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Friday 17 August 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Events

  • 2008 – American swimmer Michael Phelps becomes the first person to win eight gold medals at one Olympic Games.
  • 2005 – The first forced evacuation of settlers, as part of Israeli disengagement from Gaza, starts.
  • 1978 – Double Eagle II becomes first balloon to cross the Atlantic Ocean when it lands in Miserey, France near Paris, 137 hours after leaving Presque Isle, Maine.
  • 1977 – The Soviet icebreaker Arktika becomes the first surface ship to reach the North Pole.
  • 1970 – Venera program: Venera 7 launched. It will later become the first spacecraft to successfully transmit data from the surface of another planet (Venus).
  • 1958 – Pioneer 0, America's first attempt at lunar orbit, is launched using the first Thor-Able rocket and fails. Notable as one of the first attempted launches beyond Earth orbit by any country.
  • 1953 – Addiction: First meeting of Narcotics Anonymous takes place, in Southern California.
  • 1945 – The novella Animal Farm by George Orwell is first published.
  • 1943 – World War II: First Québec Conference of Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and William Lyon Mackenzie King begins.
  • 1943 – World War II: The Royal Air Force begins Operation Hydra, the first air raid of the Operation Crossbow strategic bombing campaign against Germany's V-weapon program.
  • 1915 – Jewish American Leo Frank is lynched in Marietta, Georgia after a 13-year-old girl is murdered.
  • 1908 – Fantasmagorie, the first animated cartoon, created by Émile Cohl, is shown in Paris, France.
  • 1883 – The first public performance of the Dominican Republic's national anthem, Himno Nacional.
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Battle of Gainesville: Confederate forces defeat Union troops near Gainesville, Florida.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: In Charleston, South Carolina, Union batteries and ships bombard Confederate-held Fort Sumter.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Major General J. E. B. Stuart is assigned command of all the cavalry of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia.
  • 1862 – American Indian Wars: The Dakota War of 1862 begins in Minnesota as Lakota warriors attack white settlements along the Minnesota River.
  • 1807 – Robert Fulton's North River Steamboat leaves New York City for Albany, New York, on the Hudson River, inaugurating the first commercial steamboat service in the world.
  • 1585 – A first group of colonists sent by Sir Walter Raleigh under the charge of Ralph Lane lands in the New World to create Roanoke Colony on Roanoke Island, off the coast of present-day North Carolina.
  • 1498 – Cesare Borgia, son of Pope Alexander VI, becomes the first person in history to resign the cardinalate; later that same day, King Louis XII of France names him Duke of Valentinois.

Births

  • 1995 – Gracie Gold, American figure skater
  • 1986 – Rudy Gay, American basketball player
  • 1986 – Tyrus Thomas, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Dee Brown, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Garrett Wolfe, American football player
  • 1983 – Dustin Pedroia, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Cheerleader Melissa, American wrestler and manager
  • 1979 – Antwaan Randle El, American football player and journalist
  • 1971 – Jorge Posada, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
  • 1970 – Jim Courier, American tennis player and sportscaster
  • 1969 – Christian Laettner, American basketball player and coach
  • 1969 – Donnie Wahlberg, American singer-songwriter, actor and producer
  • 1969 – Kelvin Mercer, American rapper, songwriter and producer (De La Soul)
  • 1968 – Ed McCaffrey, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1966 – Rodney Mullen, American skateboarder and stuntman
  • 1965 – Dottie Pepper, American golfer
  • 1965 – Steve Gorman, American drummer
  • 1964 – Maria McKee, American singer-songwriter (Lone Justice)
  • 1963 – Jon Gruden, American football player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1962 – Dan Dakich, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1962 – Gilby Clarke, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1960 – Sean Penn, American actor, director, and political activist
  • 1959 – Eric Schlosser, American journalist and author
  • 1959 – Jonathan Franzen, American novelist and essayist
  • 1958 – Belinda Carlisle, American singer-songwriter
  • 1957 – Ken Kwapis, American director and screenwriter
  • 1957 – Laurence Overmire, American poet, author, and actor
  • 1956 – Gail Berman, American businessman, co-founded BermanBraun
  • 1954 – Eric Johnson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1949 – Norm Coleman, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Mayor of St. Paul
  • 1949 – Sib Hashian, American rock drummer (Boston) (d. 2017)
  • 1949 – Sue Draheim, American fiddler and composer (d. 2013)
  • 1947 – Gary Talley, American guitarist (The Box Tops), singer-songwriter, and author
  • 1946 – Martha Coolidge, American director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1945 – Rachel Pollack, American author, poet, and educator
  • 1944 – Larry Ellison, American businessman, co-founded the Oracle Corporation
  • 1943 – Dave "Snaker" Ray, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2002)
  • 1943 – Robert De Niro, American actor, entrepreneur, director, and producer
  • 1939 – Luther Allison, American blues guitarist and singer (d. 1997)
  • 1936 – Margaret Heafield Hamilton, American computer scientist, systems engineer, and business owner.
  • 1936 – Seamus Mallon, Irish educator and politician, Deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland
  • 1933 – Mark Dinning, American pop singer (d. 1986)
  • 1932 – Duke Pearson, American pianist and composer (d. 1980)
  • 1930 – Harve Bennett, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1929 – Francis Gary Powers, American captain and pilot (d. 1977)
  • 1928 – T. J. Anderson, American composer, conductor, and educator
  • 1927 – F. Ray Keyser Jr., American lawyer and politician, 72nd Governor of Vermont (d. 2015)
  • 1927 – Sam Butera, American saxophonist and bandleader (d. 2009)
  • 1924 – Evan S. Connell, American novelist, poet, and short story writer (d. 2013)
  • 1923 – Larry Rivers, American painter and sculptor (d. 2002)
  • 1920 – Lida Moser, American photographer and author (d. 2014)
  • 1920 – Maureen O'Hara, Irish-American actress and singer (d. 2015)
  • 1919 – Georgia Gibbs, American singer (d. 2006)
  • 1918 – Evelyn Ankers, British-American actress (d. 1985)
  • 1918 – Ike Quebec, American saxophonist and pianist (d. 1963)
  • 1914 – Bill Downs, American journalist (d. 1978)
  • 1914 – Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr., American lawyer and politician (d. 1988)
  • 1913 – Mark Felt, American lawyer and agent, 2nd Deputy Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (d. 2008)
  • 1913 – Rudy York, American baseball player and manager (d. 1970)
  • 1909 – Larry Clinton, American trumpet player and bandleader (d. 1985)
  • 1904 – Mary Cain, American journalist and politician (d. 1984)
  • 1896 – Leslie Groves, American general and engineer (d. 1970)
  • 1896 – Oliver Waterman Larkin, American historian and author (d. 1970)
  • 1894 – William Rootes, 1st Baron Rootes, English businessman, founded Rootes Group (d. 1964)
  • 1893 – John Brahm, German-American director and production manager (d. 1982)
  • 1893 – Mae West, American actress, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 1980)
  • 1890 – Harry Hopkins, American politician and diplomat, 8th United States Secretary of Commerce (d. 1946)
  • 1888 – Monty Woolley, American actor, raconteur, and pundit (d. 1963)
  • 1887 – Marcus Garvey, Jamaican journalist and activist, founded Black Star Line (d. 1940)
  • 1877 – Ralph McKittrick, American golfer and tennis player (d. 1923)
  • 1873 – John A. Sampson, American gynecologist and academic (d. 1946)
  • 1865 – Julia Marlowe, English-American actress (d. 1950)
  • 1863 – Gene Stratton-Porter, American author and photographer (d. 1924)
  • 1786 – Davy Crockett, American soldier and politician (d. 1836)
  • 1578 – Johann, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, first prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (d. 1638)

Deaths

  • 2015 – Mike Gaechter, American football player (b. 1940)
  • 2015 – Yvonne Craig, American ballet dancer and actress (b. 1937)
  • 2014 – Sophie Masloff, American civil servant and politician, 56th Mayor of Pittsburgh (b. 1917)
  • 2013 – Frank Martínez, American painter (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Jack Harshman, American baseball player (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – John Hollander, American poet and critic (b. 1929)
  • 2013 – Odilia Dank, American educator and politician (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Victor Poor, American engineer, developed the Datapoint 2200 (b. 1933)
  • 2007 – Eddie Griffin, American basketball player (b. 1982)
  • 2005 – John N. Bahcall, American astrophysicist and academic (b. 1934)
  • 1995 – Howard E. Koch, American playwright and screenwriter (b. 1902)
  • 1994 – Jack Sharkey, American boxer and referee (b. 1902)
  • 1994 – Luigi Chinetti, Italian-American race car driver and businessman (b. 1901)
  • 1990 – Pearl Bailey, American actress and singer (b. 1918)
  • 1988 – Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1914)
  • 1988 – Victoria Shaw, Australian-American actress (b. 1935)
  • 1983 – Ira Gershwin, American songwriter (b. 1896)
  • 1979 – John C. Allen, American roller coaster designer (b. 1907)
  • 1979 – Vivian Vance, American actress and singer (b. 1909)
  • 1973 – Conrad Aiken, American novelist, short story writer, critic, and poet (b. 1889)
  • 1973 – Paul Williams, American singer and choreographer (b. 1939)
  • 1958 – Arthur Fox, English-American fencer (b. 1878)
  • 1940 – Billy Fiske, American soldier and pilot (b. 1911)
  • 1935 – Adam Gunn, American decathlete (b. 1872)
  • 1935 – Charlotte Perkins Gilman, American sociologist and author (b. 1860)
  • 1920 – Ray Chapman, American baseball player (b. 1891)
  • 1861 – Alcée Louis la Branche, American politician and diplomat, 1st United States Ambassador to Texas (b. 1806)
  • 1785 – Jonathan Trumbull, English-American merchant and politician, 16th Governor of Connecticut (b. 1710)
Friday 17 August 2018
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