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Thursday 13 July 2023 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances


  • In 2016 U.S. and Indian scientists report that graphene-infused packaging is a million times better at blocking moisture than typical plastic.
  • 1956 – John McCarthy(Dartmouth College), Marvin Minsky(MIT), Claude Shannon (Bell Labs), and Nathaniel Rochester (IBM) assemble the first coordinated research meeting on the topic of "Artificial Intelligence" at Dartmouth College in Hanover, NH. USA.
  • 1919 – The British airship R34 lands in Norfolk, England, completing the first airship return journey across the Atlantic in 182 hours of flight.
  • 1863 – New York City draft riots: In New York City, opponents of conscription begin three days of rioting which will be later regarded as the worst in United States history.
  • 1830 – The General Assembly's Institution, now the Scottish Church College, one of the pioneering institutions that ushered the Bengali renaissance, is founded by Alexander Duff and Raja Ram Mohan Roy, in Calcutta, India.


  • 1995 – Cody Bellinger, American baseball player. Cody James Bellinger (born July 13, 1995) is an American professional baseball first baseman and outfielder for the Los Angeles Dodgers of Major League Baseball (MLB).
  • 1988 – Colton Haynes, American actor, model and singer. He is known for his starring role as Jackson Whittemore in the MTV supernatural drama series Teen Wolf and as Roy Harper / Arsenal in the CW superhero television series Arrow.
  • 1985 – Trell Kimmons, American sprinter. 100 m: 9.95 s (Zürich 2010)
  • 1982 – Yadier Molina, Puerto Rican-American baseball player. Yadier Benjamin Molina (Spanish pronunciation: ; born July 13, 1982), nicknamed "Yadi", is a Puerto Rican professional baseball catcher for the St.
  • 1978 – Ryan Ludwick, American baseball player. Louis Cardinals, San Diego Padres, Pittsburgh Pirates, and Cincinnati Reds.
  • 1977 – Chris Horn, American football player. Christopher Michael Horn (born July 13, 1977) is a former American football wide receiver.
  • 1969 – Ken Jeong, American actor, comedian, and physician. He was the lead in the ABC sitcom Dr.
  • 1966 – Gerald Levert, American R&B singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (d. 2006). Levert is best known for singing with his brother, Sean Levert, and friend Marc Gordon of the vocal group LeVert.
  • 1965 – Eileen Ivers, American fiddler. Eileen Ivers (born July 13, 1965) is an American fiddler.
  • 1964 – Charlie Hides, American drag queen and comedian. Following live performances in London clubs, Hides started a YouTube channel in March 2011.
  • 1964 – Paul Thorn, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Paul Wayne Thorn (born July 13, 1964) is a Southern rock, country, Americana, and blues singer-songwriter, whose style is a mix of blues, country, and rock.
  • 1962 – Rhonda Vincent, American singer-songwriter and mandolin player. Rhonda Lea Vincent (born July 13, 1962) is an American bluegrass singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist.
  • 1962 – Tom Kenny, American voice actor and screenwriter. Thomas James Kenny (born July 13, 1962) is an American actor, voice artist, and comedian.
  • 1960 – Curtis Rouse, American football player (d. 2013), was an American football offensive lineman who played six seasons in the National Football League with the Minnesota Vikings and the San Diego Chargers.
  • 1957 – Cameron Crowe, American director, producer, and screenwriter. Before moving into the film industry, Crowe was a contributing editor at Rolling Stone magazine, for which he still frequently writes.
  • 1956 – Michael Spinks, American boxer. As an amateur he won a gold medal in the middleweight division at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
  • 1955 – Mark Mendoza, American bass player and songwriter. Mark "The Animal" Mendoza (born Mark Glickman, July 13, 1956) is an American rock bassist and a member of the American heavy metal band Twisted Sister.
  • 1954 – Louise Mandrell, American singer-songwriter and actress. Louise had a successful singing career in country music from the 1970s, with a string of hits all during the 1980s.
  • 1951 – Didi Conn, American actress and singer. Edith Conn (née Bernstein; July 13, 1951), professionally known as Didi Conn, is an American actress, best known for her work as Frenchy in Grease, Denise Stevens Downey in Benson and Stacy Jones in Shining Time Station.
  • 1951 – Rob Bishop, American educator and politician. Robert William Bishop (born July 13, 1951) is an American politician currently serving as the U.S.
  • 1946 – Bob Kauffman, American basketball player and coach (d. 2015), was an American professional basketball player and coach. Kaufmann was a three time NBA All-Star.
  • 1946 – Cheech Marin, American actor and comedian. Richard Anthony "Cheech" Marín (born July 13, 1946) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, writer and activist, who gained recognition as part of the comedy act Cheech & Chong during the 1970s and early 1980s with Tommy Chong and as Don Johnson's partner, Insp.
  • 1944 – Erno Rubik, Hungarian game designer, architect, and educator, invented the Rubik's Cube. He is best known for the invention of mechanical puzzles including Rubik's Cube (1974), Rubik's Magic, Rubik's Magic: Master Edition, and Rubik's Snake.
  • 1942 – Harrison Ford, American actor and producer. Ford is also widely known for his portrayal of Indiana Jones in the Indiana Jones franchise and as Tom Clancy's Jack Ryan in the spy thrillers Patriot Games (1992) and Clear and Present Danger (1994).
  • 1942 – Roger McGuinn, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. James Roger McGuinn /məˈɡwɪn/ (born James Joseph McGuinn III; July 13, 1942) is an American musician.
  • 1941 – Robert Forster, American actor and producer, was an American actor, known for his roles as John Cassellis in Haskell Wexler's Medium Cool (1969), Lebanese terrorist Abdul Rafai in The Delta Force (1986), and Max Cherry in Quentin Tarantino's Jackie Brown (1997), for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.
  • 1940 – Paul Prudhomme, American chef and author (d. 2015), was an American celebrity chef whose specialties were Creole and Cajun cuisines, which he was also credited with popularizing. He was the chef proprietor of K-Paul's Louisiana Kitchen in New Orleans, and had formerly owned and run several other restaurants.
  • 1940 – Tom Lichtenberg, American football player and coach (d. 2013). He served as the head football coach also at Morehead State University (1979–1980), the University of Maine (1989), and Ohio University (1990–1994), compiling a career college football coaching record of 26–59–3.
  • 1936 – Albert Ayler, American saxophonist and composer (d. 1970), was an American avant-garde jazz saxophonist, singer and composer.
  • 1935 – Jack Kemp, American football player and politician, 9th United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (d. 2009), was an American politician and a professional player in both American football and Canadian football. A member of the Republican Party from New York, he served as Housing Secretary in the administration of President George H.
  • 1930 – Sam Greenlee, American author and poet (d. 2014), was an American writer. He is best known for his novel The Spook Who Sat by the Door, first published in London by Allison & Busby in March 1969 (having been rejected by dozens of mainstream publishers), and went on to be chosen as The Sunday Times Book of the Year.
  • 1928 – Bob Crane, American actor (d. 1978), was an American actor, drummer, radio host, and disc jockey known for starring in the CBS situation comedy Hogan's Heroes.
  • 1928 – Sven Davidson, Swedish-American tennis player (d. 2008), was a Swedish tennis player who became the first Swede to win a Grand Slam title when he won the French Championships in 1957, beating Ashley Cooper and Herbert Flam.
  • 1926 – Robert H. Justman, American director, producer, and production manager (d. 2008), was an American television producer, director, and production manager. He worked on many American TV series including Lassie, The Life of Riley, Adventures of Superman, The Outer Limits, Star Trek, Mission: Impossible, and Then Came Bronson.
  • 1926 – T. Loren Christianson, American politician, was an American politician in the state of South Dakota. He was a member of the South Dakota House of Representatives from 1977 to 1994.
  • 1925 – Suzanne Zimmerman, American competition swimmer and Olympic medalist. At the 1948 Summer Olympics in London, Zimmerman won a silver medal in the 100-meter backstroke.
  • 1924 – Johnny Gilbert, American game show host and announcer. Gilbert III (born July 13, 1924) is an American show business personality who has worked mainly on television game shows.
  • 1923 – Ashley Bryan, American children's book writer & illustrator. Most of his subjects are from the African American experience.
  • 1922 – Leslie Brooks, American actress (d. 2011), was an American film actress, model and dancer.
  • 1918 – Marcia Brown, American author and illustrator (d. 2015), was an American writer and illustrator of more than 30 children's books. She has won three annual Caldecott Medals from the American Library Association, and six Caldecott Medal honors as an illustrator, recognizing the year's best U.S. picture book illustration, and the ALA's Laura Ingalls Wilder Medal in 1992 for her career contribution to children's literature.
  • 1918 – Ronald Bladen, American painter and sculptor (d. 1988). He is particularly known for his large-scale sculptures.
  • 1913 – Dave Garroway, American journalist and television personality (d. 1982), was an American television personality. He was the founding host and anchor of NBC's Today from 1952 to 1961.
  • 1913 – Kay Linaker, American actress and screenwriter (d. 2008), was an American actress and screenwriter who appeared in many B movies during the 1930s and 1940s, most notably Kitty Foyle (1940) starring Ginger Rogers. Linaker used her married name, Kate Phillips, as a screenwriter, notably for the cult movie hit The Blob (1958).
  • 1910 – Loren Pope, American journalist and author (d. 2008), was an American writer and independent college placement counselor. In 1965, Pope, a former newspaperman and education editor of The New York Times, founded the College Placement Bureau, one of the first independent college placement counseling services in the United States.
  • 1907 – George Weller, American author, playwright, and journalist (d. 2002), was an American novelist, playwright, and journalist for The New York Times and Chicago Daily News. He won a 1943 Pulitzer Prize as a Daily News war correspondent.
  • 1895 – Sidney Blackmer, American actor (d. 1973), was an American actor who appeared in dozens of movies between 1914 and 1971, usually in major supporting roles. He was also a major Broadway performer.
  • 1892 – Jonni Myyrä, Finnish-American discus and javelin thrower (d. 1955), was a Finnish athlete who competed at the 1912, 1920 and 1924 Olympics. In 1912, he finished eighth in the javelin throw.
  • 1889 – Stan Coveleski, American baseball player (d. 1984), was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for four American League (AL) teams between 1912 and 1928, primarily the Cleveland Indians. The star of the Indians pitching staff, he won over 20 games each year from the epidemic-shortened 1918 season through 1921, leading the AL in shutouts twice and in strikeouts and earned run average (ERA) once each during his nine years with the club.
  • 1864 – John Jacob Astor IV, American colonel and businessman (d. 1912), was an American businessman, real estate developer, investor, inventor, writer, lieutenant colonel in the Spanish–American War, and a prominent member of the Astor family.
  • 1858 – Stewart Culin, American ethnographer and author (d. 1929), was an American ethnographer and author interested in games, art and dress. Culin played a major role in the development of ethnography, first concentrating his efforts on studying the Asian-Americans workers in Philadelphia.
  • 1841 – Otto Wagner, Austrian architect, designed the Austrian Postal Savings Bank and Karlsplatz Stadtbahn Station (d. 1918), was an Austrian architect and urban planner. He was a leading member of the Vienna Secession movement of architecture, founded in 1897, and the broader Art Nouveau movement.
  • 1821 – Nathan Bedford Forrest, American general and first Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan (d. 1877), was a Confederate Army general during the American Civil War. Although scholars generally respect Forrest as a military strategist, he has remained a controversial figure in Southern racial history, especially for his role in the massacre of black soldiers at Fort Pillow, and his 1867–1869 leadership of the Ku Klux Klan.


  • 2014 – Alfred de Grazia, American political scientist, author, and academic (b. 1919)
  • 2014 – Jeff Leiding, American football player (b. 1961)
  • 2014 – Lorin Maazel, French-American violinist, composer, and conductor (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Leonard Garment, American lawyer and public servant, 14th White House Counsel (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Marc Simont, French-American author and illustrator (b. 1915)
  • 2013 – Vernon B. Romney, American lawyer and politician, 14th Attorney General of Utah (b. 1924)
  • 2012 – Richard D. Zanuck, American film producer (b. 1934)
  • 2012 – Warren Jabali, American basketball player (b. 1946)
  • 2010 – George Steinbrenner, American businessman (b. 1930)
  • 2007 – Michael Reardon, American mountaineer (b. 1965)
  • 2006 – Red Buttons, American actor (b. 1919)
  • 2005 – Robert E. Ogren, American zoologist (b. 1922)
  • 2000 – Jan Karski, Polish-American activist and academic (b. 1914)
  • 1996 – Pandro S. Berman, American director, producer, and production manager (b. 1905)
  • 1993 – Davey Allison, American race car driver (b. 1961)
  • 1970 – Leslie Groves, American general and engineer (b. 1896)
  • 1960 – Joy Davidman, American-English poet and author (b. 1915)
  • 1951 – Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian-American composer and painter (b. 1874)
  • 1949 – Walt Kuhn, American painter and academic (b. 1877)
  • 1946 – Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer and curator (b. 1864)
  • 1945 – Alla Nazimova, Russian-American actress, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1879)
  • 1934 – Mary E. Byrd, American astronomer and academic (b. 1849)
  • 1927 – Mimar Kemaleddin Bey, Turkish architect and academic, designed the Tayyare Apartments (b. 1870)
  • 1922 – Martin Dies, Sr., American journalist and politician (b. 1870)
  • 1893 – Young Man Afraid of His Horses, American tribal chief (b. 1836)
  • 1890 – John C. Frémont, American general and politician, 5th Territorial Governor of Arizona (b. 1813)
  • 1881 – John C. Pemberton, American general (b. 1814)
  • 1399 – Peter Parler, German architect, designed St. Vitus Cathedral and Charles Bridge (b. 1330)