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Saturday 20 January 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Events

  • 2017 – Donald Trump is inaugurated as the 45th President of the United States of America.
  • 2009 – Barack Obama is inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States of America, becoming the first African-American President of the United States.
  • 2007 – Four-man Team N2i, using only skis and kites, completes a 1,093-mile (1,759 km) trek to reach the Antarctic pole of inaccessibility for the first time since 1965 and for the first time ever without mechanical assistance.
  • 1986 – In the United States, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is celebrated as a federal holiday for the first time.
  • 1981 – Twenty minutes after Ronald Reagan was inaugurated, Iran releases 52 American hostages.
  • 1954 – In the United States, the National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations.
  • 1953 – Dwight D. Eisenhower is inaugurated as the 34th President of the United States of America, becoming the first President to begin his presidency on January 20 following the ratification of the 20th Amendment.
  • 1949 – Point Four Program a program for economic aid to poor countries announced by United States President Harry S. Truman in his inaugural address for a full term as President.
  • 1937 – Franklin Delano Roosevelt and John Nance Garner are sworn in for their second terms as U.S. President and U.S. Vice President, the first occasion a Presidential Inauguration to take place on January 20 following the ratification of the 20th Amendment
  • 1929 – In Old Arizona, the first full-length talking motion picture filmed outdoors, is released.
  • 1921 – The first Constitution of Turkey is adopted, making fundamental changes in the source and exercise of sovereignty by consecrating the principle of national sovereignty.
  • 1920 – The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is founded.
  • 1887 – The United States Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base.
  • 1788 – The third and main part of First Fleet arrives at Botany Bay. Arthur Phillip decides that Botany Bay is unsuitable for the location of a penal colony, and decides to move to Port Jackson.
  • 1783 – The Kingdom of Great Britain signs a peace treaty with France and Spain, officially ending hostilities in the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1576 – The Mexican city of León is founded by order of the viceroy Don Martín Enríquez de Almanza.
  • 1265 – The first English parliament to include not only Lords but also representatives of the major towns holds its first meeting in the Palace of Westminster, now commonly known as the "Houses of Parliament".

Births

  • 1991 – Ciara Hanna American actress and model
  • 1989 – Nick Foles, American football player
  • 1987 – Evan Peters, American actor
  • 1983 – Geovany Soto, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1981 – Jason Richardson, American basketball player
  • 1980 – Karl Anderson, American wrestler
  • 1980 – Philippe Cousteau, Jr., American-French oceanographer and journalist
  • 1976 – Michael Myers, American football player
  • 1972 – Nikki Haley, American accountant and politician, 116th Governor of South Carolina
  • 1971 – Derrick Green, American singer
  • 1971 – Questlove, American drummer, DJ, and producer
  • 1970 – Edwin McCain, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1970 – Skeet Ulrich, American actor
  • 1969 – Patrick K. Kroupa, American computer hacker and activist, co-founded MindVox
  • 1968 – Nick Anderson, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Kellyanne Conway, American political strategist and pundit
  • 1967 – Stacey Dash, American actress and television journalist
  • 1966 – Rainn Wilson, American actor
  • 1965 – John Michael Montgomery, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1964 – Fareed Zakaria, Indian-American journalist and author
  • 1964 – Jack Lewis, American soldier and author
  • 1964 – Ozzie Guillén, Venezuelan-American baseball player and manager
  • 1964 – Ron Harper, American basketball player and coach
  • 1963 – James Denton, American actor
  • 1963 – Mark Ryden, American painter and illustrator
  • 1960 – Apa Sherpa, Nepalese-American mountaineer
  • 1960 – Scott Thunes, American bass player
  • 1960 – Will Wright, American video game designer, co-founded Maxis
  • 1959 – R. A. Salvatore, American author
  • 1959 – Tami Hoag, American author
  • 1958 – Lorenzo Lamas, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1956 – Bill Maher, American comedian, political commentator, media critic, television host, and producer
  • 1956 – John Naber, American swimmer
  • 1953 – Jeffrey Epstein, American financier and philanthropist
  • 1952 – Paul Stanley, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1950 – Daniel Benzali, Brazilian-American actor
  • 1948 – Nancy Kress, American author and academic
  • 1946 – David Lynch, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1942 – Linda Moulton Howe, American journalist and producer
  • 1940 – Carol Heiss, American figure skater and actress
  • 1939 – Paul Coverdell, American captain and politician (d. 2000)
  • 1935 – Dorothy Provine, American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 2010)
  • 1931 – David Lee, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1930 – Buzz Aldrin, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1929 – Arte Johnson, American actor and comedian
  • 1929 – Fireball Roberts, American race car driver (d. 1964)
  • 1926 – David Tudor, American pianist and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1926 – Patricia Neal, American actress (d. 2010)
  • 1923 – Slim Whitman, American country and western singer-songwriter and musician (d. 2013)
  • 1922 – Don Mankiewicz, American author and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1922 – Ray Anthony, American trumpet player, composer, bandleader, and actor
  • 1920 – DeForest Kelley, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1918 – Nevin Scrimshaw, American scientist (d. 2013)
  • 1913 – W. Cleon Skousen, American author and academic (d. 2006)
  • 1908 – Fleur Cowles, American author and illustrator (d. 2009)
  • 1902 – Leon Ames, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1896 – George Burns, American actor, comedian, and producer (d. 1996)
  • 1894 – Harold Gray, American cartoonist, created Little Orphan Annie (d. 1968)
  • 1894 – Walter Piston, American composer, theorist, and academic (d. 1976)
  • 1891 – Mischa Elman, Ukrainian-American violinist (d. 1967)
  • 1889 – Allan Haines Loughead, American engineer and businessman, founded the Alco Hydro-Aeroplane Company (d. 1969)
  • 1883 – Enoch L. Johnson, American mob boss (d. 1968)
  • 1883 – Forrest Wilson, American journalist and author (d. 1942)
  • 1882 – Johnny Torrio, Italian-American mob boss (d. 1957)
  • 1880 – Walter W. Bacon, American accountant and politician, 60th Governor of Delaware (d. 1962)
  • 1878 – Ruth St. Denis, American dancer and educator (d. 1968)
  • 1876 – Josef Hofmann, Polish-American pianist and composer (d. 1967)
  • 1834 – George D. Robinson, American lawyer and politician, 34th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1798 – Anson Jones, American physician and politician, 5th President of the Republic of Texas (d. 1858)
  • 1732 – Richard Henry Lee, American lawyer and politician, President of the Continental Congress (d. 1794)

Deaths

  • 2017 – Harry J. Middleton, American writer and library director (b. 1921)
  • 2016 – David G. Hartwell, American anthologist, author, and critic (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Otis G. Pike, American judge and politician (b. 1921)
  • 2012 – Alejandro Rodriguez, Venezuelan-American pediatrician and psychiatrist (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – Etta James, American singer-songwriter (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – John F. Baker, Jr., American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1945)
  • 2012 – John Levy, American bassist and manager (b. 1912)
  • 2007 – Dan Christensen, American painter (b. 1942)
  • 2005 – Roland Frye, American theologian and critic (b. 1921)
  • 2003 – Al Hirschfeld, American painter and illustrator (b. 1903)
  • 2003 – Nedra Volz, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 2002 – Carrie Hamilton, American actress and singer (b. 1963)
  • 1996 – Gerry Mulligan, American saxophonist and composer (b. 1927)
  • 1994 – Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, first Kenyan Vice-President (b. 1911)
  • 1990 – Barbara Stanwyck, American actress (b. 1907)
  • 1984 – Johnny Weissmuller, American swimmer and actor (b. 1904)
  • 1971 – Broncho Billy Anderson, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1880)
  • 1965 – Alan Freed, American radio host (b. 1922)
  • 1962 – Robinson Jeffers, American poet and philosopher (b. 1887)
  • 1955 – Robert P. T. Coffin, American author and poet (b. 1892)
  • 1947 – Josh Gibson, American baseball player (b. 1911)
  • 1944 – James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist and academic (b. 1860)
  • 1940 – Omar Bundy, American general (b. 1861)
  • 1921 – Mary Watson Whitney, American astronomer and academic (b. 1847)
  • 1908 – John Ordronaux, American surgeon and academic (b. 1830)
  • 1901 – Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer, invented the Gramme machine (b. 1826)
  • 1873 – Basil Moreau, French priest, founded the Congregation of Holy Cross (b. 1799)
  • 1837 – John Soane, English architect, designed the Bank of England (b. 1753)
  • 1810 – Benjamin Chew, American lawyer and judge (b. 1721)
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