2008 – Barack Obama becomes the first person of biracial or African-American descent to be elected President of the United States.
1980 – Ronald Reagan is elected the 40th President of The United States, defeating incumbent Jimmy Carter.
1979 – Iran hostage crisis: A mob of Iranians, mostly students, overruns the US embassy in Tehran and takes 90 hostages (53 of whom are American).
1973 – The Netherlands experiences the first Car-Free Sunday caused by the 1973 oil crisis. Highways are used only by cyclists and roller skaters.
1970 – Salvador Allende takes office as President of Chile, the first Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through open elections.
1970 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization: The United States turns control of the air base at Bình Thủy in the Mekong Delta over to South Vietnam.
1962 – The United States concludes Operation Fishbowl, its final above-ground nuclear weapons testing series, in anticipation of the 1963 Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
1960 – At the Kasakela Chimpanzee Community in Tanzania, Dr Jane Goodall observes chimpanzees creating tools, the first-ever observation in non-human animals.
1952 – Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected the 34th President of the United States.
1952 – The United States government establishes the National Security Agency, or NSA.
1939 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders the United States Customs Service to implement the Neutrality Act of 1939, allowing cash-and-carry purchases of weapons by belligerents.
1924 – Calvin Coolidge wins a full term as President of the United States.
1924 – Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming is elected the first female governor in the United States.
1912 – First Balkan War: The First Battle of Çatalca begins - an attempt by Bulgaria to break through the last defensive line before the Turkish capital Constantinople.
1890 – City and South London Railway: London's first deep-level tube railway opens between King William Street and Stockwell.
1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Johnsonville: Confederate troops bombard a Union supply base and destroy millions of dollars in material.
1847 – Sir James Young Simpson, a Scottish physician, discovers the anaesthetic properties of chloroform.
1791 – The Western Confederacy of American Indians wins a major victory over the United States in the Battle of the Wabash.
1783 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Symphony No. 36 is performed for the first time in Linz, Austria.
1501 – Catherine of Aragon (later Henry VIII's first wife) meets Arthur Tudor, Henry VIII's older brother – they would later marry.
1996 – Kaitlin Hawayek, American ice dancer. Earlier in their career, they became the 2014 World Junior champions, 2013 JGP Final silver medalists, and 2014 U.S. national junior champions.
1982 – Devin Hester, American football player, was a wide receiver and return specialist in the National Football League (NFL). He was drafted by the Chicago Bears in the second round of the 2006 NFL Draft.
1981 – Vince Wilfork, American football player. Vincent Lamar Wilfork (born November 4, 1981) is a former American football nose tackle who played in the National Football League (NFL) for 13 seasons.
1980 – Richard Owens, American football player and coach. He played college football at Louisville.
1978 – John Grabow, American baseball player. John William Grabow, nicknamed "Grabes" (born November 4, 1978) is an American retired Major League Baseball left-handed reliever.
1977 – Larry Bigbie, American baseball player. Larry Robert Bigbie (born November 4, 1977) is a former Major League Baseball first baseman and outfielder.
1975 – Lorenzen Wright, American basketball player (d. 2010), was an American professional basketball player who played thirteen seasons in the National Basketball Association. He was drafted 7th overall in the 1996 NBA draft by the Los Angeles Clippers, and also played for the Atlanta Hawks, Memphis Grizzlies, Sacramento Kings and Cleveland Cavaliers.
1975 – Mikki Moore, American basketball player. Clinton Renard "Mikki" Moore (pronounced "MY-key"; born November 4, 1975) is an American former professional basketball player.
1975 – Orlando Pace, American football player, was an offensive tackle in the National Football League (NFL) for 13 seasons. He played college football for Ohio State University, and was twice recognized as a unanimous All-American.
1970 – Tim DeBoom, American triathlete. Tim DeBoom (born November 4, 1970) in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, is a professional triathlete from Boulder, Colorado.
1970 – Tony Sly, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2012), was an American singer, songwriter and guitarist, best known as the front man of the punk rock band No Use for a Name. In his later years he also gained attention for his acoustic solo work, with two acoustic split albums he released with Lagwagon front man Joey Cape and two solo albums.
1969 – Matthew McConaughey, American actor and producer. After a number of supporting roles in films including Angels in the Outfield and Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation (1994), his breakthrough performance as a leading man came in the legal drama A Time to Kill (1996).
1969 – Sean Combs, American rapper, producer, and actor. Sean John Combs (born November 4, 1969), also known by the stage names Puff Daddy, P.
1968 – Carlos Baerga, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and coach. After spending most of his career as a second baseman, he was used at various positions late in his career.
1968 – Matthew Tobin Anderson, American author, critic, and educator. He won the National Book Award for Young People's Literature in 2006 for The Pox Party, the first of two "Octavian Nothing" books, which are historical novels set in Revolution-era Boston.
1967 – Eric Karros, American baseball player and sportscaster. Eric Peter Karros (born November 4, 1967) is an American former professional baseball first baseman.
1965 – Wayne Static, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2014), was an American musician, best known as the lead vocalist, guitarist, keyboardist and music sequencer for metal band Static-X. He released his only solo studio album, Pighammer, on October 4, 2011.
1961 – Daron Hagen, American pianist, composer, and conductor. Daron Aric Hagen (/ˈhɑːɡən/ HAH-gən; born November 4, 1961, Milwaukee, Wisconsin) is an American composer, writer, conductor, pianist, educator, librettist, and stage director of contemporary classical music and opera.
1961 – Edward Knight, American composer and academic. Edward Knight is the name of:
1961 – Jeff Probst, American television host and producer. He was also the host of The Jeff Probst Show, a syndicated daytime talk show produced by CBS Television Distribution from September 2012 to May 2013.
1961 – Ralph Macchio, American actor. Ralph George Macchio Jr. (/ˈmɑːtʃioʊ/, Italian: ; born November 4, 1961) is an American actor known for his role as Daniel LaRusso in three Karate Kid films and Cobra Kai, a sequel television series.
1960 – Kathy Griffin, American comedian and actress. In 2007 and 2008, Griffin won Primetime Emmy Awards for her reality show Kathy Griffin: My Life on the D-List.
1960 – Marc Awodey, American painter and poet, was an American contemporary artist and poet.
1958 – Anne Sweeney, American businesswoman. She was formerly the co-chair of Disney Media, President of the Disney–ABC Television Group, and the President of Disney Channel from 1996 to 2014.
1956 – Jordan Rudess, American keyboard player and songwriter. Jordan Rudess (born Jordan Charles Rudes; November 4, 1956) is an American keyboardist and composer best known as a member of the progressive metal band Dream Theater and the progressive metal supergroup Liquid Tension Experiment.
1953 – Carlos Gutierrez, Cuban-American businessman and politician, 35th United States Secretary of Commerce. Carlos Miguel Gutierrez (originally Gutiérrez; born November 4, 1953) is an American former CEO and former United States Secretary of Commerce. He is currently a Co-Chair of Albright Stonebridge Group, a strategic advisory firm,
1953 – P. J. Carey, American baseball player and manager (d. 2012). J." Carey (November 4, 1953 – December 7, 2012) was an American professional baseball player, manager, instructor, and farm system official.
1953 – Peter Lord, English animator, director, and producer, co-founded Aardman Animations. Peter Lord, CBE (born 4 November 1953) is an English animator, film producer, director and co-founder of the Academy Award-winning Aardman Animations studio, an animation firm best known for its clay-animated films and shorts, particularly those featuring plasticine duo Wallace and Gromit.
1953 – Van Stephenson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2001). He scored three US Billboard Hot 100 hits in the 1980s as a solo artist, and later became tenor vocalist in the country music band BlackHawk in the 1990s.
1950 – Charles Frazier, American novelist. He won the 1997 National Book Award for Fiction for Cold Mountain.
1950 – Markie Post, American actress. Marjorie Armstrong Post (born November 4, 1950) is an American actress, known for her roles as bail bondswoman Terri Michaels in The Fall Guy on ABC from 1982 to 1985, as public defender Christine Sullivan on the NBC sitcom Night Court from 1985 to 1992, and as Georgie Anne Lahti Hartman on the CBS sitcom Hearts Afire from 1992 to 1995.
1950 – Nik Powell, English businessman, co-founded Virgin Group, was a British businessman and one of the co-founders of Virgin Records with Richard Branson. After operating a mail-order company, a small record shop, and a recording studio, the partners established the label in 1972.
1947 – Bob Jenkins, American sportscaster. Bob Jenkins (born September 4, 1947) is a former television and radio sports announcer, primarily calling IndyCar and NASCAR telecasts for ESPN/ABC and later NBC Sports.
1947 – Jerry Fleck, American actor, director, and production manager (d. 2003). Fleck (November 4, 1947 – September 14, 2003) was an American assistant director best known for his work on the Star Trek franchise across eleven years.
1946 – Frederick Elmes, American cinematographer. He has won the Independent Spirit Award for Best Cinematography twice, for Wild at Heart and Night on Earth, and a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Cinematography for a Limited Series for The Night Of.
1946 – Laura Bush, American educator and librarian, 45th First Lady of the United States, was First Lady of the United States during the presidency of her husband, George W. Bush, from 2001 to 2009.
1946 – Robert Mapplethorpe, American photographer (d. 1989), was an American photographer, known for his sensitive yet blunt treatment of controversial subject-matter in the black and white medium of photography. His work featured an array of subjects, including celebrity portraits, male and female nudes, self-portraits and still-life images of flowers.
1943 – Clark Graebner, American tennis player. Clark Graebner (born November 4, 1943) is a retired American professional tennis player.
1942 – Patricia Bath, American ophthalmologist and academic, was an American ophthalmologist, inventor, humanitarian, and academic. She was an early pioneer of laser cataract surgery.
1940 – Delbert McClinton, American singer-songwriter. Delbert McClinton (born November 4, 1940) is an American blues rock and electric blues singer-songwriter, guitarist, harmonica player, and pianist.
1939 – Gail E. Haley, American author and illustrator. She has won the annual awards for children's book illustration from both the American and British librarians, for two different picture books.
1937 – Loretta Swit, American actress and singer. Loretta Jane Swit (born November 4, 1937) is an American stage and television actress known for her character roles.
1936 – C. K. Williams, American poet, critic, and translator (d. 2015). Williams won nearly every major poetry award.
1933 – Tito Francona, American baseball player, was a Major League Baseball player. As a child, he was nicknamed "Tito" by his father.
1931 – Bernard Francis Law, Mexican-American cardinal, was an American cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was Archbishop Emeritus of Boston, former archpriest of the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, and Cardinal Priest of Santa Susanna, which was the American Catholic church in Rome (until summer 2017, when the American community was relocated to San Patrizio).
1930 – Dick Groat, American baseball player and sportscaster. Richard Morrow Groat (born November 4, 1930) is a former two-sport athlete best known as a shortstop in Major League Baseball.
1930 – Frank J. Prial, American journalist and author (d. 2012). Prial (November 4, 1930 – November 6, 2012) was a journalist and author, and the wine columnist for The New York Times for 25 years, writing the weekly "Wine Talk" column largely since 1972 until his retirement in 2004.
1930 – James E. Brewton, American painter (d. 1967), was an American painter and printmaker who synthesized expressionism, graffiti and Pataphysics.
1928 – Hannah Weiner, American poet and author (d. 1997), was an American poet who is often grouped with the Language poets because of the prominent place she assumed in the poetics of that group.
1928 – Larry Bunker, American drummer and vibraphone player (d. 2005), was an American jazz drummer, vibraphonist, and percussionist. A member of the Bill Evans Trio in the mid-1960s, he also played timpani with the Los Angeles Philharmonic orchestra.
1926 – Carlos "Patato" Valdes, Cuban-American conga player and composer (d. 2007), was a Cuban-born American conga player. In 1954 he emigrated from La Habana to New York City where he continued his prolific career as a sideman for several jazz and Latin music ensembles, and occasionally as a bandleader.
1925 – Doris Roberts, American actress (d. 2016), was an American actress, author, and philanthropist whose career spanned six decades of television and film. She received five Emmy Awards and a Screen Actors Guild award during her acting career, which began in 1951.
1923 – Eugene Sledge, American soldier, author, and academic (d. 2001). Eugene Bondurant Sledge (November 4, 1923 – March 3, 2001) was a United States Marine, university professor, and author.
1921 – Mary Sherman Morgan, American scientist and engineer (d. 2004), was a U.S. rocket fuel scientist credited with the invention of the liquid fuel Hydyne in 1957, which powered the Jupiter-C rocket that boosted the United States' first satellite, Explorer 1.
1919 – Martin Balsam, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1996), was an American character actor. He is best known for a number of renowned film roles, including detective Milton Arbogast in Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho (1960), Arnold Burns in A Thousand Clowns (1965) (for which he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor), Juror #1 in 12 Angry Men (1957), and Mr.
1918 – Art Carney, American actor (d. 2003), was an American actor in film, stage, television and radio. He is best known for playing Ed Norton opposite Jackie Gleason's Ralph Kramden in the 1950s sitcom The Honeymooners, and for winning the Academy Award for Best Actor for his role in Paul Mazursky's Harry and Tonto (1974).
1916 – John Basilone, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1945), was a United States Marine Corps Gunnery Sergeant who was killed in action during World War II. He received the Medal of Honor for heroism above and beyond the call of duty during the Battle for Henderson Field in the Guadalcanal Campaign, and the Navy Cross posthumously for extraordinary heroism during the Battle of Iwo Jima.
1916 – Ruth Handler, American businesswoman, created Barbie (d. 2002), was an American businesswoman and inventor. She served as the president of the toy manufacturer Mattel Inc., and is best remembered for having invented the Barbie doll, although the doll's design was created by missile engineer-turned-toy designer Jack Ryan.
1916 – Walter Cronkite, American journalist, voice actor, and producer (d. 2009), was an American broadcast journalist who served as anchorman for the CBS Evening News for 19 years (1962–1981). During the 1960s and 1970s, he was often cited as "the most trusted man in America" after being so named in an opinion poll.
1913 – Gig Young, American actor (d. 1978). He won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in They Shoot Horses, Don't They? (1969).
1911 – Dixie Lee, American actress and singer (d. 1952), was an American actress, dancer, and singer. She was the first wife of singer Bing Crosby.
1909 – Bert Patenaude, American soccer player (d. 1974), was an American soccer player who played as a forward. Although earlier disputed, he is now officially credited by FIFA as the scorer of the first hat-trick in World Cup history.
1909 – Evelyn Bryan Johnson, American colonel and pilot (d. 2012), was the female pilot with the most number of flying hours in the world. She was a colonel in the Civil Air Patrol and a founding member of the Morristown, Tennessee Civil Air Patrol squadron.
1909 – Skeeter Webb, American baseball player and manager (d. 1986), was an American professional baseball infielder in Major League Baseball from 1932 to 1949. He played 12 seasons with the St.
1908 – Stanley Cortez, American cinematographer and photographer (d. 1997). He worked on over seventy films, including Orson Welles' The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), Charles Laughton's The Night of the Hunter (1955), Nunnally Johnson's The Three Faces of Eve (1957), and Samuel Fuller's Shock Corridor (1963) and The Naked Kiss (1964).
1906 – Sterling North, American author and critic (d. 1974), was an American writer. He is best known for the children's novel Rascal, a bestseller in 1963.
1897 – Dolly Stark, American baseball player and umpire (d. 1968), was a college baseball coach and professional baseball player who coached the Mississippi A&M Aggies, now known as the Mississippi State Bulldogs to a 22-4 record in 1909. He then went on to play shortstop for the Cleveland Naps and Brooklyn Dodgers from 1909 to 1912.
1887 – Alfred Lee Loomis, American physicist and philanthropist (d. 1975), was an American attorney, investment banker, philanthropist, scientist, physicist, inventor of the LORAN Long Range Navigation System, and a lifelong patron of scientific research. He established the Loomis Laboratory in Tuxedo Park, New York, and his role in the development of radar and the atomic bomb contributed to the Allied victory in World War II.
1884 – Harry Ferguson, Irish engineer, invented the tractor (d. 1960), was an Irish-born British mechanic and inventor who is noted for his role in the development of the modern agricultural tractor and its three point linkage system, for being the first person in Ireland to build and fly his own aeroplane, and for developing the first four-wheel drive Formula One car, the Ferguson P99.
1879 – Will Rogers, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1935), was an American stage and film actor, vaudeville performer, cowboy, humorist, newspaper columnist, and social commentator from Oklahoma. He was a Cherokee citizen born in the Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory.
1836 – Henry J. Lutcher, American businessman (d. 1912), was a sawmiller and business partner of the Lutcher and Moore Lumber Company. His business ventures would help establish Orange, Texas, as the timber-processing capital of the South in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
1816 – Stephen Johnson Field, American lawyer and jurist 5th Chief Justice of California (d. 1899), was an American jurist. He was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court from May 20, 1863, to December 1, 1897, the second longest tenure of any justice.
1809 – Benjamin Robbins Curtis, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1874), was an American attorney and United States Supreme Court Justice.
2015 – Lee Robinson, American lawyer and politician (b. 1943)
2015 – Piotr Domaradzki, Polish-American historian and journalist (b. 1946)
2015 – René Girard, French-American historian, philosopher, and critic (b. 1923)
2014 – George Edgar Slusser, American author and academic (b. 1939)
2014 – S. Donald Stookey, American physicist and chemist, invented CorningWare (b. 1915)
2013 – John D. Hawk, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1924)
2013 – Ray Willsey, Canadian-American football player and coach (b. 1928)
2012 – David Resnick, Brazilian-Israeli architect, designed Yad Kennedy (b. 1924)
2011 – Andy Rooney, American author, critic, journalist, and television personality (b. 1919)
2010 – Sparky Anderson, American baseball player and manager (b. 1934)
2008 – Michael Crichton, American physician, author, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1942)
2008 – Rosella Hightower, American ballerina (b. 1920)
2007 – Peter Viertel, German-American author and screenwriter (b. 1920)
2006 – Ernestine Gilbreth Carey, American author (b. 1908)
2005 – Sheree North, American actress and dancer (b. 1932)
1997 – Richard Hooker, American novelist (b. 1924)
1995 – Morrie Schwartz, American sociologist, author, and academic (b. 1916)
1994 – Sam Francis, American soldier and painter (b. 1923)
1982 – Gil Whitney, American journalist (b. 1940)
1980 – Elsie MacGill, Canadian-American engineer and author (b. 1905)
1977 – Tom Reamy, American author and illustrator (b. 1935)
1974 – Bert Patenaude, American soccer player (b. 1909)
1955 – Cy Young, American baseball player and manager (b. 1867)
1955 – Robert E. Sherwood, American playwright and screenwriter (b. 1896)
1950 – Grover Cleveland Alexander, American baseball player and coach (b. 1887)
1930 – Buddy Bolden, American cornet player and bandleader (b. 1877)
1924 – Richard Conner, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1843)
1906 – John H. Ketcham, American general and politician (b. 1832)
1895 – Eugene Field, American journalist, author, and poet (b. 1850)
1801 – William Shippen, American physician and anatomist (b. 1712)