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Tuesday 23 October 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Events

  • 2012 – After 38 years, the world's first teletext service (BBC's Ceefax) ceases broadcast due to Northern Ireland completing the digital switchover.
  • 1995 – Yolanda Saldívar is found guilty of first-degree murder in the shooting death of popular Latin singer Selena. Three days later, Saldívar was sentenced to life in prison, eligible for parole in 2025
  • 1965 – Vietnam War: The 1st Cavalry Division (United States) (Airmobile), in conjunction with South Vietnamese forces, launches a new operation seeking to destroy North Vietnamese forces in Pleiku in the II Corps Tactical Zone (the Central Highlands).
  • 1958 – The Smurfs, a fictional race of blue dwarves, later popularized in a Hanna-Barbera animated cartoon series, appear for the first time in the story La flute à six schtroumpfs, a Johan and Peewit adventure by Peyo, which is serialized in the weekly Spirou magazine.
  • 1946 – The United Nations General Assembly convenes for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing, Queens, New York City.
  • 1942 – All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner are killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is award-winning composer and songwriter Ralph Rainger ("Thanks for the Memory", "Love in Bloom", "Blue Hawaii").
  • 1912 – First Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo between the Serbian and Ottoman armies begins.
  • 1911 – First use of aircraft in war: Italo-Turkish War: An Italian pilot takes off from Libya to observe Turkish army lines.
  • 1906 – Alberto Santos-Dumont flies an airplane in the first heavier-than-air flight in Europe at Champs de Bagatelle, Paris, France.
  • 1867 – Seventy-two Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Westport: Union forces under General Samuel R. Curtis defeat Confederate troops led by General Sterling Price at Westport, Missouri, near Kansas City.
  • 1850 – The first National Women's Rights Convention begins in Worcester, Massachusetts, United States.
  • 1707 – The first Parliament of Great Britain meets.
  • 1694 – British/American colonial forces, led by Sir William Phips, fail to seize Quebec from the French.
  • 1642 – Battle of Edgehill: First major battle of the First English Civil War.
  • 1295 – The first treaty forming the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England is signed in Paris.

Births

  • 1993 – Taylor Spreitler, American actress
  • 1988 – Jordan Crawford, American basketball player
  • 1987 – Kyle Gibson, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Briana Evigan, American actress and dancer
  • 1986 – Jessica Stroup, American actress
  • 1985 – Masiela Lusha, Albanian-American actress, poet, and humanitarian
  • 1985 – Miguel, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1984 – Meghan McCain, American journalist and author
  • 1982 – Rickey Paulding, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Ben Francisco, American baseball player
  • 1981 – Jackie Long, American actor and producer
  • 1979 – Bud Smith, American baseball player
  • 1978 – John Lackey, American baseball player
  • 1976 – Ryan Reynolds, Canadian-American actor and producer
  • 1975 – Jessicka, American singer-songwriter
  • 1975 – Keith Van Horn, American basketball player
  • 1975 – Michelle Beadle, American sportscaster
  • 1972 – Bryan Pratt, American lawyer and politician
  • 1972 – Jimmy Wayne, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971 – Chris Horner, American cyclist
  • 1970 – Grant Imahara, American television presenter and engineer
  • 1970 – Matthew Barzun, American diplomat, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom
  • 1970 – Steve Wilder, American actor
  • 1970 – Zoe Wiseman, American model and photographer
  • 1969 – Bill O'Brien, American football player and coach
  • 1969 – Brooke Theiss, American actress
  • 1967 – Dale Crover, American singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer
  • 1967 – Walt Flanagan, American actor and illustrator
  • 1965 – Al Leiter, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1965 – Augusten Burroughs, American author and screenwriter
  • 1964 – Robert Trujillo, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1963 – Gordon Korman, Canadian-American author
  • 1962 – Doug Flutie, American football player, sportscaster, and drummer
  • 1961 – Laurie Halse Anderson, American author
  • 1960 – Randy Pausch, American author and academic (d. 2008)
  • 1960 – Wayne Rainey, American motorcycle racer
  • 1959 – "Weird Al" Yankovic, American singer-songwriter, comedian, and actor
  • 1959 – Nancy Grace, American lawyer and journalist
  • 1959 – Sam Raimi, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1958 – Michael Eric Dyson, American activist, author, and academic
  • 1956 – Dianne Reeves, American singer
  • 1956 – Dwight Yoakam, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor
  • 1954 – Ang Lee, Taiwanese-American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Ken Tipton, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1949 – Nick Tosches, American journalist, author, and poet
  • 1948 – Brian Ross, American journalist
  • 1948 – Hermann Hauser, Austrian-English businessman, co-founded Acorn Computers and Olivetti Research Laboratory
  • 1946 – Mel Martínez, American lawyer and politician, 12th United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  • 1942 – Anita Roddick, English businesswoman and activist, founded The Body Shop (d. 2007)
  • 1942 – Michael Crichton, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1940 – Ellie Greenwich, American singer-songwriter and producer (The Raindrops) (d. 2009)
  • 1940 – Jane Holzer, American model, actress, producer, and art collector
  • 1936 – Philip Kaufman, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1935 – Chi-Chi Rodríguez, Puerto Rican-American golfer
  • 1935 – JacSue Kehoe, American Neuroscientist
  • 1933 – Carol Fran, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1931 – Jim Bunning, American baseball player and politician
  • 1931 – William P. Clark, Jr., American judge and politician, 12th United States National Security Advisor (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Sonny Criss, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1977)
  • 1925 – Fred Shero, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (d. 1990)
  • 1925 – Johnny Carson, American comedian and talk show host (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Ned Rorem, American composer and author
  • 1922 – Chris Alcaide, American actor (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – Coleen Gray, American actress (d. 2015)
  • 1920 – Bob Montana, American illustrator (d. 1975)
  • 1920 – Ted Fujita, Japanese-American meteorologist and academic (d. 1998)
  • 1920 – Vern Stephens, American baseball player (d. 1968)
  • 1918 – Augusta Dabney, American actress (d. 2008)
  • 1918 – James Daly, American actor (d. 1978)
  • 1918 – Paul Rudolph, American architect and academic, designed the Lippo Centre (d. 1997)
  • 1911 – Jack Keller, American hurdler (d. 1978)
  • 1910 – Hayden Rorke, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 1909 – Zellig Harris, American linguist and methodologist (d. 1992)
  • 1905 – Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (d. 2003)
  • 1904 – Harvey Penick, American golfer and coach (d. 1995)
  • 1897 – Marjorie Flack, American author and illustrator (d. 1958)
  • 1896 – Lilyan Tashman, American actress (d. 1934)
  • 1894 – Emma Vyssotsky, American astronomer and academic (d. 1975)
  • 1894 – Rube Bressler, American baseball player (d. 1966)
  • 1880 – Una O'Connor, Irish-American actress and singer (d. 1959)
  • 1875 – Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist and academic (d. 1946)
  • 1874 – Charles Kilpatrick, American runner and educator (d. 1921)
  • 1873 – William D. Coolidge, American physicist and engineer (d. 1975)
  • 1870 – Francis Kelley, Canadian-American bishop (d. 1948)
  • 1869 – John Heisman, American football player and coach (d. 1936)
  • 1865 – Neltje Blanchan, American historian and author (d. 1918)
  • 1835 – Adlai Stevenson I, American lawyer and politician, 23rd Vice President of the United States (d. 1914)
  • 1805 – John Russell Bartlett, American linguist and historian (d. 1886)
  • 1790 – Chauncey Allen Goodrich, American minister, lexicographer, and educator (d. 1860)
  • 1762 – Samuel Morey, American engineer (d. 1843)
  • 1698 – Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French architect, designed the École Militaire (d. 1782)

Deaths

  • 2016 – Jack Chick, American cartoonist and publisher (b. 1924)
  • 2015 – Fred Sands, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded the Museum of Contemporary Art (b. 1938)
  • 2015 – Jim Roberts, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1940)
  • 2015 – Leon Bibb, American-Canadian singer (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Bernard Mayes, English-American journalist and academic (b. 1929)
  • 2014 – Joan Quigley, American astrologer and author (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – John Bramlett, American football player (b. 1941)
  • 2013 – Bill Mazer, Ukrainian-American journalist and sportscaster (b. 1920)
  • 2013 – Wes Bialosuknia, American basketball player (b. 1945)
  • 2012 – William Joel Blass, American lawyer and politician (b. 1917)
  • 2011 – Herbert A. Hauptman, American chemist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1917)
  • 2010 – Fran Crippen, American swimmer (b. 1984)
  • 2010 – Stanley Tanger, American businessman and philanthropist, founded the Tanger Factory Outlet Centers (b. 1923)
  • 2009 – Lou Jacobi, Canadian-American actor (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – John Ilhan, Turkish-Australian businessman, founded Crazy John's (b. 1965)
  • 2005 – John Muth, American economist and academic (b. 1930)
  • 2005 – Stella Obasanjo, Nigerian wife of Olusegun Obasanjo, 10th First Lady of Nigeria (b. 1945)
  • 2005 – William Hootkins, American actor (b. 1948)
  • 2004 – Robert Merrill, American actor and singer (b. 1919)
  • 2003 – Soong Mei-ling, Chinese wife of Chiang Kai-shek, 2nd First Lady of the Republic of China (b. 1897)
  • 2002 – Adolph Green, American playwright and songwriter (b. 1915)
  • 2000 – Yokozuna, American wrestler (b. 1966)
  • 1998 – Barnett Slepian, American physician (b. 1946)
  • 1996 – Bob Grim, American baseball player (b. 1930)
  • 1994 – Robert Lansing, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1990 – Thomas Williams, American author and academic (b. 1926)
  • 1989 – Armida, Mexican-American actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1911)
  • 1986 – Edward Adelbert Doisy, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1893)
  • 1983 – Jessica Savitch, American journalist (b. 1947)
  • 1978 – Maybelle Carter, American singer and autoharp player (Carter Family) (b. 1909)
  • 1964 – Frank Luther Mott, American historian and journalist (b. 1886)
  • 1957 – Christian Dior, French fashion designer, founded Christian Dior S.A. (b. 1905)
  • 1950 – Al Jolson, Lithuanian-American actor and singer (b. 1886)
  • 1942 – Ralph Rainger, American pianist and composer (b. 1901)
  • 1939 – Zane Grey, American dentist and author (b. 1872)
  • 1935 – Charles Demuth, American painter and educator (b. 1883)
  • 1921 – John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish businessman, founded Dunlop Rubber (b. 1840)
  • 1885 – Charles S. West, American lawyer, jurist, and politician, Secretary of State of Texas (b. 1829)
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