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Wednesday 30 September 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • 1975 – The Hughes (later McDonnell Douglas, now Boeing) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight. Eight years later, the first production model rolled out of the assembly line.
  • 1968 – The Boeing 747 is rolled out and shown to the public for the first time at the Boeing Everett Factory.
  • 1967 – BBC Light Programme, Third Programme and Home Service are replaced with BBC Radio 2, 3 and 4 Respectively, BBC Radio 1 is also launched with Tony Blackburn presenting its first show.
  • 1966 – The British protectorate of Bechuanaland declares its independence, and becomes the Republic of Botswana. Seretse Khama takes office as the first President.
  • 1962 – Mexican-American labor leader César Chávez founds the National Farm Workers Association, which later becomes United Farm Workers.
  • 1954 – The U.S. Navy submarine USS Nautilus is commissioned as the world's first nuclear reactor powered vessel.
  • 1947 – The World Series, featuring the New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers, is televised for the first time.
  • 1943 – The United States Merchant Marine Academy (USMMA) at Kings Point, New York was dedicated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • 1939 – NBC broadcasts the first televised American football game between the Waynesburg Yellow Jackets and the Fordham Rams. Fordham won the game 34–7.
  • 1927 – Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 60 home runs in a season.
  • 1915 – Radoje Ljutovac becomes the first soldier in history to shoot down an enemy aircraft with ground-to-air fire.
  • 1882 – Thomas Edison's first commercial hydroelectric power plant (later known as Appleton Edison Light Company) begins operation on the Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin, United States.
  • 1860 – Britain's first tram service begins in Birkenhead, Merseyside.
  • 1791 – The first performance of The Magic Flute, the last opera by Mozart to make its debut, took place at Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna, Austria.

Births

  • 2002 – Maddie Ziegler, American dancer and actress. From 2014 to 2017, she gained wider fame for starring in a series of music videos by Sia, including "Chandelier" and "Elastic Heart", which cumulatively have attracted more than 4 billion views on YouTube.
  • 1985 – Téa Obreht, Serbian-American author. Téa Obreht (born Tea Bajraktarević; 30 September 1985) is a Serbian-American novelist.
  • 1985 – T-Pain, American rapper, producer, and actor. Faheem Rasheed Najm (born September 30, 1985), better known by his stage name T-Pain, is an American rapper, singer, songwriter and record producer.
  • 1982 – Lacey Chabert, American actress. She was the third actress to play Bianca Montgomery from 1992 until 1993.
  • 1981 – Dominique Moceanu, American gymnast. She was a member of the gold-medal-winning United States women's gymnastics team (the "Magnificent Seven") at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta.
  • 1977 – Nick Curran, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2012), was an American blues/rock and roll singer and guitarist. He has been likened to T-Bone Walker, Little Richard, The Sonics, Doug Sahm, Misfits, and The Ramones.
  • 1975 – Jay Asher, American author. Jay Asher (born September 30, 1975) is an American writer & novelist.
  • 1975 – Marion Cotillard, French-American actress and singer. She became a Knight of the Order of Arts and Letters in France in 2010, and was promoted to Officer in 2016.
  • 1974 – Daniel Wu, American–born Hong Kong actor, director, and producer. Daniel Wu Yan-Zu (Chinese: 吳彥祖; pinyin: Wú Yànzǔ; born September 30, 1974) is an Hong Kong-American actor, director and producer who stars in the AMC martial arts drama series Into the Badlands.
  • 1974 – Jeremy Giambi, American baseball player. Jeremy Dean Giambi (/dʒiˈɑːmbi/; born September 30, 1974) is an American former professional baseball outfielder and first baseman, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Kansas City Royals, Oakland Athletics, Philadelphia Phillies, and Boston Red Sox, from 1998 through 2003.
  • 1972 – Jamal Anderson, American football player and sportscaster. Jamal Sharif Anderson (born September 30, 1972) is a former American football running back of the National Football League.
  • 1972 – José Lima, Dominican-American baseball player (d. 2010), was a Dominican right-handed pitcher who spent thirteen seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) with the Detroit Tigers (1994–1996, 2001–2002), Houston Astros (1997–2001), Kansas City Royals (2003, 2005), Los Angeles Dodgers (2004) and New York Mets (2006). His best year in the majors was 1999, when he won 21 games for the Astros and pitched in his only All-Star Game.
  • 1971 – Jenna Elfman, American actress and producer. Jennifer Mary "Jenna" Elfman (née Butala; born September 30, 1971) is an American actress, best known for her performances in television comedies.
  • 1970 – Tony Hale, American actor and producer. He also voiced Forky in the 2019 animated comedy Toy Story 4.
  • 1969 – Chris von Erich, American wrestler (d. 1991), was an American professional wrestler, best known under the ring name Chris Von Erich of the Von Erich family.
  • 1964 – Trey Anastasio, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and composer. Ernest Joseph "Trey" Anastasio III (/ˌɑːnəˈstɑːzioʊ/, born September 30, 1964) is an American guitarist, singer, songwriter, and composer best known as the lead vocalist of the rock band Phish, which he co-founded in 1983.
  • 1963 – David Barbe, American bass player and producer. David Barbe (born September 30, 1963) is an American musician and producer/engineer from Athens, Georgia and director of the Music Business Certificate Program at the University of Georgia.
  • 1961 – Eric Stoltz, American actor, director, and producer. In 1985, Stoltz was the original actor casted as Marty McFly in the movie Back to the Future before the role was recast with Michael J.
  • 1960 – Blanche Lincoln, American politician. A member of the Democratic Party, Lincoln was first elected to the Senate in 1998; she was the first woman elected to the Senate from Arkansas since Hattie Caraway in 1932 and, at age 38, was the youngest woman ever elected to the Senate.
  • 1960 – Miki Howard, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress. Alicia Michelle "Miki" Howard (born September 30, 1960) is an American singer and actress who had a string of Top 10 hit songs in the mid–1980s and early–1990s, including "Baby, Be Mine"(1987), "Come Share My Love" (1986) and "Love Under New Management" (1990). "Ain't Nobody Like You" (1992) and "Ain't Nuthin' in the World" (1989) both peaked at number one on the U.S.
  • 1960 – Nicola Griffith, English-American author. Award, World Fantasy Award and six Lambda Literary Awards.
  • 1958 – Marty Stuart, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. John Marty Stuart (born September 30, 1958) is a multiple Grammy Award-winning, American country music singer-songwriter, known for both his traditional style, and eclectic merging of rockabilly, honky tonk, and traditional country music.
  • 1957 – Fran Drescher, American actress, producer, and screenwriter. She is best known for her role as Fran Fine in the hit TV series The Nanny (1993–99), and for her nasal voice and thick New York accent.
  • 1955 – Andy Bechtolsheim, German engineer, co-founded Sun Microsystems. Andreas Maria Maximilian Freiherr von Mauchenheim genannt Bechtolsheim (born 30 September 1955) is a German electrical engineer, entrepreneur, investor, and self-made billionaire.
  • 1954 – Patrice Rushen, American singer-songwriter and producer. Patrice Louise Rushen (born September 30, 1954) is an American jazz pianist and R&B singer.
  • 1954 – Scott Fields, American guitarist and composer. He works primarily in avant-garde jazz, experimental music, and contemporary classical music.
  • 1953 – Deborah Allen, American country music singer-songwriter, author, and actress. She recorded the 1983 crossover hit "Baby I Lied", which reached No. 4 on the country chart and No. 26 on the Billboard Hot 100.
  • 1953 – Matt Abts, American drummer. Matt Abts (born September 30, 1953) is an American drummer, best known as one of the founding members of the rock band Gov't Mule.
  • 1952 – John Lombardo, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. John Lombardo (born 30 September 1952) is one of the founding members of the American alternative rock band 10,000 Maniacs and one of the band's most influential members, writing much of its early material.
  • 1948 – Craig Kusick, American baseball player and coach (d. 2006), was an American professional baseball first baseman and designated hitter. He played in Major League Baseball for the Minnesota Twins and Toronto Blue Jays.
  • 1946 – Claude Vorilhon, French journalist, founded Raëlism. Founder • HistoryBeliefs and practicesCloning (Clonaid)Funds
  • 1946 – Fran Brill, American actress, singer, and puppeteer. Frances Joan Brill (born September 30, 1946) is a retired American actress and puppeteer, best known for her roles on Sesame Street, as well as playing Sally Hayes in the Hal Ashby film Being There (1979), Dana Mardukas in the Martin Brest film Midnight Run (1988) and Lily Marvin in the Frank Oz film What About Bob? (1991).
  • 1946 – Héctor Lavoe, Puerto Rican-American singer-songwriter (d. 1993), was a Puerto Rican salsa singer. Lavoe is considered to be possibly the best and most important singer and interpreter in the history of salsa music because he helped to establish the popularity of this musical genre in the decades of 1960s, 1970s and 1980s.
  • 1944 – Red Robbins, American basketball player (d. 2009). Robbins, a 6'8" forward/center from Leesburg, Florida, starred at the University of Tennessee in the 1960s and then played professionally for the American Basketball Association's New Orleans Buccaneers (1967–1970), Utah Stars (1970–1972), San Diego Conquistadors (1972–1973; 1973–1974), Kentucky Colonels (1973; 1974–1975), and Virginia Squires (1975–1976).
  • 1943 – Ian Ogilvy, English-American actor, playwright, and author. Ian Raymond Ogilvy (born 30 September 1943) is an English actor, playwright, and novelist.
  • 1943 – Johann Deisenhofer, German-American biochemist and biophysicist, Nobel Prize laureate. Johann Deisenhofer (born September 30, 1943) is a German biochemist who, along with Hartmut Michel and Robert Huber, received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1988 for their determination of the first crystal structure of an integral membrane protein, a membrane-bound complex of proteins and co-factors that is essential to photosynthesis.
  • 1943 – Marilyn McCoo, American singer. Marilyn McCoo (born September 30, 1943) is an American singer, actress, and television presenter, who is best known for being the lead female vocalist in the group The 5th Dimension, as well as hosting the 1980s music countdown series Solid Gold.
  • 1942 – Frankie Lymon, American singer-songwriter (d. 1968), was an American rock and roll/rhythm and blues singer and songwriter, best known as the boy soprano lead singer of the New York City-based early rock and roll group The Teenagers. The group was composed of five boys, all in their early to mid-teens.
  • 1941 – Samuel F. Pickering, Jr., American author and educator. Samuel F. "Sam" Pickering Jr. (born September 30, 1941) is a writer and professor emeritus of English at the University of Connecticut in Storrs.
  • 1940 – Claudia Card, American philosopher and academic (d. 2015), was the Emma Goldman (WARF) Professor of Philosophy at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, with teaching affiliations in Women's Studies, Jewish Studies, Environmental Studies, and LGBT Studies.
  • 1936 – Jim Sasser, American lawyer and politician, 6th United States Ambassador to China. From 1996 to 1999, during the Clinton Administration, he was the United States Ambassador to China.
  • 1935 – Johnny Mathis, American singer and actor. Mathis has received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and has been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame for three separate recordings.
  • 1934 – Anna Kashfi, Indian-American actress (d. 2015), was an American film actress who had a brief Hollywood career in the 1950s.
  • 1933 – Cissy Houston, American singer. Emily "Cissy" Houston (née Drinkard; born September 30, 1933) is an American soul and gospel singer.
  • 1932 – Johnny Podres, American baseball player and coach (d. 2008), was an American left-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball who spent most of his career with the Brooklyn / Los Angeles Dodgers. He is perhaps best remembered for being named the Most Valuable Player of the 1955 World Series, pitching a shutout in Game 7 against the New York Yankees to help the Brooklyn Dodgers win their only World Series title before the team moved to Los Angeles after the 1957 season.
  • 1931 – Angie Dickinson, American actress. She began her career on television, appearing in many anthology series during the 1950s, before landing her breakthrough role in Gun the Man Down (1956) with James Arness and the Western film Rio Bravo (1959), for which she received the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year.
  • 1929 – Carol Fenner, American author and illustrator (d. 2002), was an American children's writer.
  • 1928 – Elie Wiesel, Romanian-American author, academic, and activist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2016), was a Romanian-born American writer, professor, political activist, Nobel laureate, and Holocaust survivor. He authored 57 books, written mostly in French and English, including Night, a work based on his experiences as a Jewish prisoner in the Auschwitz and Buchenwald concentration camps.
  • 1928 – Ray Willsey, Canadian-American football player and coach (d. 2013), was an American gridiron football player and coach. He was the head football coach at the University of California, Berkeley from 1964 to 1971.
  • 1927 – W. S. Merwin, American poet and translator, was an American poet who wrote more than fifty books of poetry and prose, and produced many works in translation. During the 1960s anti-war movement, Merwin's unique craft was thematically characterized by indirect, unpunctuated narration.
  • 1924 – Truman Capote, American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 1984), was an American novelist, short story writer, screenwriter, playwright, and actor. Several of his short stories, novels, and plays have been praised as literary classics, including the novella Breakfast at Tiffany's (1958) and the true crime novel In Cold Blood (1966), which he labeled a "nonfiction novel".
  • 1922 – Lamont Johnson, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2010). for: My Sweet Charlie (1970) (TV) Shared with:
  • 1921 – Aldo Parisot, Brazilian-American cellist and educator, was a Brazilian-born American cellist and cello teacher. He was first a member of the Juilliard School faculty, and then went on to serve as a music professor at the Yale School of Music for sixty years (1958 to July 2018).
  • 1919 – Patricia Neway, American soprano and actress (d. 2012), was an American operatic soprano and musical theatre actress who had an active international career during the mid-1940s through the 1970s. One of the few performers of her day to enjoy equal success on both the opera and musical theatre stages, she was a regular performer on both Broadway and at the New York City Opera during the 1950s and 1960s.
  • 1919 – William L. Guy, American lieutenant and politician, 26th Governor of North Dakota (d. 2013), was an American politician who was the governor of the U.S. state of North Dakota from 1961 to 1973. Guy was North Dakota's longest-serving governor in state history, serving two consecutive two-year terms and two four-year terms in office.
  • 1917 – Buddy Rich, American drummer, bandleader, and actor (d. 1987), was an American jazz drummer and bandleader. He is considered one of the most influential drummers of all time and was known for his virtuoso technique, power, and speed.
  • 1915 – Lester Maddox, American businessman and politician, 75th Governor of Georgia (d. 2003), was an American politician who served as the 75th Governor of the U.S. state of Georgia from 1967 to 1971. A populist Democrat, Maddox came to prominence as a staunch segregationist when he refused to serve black customers in his Atlanta restaurant, in violation of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
  • 1911 – Gustave Gilbert, American psychologist (d. 1977), was an American psychologist best known for his writings containing observations of high-ranking Nazi leaders during the Nuremberg trials. His 1950 book The Psychology of Dictatorship was an attempt to profile the Nazi German dictator Adolf Hitler using as reference the testimonials of Hitler's closest generals and commanders.
  • 1901 – Thelma Terry, American bassist and bandleader (d. 1966), was an American bandleader and bassist during the 1920s and 1930s. She led Thelma Terry and Her Playboys and was the first American woman to lead a notable jazz orchestra as an instrumentalist.
  • 1898 – Edgar Parin d'Aulaire, German-American author and illustrator (d. 1986). Ingri d'Aulaire (December 27, 1904 – October 24, 1980) and Edgar Parin d'Aulaire (September 30, 1898 – May 1, 1986) were American writers and illustrators of children's books who worked primarily as a team, completing almost all of their well-known works together.
  • 1898 – Renée Adorée, French-American actress (d. 1933), was a French actress who appeared in Hollywood silent movies during the 1920s. She is most famous for her role as Melisande in the melodramatic romance and war epic The Big Parade.
  • 1895 – Lewis Milestone, Moldovan-American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1980), was a Russian-born American motion picture director. He is known for directing Two Arabian Knights (1927) and All Quiet on the Western Front (1930), both of which received Academy Awards for Best Director.
  • 1893 – Lansdale Ghiselin Sasscer, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician (d. 1964). Lansdale Ghiselin Sasscer (September 30, 1893 – November 5, 1964) represented the fifth district of the state of Maryland in the United States House of Representatives for seven terms from 1939 to 1953.
  • 1883 – Nora Stanton Blatch Barney, American civil engineer, architect, and suffragist (d. 1971), was an English-born U.S. civil engineer, architect, and suffragist. Barney was among the first women to graduate with an engineering degree in United States.
  • 1870 – Jean Baptiste Perrin, French-American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1942), was a French physicist who, in his studies of the Brownian motion of minute particles suspended in liquids, verified Albert Einstein’s explanation of this phenomenon and thereby confirmed the atomic nature of matter (sedimentation equilibrium). For this achievement he was honoured with the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1926.
  • 1870 – Thomas W. Lamont, American banker and philanthropist (d. 1948). Lamont was born in Claverack, New York.
  • 1832 – Ann Jarvis, American activist, co-founded Mother's Day (d. 1905), was a social activist and community organizer during the American Civil War era. She is recognized as the mother who inspired Mother's Day and as a founder of Mother's Day movements, and her daughter, Anna Marie Jarvis (1864–1948), is recognized as the founder of the Mother's Day holiday in the United States.
  • 1827 – Ellis H. Roberts, American journalist and politician, 20th Treasurer of the United States (d. 1918), was a United States Representative from New York and 20th Treasurer of the United States.
  • 1800 – Decimus Burton, English architect, designed the Pharos Lighthouse (d. 1881), was one of the foremost English architects and urban designers of the 19th century.:72 He was the foremost Victorian architect in the Roman revival-, Greek revival-, Georgian neoclassical-, and Regency styles. He was accomplished also in the cottage orné-, picturesque-, and neogothic styles.

Deaths

  • 2017 – Monty Hall, American game show host (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Martin Lewis Perl, American physicist and engineer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Barbara Ann Scott, Canadian-American figure skater (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – Barry Commoner, American biologist, academic, and politician (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Bobby Jaggers, American wrestler and engineer (b. 1948)
  • 2012 – Clara Stanton Jones, American librarian (b. 1913)
  • 2011 – Anwar al-Awlaki, American-Yemeni terrorist (b. 1971)
  • 2011 – Ralph M. Steinman, Canadian-American immunologist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1943)
  • 2010 – Stephen J. Cannell, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1941)
  • 2004 – Jacques Levy, American director and songwriter (b. 1935)
  • 2003 – Robert Kardashian, American lawyer and businessman (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – Yusuf Bey, American activist, founded Your Black Muslim Bakery (b. 1935)
  • 1998 – Dan Quisenberry, American baseball player and poet (b. 1953)
  • 1998 – Robert Lewis Taylor, American soldier and author (b. 1912)
  • 1990 – Rob Moroso, American race car driver (b. 1968)
  • 1989 – Virgil Thomson, American composer and critic (b. 1896)
  • 1988 – Al Holbert, American race car driver (b. 1946)
  • 1987 – Alfred Bester, American author and screenwriter (b. 1913)
  • 1985 – Charles Francis Richter, American seismologist and physicist (b. 1900)
  • 1978 – Edgar Bergen, American actor and ventriloquist (b. 1903)
  • 1977 – Mary Ford, American singer and guitarist (b. 1924)
  • 1955 – James Dean, American actor (b. 1931)
  • 1943 – Franz Oppenheimer, German-American sociologist and economist (b. 1864)
  • 1770 – George Whitefield, English-American priest and theologian (b. 1714)
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