Sunday 27 September 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Environmental Dates
, United Nations Holidays
, Women’s Days
, Worldwide Holidays
, Food holidays
, Unusual Holidays
Holidays and observances
- In 2017 researchers from Oxford, Munster and Exeter Universities create photonic computer chips – that use light rather than electricity – to imitate the way a brain's synapses operate.
- In 2016 the world's first baby born through a controversial new "three parent" technique is reported.
- 2008 – CNSA astronaut Zhai Zhigang becomes the first Chinese person to perform a spacewalk while flying on Shenzhou 7.
- 1979 – The United States Department of Education receives final approval from the U.S. Congress to become the 13th US Cabinet agency.
- 1956 – USAF Captain Milburn G. Apt becomes the first man to exceed Mach 3 while flying the Bell X-2. Shortly thereafter, the craft goes out of control and Captain Apt is killed.
- 1949 – The first Plenary Session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference approves the design of the Flag of the People's Republic of China.
- 1942 – Last day of the September Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps troops barely escape after being surrounded by Japanese forces near the Matanikau River.
- 1941 – The SS Patrick Henry is launched becoming the first of more than 2,700 Liberty ships.
- 1928 – The Republic of China is recognized by the United States.
- 1908 – The first production of the Ford Model T automobile was built at the Ford Piquette Avenue Plant in Detroit, Michigan.
- 1903 – The Wreck of the Old 97, an American rail disaster that became the subject of a popular ballad.
- 1854 – The steamship SS Arctic sinks with 300 people on board. This marks the first great disaster in the Atlantic Ocean.
- 1825 – The world's first public railway to use steam locomotives, the Stockton and Darlington Railway, is ceremonially opened.
- 1779 – The Continental Congress appoints John Adams to travel to France as minister plenipotentiary in charge of negotiating treaties of peace and commerce with Great Britain during the American Revolutionary War.
- 1777 – American Revolutionary War: Lancaster, Pennsylvania becomes the capital of the United States, for one day after the Second Continental Congress evacuates Philadelphia to avoid invading British forces.
- 1993 – Monica Puig, Puerto Rican-American tennis player. She is the first Puerto Rican to win an Olympic gold medal representing Puerto Rico.
- 1993 – Vinnie Sunseri, American football player. Vincent Salvatore Sunseri (born September 27, 1993) is a former American football safety who is currently a graduate assistant at Alabama.
- 1987 – Austin Carlile, American singer-songwriter. Austin Robert Carlile (born September 27, 1987) is an American musician and baseball coach from Pensacola, Florida.
- 1986 – Matt Shoemaker, American baseball player. Matthew David Shoemaker (born September 27, 1986) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Toronto Blue Jays of Major League Baseball (MLB).
- 1986 – Vin Mazzaro, American baseball player. Vincent Michael "Vin" Mazzaro (born September 27, 1986) is an American professional baseball pitcher who is a free agent.
- 1984 – John Lannan, American baseball player. He pitched with the Nationals for six seasons through 2012 and was the opening day starter in 2009 and 2010, losing both times.
- 1982 – Darrent Williams, American football player (d. 2007), was an American football player for the Denver Broncos of the National Football League. After attending high school in Fort Worth, Texas, Williams played football at Oklahoma State University.
- 1982 – Jon McLaughlin, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. His most successful song is the 2008 single "Beating My Heart", from his second album OK Now.
- 1982 – Lil Wayne, American rapper, producer, and actor. Dwayne Michael Carter Jr. (born September 27, 1982), known professionally as Lil Wayne, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, record executive, entrepreneur, and actor.
- 1981 – Sophie Crumb, American author and illustrator. Sophia Violet "Sophie" Crumb (born September 27, 1981) is an American-French comics artist.
- 1980 – Ehron VonAllen, American singer-songwriter and producer. Ehron VonAllen (pronounced Aaron Von Allen) is an American singer in the Pop Electronic genre, music producer, recording artist & remixer currently based in Hollywood, California.
- 1979 – Jon Garland, American baseball player. Jon Steven Garland (born September 27, 1979) is an American former professional baseball starting pitcher.
- 1978 – Brad Arnold, American rock singer-songwriter (3 Doors Down). Bradley Kirk Arnold (born September 27, 1978) is an American musician, best known as the lead singer and only remaining original member of the rock band 3 Doors Down.
- 1978 – Jon Rauch, American baseball player. He is also an Olympic Gold Medalist in baseball.
- 1976 – Jason Phillips, American baseball player and coach. Jason Phillips is the name of:
- 1976 – Matt Harding, American video game designer and dancer. Matthew Harding (born September 27, 1976) is an American traveler, video game designer, and Internet celebrity known as Dancing Matt for his viral videos that show him dancing in front of landmarks and street scenes in various international locations.
- 1974 – Carrie Brownstein, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress. Carrie Rachel Brownstein (born September 27, 1974) is an American musician, actress, writer, director, and comedian.
- 1972 – Craig L. Rice, American politician. Rice (born September 27, 1972) is an American politician and member of the Montgomery County Council, serving since 2010.
- 1972 – Gwyneth Paltrow, American actress, blogger, and businesswoman. Her films have grossed $3.3 billion at the U.S. box office and $8.8 billion worldwide.
- 1972 – Sylvia Crawley, American basketball player and coach. Sylvia Crawley (born September 27, 1972) is a former American professional women's basketball forward, licensed minister and motivational speaker.
- 1966 – Debbie Wasserman Schultz, American politician. A member of the Democratic Party, she is a former Chair of the Democratic National Committee.
- 1966 – Stephanie Wilson, American engineer and astronaut. Her 42 days in space are the most of any African American astronaut, male or female.
- 1965 – Alexis Stewart, American radio and television host. She was the co-host of Whatever with Alexis and Jennifer on Sirius Satellite Radio, and Whatever with Alexis and Jennifer on the Hallmark Channel alongside co-host Jennifer Hutt.
- 1965 – Steve Kerr, American basketball player and sportscaster. Stephen Douglas Kerr (born September 27, 1965) is an American professional basketball coach and former player who is the head coach of the Golden State Warriors of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
- 1964 – Stephan Jenkins, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. Jenkins wrote or co-wrote all of the band's most notable hits, including "Semi-Charmed Life", "Jumper", "How's It Going to Be", "Losing a Whole Year", "Graduate", "Deep Inside of You", "Never Let You Go" and "Blinded".
- 1964 – Tracy Camp, American computer scientist and academic. She was the Co-Chair of CRA-W from 2011 to 2014 and she was the co-Chair of ACM-W from 1998 to 2002.
- 1963 – Marc Maron, American comedian, actor, and radio host. Marc Maron (/ˈmærən/ MAIR-ən; born September 27, 1963) is an American stand-up comedian, podcaster, writer, and actor.
- 1960 – Jean-Marc Barr, German-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Jean-Marc Barr (born 27 September 1960) is a French American film actor and director.
- 1959 – Beth Heiden, American speed skater and cyclist. Elizabeth Lee "Beth" Heiden Reid (born September 27, 1959) is an American athlete who excelled in speed skating, cross-country skiing and bicycle racing.
- 1958 – Shaun Cassidy, American actor, singer, producer, and screenwriter. In the 1980s and 90s, Cassidy worked almost exclusively as an actor in the theater, performing on Broadway and in the West End of London.
- 1957 – Peter Sellars, American actor, director, and screenwriter. Peter Sellars (born September 27, 1957) is an American theatre director, noted for his unique contemporary stagings of classical and contemporary operas and plays.
- 1954 – Larry Wall, American computer programmer and author. He created the Perl programming language.
- 1951 – David Starobin, American guitarist, producer, and director. David Starobin (born September 27, 1951, New York City) is a highly honored figure in the world of classical guitar.
- 1951 – Jim Shooter, American author and illustrator. James Shooter (born September 27, 1951) is an American writer, occasional fill-in artist, editor, and publisher for various comic books.
- 1950 – Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa, Japanese-American actor and martial artist. Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa (JP: 田川 洋行 Tagawa Hiroyuki, RU: Пантелеймон Тагава Panteleymon Tagawa; born September 27, 1950) is a Japanese–American actor, film producer, martial artist, and physiologist.
- 1949 – Mike Schmidt, American baseball player and coach. Michael Jack Schmidt (born September 27, 1949) is an American former professional baseball third baseman who played 18 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Philadelphia Phillies.
- 1947 – Meat Loaf, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor. Meat Loaf (Michael Lee Aday, born Marvin Lee Aday, September 27, 1947) is an American singer and actor.
- 1946 – T. C. Cannon, American painter and sculptor (d. 1978), was an important Native American artist of the 20th century. An enrolled member of the Kiowa Tribe with Caddo and French descent, he was popularly known as T.
- 1945 – Jack Goldstein, Canadian-American painter (d. 2003), was a Canadian born, California-based performance and conceptual artist turned painter in the 1980s art boom.
- 1944 – Gary Sutherland, American baseball player and scout. He played college baseball at the University of Southern California and later played 13 seasons in Major League Baseball, principally as a second baseman (717 games) and shortstop (164 games), from 1966 to 1978.
- 1941 – Don Nix, American saxophonist, songwriter, and producer. Don Nix (born September 27, 1941, Memphis, Tennessee) is an American songwriter, composer, arranger, musician, and author.
- 1939 – Carol Lynn Pearson, American author, poet, and playwright. She frequently addresses the topics of LGBT acceptance and the role of Mormon women.
- 1939 – Kathy Whitworth, American golfer. In 1981 she became the first woman to reach career earnings of $1 million on the LPGA Tour.
- 1936 – Don Cornelius, American television host and producer (Soul Train) (d. 2012), was an American television show host and producer who was best known as the creator of the nationally syndicated dance and music show Soul Train, which he hosted from 1971 until 1993. Cornelius sold the show to MadVision Entertainment in 2008.
- 1934 – Claude Jarman, Jr., American actor and producer. Claude Jarman Jr. (born September 27, 1934) is an American former child actor.
- 1934 – Dick Schaap, American sportscaster and author (d. 2001), was an American sportswriter, broadcaster, and author.
- 1934 – Wilford Brimley, American actor. After serving in the Marines and doing a variety of jobs including ranch hand and wrangler, Brimley became an extra for Westerns, and in little more than a decade he had established himself as a character actor in films such as The China Syndrome (1979), The Thing (1982) and The Natural (1984).
- 1933 – Greg Morris, American actor (d. 1996). He was best known for portraying Barney Collier on Mission: Impossible and Lt.
- 1933 – Paul Goble, English-American author and illustrator (d. 2017), was a British-American writer and illustrator of children's books, especially Native American stories. His book The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses won a Caldecott Medal in 1979.
- 1932 – Marcia Neugebauer, American geophysicist. Neugebauer's research are among the first that yielded the first direct measurements of the solar wind and shed light on its physics and interaction with comets.
- 1932 – Oliver E. Williamson, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate. Oliver Eaton Williamson (born September 27, 1932) is an American economist, a professor at the University of California, Berkeley, and recipient of the 2009 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, which he shared with Elinor Ostrom.
- 1930 – Paul Reichmann, Austrian-Canadian businessman, founded Olympia and York (d. 2013). Paul (Moshe Yosef) Reichmann (Hebrew: משה יוסף רייכמן; 27 September 1930 – 25 October 2013) was a Canadian businessman and member of the Reichmann family.
- 1927 – Red Rodney, American trumpet player (d. 1994), was an American jazz trumpeter.
- 1927 – Sada Thompson, American actress (d. 2011), was an American stage, film, and television actress.
- 1925 – George Gladir, American author (d. 2013), was an American writer for comic books. Primarily known as a scripter for Archie Comics, he co-created that publisher's character Sabrina the Teenage Witch, with artist Dan DeCarlo.
- 1924 – Bud Powell, American pianist and composer (d. 1966), was an American jazz pianist. Though Thelonious Monk was a close friend and influence, his greatest piano influence was Art Tatum.
- 1924 – Ernest Becker, American-Canadian anthropologist, author, and academic (d. 1974), was an American cultural anthropologist and writer. He is noted for his 1974 Pulitzer Prize-winning book, The Denial of Death.
- 1924 – Fred Singer, Austrian-American physicist and academic. Siegfried Fred Singer (born September 27, 1924) is an Austrian-born American physicist and emeritus professor of environmental science at the University of Virginia.
- 1922 – Arthur Penn, American director and producer (d. 2010), was an American director and producer of film, television and theater. Closely associated with the American New Wave, Penn directed critically acclaimed films throughout the 1960s such as the drama The Chase (1966), the biographical crime film Bonnie and Clyde (1967) and the comedy Alice's Restaurant (1969).
- 1922 – Sammy Benskin, American pianist and bandleader (d. 1992), was an African American pianist and bandleader.
- 1921 – Bernard Waber, American author and illustrator (d. 2013), was an American children's author most famous for the books The House on East 88th Street (1962), Lyle, Lyle, Crocodile (1965) and the subsequent books in the Lyle series.
- 1921 – Milton Subotsky, American screenwriter and producer, co-founded Amicus Productions (d. 1991), was an American film and television writer and producer. In 1964, he founded Amicus Productions with Max J.
- 1920 – William Conrad, American actor, director, and producer (d. 1994), was an American World War II fighter pilot, actor, producer, and director whose career spanned five decades in radio, film, and television, peaking in popularity when he starred in the detective series Cannon (1971–1976).
- 1919 – Charles H. Percy, American lieutenant and politician (d. 2011), was an American businessman and politician. He was president of the Bell & Howell Corporation from 1949 to 1964.
- 1919 – James H. Wilkinson, American mathematician and computer scientist (d. 1986), was a prominent figure in the field of numerical analysis, a field at the boundary of applied mathematics and computer science particularly useful to physics and engineering.
- 1919 – Jayne Meadows, Chinese-American actress and author (d. 2015), was an American stage, film and television actress, as well as an author and lecturer. She was nominated for three Emmy Awards during her career and was the elder sister of actress and memoirist Audrey Meadows.
- 1917 – Benjamin Rubin, American microbiologist (d. 2010), was an American microbiologist, known as the inventor of the bifurcated vaccination needle, which played an important role in the eradication of smallpox. Rubin invented this device by taking the eyelet of a sewing machine needle and grinding it down.
- 1917 – Carl Ballantine, American magician and actor (d. 2009), was an American magician, comedian and actor. Billing himself as "The Great Ballantine", "The Amazing Ballantine" or "Ballantine: The World's Greatest Magician", his vaudeville-style comedy routine involved transparent or incompetent stage magic tricks, which tended to flop and go "hilariously awry" to the wisecracking Ballantine's mock chagrin.
- 1917 – Louis Auchincloss, American novelist and essayist (d. 2010), was an American lawyer, novelist, historian, and essayist. He is best known as a novelist who parlayed his experiences into books exploring the experiences and psychology of American polite society and old money.
- 1917 – William T. Orr, American actor and producer (d. 2002). Orr (September 27, 1917 – December 25, 2002) was an American television producer associated with a series of western and detective programs of the 1950s-1970s.
- 1913 – Albert Ellis, American psychologist and author (d. 2007), was an American psychologist who in 1955 developed Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT). He held MA and PhD degrees in clinical psychology from Columbia University and the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP).
- 1911 – Marcey Jacobson, American-Mexican photographer (d. 2009), was an American photographer who moved to Chiapas, Mexico in the 1950s, and was best known for her photographs of the indigenous peoples of Southern Mexico.
- 1898 – Vincent Youmans, American composer and producer (d. 1946), was an American Broadway composer and producer.
- 1896 – Sam Ervin, American soldier and politician (d. 1985), was an American politician. A Democrat, he served as a U.S.
- 1879 – Frederick Schule, American hurdler and coach (d. 1962), was an American track and field athlete, football player, athletic coach, teacher, bacteriologist, and engineer. He competed for the track and field teams at the University of Wisconsin from 1900 to 1901 and at the University of Michigan in 1904.
- 1861 – Corinne Roosevelt Robinson, American poet and author (d. 1933), was an American poet, writer and lecturer. She was also the younger sister of former President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt and an aunt of future First Lady of the United States, Eleanor Roosevelt.
- 1840 – Alfred Thayer Mahan, American captain and historian (d. 1914), was a United States naval officer and historian, whom John Keegan called "the most important American strategist of the nineteenth century." His book The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660–1783 (1890) won immediate recognition, especially in Europe, and with its successor, The Influence of Sea Power Upon the French Revolution and Empire, 1793–1812 (1892), made him world-famous and perhaps the most influential American author of the nineteenth century.
- 1840 – Thomas Nast, German-American cartoonist (d. 1902), was a German-born American caricaturist and editorial cartoonist often considered to be the "Father of the American Cartoon". He was a critic of Democratic Representative "Boss" Tweed and the Tammany Hall Democratic party political machine.
- 1838 – Lawrence Sullivan Ross, American general and politician, 19th Governor of Texas (d. 1898), was the 19th Governor of Texas, a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War, and a president of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, now called Texas A&M University.
- 1830 – William Babcock Hazen, American general (d. 1887), was a career United States Army officer who served in the Indian Wars, as a Union general in the American Civil War, and as Chief Signal Officer of the U.S. Army.
- 1824 – William "Bull" Nelson, American general (d. 1862), was a United States naval officer who became a Union general in the Civil War.
- 1805 – George Müller, German-English evangelist and missionary, founded the Ashley Down Orphanage (d. 1898), was a Christian evangelist and the director of the Ashley Down orphanage in Bristol, England. He was one of the founders of the Plymouth Brethren movement.
- 1803 – Samuel Francis Du Pont, American admiral (d. 1865), was a rear admiral in the United States Navy, and a member of the prominent Du Pont family. In the Mexican–American War, Du Pont captured San Diego, and was made commander of the California naval blockade.
- 1783 – Agustín de Iturbide, Mexican royalist turned insurgent; first emperor of Mexico (d. 1824), was a Mexican army general and politician. During the Mexican War of Independence, he built a successful political and military coalition that took control in Mexico City on 27 September 1821, decisively gaining independence for Mexico.
- 1722 – Samuel Adams, American philosopher and politician, 4th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1803), was an American statesman, political philosopher, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He was a politician in colonial Massachusetts, a leader of the movement that became the American Revolution, and one of the architects of the principles of American republicanism that shaped the political culture of the United States.
- 1643 – Solomon Stoddard, American pastor and librarian (d. 1729), was the pastor of the Congregationalist Church in Northampton, Massachusetts Bay Colony. He succeeded Rev.
- 2017 – Hugh Hefner, American publisher, founder of Playboy Enterprises (b. 1926)
- 2016 – David Hahn, American Boy Scout famous for attempting to build a nuclear reactor in a shed in his backyard (b. 1976)
- 2015 – Denise Lor, American singer and actress (b. 1929)
- 2015 – Wilton Felder, American saxophonist and bass player (b. 1940)
- 2014 – Eugie Foster, American journalist and author (b. 1971)
- 2014 – Gaby Aghion, French fashion designer, founded Chloé (b. 1921)
- 2014 – James Traficant, American lawyer and politician (b. 1941)
- 2014 – Taylor Hardwick, American architect and educator, designed Haydon Burns Library and Friendship Fountain Park (b. 1925)
- 2013 – A. C. Lyles, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1918)
- 2013 – Elvin R. Heiberg III, American general and engineer (b. 1932)
- 2013 – Gates Brown, American baseball player and coach (b. 1939)
- 2013 – Oscar Castro-Neves, Brazilian-American guitarist, composer, and conductor (b. 1940)
- 2012 – Eddie Bert, American trombonist (b. 1922)
- 2012 – John Silber, American academic and politician (b. 1926)
- 2011 – Johnny "Country" Mathis, American singer-songwriter (b. 1933)
- 2010 – George Blanda, American football player (b. 1927)
- 2009 – Charles Houston, American physician and mountaineer (b. 1913)
- 2009 – William Safire, American author and journalist (b. 1929)
- 2008 – Henri Pachard, American director and producer (b. 1939)
- 2007 – Dale Houston, American singer-songwriter (b. 1940)
- 2005 – Mary Lee Settle, American novelist, essayist, and memoirist (b. 1918)
- 2004 – John E. Mack, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1929)
- 2003 – Donald O'Connor, American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1925)
- 1998 – Doak Walker, American football player (b. 1927)
- 1997 – Walter Trampler, American viola player and educator (b. 1915)
- 1993 – Jimmy Doolittle, American general, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1896)
- 1986 – Cliff Burton, American bass player and songwriter (b. 1962)
- 1985 – Lloyd Nolan, American actor (b. 1902)
- 1965 – Clara Bow, American actress (b. 1905)
- 1965 – William Stanier, English engineer, co-designed the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (b. 1876)
- 1960 – Hilda Doolittle. American poet, novelist, and memoirist (b. 1886)
- 1956 – Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American basketball player and golfer (b. 1911)
- 1944 – Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist, founded the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel (b. 1890)
- 1942 – Douglas Albert Munro, United States Coast Guard signalman, posthumously awarded Medal of Honor, (b. 1919)
- 1886 – Charles Gordon Greene, American journalist and politician (b. 1804)
- 1876 – Braxton Bragg, American general (b. 1817)