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Sunday 20 May 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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May 20 Events

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Holidays and observances

  • European Maritime Day (European Council)
  • Josephine Baker Day (NAACP)
  • National Patriots' Day or Journée nationale des patriotes (Quebec, Canada; celebrated on Monday on or before May 24)
  • Victoria Day in Canada (Earliest possible date of the last Monday preceding May 25)

Events

  • 1996 – Civil rights: The Supreme Court of the United States rules in Romer v. Evans against a law that would have prevented any city, town or county in the state of Colorado from taking any legislative, executive, or judicial action to protect the rights of gays and lesbians.
  • 1990 – The first post-Communist presidential and parliamentary elections are held in Romania.
  • 1983 – First publications of the discovery of the HIV virus that causes AIDS in the journal Science by Luc Montagnier.
  • 1964 – Discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation by Robert Woodrow Wilson and Arno Penzias.
  • 1956 – In Operation Redwing, the first United States airborne hydrogen bomb is dropped over Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1949 – In the United States, the Armed Forces Security Agency, the predecessor to the National Security Agency, is established.
  • 1948 – Chiang Kai-shek is elected as the first President of the Republic of China.
  • 1940 – The Holocaust: The first prisoners arrive at a new concentration camp at Auschwitz.
  • 1932 – Amelia Earhart takes off from Newfoundland to begin the world's first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean by a female pilot, landing in Ireland the next day.
  • 1902 – Cuba gains independence from the United States. Tomás Estrada Palma becomes the country's first President.
  • 1891 – History of cinema: The first public display of Thomas Edison's prototype kinetoscope.
  • 1873 – Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis receive a U.S. patent for blue jeans with copper rivets.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Ware Bottom Church: In the Virginia Bermuda Hundred Campaign, 10,000 troops fight in this Confederate victory.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: The state of Kentucky proclaims its neutrality, which will last until September 3 when Confederate forces enter the state. Meanwhile, the State of North Carolina secedes from the Union.
  • 1609 – Shakespeare's sonnets are first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by the publisher Thomas Thorpe.
  • 1570 – Cartographer Abraham Ortelius issues Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, the first modern atlas.
  • 1498 – Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama discovers the sea route to India when he arrives at Kozhikode (previously known as Calicut), India.
  • 325 – The First Council of Nicaea is formally opened, starting the first ecumenical council of the Christian Church.

Births

  • 1993 – Caroline Zhang, American figure skater
  • 1987 – Julian Wright, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Keith Grennan, American football player
  • 1984 – Patrick Ewing, Jr., American basketball player
  • 1981 – Lindsay Taylor, American basketball player
  • 1981 – Rachel Platten, American singer and songwriter
  • 1980 – Austin Kearns, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Kassim Osgood, American football player
  • 1979 – Jayson Werth, American baseball player
  • 1977 – Angela Goethals, American actress
  • 1977 – Matt Czuchry, American actor
  • 1976 – Ramón Hernández, Venezuelan-American baseball player
  • 1974 – Allison Amend, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1972 – Busta Rhymes, American rapper, producer, and actor
  • 1971 – Tony Stewart, American race car driver
  • 1970 – Terrell Brandon, American basketball player
  • 1969 – Road Dogg, American wrestler, producer, and soldier
  • 1968 – Timothy Olyphant, American actor and producer
  • 1966 – Dan Abrams, American journalist and author
  • 1965 – Ted Allen, American television host and author
  • 1963 – David Wells, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1960 – Tony Goldwyn, American actor and director
  • 1959 – Susan Cowsill, American singer-songwriter
  • 1958 – Jane Wiedlin, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
  • 1958 – Ron Reagan, American journalist and radio host
  • 1956 – Douglas Preston, American journalist and author
  • 1955 – Steve George, American keyboard player and songwriter (Mr. Mister)
  • 1954 – David Paterson, American lawyer and politician, 55th Governor of New York
  • 1951 – Mike Crapo, American lawyer and politician
  • 1951 – Thomas Akers, American colonel, engineer, and astronaut
  • 1950 – Andy Johns, English-American engineer and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1946 – Bobby Murcer, American baseball player, coach, manager, and sportscaster (d. 2008)
  • 1946 – Cher, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1944 – Dietrich Mateschitz, Austrian businessman, co-founded Red Bull GmbH
  • 1942 – Carlos Hathcock, American sergeant and sniper (d. 1999)
  • 1942 – Raymond Chrétien, Canadian lawyer and diplomat, Canadian Ambassador to the United States
  • 1941 – John Strasberg, American actor and teacher
  • 1940 – Shorty Long, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1969)
  • 1937 – Dave Hill, American golfer (d. 2011)
  • 1936 – Anthony Zerbe, American actor
  • 1933 – Constance Towers, American actress and singer
  • 1931 – Ken Boyer, American baseball player and manager (d. 1982)
  • 1931 – Louis Smith, American trumpeter
  • 1930 – Sam Etcheverry, American football player and coach (d. 2009)
  • 1927 – Bud Grant, American football player and coach
  • 1927 – David Hedison, American actor
  • 1926 – Bob Sweikert, American race car driver (d. 1956)
  • 1925 – Alexei Tupolev, Russian engineer, designed the Tupolev Tu-144 (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – David Chavchavadze, English-American CIA officer and author (d. 2014)
  • 1923 – Edith Fellows, American actress (d. 2011)
  • 1921 – Hal Newhouser, American baseball player and scout (d. 1998)
  • 1921 – Hao Wang, Chinese-American logician, philosopher, and mathematician (d. 1995)
  • 1919 – George Gobel, American comedian (d. 1991)
  • 1918 – Edward B. Lewis, American biologist, geneticist, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1913 – William Redington Hewlett, American engineer, co-founded Hewlett-Packard (d. 2001)
  • 1911 – Gardner Fox, American author (d. 1986)
  • 1908 – Francis Raymond Fosberg, American botanist and author (d. 1993)
  • 1908 – James Stewart, American actor (d. 1997)
  • 1907 – Carl Mydans, American photographer and journalist (d. 2004)
  • 1901 – Doris Fleeson, American journalist (d. 1970)
  • 1899 – John Marshall Harlan II, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1971)
  • 1895 – R. J. Mitchell, English engineer, designed the Supermarine Spitfire and Supermarine S.6B (d. 1937)
  • 1886 – Ali Sami Yen, Turkish footballer and manager, founded the Galatasaray Sports Club (d. 1951)
  • 1877 – Pat Leahy, Irish-American jumper (d. 1927)
  • 1851 – Emile Berliner, German-American inventor, invented the Gramophone record (d. 1929)
  • 1818 – William Fargo, American businessman and politician, co-founded Wells Fargo and American Express (d. 1881)
  • 1776 – Simon Fraser, American-Canadian fur trader and explorer (d. 1862)
  • 1772 – Sir William Congreve, 2nd Baronet, English inventor and politician, developed Congreve rockets (d. 1828)
  • 1759 – William Thornton, Virgin Islander-American architect, designed the United States Capitol (d. 1828)

Deaths

  • 2015 – Bob Belden, American saxophonist, composer, and producer (b. 1956)
  • 2014 – Arthur Gelb, American journalist, author, and critic (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Sandra Bem, American psychologist and academic (b. 1944)
  • 2013 – Ray Manzarek, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer (b. 1939)
  • 2013 – Zach Sobiech, American singer-songwriter (b. 1995)
  • 2012 – Andrew B. Steinberg, American lawyer (b. 1958)
  • 2012 – Eugene Polley, American engineer, invented the remote control (b. 1915)
  • 2012 – Ken Lyons, American bass guitarist (b. 1953)
  • 2011 – Randy Savage, American wrestler and actor (b. 1952)
  • 2009 – Arthur Erickson, Canadian architect and urban planner, designed Roy Thomson Hall (b. 1924)
  • 2008 – Hamilton Jordan, American politician, 8th White House Chief of Staff (b. 1944)
  • 2005 – William Seawell, American general (b. 1918)
  • 2002 – Stephen Jay Gould, American paleontologist, biologist, and academic (b. 1941)
  • 2000 – Malik Sealy, American basketball player and actor (b. 1970)
  • 1989 – Gilda Radner, American actress and comedian (b. 1946)
  • 1964 – Rudy Lewis, American singer (b. 1936)
  • 1909 – Ernest Hogan, American actor and composer (b. 1859)
  • 1506 – Christopher Columbus, Italian explorer, discovered the Americas (b. 1451)
Sunday 20 May 2018
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