Sunday 13 September 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: Chocolate holidays
, Father’s Days
, Food holidays
, Women’s Days
, Worldwide Holidays
, Health Calendar
, Pet and Animal Holidays
, The Philippines
, United Kingdom
, Unusual Holidays
Holidays and observances
- In 2017 third of the mass of Asia's high mountain glaciers may be expected to be lost by 2100 due to global warming.
- 2013 – Taliban insurgents attack the United States consulate in Herat, Afghanistan, with two members of the Afghan National Police reported dead and about 20 civilians injured.
- 2008 – Hurricane Ike makes landfall on the Texas Gulf Coast of the United States, causing heavy damage to Galveston Island, Houston, and surrounding areas.
- 2001 – Civilian aircraft traffic resumes in the United States after the September 11 attacks.
- 1985 – Super Mario Bros. is released in Japan for the NES, which starts the Super Mario series of platforming games.
- 1962 – An appeals court orders the University of Mississippi to admit James Meredith the first African-American student admitted to the segregated University of Mississippi,
- 1956 – The IBM 305 RAMAC is introduced, the first commercial computer to use disk storage.
- 1948 – Margaret Chase Smith is elected United States senator, and becomes the first woman to serve in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the United States Senate.
- 1933 – Elizabeth McCombs becomes the first woman elected to the New Zealand Parliament.
- 1906 – First flight of a fixed-wing aircraft in Europe.
- 1900 – Filipino resistance fighters defeat a small American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine–American War.
- 1899 – Henry Bliss is the first person in the United States to be killed in an automobile accident.
- 1899 – Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199 m – 17,058 ft), the highest peak of Mount Kenya.
- 1898 – Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film.
- 1862 – American Civil War: Union soldiers find a copy of Robert E. Lee's battle plans in a field outside Frederick, Maryland. It is the prelude to the Battle of Antietam.
- 1848 – Vermont railroad worker Phineas Gage survives an iron rod 1 1⁄4 inches (3.2 cm) in diameter being driven through his brain; the reported effects on his behavior and personality stimulate thinking about the nature of the brain and its functions.
- 1847 – Mexican–American War: Six teenage military cadets known as Niños Héroes die defending Chapultepec Castle in the Battle of Chapultepec. American troops under General Winfield Scott capture Mexico City in the Mexican–American War.
- 1814 – In a turning point in the War of 1812, the British fail to capture Baltimore. During the battle, Francis Scott Key composes his poem "Defence of Fort McHenry", which is later set to music and becomes the United States' national anthem.
- 1788 – The Philadelphia Convention sets the date for the first presidential election in the United States, and New York City becomes the country's temporary capital.
- 1782 – American Revolutionary War: Franco-Spanish troops launch the unsuccessful "grand assault" during the Great Siege of Gibraltar.
- 1759 – Battle of the Plains of Abraham: the British defeat the French near Quebec City in the Seven Years' War, known in the United States as the French and Indian War.
- 1996 – Playboi Carti, American Rapper. Jordan Terrell Carter (born September 13, 1996), known by his stage name Playboi Carti, is an American rapper, singer and songwriter.
- 1986 – Derek Hardman, American football player. He played college football at Eastern Kentucky.
- 1984 – Baron Corbin, American wrestler. Thomas Pestock (born September 13, 1984) is an American professional wrestler better known by the ring name Baron Corbin.
- 1984 – Nabil Abou-Harb, American director, producer, and screenwriter. He is also co-founder of "Five on Fifty Films" and has directed and produced a number of commercials.
- 1983 – Molly Crabapple, American illustrator and journalist. Molly Crabapple, born Jennifer Caban, is an artist and writer living in New York.
- 1982 – Colin Marston, American guitarist, bassist, and producer/engineer. He also known for his performances in acts such as Behold...
- 1982 – Rickie Weeks, American baseball player. Rickie Darnell Weeks Jr. (born September 13, 1982) is an American former professional baseball second baseman.
- 1981 – Angelina Love, Canadian-American wrestler. Lauren Ann Williams (born September 13, 1981) is a Canadian professional wrestler currently signed to Ring of Honor as one-third of the heel stable known as The Allure, where she is a former Women of Honor World Champion.
- 1978 – Peter Sunde, Swedish businessman, co-founded Flattr and The Pirate Bay. Peter Sunde Kolmisoppi (born 13 September 1978), alias brokep, is a Swedish entrepreneur and politician.
- 1978 – Swizz Beatz, American rapper and producer. Kasseem Dean (born September 13, 1978), known professionally as Swizz Beatz, is an American DJ, record producer, art collector, and entrepreneur from New York City.
- 1977 – Fiona Apple, American singer-songwriter, producer, and pianist. Her accolades include one Grammy Award, and an additional seven Grammy Award nominations in various categories.
- 1975 – Joe Don Rooney, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. In addition to the Electric guitar, Rooney plays the acoustic and bass guitars, as well as mandolin & banjo.
- 1974 – Travis Knight, American basketball player. Travis Andrew Knight (born September 13, 1973) is an American animator, producer, director, and former rapper who has worked as the lead animator for stop-motion animation studio Laika, and directed the films Kubo and the Two Strings (2016) and Bumblebee (2018).
- 1970 – Lee Abramson, American bass player and composer (d. 2016), was an American composer and musician. He was the first person to write music using ModelTalker, a computerized speech production program.
- 1969 – Tyler Perry, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. In 2011, Forbes listed him as the highest paid man in entertainment, earning US$$130 million between May 2010 and May 2011.
- 1968 – Bernie Williams, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and guitarist. He played his entire 16-year career in Major League Baseball (MLB) with the New York Yankees from 1991 through 2006.
- 1967 – Stephen Perkins, American drummer and songwriter. A drummer and percussionist, he currently plays with Jane's Addiction and Hellflower.
- 1967 – Tim "Ripper" Owens, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Timothy S. "Ripper" Owens (born September 13, 1967) is an American heavy metal singer who currently performs with Spirits of Fire, the Three Tremors and A New Revenge.
- 1965 – Annie Duke, American poker player and author. Duke won the 2004 World Series of Poker Tournament of Champions and the National Heads-Up Poker Championship in 2010.
- 1965 – Jeff Ross, American comedian, director, and author. In 2009 the Chicago Tribune called Ross "the new millennium Don Rickles."
- 1964 – Tavis Smiley, American talk show host, journalist, and author. After attending Indiana University, he worked during the late 1980s as an aide to Tom Bradley, the mayor of Los Angeles.
- 1962 – Neal Lancaster, American golfer. Grady Neal Lancaster (born September 13, 1962) is an American professional golfer who has played on the PGA Tour, Nationwide Tour and the PGA Tour Champions.
- 1961 – Dave Mustaine, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. He is best known as the co-founder, lead vocalist, guitarist and primary songwriter of the American heavy metal band Megadeth, as well as the original lead guitarist of the American band Metallica.
- 1961 – Peter Roskam, American lawyer and politician. He is a member of the Republican Party and served as the Chief Deputy Majority Whip from 2011–14, ranking fourth among House Republican leaders.
- 1957 – Brad Hooker, English-American philosopher and academic. He is a Professor at the University of Reading and is best known for his work defending rule consequentialism (often treated as being synonymous with rule utilitarianism).
- 1957 – John G. Trueschler, American lawyer and politician. Trueschler (born September 13, 1957), was a member of the Maryland House of Delegates, District 42.
- 1957 – Judy Blumberg, American ice dancer and sportscaster. Judith Ann Blumberg (born September 13, 1957) is an American former competitive ice dancer.
- 1957 – Mark Wiebe, American golfer. Mark Charles Wiebe (born September 13, 1957) is an American professional golfer who currently plays on the PGA Tour Champions.
- 1957 – Vinny Appice, American rock drummer. Vincent Samson Appice (born September 13, 1957) is an American rock drummer best known for his work with the bands Dio, Black Sabbath, and Heaven & Hell.
- 1956 – Joni Sledge, American singer and songwriter (Sister Sledge) (d. 2017), was an American singer–songwriter, actress and producer. Sledge was best known as a founding member of the American family vocal group Sister Sledge, who were best known for their hits during the mid–1970s through the mid–1990s; most notably 1979's "We Are Family" and "He's the Greatest Dancer".
- 1952 – Don Was, American bass player and producer. Don Edward Fagenson (born September 13, 1952), known as Don Was, is an American musician, record producer and record executive.
- 1951 – Jean Smart, American actress. Smart was later cast in a leading role as Charlene Frazier Stillfield on the CBS sitcom Designing Women, which she starred in from 1986 to 1991.
- 1950 – Jeff Lowe, American mountaineer, was a famed American alpinist from Ogden, Utah who was known for his visionary climbs and first ascents established in the US and Canadian Rockies, Alps and Himalayas. He was a proponent of the "Alpine style" philosophy of climbing, where small teams travel fast with minimal gear.
- 1949 – John W. Henry, American businessman. He is the principal owner of Liverpool Football Club, the Boston Red Sox, The Boston Globe, and co-owner of Roush Fenway Racing.
- 1948 – Nell Carter, American actress and singer (d. 2003), was an American singer and actress.
- 1944 – Peter Cetera, American singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer. Peter Paul Cetera (/səˈtɛrə/ sə-TERR-ə; born September 13, 1944) is an American singer, songwriter, and bassist best known for being an original member of the rock band Chicago (1967–1985), before launching a successful solo career.
- 1943 – Mildred D. Taylor, American author. Mildred DeLois Taylor (born September 13, 1943) is a Newbery Award-winning African-American young adult novelist.
- 1941 – Tadao Ando, Japanese architect and academic, designed Piccadilly Gardens, was categorized by architectural historian Francesco Dal Co as "critical regionalism". He is the winner of the 1995 Pritzker Prize.
- 1939 – Arleen Auger, American soprano and educator (d. 1993), was an American soprano, admired for her coloratura voice and interpretations of works by Bach, Handel, Haydn, Monteverdi, Gluck, and Mozart.
- 1939 – Joel-Peter Witkin, American photographer. Witkin's complex tableaux often recall religious episodes or classical paintings.
- 1937 – Don Bluth, American animator, director, and producer, co-founded Sullivan Bluth Studios and Fox Animation Studios. He is also known for competing with former employer Walt Disney Productions during the years leading up to the films that would make up the Disney Renaissance.
- 1936 – Stefano Delle Chiaie, Italian activist, founded National Vanguard, was an Italian neofascist activist. He was the founder of Avanguardia Nazionale, a member of Ordine Nuovo, and founder of Lega nazionalpopolare.
- 1933 – Eileen Fulton, American actress. Eileen Fulton (born September 13, 1933) is an American actress.
- 1933 – Lewie Steinberg, American bass player (d. 2016), was an American musician best known as the original bass guitar player for the soul music group Booker T. & the M.G.'s. He was born in Memphis, Tennessee.
- 1931 – Barbara Bain, American actress. She is most known for co-starring in the original Mission: Impossible television series in the 1960s as Cinnamon Carter, and in the 1970s TV series Space: 1999 as Doctor Helena Russell.
- 1928 – Robert Indiana, American painter and sculptor, was an American artist associated with the pop art movement. His "LOVE" print, first created for the Museum of Modern Art's Christmas card in 1965, was the basis for his 1970 Love sculpture and the widely distributed 1973 United States Postal Service "LOVE" stamp.
- 1926 – Andrew Brimmer, American economist and academic (d. 2012), was a noted United States economist, academic, and business leader who was the first African American to have served as a governor of the Federal Reserve System.
- 1926 – J. Frank Raley Jr., American soldier and politician (d. 2012). Frank Raley, Jr., (September 13, 1926 – August 21, 2012), whose full name was John Frank Raley, Jr., was a Maryland politician and an advocate for education, economic development and protection and restoration of the Chesapeake Bay.
- 1925 – Mel Tormé, American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1999), was an American musician, singer, composer, arranger, drummer, actor, and author. He composed the music for "The Christmas Song" ("Chestnuts Roasting on an Open Fire") and co-wrote the lyrics with Bob Wells.
- 1924 – Scott Brady, American actor (d. 1985), was an American film and television actor best known for his roles in western films and as a ubiquitous television presence.
- 1922 – Caroline Duby Glassman, American lawyer and jurist (d. 2013), was an American attorney and former jurist in the state of Maine. A native of Oregon, she completed college and law school in that state before moving to Portland, Maine, where she practiced law with her husband Harry P.
- 1920 – Else Holmelund Minarik, Danish-American journalist and author (d. 2012), was an American author of more than 40 children's books. She was most commonly associated with her Little Bear series of children's books, which were adapted for television. Minarik was also the author of another well-known book, No Fighting, No Biting!
- 1917 – Carol Kendall, American historian and author (d. 2012), was an American writer of children's books. She has received the Newbery Honor, Ohioana award, Parents choice award, and the Mythopoeic Society Aslan award.
- 1914 – Leonard Feather, English-American pianist, composer, producer, and journalist (d. 1994), was a British-born jazz pianist, composer, and producer, who was best known for his music journalism and other writing.
- 1912 – Maurice K. Goddard, American colonel and politician (d. 1995). Goddard (1912–1995) was the driving force behind the creation of 45 Pennsylvania state parks during his 24 years as a cabinet officer for six governors of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States.
- 1912 – Reta Shaw, American actress (d. 1982), was an American character actress known for playing strong, working women in film and on many of the most popular television programs of the 1960s and 1970s in the United States. She may be best remembered as the housekeeper, Martha Grant, on the television series The Ghost & Mrs.
- 1911 – Bill Monroe, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1996), was an American mandolinist, singer, and songwriter, who created the style of music known as bluegrass. Because of this, he is commonly referred to as the "Father of Bluegrass".
- 1908 – Chu Berry, American saxophonist (d. 1941), was an American jazz tenor saxophonist during the 1930s.
- 1908 – Mae Questel, American actress and vocal artist (d. 1998), was an American actress and voice actress best known for providing the voices for the animated characters Betty Boop and Olive Oyl. She began in vaudeville, and played occasional small roles in films and television later in her career, most notably the role of Aunt Bethany in 1989's National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation.
- 1904 – Gladys George, American actress (d. 1954), was an American actress of stage and screen. She was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress in 1936, for her role in Valiant is the Name for Carrie.
- 1903 – Claudette Colbert, French-American actress (d. 1996), was an American stage and film actress.
- 1895 – Morris Kirksey, American rugby player and sprinter (d. 1981), was an American track and field athlete and rugby union footballer who won two gold medals at the 1920 Summer Olympics. He is one of four athletes to win gold medals in two different Olympic sports.
- 1893 – Larry Shields, American clarinet player (d. 1953), was an early American dixieland jazz clarinetist. He was a member of the Original Dixieland Jazz Band, the first jazz band to record commercially.
- 1890 – Antony Noghès, French-Monegasque businessman, founded the Monaco Grand Prix (d. 1978), was the founder of the Monaco Grand Prix.
- 1883 – LeRoy Samse, American pole vaulter (d. 1956), was an American athlete who competed mainly in the pole vault. Samse represented the United States in the 1904 Summer Olympics held in St Louis, United States in the pole vault where he won the silver medal.
- 1880 – Jesse L. Lasky, American film producer, co-founded Famous Players-Lasky (d. 1958), was an American pioneer motion picture producer. He was a key founder of Paramount Pictures with Adolph Zukor and William Wadsworth Hodkinson, and father of screenwriter Jesse L.
- 1876 – Sherwood Anderson, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1941), was an American novelist and short story writer, known for subjective and self-revealing works. Self-educated, he rose to become a successful copywriter and business owner in Cleveland and Elyria, Ohio.
- 1874 – Henry F. Ashurst, American lawyer and politician (d. 1962), was an American Democratic politician and one of the first two Senators from Arizona. Largely self-educated, he served as a district attorney and member of the Arizona Territorial legislature before fulfilling his childhood ambition of joining the United States Senate.
- 1860 – John J. Pershing, American general and lawyer (d. 1948). General of the Armies John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was a senior United States Army officer.
- 1857 – Milton S. Hershey, American businessman, founded The Hershey Company (d. 1945), was an American chocolatier, businessman, and philanthropist.
- 1851 – Walter Reed, American physician and biologist (d. 1902). Major Walter Reed, M.D., U.S.
- 1842 – John H. Bankhead, American soldier and politician (d. 1920), was a Democratic U.S. Senator from the state of Alabama between 1907 and 1920.
- 1813 – John Sedgwick, American general and educator (d. 1864), was a military officer and Union Army general during the American Civil War.
- 1755 – Oliver Evans, American inventor, engineer and businessman (d. 1819), was an American inventor, engineer and businessman born in rural Delaware and later rooted commercially in Philadelphia. He was one of the first Americans building steam engines and an advocate of high pressure steam (vs. low pressure steam).
- 2015 – Erma Bergmann, American baseball player (b. 1924)
- 2015 – Moses Malone, American basketball player and sportscaster (b. 1955)
- 2014 – Frank Torre, American baseball player and manager (b. 1931)
- 2014 – Helen Filarski, American baseball player (b. 1924)
- 2013 – Rick Casares, American football player (b. 1931)
- 2013 – Robert J. Behnke, American biologist and academic (b. 1929)
- 2006 – Ann Richards, American educator and politician, 45th Governor of Texas (b. 1933)
- 2004 – Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, co-invented the birth-control pill (b. 1925)
- 2003 – Frank O'Bannon, American publisher, lawyer, and politician, 47th Governor of Indiana (b. 1930)
- 2002 – George Stanley, Canadian soldier, historian, and author, designed the Flag of Canada (b. 1907)
- 2001 – Johnny Craig, American sailor and illustrator (b. 1926)
- 1999 – Benjamin Bloom, American psychologist and academic (b. 1913)
- 1998 – George Wallace, American sergeant, lawyer, and politician, 45th Governor of Alabama (b. 1919)
- 1996 – Tupac Shakur, American rapper, producer, and actor (b. 1971)
- 1993 – Carl Voss, American ice hockey player and referee (b. 1907)
- 1991 – Joe Pasternak, Hungarian-American production manager and producer (b. 1901)
- 1987 – Mervyn LeRoy, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1900)
- 1985 – Dane Rudhyar, French-American astrologer, composer, and author (b. 1895)
- 1982 – Reed Crandall, American illustrator (b. 1917)
- 1973 – Betty Field, American actress (b. 1913)
- 1967 – Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden, Yemeni-Saudi Arabian businessman, founded Saudi Binladin Group (b. 1903)
- 1953 – Mary Brewster Hazelton, American painter (b. 1868)
- 1941 – Elias Disney, Canadian-American farmer and businessman (b. 1859)
- 1918 – Frederic Crowninshield, American artist and author (b. 1845)
- 1915 – Andrew L. Harris, American general and politician, 44th Governor of Ohio (b. 1835)
- 1881 – Ambrose Burnside, American general and politician, 30th Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1824)