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Thursday 12 July 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

  • The Twelfth, also known as Orangemen's Day (Northern Ireland, Scotland, Newfoundland and Labrador)

Events

  • In 2017 iceberg A-68 detaches from Antarctica.
  • In 2017 the discovery of the smallest star able to sustain fusion, EBLM J0555-57Ab, is announced; its diameter is just slightly larger than Saturn. Also research published in Royal Society Open Science reveals that six of the world's large carnivores the African wild dog, cheetah, Ethiopian wolf, lion, red wolf and tiger have lost over 90% of their historic range.
  • 1973 – A fire destroys the entire sixth floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
  • 1971 – The Australian Aboriginal Flag is flown for the first time.
  • 1963 – Pauline Reade (16 years old) disappears in Gorton, England, the first victim in the Moors murders.
  • 1962 – The Rolling Stones perform their first concert, at London's Marquee Club.
  • 1960 – Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • 1862 – The Medal of Honor is authorized by the United States Congress.
  • 1812 – The American Army of the Northwest briefly occupies the Upper Canadian settlement at what is now at Windsor, Ontario.
  • 1804 – Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies a day after being shot in a duel.

Births

  • 1996 – Jordan Romero, American mountaineer
  • 1995 – Jordyn Wieber, American gymnast
  • 1990 – Chasen Shreve, American baseball player
  • 1989 – Nick Palmieri, American ice hockey player
  • 1988 – LeSean McCoy, American football player
  • 1984 – Jonathan Lewis, American football player
  • 1984 – Natalie Martinez, American actress
  • 1980 – Kristen Connolly, American actress
  • 1978 – Michelle Rodriguez, American actress
  • 1978 – Topher Grace, American actor
  • 1977 – Brock Lesnar, American mixed martial artist and wrestler
  • 1977 – Steve Howey, American actor
  • 1976 – Tracie Spencer, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1974 – Gregory Shane Helms, American professional wrestler
  • 1972 – Travis Best, American basketball player
  • 1971 – Kristi Yamaguchi, American figure skater
  • 1971 – Loni Love, American comedian, actress, and talk show host
  • 1969 – Jesse Pintado, Mexican-American guitarist (d. 2006)
  • 1969 – Lisa Nicole Carson, American actress
  • 1967 – John Petrucci, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1967 – Mac McCaughan, American singer and guitarist
  • 1966 – Jeff Bucknum, American race car driver
  • 1965 – Robin Wilson, American singer and guitarist
  • 1962 – Joanna Shields, American-English businesswoman
  • 1959 – Charlie Murphy, American actor and comedian (d. 2017)
  • 1958 – J. D. Hayworth, American politician and radio host
  • 1957 – Rick Husband, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2003)
  • 1956 – Mel Harris, American actress
  • 1956 – Sandi Patty, American singer and pianist
  • 1955 – Jimmy LaFave, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2017)
  • 1954 – Eric Adams, American singer-songwriter
  • 1954 – Robert Carl, American pianist and composer
  • 1952 – Philip Taylor Kramer, American bass player (d. 1995)
  • 1952 – Voja Antonić, Serbian computer scientist and journalist, designed the Galaksija computer
  • 1951 – Brian Grazer, American screenwriter and producer, founded Imagine Entertainment
  • 1951 – Cheryl Ladd, American actress
  • 1951 – Jamey Sheridan, American actor
  • 1951 – Joan Bauer, American author
  • 1950 – Eric Carr, American drummer and songwriter (d. 1991)
  • 1949 – Rick Hendrick, American businessman, founded Hendrick Motorsports
  • 1948 – Ben Burtt, American director, screenwriter, and sound designer
  • 1948 – Richard Simmons, American fitness trainer and actor
  • 1948 – Walter Egan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1947 – Loren Coleman, American cryptozoologist, author, and academic
  • 1947 – Richard C. McCarty, American psychologist and academic
  • 1945 – Butch Hancock, American country-folk singer-songwriter and musician (The Flatlanders)
  • 1944 – Delia Ephron, American author, playwright, and screenwriter
  • 1944 – Pat Woodell, American actress and singer (d. 2015)
  • 1943 – Paul Silas, American basketball player and coach
  • 1942 – Steve Young, American country singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2016)
  • 1942 – Swamp Dogg, American R&B singer-songwriter and musician
  • 1941 – Benny Parsons, American race car driver and sportscaster (d. 2007)
  • 1938 – Ron Fairly, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1937 – Bill Cosby, American actor, comedian, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1937 – Mickey Edwards, American lawyer and politician
  • 1937 – Robert McFarlane, American colonel and diplomat, 13th United States National Security Advisor
  • 1934 – Van Cliburn, American pianist and composer (d. 2013)
  • 1933 – Donald E. Westlake, American author and screenwriter (d. 2008)
  • 1933 – Victor Poor, American engineer, developed the Datapoint 2200 (d. 2012)
  • 1932 – Monte Hellman, American director and producer
  • 1932 – Otis Davis, American sprinter
  • 1931 – Geeto Mongol, Canadian-American wrestler and trainer (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Elias James Corey, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1928 – Imero Fiorentino, American lighting designer (d. 2013)
  • 1927 – Conte Candoli, American trumpet player (d. 2001)
  • 1927 – Jack Harshman, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – Roger Smith, American businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1922 – Mark Hatfield, American soldier and politician, 29th Governor of Oregon (d. 2011)
  • 1920 – Beah Richards, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 1920 – Paul Gonsalves, American saxophonist (d. 1974)
  • 1918 – Doris Grumbach, American novelist, memoirist, biographer, literary critic, and essayist
  • 1918 – Vivian Mason, American actress (d. 2009)
  • 1917 – Andrew Wyeth, American artist (d. 2009)
  • 1913 – Willis Lamb, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2008)
  • 1909 – Fritz Leonhardt, German engineer, designed Fernsehturm Stuttgart (d. 1999)
  • 1909 – Herbert Zim, American naturalist, author, and educator (d. 1994)
  • 1909 – Joe DeRita, American actor (d. 1993)
  • 1908 – Milton Berle, American comedian and actor (d. 2002)
  • 1908 – Paul Runyan, American golfer and sportscaster (d. 2002)
  • 1895 – Buckminster Fuller, American architect and engineer, designed the Montreal Biosphère (d. 1983)
  • 1895 – Oscar Hammerstein II, American director, producer, and songwriter (d. 1960)
  • 1886 – Jean Hersholt, Danish-American actor and director (d. 1956)
  • 1884 – Louis B. Mayer, Russian-born American film producer, co-founded Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (d. 1957)
  • 1880 – Tod Browning, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1962)
  • 1876 – Alphaeus Philemon Cole, American artist, engraver and etcher (d. 1988)
  • 1857 – George E. Ohr, American potter (d. 1918)
  • 1854 – George Eastman, American businessman, founded Eastman Kodak (d. 1933)
  • 1821 – D. H. Hill, American general and academic (d. 1889)
  • 1817 – Henry David Thoreau, American essayist, poet, and philosopher (d. 1862)
  • 1730 – Josiah Wedgwood, English potter, founded the Wedgwood Company (d. 1795)

Deaths

  • 2015 – D'Army Bailey, American lawyer, judge, and actor (b. 1941)
  • 2014 – Alfred de Grazia, American political scientist and author (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Kenneth J. Gray, American soldier and politician (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Amar Bose, American businessman, founded the Bose Corporation (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Else Holmelund Minarik, Danish-American author and illustrator (b. 1920)
  • 2012 – George C. Stoney, American director and producer (b. 1916)
  • 2011 – Sherwood Schwartz, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1916)
  • 2010 – Harvey Pekar, American author and critic (b. 1939)
  • 2010 – James P. Hogan, English-American author (b. 1941)
  • 2010 – Olga Guillot, Cuban-American singer (b. 1922)
  • 2008 – Bobby Murcer, American baseball player, coach, and sportscaster (b. 1946)
  • 2008 – Tony Snow, American journalist, 26th White House Press Secretary (b. 1955)
  • 2004 – Betty Oliphant, English-Canadian ballerina, co-founded the National Ballet School of Canada (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Benny Carter, American trumpet player, saxophonist, and composer (b. 1907)
  • 2001 – Fred Marcellino, American author and illustrator (b. 1939)
  • 1998 – Jimmy Driftwood, American singer-songwriter and banjo player (b. 1907)
  • 1996 – John Chancellor, American journalist (b. 1927)
  • 1992 – Caroline Pafford Miller, American journalist and author (b. 1903)
  • 1979 – Minnie Riperton, American singer-songwriter (b. 1947)
  • 1975 – James Ormsbee Chapin, American painter and illustrator (b. 1887)
  • 1973 – Lon Chaney, Jr., American actor (b. 1906)
  • 1962 – Roger Wolfe Kahn, American composer and bandleader (b. 1907)
  • 1950 – Elsie de Wolfe, American actress, author, and interior decorator (b. 1865)
  • 1947 – Jimmie Lunceford, American saxophonist and bandleader (b. 1902)
  • 1946 – Ray Stannard Baker, American journalist and author (b. 1870)
  • 1944 – Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., American general and politician, Governor of Puerto Rico (b. 1887)
  • 1934 – Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American inventor and businessman, invented the outboard motor (b. 1877)
  • 1929 – Robert Henri, American painter and educator (b. 1865)
  • 1910 – Charles Rolls, English engineer and businessman, co-founded Rolls-Royce Limited (b. 1887)
  • 1892 – Alexander Cartwright, American firefighter, invented baseball (b. 1820)
  • 1870 – John A. Dahlgren, American admiral (b. 1809)
  • 1804 – Alexander Hamilton, American general, economist, and politician, 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1755)
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