Friday 23 October 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
, Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Children’s Days
, Environmental Dates
, Food holidays
, Health Calendar
, New Zealand
, Pet and Animal Holidays
, Unusual Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
Holidays and observances
- 2012 – After 38 years, the world's first teletext service (BBC's Ceefax) ceases broadcast due to Northern Ireland completing the digital switchover.
- 1995 – Yolanda Saldívar is found guilty of first-degree murder in the shooting death of popular Latin singer Selena. Three days later, Saldívar was sentenced to life in prison, eligible for parole in 2025
- 1965 – Vietnam War: The 1st Cavalry Division (United States) (Airmobile), in conjunction with South Vietnamese forces, launches a new operation seeking to destroy North Vietnamese forces in Pleiku in the II Corps Tactical Zone (the Central Highlands).
- 1958 – The Smurfs, a fictional race of blue dwarves, later popularized in a Hanna-Barbera animated cartoon series, appear for the first time in the story La flute à six schtroumpfs, a Johan and Peewit adventure by Peyo, which is serialized in the weekly Spirou magazine.
- 1946 – The United Nations General Assembly convenes for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing, Queens, New York City.
- 1942 – All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner are killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is award-winning composer and songwriter Ralph Rainger ("Thanks for the Memory", "Love in Bloom", "Blue Hawaii").
- 1912 – First Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo between the Serbian and Ottoman armies begins.
- 1911 – First use of aircraft in war: Italo-Turkish War: An Italian pilot takes off from Libya to observe Turkish army lines.
- 1906 – Alberto Santos-Dumont flies an airplane in the first heavier-than-air flight in Europe at Champs de Bagatelle, Paris, France.
- 1867 – Seventy-two Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate.
- 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Westport: Union forces under General Samuel R. Curtis defeat Confederate troops led by General Sterling Price at Westport, Missouri, near Kansas City.
- 1850 – The first National Women's Rights Convention begins in Worcester, Massachusetts, United States.
- 1707 – The first Parliament of Great Britain meets.
- 1694 – British/American colonial forces, led by Sir William Phips, fail to seize Quebec from the French.
- 1642 – Battle of Edgehill: First major battle of the First English Civil War.
- 1295 – The first treaty forming the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England is signed in Paris.
- 1993 – Taylor Spreitler, American actress. She is best known for her roles as Mia McCormick in the soap opera series Days of Our Lives (2009–2010), Lennox Scanlon in the sitcom Melissa & Joey (2010–15), and Kendra Gable in the sitcom Kevin Can Wait (2016–18).
- 1988 – Jordan Crawford, American basketball player. His brother is Joe Crawford, who has also played in the NBA.
- 1987 – Kyle Gibson, American baseball player. Kyle Benjamin Gibson (born October 23, 1987) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Texas Rangers of Major League Baseball (MLB).
- 1986 – Briana Evigan, American actress and dancer. Briana Barbara-Jane Evigan (born October 23, 1986) is an American actress, dancer, singer, songwriter and choreographer best known for her roles in the Step Up series and for her scream queen roles in numerous horror films.
- 1986 – Jessica Stroup, American actress. Jessica Leigh Stroup (born October 23, 1986) is an American actress, best known for her role as Erin Silver on 90210 (2008–13), Max Hardy on The Following (2014–15) and Joy Meachum on Iron Fist (2017–18), which is set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.
- 1985 – Masiela Lusha, Albanian-American actress, poet, and humanitarian. After transitioning into film, she starred in Sony Picture's Blood: The Last Vampire.
- 1985 – Miguel, American singer-songwriter and producer. Miguel is a given name and surname, the Portuguese and Spanish form of the Hebrew name Michael. It may refer to:
- 1984 – Meghan McCain, American journalist and author. Meghan Marguerite McCain (born October 23, 1984) is an American columnist, author, and television personality.
- 1982 – Rickey Paulding, American basketball player. Rickey Paulding (born October 23, 1982) is an American professional basketball player, who currently plays for the EWE Baskets Oldenburg of the Basketball Bundesliga (BBL).
- 1981 – Ben Francisco, American baseball player. Louis Benjamin Francisco (born October 23, 1981), is an American former professional baseball outfielder, who is currently a major league scout for the Los Angeles Angels.
- 1981 – Jackie Long, American actor and producer. He is also a voice actor for Grand Theft Auto V.
- 1979 – Bud Smith, American baseball player. Louis Cardinals.
- 1978 – John Lackey, American baseball player. John Derran Lackey (born October 23, 1978) is a former American professional baseball starting pitcher who played in Major League Baseball from 2002 through 2017 for the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, Boston Red Sox, St.
- 1976 – Ryan Reynolds, Canadian-American actor and producer. Reynolds then starred in a range of films, including comedies such as National Lampoon's Van Wilder (2002), Waiting... (2005), and The Proposal (2009).
- 1975 – Jessicka, American singer-songwriter. Best known by her stage name Jessicka, she was the front woman of Florida-based band Jack Off Jill and current front for the Los Angeles-based band Scarling.
- 1975 – Keith Van Horn, American basketball player. Keith Adam Van Horn (born October 23, 1975) is an American former professional basketball played in the National Basketball Association (NBA) from 1997 to 2006.
- 1975 – Michelle Beadle, American sportscaster. She was formerly the co-host of the morning sports show Get Up! along with Jalen Rose and Mike Greenberg, the co-host of SportsNation on ESPN2, and former host of Winners Bracket on ABC with Marcellus Wiley.
- 1972 – Bryan Pratt, American lawyer and politician. Bryan Pratt (born October 23, 1972) is the former representative for District 55 (Jackson and Lafayette Counties) in the Missouri House of Representatives.
- 1972 – Jimmy Wayne, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Four singles were released from it, including "Stay Gone" and "I Love You This Much", which both reached Top Ten on the Billboard country charts.
- 1971 – Chris Horner, American cyclist. Christopher Lee "Chris" Horner (born October 23, 1971) is an American professional road racing cyclist, who rides for UCI Continental team Team Illuminate.
- 1970 – Grant Imahara, American television presenter and engineer. Grant Masaru Imahara (born October 23, 1970) is an American electrical engineer, roboticist, and television host.
- 1970 – Matthew Barzun, American diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom. He served as U.S.
- 1970 – Zoe Wiseman, American model and photographer. Zoe Wiseman (born 1970 in Marion, Indiana) is an American model and photographer known for her fine art nude photography, and is the web owner of Community Zoe and ARTnudes.com which deal specifically with fine art nude photography.
- 1969 – Bill O'Brien, American football player and coach, was an Irish journalist and politician.
- 1969 – Brooke Theiss, American actress. Brooke Theiss-Genesse (born October 23, 1969) is an American actress who has starred in film and on television.
- 1967 – Dale Crover, American singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer. Dale Crover (born October 23, 1967) is an American rock musician.
- 1967 – Walt Flanagan, American actor and illustrator. Walter Flanagan (born October 23, 1967) is a comic book store manager, reality television personality, podcaster, and comic book artist.
- 1965 – Al Leiter, American baseball player and sportscaster. Alois Terry Leiter (/ˈlaɪtər/; born October 23, 1965) is a former Major League Baseball (MLB) left-handed starting pitcher.
- 1965 – Augusten Burroughs, American author and screenwriter. Augusten Xon Burroughs (born Christopher Richter Robison, October 23, 1965) is an American writer known for his New York Times bestselling memoir Running with Scissors (2002).
- 1964 – Robert Trujillo, American bass player and songwriter. He was also a member of crossover thrash band Suicidal Tendencies, funk metal supergroup Infectious Grooves, heavy metal band Black Label Society, and has worked with Jerry Cantrell and Ozzy Osbourne.
- 1963 – Gordon Korman, Canadian-American author. Korman has sold more than 28 million books over a career spanning four decades and has appeared at number one on The New York Times Best Seller list.
- 1962 – Doug Flutie, American football player, sportscaster, and drummer. Douglas Richard Flutie (born October 23, 1962) is an American former quarterback in the National Football League (NFL), Canadian Football League (CFL), and United States Football League (USFL).
- 1961 – Laurie Halse Anderson, American author. Edwards Award from the American Library Association in 2010 for her contribution to young adult literature.
- 1960 – Randy Pausch, American author and academic (d. 2008), was an American Associate Professor of computer science, human–computer interaction, and design at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
- 1960 – Wayne Rainey, American motorcycle racer. He was characterized by his smooth, calculating riding style.
- 1959 – "Weird Al" Yankovic, American singer-songwriter, comedian, and actor. Alfred Matthew "Weird Al" Yankovic (/ˈjæŋkəvɪk/ YANG-kə-vik; born October 23, 1959) is an American musical comedian whose humorous songs make light of popular culture and often parody specific songs by contemporary musical acts; original songs that are style pastiches of the work of other acts; and polka medleys of several popular songs, featuring his favored instrument, the accordion.
- 1959 – Nancy Grace, American lawyer and journalist. She also co-wrote the book Objection!: How High-Priced Defense Attorneys, Celebrity Defendants, and a 24/7 Media Have Hijacked Our Criminal Justice System.
- 1959 – Sam Raimi, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Raimi (born October 23, 1959) is an American filmmaker, actor, and producer, primarily known for creating the cult horror Evil Dead series, and directing the Spider-Man trilogy (2002–2007).
- 1958 – Michael Eric Dyson, American activist, author, and academic. Described by Michael A.
- 1956 – Dianne Reeves, American singer. Dianne Elizabeth Reeves (born October 23, 1956) is an American jazz singer.
- 1956 – Dwight Yoakam, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor. He has recorded five Billboard #1 albums, twelve gold albums, and nine platinum albums, including the triple-platinum This Time.
- 1954 – Ang Lee, Taiwanese-American director, producer, and screenwriter. Ang Lee OBS (Chinese: 李安; pinyin: Lǐ Ān; born 23 October 1954) is a Taiwanese filmmaker.
- 1952 – Ken Tipton, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. Ken Tipton (born October 23, 1952) is an American entrepreneur and Internet hoaxster who has worked as a film actor since 1978.
- 1949 – Nick Tosches, American journalist, author, and poet. His 1982 biography of Jerry Lee Lewis, Hellfire, was praised by Rolling Stone magazine as "the best rock and roll biography ever written."
- 1948 – Hermann Hauser, Austrian-English businessman, co-founded Acorn Computers and Olivetti Research Laboratory. Hermann Maria Hauser, KBE, FRS, FREng, FInstP, CPhys (born 1948) is an Austrian-born entrepreneur who is primarily associated with the Cambridge technology community in England.
- 1946 – Mel Martínez, American lawyer and politician, 12th United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. Melquíades Rafael Ruiz Martínez (born October 23, 1946), is a Cuban-American lobbyist and former politician who served as a United States Senator from Florida from 2005 to 2009 and as general chairman of the Republican Party from November 2006 until October 19, 2007.
- 1942 – Anita Roddick, English businesswoman and activist, founded The Body Shop (d. 2007), was a British businesswoman, human rights activist and environmental campaigner, best known as the founder of The Body Shop, a cosmetics company producing and retailing natural beauty products that shaped ethical consumerism. The company was one of the first to prohibit the use of ingredients tested on animals and one of the first to promote fair trade with developing countries.
- 1942 – Michael Crichton, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2008), was an American author, screenwriter, and film director and producer. His books have sold over 200 million copies worldwide, and over a dozen have been adapted into films.
- 1940 – Ellie Greenwich, American singer-songwriter and producer (The Raindrops) (d. 2009), was an American pop music singer, songwriter, and record producer. She wrote or co-wrote "Be My Baby", "Christmas (Baby Please Come Home)", "Da Doo Ron Ron", "Leader of the Pack", "Do Wah Diddy Diddy", and "River Deep – Mountain High", among others.
- 1940 – Jane Holzer, American model, actress, producer, and art collector, was previously an actress, model, and Warhol superstar. She was often known by the nickname Baby Jane Holzer.
- 1936 – Philip Kaufman, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Philip Kaufman (born October 23, 1936) is an American film director and screenwriter who has directed fifteen films over a career spanning more than six decades.
- 1935 – Chi-Chi Rodríguez, Puerto Rican-American golfer. The winner of eight PGA Tour events, he was the first Puerto Rican to be inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame.
- 1935 – JacSue Kehoe, American Neuroscientist, was an American neuroscientist and neuroscience researcher. She has spent decades working with the neurons of Aplysia californica, studying post-synaptic nerve response.
- 1933 – Carol Fran, American singer-songwriter and pianist. She has released five solo albums since 1992, her final collaboration with Hollimon being on JSP Records.
- 1931 – Jim Bunning, American baseball player and politician, was an American professional baseball pitcher and politician who represented Kentucky in both chambers of the United States Congress. He is the sole Major League Baseball athlete to have been elected to both the United States Senate and the National Baseball Hall of Fame.
- 1931 – William P. Clark, Jr., American judge and politician, 12th United States National Security Advisor (d. 2013), was an American rancher, judge, and public servant who served under President Ronald Reagan as the Deputy Secretary of State from 1981 to 1982, United States National Security Advisor from 1982 to 1983, and the Secretary of the Interior from 1983 to 1985.
- 1927 – Sonny Criss, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1977), was an American jazz musician.
- 1925 – Fred Shero, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (d. 1990), was a Canadian professional ice hockey player, coach, and general manager. He played for the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League (NHL).
- 1925 – Johnny Carson, American comedian and talk show host (d. 2005), was an American television host, comedian, writer, and producer. He is best known as the host of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson (1962–1992).
- 1923 – Ned Rorem, American composer and author. He won a Pulitzer Prize for Music in 1976 for his Air Music: Ten Etudes for Orchestra.
- 1922 – Coleen Gray, American actress (d. 2015). She was best known for her roles in the films Nightmare Alley (1947), Red River (1948), and Stanley Kubrick's The Killing (1956).
- 1920 – Bob Montana, American illustrator (d. 1975), was an American comic strip artist who created the original likenesses for characters published by Archie Comics and in the newspaper strip Archie.
- 1920 – Ted Fujita, Japanese-American meteorologist and academic (d. 1998), was a prominent Japanese-American severe storms researcher. His research at the University of Chicago on severe thunderstorms, tornadoes, hurricanes, and typhoons revolutionized the knowledge of each.
- 1920 – Vern Stephens, American baseball player (d. 1968), was an American professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball as a shortstop from 1941 through 1955.
- 1918 – Augusta Dabney, American actress (d. 2008), was an American actress known for her roles on many soap operas, most notably as the wealthy but kindly matriarch Isabelle Alden on the daytime series Loving. She played the role from 1983 to 1987, from 1988–91, and again from 1994–95, returning to the part after Celeste Holm and Patricia Barry played the role but did not stay with the part for various reasons.
- 1910 – Hayden Rorke, American actor (d. 1987), was an American actor best known for playing Colonel Alfred E. Bellows on the 1960s American sitcom I Dream of Jeannie.
- 1909 – Zellig Harris, American linguist and methodologist (d. 1992), was an influential American linguist, mathematical syntactician, and methodologist of science. Originally a Semiticist, he is best known for his work in structural linguistics and discourse analysis and for the discovery of transformational structure in language.
- 1905 – Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (d. 2003), was an American competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in five events. On August 6, 1926, she became the first woman to swim across the English Channel.
- 1904 – Harvey Penick, American golfer and coach (d. 1995), was an American golf professional and coach, who coached many Hall of Fame players. Late in life, he became a best-selling writer.
- 1897 – Marjorie Flack, American author and illustrator (d. 1958), was an American artist and writer of children's picture books. Flack was born in Greenport, Long Island, New York in 1897.
- 1896 – Lilyan Tashman, American actress (d. 1934), was an American vaudeville, Broadway, and film actress. Tashman was best known for her supporting roles as tongue-in-cheek villainesses and the vindictive "other woman." She made 66 films over the course of her Hollywood career and although she never obtained superstar status, her cinematic performances are described as "sharp, clever and have aged little over the decades."
- 1894 – Emma Vyssotsky, American astronomer and academic (d. 1975). Williams in Media, Pennsylvania was an American astronomer.
- 1894 – Rube Bressler, American baseball player (d. 1966), was an American left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball for the Philadelphia Athletics from 1914 to 1916 and Cincinnati Reds from 1917 to 1920, before being converted to an outfielder and first baseman for Cincinnati from 1918 to 1927, the Brooklyn Robins from 1928 to 1931 and the Philadelphia Phillies and St. Louis Cardinals in his final year of 1931.
- 1875 – Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist and academic (d. 1946), was an American physical chemist and a former Dean of the College of Chemistry at University of California, Berkeley. Lewis was best known for his discovery of the covalent bond and his concept of electron pairs; his Lewis dot structures and other contributions to valence bond theory have shaped modern theories of chemical bonding.
- 1873 – William D. Coolidge, American physicist and engineer (d. 1975), was an American physicist and engineer, who made major contributions to X-ray machines. He was the director of the General Electric Research Laboratory and a vice-president of the corporation.
- 1870 – Francis Kelley, Canadian-American bishop (d. 1948), was the second Roman Catholic Bishop of Oklahoma City, as well as an author and diplomat. He was a Catholic priest for 54 years, and bishop for 23 years.
- 1869 – John Heisman, American football player and coach (d. 1936), was a player and coach of American football, baseball, and basketball, as well as a sportswriter and actor. He served as the head football coach at Oberlin College, Buchtel College (now known as the University of Akron), Auburn University, Clemson University, Georgia Tech, the University of Pennsylvania, Washington & Jefferson College, and Rice University, compiling a career college football record of 186–70–18.
- 1865 – Neltje Blanchan, American historian and author (d. 1918), was a United States scientific historian and nature writer who published several books on wildflowers and birds under the pen name Neltje Blanchan. Her work is known for its synthesis of scientific interest with poetic phrasing.
- 1835 – Adlai Stevenson I, American lawyer and politician, 23rd Vice President of the United States (d. 1914). After his subsequent appointment as assistant postmaster general of the United States during Grover Cleveland's first administration (1885–89), he fired many Republican postal workers and replaced them with Southern Democrats.
- 1805 – John Russell Bartlett, American linguist and historian (d. 1886), was an American historian and linguist.
- 1790 – Chauncey Allen Goodrich, American minister, lexicographer, and educator (d. 1860), was an American clergyman, educator and lexicographer. He was the son-in-law of Noah Webster and edited his Dictionary after his father-in-law's death.
- 1762 – Samuel Morey, American engineer (d. 1843), was an American inventor, who worked on early internal combustion engines and was a pioneer in steamships who accumulated a total of 20 patents.
- 1698 – Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French architect, designed the École Militaire (d. 1782), was the principal architect of King Louis XV of France. His major works included the Place de la Concorde, the École Militaire, and the Petit Trianon and opera theater at the Palace of Versailles.
- 2016 – Jack Chick, American cartoonist and publisher (b. 1924)
- 2015 – Fred Sands, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded the Museum of Contemporary Art (b. 1938)
- 2015 – Leon Bibb, American-Canadian singer (b. 1922)
- 2014 – Bernard Mayes, English-American journalist and academic (b. 1929)
- 2014 – Joan Quigley, American astrologer and author (b. 1927)
- 2014 – John Bramlett, American football player (b. 1941)
- 2013 – Bill Mazer, Ukrainian-American journalist and sportscaster (b. 1920)
- 2013 – Wes Bialosuknia, American basketball player (b. 1945)
- 2012 – William Joel Blass, American lawyer and politician (b. 1917)
- 2011 – Herbert A. Hauptman, American chemist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1917)
- 2010 – Fran Crippen, American swimmer (b. 1984)
- 2010 – Stanley Tanger, American businessman and philanthropist, founded the Tanger Factory Outlet Centers (b. 1923)
- 2009 – Lou Jacobi, Canadian-American actor (b. 1913)
- 2007 – John Ilhan, Turkish-Australian businessman, founded Crazy John's (b. 1965)
- 2005 – John Muth, American economist and academic (b. 1930)
- 2005 – Stella Obasanjo, Nigerian wife of Olusegun Obasanjo, 10th First Lady of Nigeria (b. 1945)
- 2005 – William Hootkins, American actor (b. 1948)
- 2004 – Robert Merrill, American actor and singer (b. 1919)
- 2003 – Soong Mei-ling, Chinese wife of Chiang Kai-shek, 2nd First Lady of the Republic of China (b. 1897)
- 2002 – Adolph Green, American playwright and songwriter (b. 1915)
- 2000 – Yokozuna, American wrestler (b. 1966)
- 1998 – Barnett Slepian, American physician (b. 1946)
- 1994 – Robert Lansing, American actor (b. 1928)
- 1989 – Armida, Mexican-American actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1911)
- 1986 – Edward Adelbert Doisy, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1893)
- 1983 – Jessica Savitch, American journalist (b. 1947)
- 1978 – Maybelle Carter, American singer and autoharp player (Carter Family) (b. 1909)
- 1964 – Frank Luther Mott, American historian and journalist (b. 1886)
- 1957 – Christian Dior, French fashion designer, founded Christian Dior S.A. (b. 1905)
- 1950 – Al Jolson, Lithuanian-American actor and singer (b. 1886)
- 1942 – Ralph Rainger, American pianist and composer (b. 1901)
- 1939 – Zane Grey, American dentist and author (b. 1872)
- 1935 – Charles Demuth, American painter and educator (b. 1883)
- 1921 – John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish businessman, founded Dunlop Rubber (b. 1840)
- 1885 – Charles S. West, American lawyer, jurist, and politician, Secretary of State of Texas (b. 1829)