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Tuesday 7 August 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Events

  • 1998 – Bombings at United States embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya kill approximately 212 people.
  • 1990 – First American soldiers arrive in Saudi Arabia as part of the Gulf War.
  • 1987 – Lynne Cox becomes first person to swim from the United States to the Soviet Union, crossing the Bering Strait from Little Diomede Island in Alaska to Big Diomede in the Soviet Union
  • 1985 – Takao Doi, Mamoru Mohri and Chiaki Mukai are chosen to be Japan's first astronauts.
  • 1964 – Vietnam War: The U.S. Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on American forces.
  • 1962 – Canadian-born American pharmacologist Frances Oldham Kelsey awarded the U.S. President's Award for Distinguished Federal Civilian Service for her refusal to authorize thalidomide.
  • 1955 – Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, sells its first transistor radios in Japan.
  • 1944 – IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).
  • 1942 – World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal begins as the United States Marines initiate the first American offensive of the war with landings on Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon Islands.
  • 1930 – The last confirmed lynching of blacks in the Northern United States occurs in Marion, Indiana; two men, Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, are killed.
  • 1909 – Alice Huyler Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip, taking 59 days to travel from New York, New York to San Francisco, California.
  • 1858 – The first Australian rules football match is played between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College.
  • 1791 – American troops destroy the Miami town of Kenapacomaqua near the site of present-day Logansport, Indiana in the Northwest Indian War.
  • 1789 – The United States Department of War is established.
  • 1714 – The Battle of Gangut: The first important victory of the Russian Navy.
  • 1679 – The brigantine Le Griffon, commissioned by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the south-eastern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes of North America.

Births

  • 1991 – Mike Trout, American baseball player
  • 1989 – DeMar DeRozan, American basketball player
  • 1988 – Beanie Wells, American football player
  • 1988 – Melody Oliveria, American blogger
  • 1987 – Ryan Lavarnway, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Marquise Hill, American football player (d. 2007)
  • 1981 – David Testo, American soccer player
  • 1981 – Randy Wayne, American actor and producer
  • 1979 – Eric Johnson, American actor, director, and screenwriter
  • 1978 – Jamey Jasta, American singer-songwriter
  • 1976 – Shane Lechler, American football player
  • 1975 – Charlize Theron, South African-American actress and producer
  • 1975 – Ray Hill, American football player (d. 2015)
  • 1975 – Rebecca Kleefisch, American journalist and politician, 44th Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin
  • 1974 – Chico Benymon, American actor
  • 1974 – Michael Shannon, American actor
  • 1973 – Danny Graves, Vietnamese-American baseball player
  • 1971 – Rachel York, American actress and singer
  • 1970 – Eric Namesnik, American swimmer (d. 2006)
  • 1968 – Francesca Gregorini, Italian-American director and screenwriter
  • 1967 – Jason Grimsley, American baseball player
  • 1966 – Jimmy Wales, American businessman, co-founder of Wikipedia
  • 1966 – Kristin Hersh, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1965 – Raul Malo, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1963 – Marcus Roberts, American pianist and educator
  • 1963 – Nick Gillespie, American journalist and author
  • 1962 – Alison Brown, American banjo player, songwriter, and producer
  • 1960 – David Duchovny, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1958 – Alberto Salazar, Cuban-American runner and coach
  • 1958 – Russell Baze, Canadian-American jockey
  • 1955 – Greg Nickels, American lawyer and politician, 51st Mayor of Seattle
  • 1955 – Wayne Knight, American actor, comedian and voice actor
  • 1953 – Anne Fadiman, American journalist and author
  • 1952 – Caroline Aaron, American actress and producer
  • 1950 – Alan Keyes, American politician and diplomat, 16th Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs
  • 1950 – Rodney Crowell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1948 – Marty Appel, American businessman and author
  • 1945 – Alan Page, American football player and jurist
  • 1944 – John Glover, American actor
  • 1944 – Robert Mueller, American soldier and lawyer, 6th Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • 1942 – B. J. Thomas, American singer
  • 1942 – Garrison Keillor, American humorist, novelist, short story writer, and radio host
  • 1935 – Rahsaan Roland Kirk, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1977)
  • 1933 – Elinor Ostrom, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2012)
  • 1933 – Jerry Pournelle, American journalist and author
  • 1932 – Maurice Rabb, Jr., American ophthalmologist and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1931 – Charles E. Rice, American scholar and author (d. 2015)
  • 1929 – Don Larsen, American baseball player
  • 1928 – Betsy Byars, American author and academic
  • 1928 – James Randi, Canadian-American magician and author
  • 1928 – Owen Luder, English architect, designed Tricorn Centre and Trinity Square
  • 1927 – Art Houtteman, American baseball player and journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1927 – Edwin Edwards, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 50th Governor of Louisiana
  • 1927 – Rocky Bridges, American baseball player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1926 – Stan Freberg, American puppeteer, voice actor, and singer (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Felice Bryant, American songwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1921 – Karel Husa, Czech-American composer and conductor (d. 2016)
  • 1918 – Gordon Zahn, American sociologist and author (d. 2007)
  • 1916 – Kermit Love, American actor, puppeteer, and costume designer (d. 2008)
  • 1913 – George Van Eps, American guitarist (d. 1998)
  • 1911 – Nicholas Ray, American director and screenwriter (d. 1979)
  • 1910 – Freddie Slack, American pianist and bandleader (d. 1965)
  • 1907 – Albert Kotin, Belarusian-American soldier and painter (d. 1980)
  • 1904 – Ralph Bunche, American political scientist, academic, and diplomat, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1901 – Ann Harding, American actress and singer (d. 1981)
  • 1890 – Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, American author and activist (d. 1964)
  • 1884 – Billie Burke, American actress and singer (d. 1970)
  • 1742 – Nathanael Greene, American general (d. 1786)
  • 1726 – James Bowdoin, American banker and politician, 2nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1790)

Deaths

  • 2016 – Bryan Clauson, American racing driver (b. 1989)
  • 2015 – Louise Suggs, American golfer, co-founded LPGA (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Henry Stone, American record producer (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Perry Moss, American football player and coach (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Margaret Pellegrini, American actress and dancer (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Samuel G. Armistead, American linguist, historian, and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Judith Crist, American critic and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Mayer Zald, American sociologist and academic (b. 1931)
  • 2011 – Mark Hatfield, American soldier, academic, and politician, 29th Governor of Oregon (b. 1922)
  • 2009 – Louis E. Saavedra, American educator and politician, 48th Mayor of Albuquerque (b. 1933)
  • 2009 – Mike Seeger, American singer-songwriter (b. 1933)
  • 2008 – Bernie Brillstein, American talent agent and producer (b. 1931)
  • 2007 – Angus Tait, New Zealand businessman, founded Tait Communications (b. 1919)
  • 2006 – Mary Anderson Bain, American lawyer and politician (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Peter Jennings, Canadian-American journalist and author (b. 1938)
  • 2004 – Red Adair, American firefighter (b. 1915)
  • 2003 – Mickey McDermott, American baseball player and coach (b. 1929)
  • 1989 – Mickey Leland, American lawyer and politician (b. 1944)
  • 1985 – Grayson Hall, American actress (b. 1922)
  • 1972 – Joi Lansing, American model, actress, and singer (b. 1929)
  • 1970 – Harold Haley, American lawyer and judge (b. 1904)
  • 1970 – Jonathan P. Jackson, American bodyguard (b. 1953)
  • 1958 – Elizabeth Foreman Lewis, American author and educator (b. 1892)
  • 1957 – Oliver Hardy, American actor, singer, and director (b. 1892)
  • 1953 – Abner Powell, American baseball player and manager (b. 1860)
  • 1948 – Charles Bryant, English-American actor and director (b. 1879)
  • 1834 – Joseph Marie Jacquard, French weaver and inventor, invented the Jacquard loom (b. 1752)
  • 1616 – Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect, designed Teatro Olimpico (b. 1548)
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