driver and businessman (b. 1949)
- 2000 – Bob Lemon, American baseball player and manager (b. 1920)
- 2000 – Ivan Combe, American businessman, invented Clearasil (b. 1911)
- 1996 – Roger Crozier, Canadian-American ice hockey player, coach, and manager (b. 1942)
- 1995 – Josef Gingold, Belarusian-American violinist and educator (b. 1909)
- 1991 – Carl David Anderson, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
- 1990 – Carolyn Haywood, American author and illustrator (b. 1898)
- 1988 – Isidor Isaac Rabi, Polish-American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1898)
- 1988 – Pappy Boyington, American colonel and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1912)
- 1985 – Edward Buzzell, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1895)
- 1981 – Beulah Bondi, American actress (b. 1889)
- 1965 – Wally Pipp, American baseball player (b. 1893)
- 1963 – Arthur Nock, English-American scholar, theologian, and academic (b. 1902)
- 1958 – Edna Purviance, American actress (b. 1895)
- 1954 – Oscar Straus, Austrian composer (b. 1870)
- 1941 – Emanuel Lasker, German mathematician, philosopher, and chess player (b. 1868)
- 1931 – James Milton Carroll, American pastor, historian, and author (b. 1852)
- 1843 – Francis Scott Key, American lawyer, author, and songwriter (b. 1779)
- 1836 – John Molson, Canadian businessman, founded the Molson Brewing Company (b. 1763)
- 1546 – Gaudenzio Ferrari, Italian painter and sculptor (b. c. 1471)
- 1494 – Domenico Ghirlandaio, Italian painter (b. 1449)