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Wednesday 1 July 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 2006 – The first operation of Qinghai–Tibet Railway in China.
  • 1987 – The American radio station WFAN in New York City is launched as the world's first all-sports radio station.
  • 1972 – The first Gay pride march in England takes place.
  • 1968 – Formal separation of the United Auto Workers from the AFL–CIO in the United States.
  • 1968 – The United States Central Intelligence Agency's Phoenix Program is officially established.
  • 1966 – The first color television transmission in Canada takes place from Toronto.
  • 1963 – ZIP codes are introduced for United States mail.
  • 1960 – Ghana becomes a republic and Kwame Nkrumah becomes its first President as Queen Elizabeth II ceases to be its head of state.
  • 1942 – World War II: First Battle of El Alamein.
  • 1931 – Wiley Post and Harold Gatty become the first people to circumnavigate the globe in a fixed-wing aircraft.
  • 1922 – The Great Railroad Strike of 1922 begins in the United States.
  • 1916 – World War I: First day on the Somme: On the first day of the Battle of the Somme 19,000 soldiers of the British Army are killed and 40,000 wounded.
  • 1915 – Leutnant Kurt Wintgens of the then-named German Deutsches Heer's Fliegertruppe army air service achieves the first known aerial victory with a synchronized machine-gun armed fighter plane, the Fokker M.5K/MG Eindecker.
  • 1903 – Start of first Tour de France bicycle race.
  • 1898 – Spanish–American War: The Battle of San Juan Hill is fought in Santiago de Cuba.
  • 1885 – The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.
  • 1881 – The world's first international telephone call is made between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, United States.
  • 1879 – Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.
  • 1874 – The Sholes and Glidden typewriter, the first commercially successful typewriter, goes on sale.
  • 1870 – The United States Department of Justice formally comes into existence.
  • 1867 – The British North America Act of 1867 takes effect as the Province of Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia join into confederation to create the modern nation of Canada. Sir John A. Macdonald is sworn in as the first Prime Minister of Canada. This date is commemorated annually in Canada as Canada Day, a national holiday.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburg begins.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of Malvern Hill takes place. It is the last of the Seven Days Battles, part of George B. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign.
  • 1862 – The Russian State Library is founded as the Library of the Moscow Public Museum.
  • 1855 – Signing of the Quinault Treaty: The Quinault and the Quileute cede their land to the United States.
  • 1819 – Johann Georg Tralles discovers the Great Comet of 1819, (C/1819 N1). It was the first comet analyzed using polarimetry, by François Arago.
  • 1782 – Raid on Lunenburg: American privateers attack the British settlement of Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
  • 1643 – First meeting of the Westminster Assembly, a council of theologians ("divines") and members of the Parliament of England appointed to restructure the Church of England, at Westminster Abbey in London.
  • 1523 – Johann Esch and Heinrich Voes become the first Lutheran martyrs, burned at the stake by Roman Catholic authorities in Brussels.

Births

  • 1992 – Aaron Sanchez, American baseball player. Aarón Sánchez (born February 12, 1976) is an award-winning celebrity chef, restaurateur, television personality, cookbook author and philanthropist of Mexican descent.
  • 1991 – Michael Wacha, American baseball player. Michael Joseph Wacha (/ˈwɑːkə/; born July 1, 1991) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the New York Mets of Major League Baseball (MLB).
  • 1989 – Kent Bazemore, American basketball player. Kenneth Lamont "Kent" Bazemore Jr. (born July 1, 1989) is an American professional basketball player for the Portland Trail Blazers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1986 – Charlie Blackmon, American baseball player. Charles Cobb Blackmon (born July 1, 1986), nicknamed "Chuck Nazty", is an American professional baseball outfielder for the Colorado Rockies of Major League Baseball (MLB).
  • 1985 – Chris Perez, American baseball player. Christopher Gilbert Pérez (born August 14, 1969) is an American guitarist, songwriter and author best known as lead guitarist for the Tejano band Selena y Los Dinos.
  • 1982 – Hilarie Burton, American actress. Burton gained wider recognition with leading roles in the films Our Very Own, Solstice, and The List.
  • 1979 – Forrest Griffin, American mixed martial artist and actor. Griffin, a former Georgia police officer, first rose to prominence after winning the first season of The Ultimate Fighter.
  • 1977 – Liv Tyler, American model and actress. Liv Rundgren Tyler (born Liv Rundgren; July 1, 1977) is an American actress, producer, singer and former model.
  • 1975 – Sean Colson, American basketball player and coach. At a height of 6'0" (1.83 m) tall, he played at the point guard position.
  • 1975 – Sufjan Stevens, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Stevens has also received Academy Award and Grammy Award nominations.
  • 1971 – Julianne Nicholson, American actress. She is best known for her main and supporting roles in multiple indie or drama films and TV series.
  • 1971 – Missy Elliott, American rapper, producer, dancer, and actress. Following several collaborations and guest appearances, she launched her solo career on July 15, 1997 with her debut album Supa Dupa Fly, which spawned the top 20 single "Sock It 2 Me".
  • 1969 – Séamus Egan, American-Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist. He resides in the USA.
  • 1967 – Pamela Anderson, Canadian-American model and actress. Anderson is best known for her appearances in Playboy magazine and for her work on the television series Home Improvement, Baywatch, and V.I.P..
  • 1966 – Shawn Burr, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 2013), was a professional ice hockey left winger. Burr played in the NHL for parts of 16 seasons from 1985 to 2000.
  • 1963 – Roddy Bottum, American singer and keyboard player. Roswell Christopher "Roddy" Bottum III (born July 1, 1963) is an American musician, best known as the keyboardist for the San Francisco alternative metal band Faith No More.
  • 1962 – Andre Braugher, American actor and producer. Braugher has received two Golden Globe Award nominations and ten Primetime Emmy Award nominations, winning two.
  • 1961 – Carl Lewis, American long jumper and runner. Frederick Carlton "Carl" Lewis (born July 1, 1961) is an American former track and field athlete who won nine Olympic gold medals, one Olympic silver medal, and 10 World Championships medals, including eight gold.
  • 1960 – Evelyn "Champagne" King, American soul/disco singer. King had other hits from the early through the mid–1980s including; "I'm in Love" (1981) and "Love Come Down" (1982).
  • 1960 – Kevin Swords, American rugby player. His 6'10" brother Brian Swords also played for the Eagles as a lock.
  • 1960 – Lynn Jennings, American runner. She excelled at all three of the sport's major disciplines: track, road, and cross country.
  • 1958 – Jack Dyer Crouch, II, American diplomat, United States Deputy National Security Advisor. Jack Dyer Crouch II (born July 1, 1958) is a former American federal government official and academic.
  • 1957 – Lisa Blount, American actress and producer (d. 2010), was an American film and television actress, and Academy Award-winning producer.
  • 1955 – Lisa Scottoline, American lawyer and author. Lisa Scottoline (/ˌskɒtəˈliːni/(born July 1, 1955) is an American author of legal thrillers.
  • 1954 – Keith Whitley, American singer and guitarist (d. 1989), was an American country music singer. During his career, Whitley only recorded two albums but charted 12 singles on the Billboard country charts, and 7 more after his death.
  • 1952 – Timothy J. Tobias, American pianist and composer (d. 2006), was an American composer and musician.
  • 1951 – Anne Feeney, American singer-songwriter and activist. Anne Feeney (born July 1, 1951) is a political activist, folk musician and singer-songwriter.
  • 1951 – Fred Schneider, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player. Frederick William Schneider III (born July 1, 1951) is an American singer, songwriter, arranger, and musician, best known as the frontman of the rock band The B-52's, of which he is a founding member.
  • 1951 – Terrence Mann, American actor, singer, and dancer. He is known for his appearances on the Broadway stage, which include Chester Lyman in Barnum, Rum Tum Tugger in Cats, Javert in Les Miserables, Beast in Beauty and the Beast, Chauvelin in The Scarlet Pimpernel, Charles in Pippin, Mal Beineke in The Addams Family, and The Man in the Yellow Suit in Tuck Everlasting.
  • 1951 – Tom Kozelko, American basketball player. Thomas William Kozelko (born July 1, 1951) is a retired American basketball player who played briefly in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1951 – Victor Willis, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor. In the group he performed costumed as a policeman or a naval officer.
  • 1950 – David Duke, American white supremacist, politician and former Ku Klux Klan Grand Wizard. Duke has been described by the Anti-Defamation League as "perhaps America’s most well-known racist and anti-Semite".
  • 1945 – Debbie Harry, American singer-songwriter and actress. Her recordings with the band reached number one in the U.S. and UK charts on many occasions from 1979 to 1981.
  • 1945 – Mike Burstyn, American actor and singer. Michael Burstein (Hebrew: מייק בורשטיין‎; born July 1, 1945) is an Israeli-American actor known onstage as Mike Burstyn.
  • 1943 – Jeff Wayne, American composer, musician, and lyricist. G.
  • 1943 – Philip Brunelle, American conductor and organist. In the course of an international career as a choral and opera conductor Brunelle has been awarded Commander of the Royal Norwegian Order of Merit and made an Honorary Member of the Order of the British Empire as well as receiving Hungary's Kodály Medal, the Ohtli medal from Mexico, and Sweden's Royal Order of the Polar Star.
  • 1942 – Andraé Crouch, American singer-songwriter, producer, and pastor (d. 2015), was an American gospel singer, songwriter, arranger, record producer and pastor. Referred to as "the father of modern gospel music" by contemporary Christian and gospel music professionals, Crouch was known for his compositions "The Blood Will Never Lose Its Power", "My Tribute (To God Be the Glory)" and "Soon and Very Soon".
  • 1941 – Alfred G. Gilman, American pharmacologist and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015). He and Martin Rodbell shared the 1994 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discovery of G-proteins and the role of these proteins in signal transduction in cells."
  • 1941 – Myron Scholes, Canadian-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate. Buck Professor of Finance, Emeritus, at the Stanford Graduate School of Business, Nobel Laureate in Economic Sciences, and co-originator of the Black–Scholes options pricing model.
  • 1941 – Rod Gilbert, Canadian-American ice hockey player. Rodrigue Gabriel Gilbert (born July 1, 1941) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey forward who played for the New York Rangers in the National Hockey League (NHL).
  • 1941 – Twyla Tharp, American dancer and choreographer. Her work often uses classical music, jazz, and contemporary pop music.
  • 1939 – Delaney Bramlett, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2008), was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and producer. Bramlett is best known for his musical partnership with his then-wife, Bonnie Bramlett in the band Delaney & Bonnie and Friends, which included a wide variety of other musicians, many of whom were successful in other contexts.
  • 1939 – Karen Black, American actress (d. 2013), was an American actress, screenwriter, singer, and songwriter. She rose to prominence for her work in various independent films in the 1970s, frequently portraying eccentric and offbeat characters, and established herself as a figure of New Hollywood.
  • 1935 – James Cotton, American singer-songwriter and harmonica player (d. 2017), was an American blues harmonica player, singer and songwriter, who performed and recorded with many of the great blues artists of his time and with his own band. He played drums early in his career but is famous for his harmonica playing.
  • 1934 – Jamie Farr, American actor. Jamie Farr (born Jameel Joseph Farah; July 1, 1934) is an American television and film comedian and theatre actor.
  • 1934 – Sydney Pollack, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2008), was an American film director, producer and actor. Pollack directed more than 20 films and 10 television shows, acted in over 30 movies or shows and produced over 44 films.
  • 1933 – C. Scott Littleton, American anthropologist and academic (d. 2010). Born in Los Angeles, he served in the Army during the Korean War.
  • 1930 – Carol Chomsky, American linguist and academic (d. 2008), was an American linguist and education specialist who studied language acquisition in children.
  • 1930 – Moustapha Akkad, Syrian-American director and producer (d. 2005), was a Syrian American film producer and director, best known for producing the original series of Halloween films and directing The Message and Lion of the Desert. He was killed along with his daughter Rima Al Akkad Monla in the 2005 Amman bombings.
  • 1929 – Gerald Edelman, American biologist and immunologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2014), was an American biologist who shared the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for work with Rodney Robert Porter on the immune system. Edelman's Nobel Prize-winning research concerned discovery of the structure of antibody molecules.
  • 1928 – Bobby Day, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (d. 1990), was an American rock and roll and R&B singer, multi instrumentalist, music producer and songwriter. He is best known for his hit record "Rockin' Robin", written by Jimmie Thomas.
  • 1926 – Robert Fogel, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013), was an American economic historian and scientist, and winner (with Douglass North) of the 1993 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. As of his death, he was the Charles R.
  • 1925 – Farley Granger, American actor (d. 2011), was an American actor, best known for his two collaborations with director Alfred Hitchcock: Rope in 1948 and Strangers on a Train in 1951.
  • 1924 – Florence Stanley, American actress (d. 2003), was an American actress of stage, film, and television.
  • 1923 – Scotty Bowers, American Marine, author and pimp, was an American who was a United States Marine and, from the 1940s to the 1980s, a Hollywood pimp. Stories of his exploits circulated for many years and were alluded to in books such as Hollywood Babylon.
  • 1922 – Toshi Seeger, German-American activist, co-founded the Clearwater Festival (d. 2013), was an American filmmaker, producer and environmental activist. A filmmaker who specialized in the subject of folk music, Toshi's credits include the 1966 film Afro-American Work Songs in a Texas Prison and the Emmy Award-winning documentary Pete Seeger: The Power of Song, released through PBS in 2007.
  • 1920 – Harold Sakata, Japanese-American wrestler and actor (d. 1982), was an American Olympic weightlifter, professional wrestler, and film actor. He won a silver medal for the United States at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London in weightlifting.
  • 1919 – Gerald E. Miller, American vice admiral (d. 2014), was a vice admiral in the United States Navy. He was a commander of the United States Sixth Fleet (from October 1971 – June 1973).
  • 1917 – Humphry Osmond, English-American lieutenant and psychiatrist (d. 2004), was an English psychiatrist who expatriated to Canada, then moved to work in the United States. He is known for inventing the word psychedelic and for his research into interesting and useful applications for psychedelic drugs.
  • 1916 – George C. Stoney, American director and producer (d. 2012), was an American documentary filmmaker, an educator, and the "father of public-access television." Among his films were All My Babies (1953), How the Myth Was Made (1979) and The Uprising of '34 (1995). All My Babies was entered into the National Film Registry in 2002.
  • 1916 – Olivia de Havilland, British-American actress. Her younger sister was actress Joan Fontaine.
  • 1915 – Joseph Ransohoff, American soldier and neurosurgeon (d. 2001). Joseph 'Joe' Ransohoff, II (July 1, 1915 – January 30, 2001) was a member of the Ransohoff family and a pioneer in the field of neurosurgery.
  • 1915 – Willie Dixon, American singer-songwriter, bass player, guitarist, and producer (d. 1992), was an American blues musician, vocalist, songwriter, arranger and record producer. He was proficient in playing both the upright bass and the guitar, and sang with a distinctive voice, but he is perhaps best known as one of the most prolific songwriters of his time.
  • 1914 – Bernard B. Wolfe, American politician (d. 2016). Wolfe (July 1, 1914 – April 13, 2016) was an American politician in the state of Illinois.
  • 1913 – Lee Guttero, American basketball player (d. 2004), was an American basketball player who was the University of Southern California's first two-time NCAA All-American.
  • 1912 – David Brower, American environmentalist, founded Sierra Club Foundation (d. 2000), was a prominent environmentalist and the founder of many environmental organizations, including the John Muir Institute for Environmental Studies, Friends of the Earth (1969), Earth Island Institute (1982), North Cascades Conservation Council, and Fate of the Earth Conferences. From 1952 to 1969, he served as the first Executive Director of the Sierra Club, and served on its board three times: from 1941–1953; 1983–1988; and 1995–2000.
  • 1910 – Glenn Hardin, American hurdler (d. 1975), was an American athlete, winner of 400 m hurdles at the 1936 Summer Olympics.
  • 1909 – Emmett Toppino, American sprinter (d. 1971), was an American athlete, winner of a gold medal in the 4 × 100 m relay at the 1932 Summer Olympics.
  • 1902 – William Wyler, French-American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1981), was an American film director, producer and screenwriter. Notable works include Ben-Hur (1959), The Best Years of Our Lives (1946), and Mrs.
  • 1901 – Irna Phillips, American screenwriter (d. 1973), was an American scriptwriter, screenwriter, casting agent and actress. Known by several publications as the "Queen of the Soaps", she created, produced, and wrote several of the first American daytime radio and television soap operas.
  • 1899 – Charles Laughton, English-American actor and director (d. 1962), was an English stage and film actor. Laughton was trained in London at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art and first appeared professionally on the stage in 1926.
  • 1899 – Thomas A. Dorsey, American pianist and composer (d. 1993), was an American musician. Dorsey was known as "the father of gospel music" and was at one time so closely associated with the field that songs written in the new style were sometimes known as "dorseys".
  • 1892 – James M. Cain, American author and journalist (d. 1977). Cain vehemently opposed labeling, but he is usually associated with the hardboiled school of American crime fiction and is seen as one of the creators of the roman noir.
  • 1875 – Joseph Weil, American con men (d. 1976), was one of the best known American con men of his era. Weil's biographer, W.
  • 1873 – Alice Guy-Blaché, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1968), was a French pioneer filmmaker, active from the late 19th century, and one of the very first to make a narrative fiction film. She was the first woman to direct a film.
  • 1869 – William Strunk Jr., American author and educator (d. 1946), was an American professor of English at Cornell University and author of The Elements of Style (1918). After revision and enlargement by his former student E.
  • 1858 – Velma Caldwell Melville, American editor, and writer of prose and poetry (d. 1924), was a 19th-century American editor, and writer of prose and poetry from Wisconsin. She served as editor of the "Home Circle and Youths' Department" of the Practical Farmer of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania as well as for the "Hearth and Home Department" of the Wisconsin Farmer, of Madison, Wisconsin.
  • 1858 – Willard Metcalf, American painter (d. 1925), was an American artist born in Lowell, Massachusetts. He studied at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and later attended Académie Julian, Paris.
  • 1850 – Florence Earle Coates, American poet (d. 1927). She was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1838 – William Paine Lord, American lawyer and politician, 9th Governor of Oregon (d. 1911), was a Republican politician who served as the ninth Governor of Oregon from 1895 to 1899. The Delaware native previously served as the 27th associate justice of the Oregon Supreme Court, including three times as the Chief Justice of that court.
  • 1808 – Ygnacio del Valle, Mexican-American landowner (d. 1880), was a Californio rancher and landowner in the eastern Santa Clara River Valley, California, United States, as well as an alcalde of Los Angeles. His estate, Rancho Camulos, is registered as a National Historic Landmark.
  • 1807 – Thomas Green Clemson, American politician and educator, founded Clemson University (d. 1888), was an American politician and statesman, serving as an ambassador and the United States Superintendent of Agriculture. He served in the Confederate States Army.
  • 1804 – Charles Gordon Greene, American journalist and politician (d. 1886). Greene was born at Boscawen, New Hampshire.

Deaths

  • 2014 – Stephen Gaskin, American activist, co-founded The Farm (b. 1935)
  • 2014 – Walter Dean Myers, American author and poet (b. 1937)
  • 2013 – Sidney Bryan Berry, American general (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Alan G. Poindexter, American captain, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1961)
  • 2012 – Evelyn Lear, American operatic soprano (b. 1926)
  • 2012 – Jack Richardson, American author and playwright (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Ossie Hibbert, Jamaican-American keyboard player and producer (b. 1950)
  • 2012 – Peter E. Gillquist, American priest and author (b. 1938)
  • 2010 – Arnold Friberg, American painter and illustrator (b. 1913)
  • 2010 – Don Coryell, American football player and coach (b. 1924)
  • 2010 – Ilene Woods, American actress and singer (b. 1929)
  • 2009 – Karl Malden, American actor (b. 1912)
  • 2005 – Luther Vandross, American singer-songwriter and producer (Change) (b. 1951)
  • 2005 – Renaldo Benson, American singer-songwriter (Four Tops) (b. 1936)
  • 2004 – Marlon Brando, American actor and director (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – Herbie Mann, American flute player and saxophonist (b. 1930)
  • 2000 – Walter Matthau, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 1999 – Edward Dmytryk, Canadian-American director and producer (b. 1908)
  • 1999 – Sylvia Sidney, American actress (b. 1910)
  • 1997 – Charles Werner, American cartoonist (b. 1909)
  • 1997 – Robert Mitchum, American actor (b. 1917)
  • 1996 – Margaux Hemingway, American model and actress (b. 1954)
  • 1996 – Steve Tesich, Serbian-American author and screenwriter (b. 1942)
  • 1996 – William T. Cahill, American lawyer and politician, 46th Governor of New Jersey (b. 1904)
  • 1995 – Wolfman Jack, American radio host (b. 1938)
  • 1994 – Merriam Modell, American author (b. 1908)
  • 1991 – Michael Landon, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1936)
  • 1983 – Buckminster Fuller, American architect, designed the Montreal Biosphère (b. 1895)
  • 1966 – Frank Verner, American runner (b. 1883)
  • 1965 – Robert Ruark, American journalist and author (b. 1915)
  • 1964 – Pierre Monteux, French-American viola player and conductor (b. 1875)
  • 1950 – Eliel Saarinen, Finnish-American architect, co-designed the National Museum of Finland (b. 1873)
  • 1912 – Harriet Quimby, American pilot and screenwriter (b. 1875)
  • 1905 – John Hay, American journalist and politician, 37th United States Secretary of State (b. 1838)
  • 1896 – Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author and activist (b. 1811)
  • 1884 – Allan Pinkerton, Scottish-American detective and spy (b. 1819)
  • 1863 – John F. Reynolds, American general (b. 1820)
  • 1860 – Charles Goodyear, American chemist and engineer (b. 1800)
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