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Wednesday 3 October 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

  • German Unity Day (Germany)
  • National Foundation Day or Gaecheonjeol (South Korea)

Events

  • In 2017 the Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded to Rainer Weiss, Kip Thorne and Barry Barish for their role in the detection of gravitational waves.
  • In 2016 a study published by the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee shows that caffeine consumption may reduce the risk of dementia in women by 36 percent.
  • In 2016 the British Journal of Sports Medicine reports that playing golf can increase life expectancy by five years.
  • The 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded to Yoshinori Ohsumi of Japan for discoveries about autophagy.
  • 1993 – Battle of Mogadishu: A firefight occurs during a failed attempt to capture key officials of warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid's organisation in Mogadishu, Somalia, costing the lives of 18 American soldiers, and over 350 Somalis.
  • 1950 – Korean War: The First Battle of Maryang San, primarily pitting Australian and British forces against communist China, begins.
  • 1949 – WERD, the first black-owned radio station in the United States, opens in Atlanta.
  • 1942 – Spaceflight: The first successful launch of a V-2 /A4-rocket from Test Stand VII at Peenemünde, Germany. It is the first man-made object to reach space.
  • 1930 – The German Socialist Labour Party in Poland – Left is founded following a split in DSAP in Łódź.
  • 1919 – Cincinnati Reds pitcher Adolfo Luque becomes the first Latin player to appear in a World Series.
  • 1872 – The Bloomingdale brothers open their first store at 938 Third Avenue, New York City.
  • 1863 – The last Thursday in November is declared as Thanksgiving Day by United States President Abraham Lincoln as are Thursdays, November 30, 1865 and November 29, 1866.
  • 1849 – American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.
  • 1789 – George Washington makes the first Thanksgiving Day designated by the national government of the US
  • 1283 – Dafydd ap Gruffydd, prince of Gwynedd in Wales, is the first nobleman to be executed by hanging, drawing and quartering.
  • 42 BC – First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight a decisive battle with Caesar's assassins Brutus and Cassius.

Births

  • 1989 – Nate Montana, American football player
  • 1988 – Dustin Gazley, American ice hockey player
  • 1985 – Courtney Lee, American basketball player
  • 1984 – Ashlee Simpson, American singer-songwriter and actress
  • 1980 – Anquan Boldin, American football player
  • 1979 – John Morrison, American wrestler and actor
  • 1979 – Josh Klinghoffer, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1978 – Jake Shears, American singer-songwriter
  • 1977 – Daniel Hollie, American wrestler
  • 1977 – Eric Munson, American baseball player and coach
  • 1976 – Seann William Scott, American actor and producer
  • 1975 – India Arie, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1973 – Angélica Gavaldón, American-Mexican tennis player and coach
  • 1972 – G. Love, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and harmonica player
  • 1972 – Guy Oseary, Israeli–American talent manager and businessman
  • 1971 – Kevin Richardson, American singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1971 – Wil Cordero, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and coach
  • 1969 – Gwen Stefani, American singer-songwriter, actress, and fashion designer
  • 1968 – Greg Foster, American basketball player and coach
  • 1967 – Chris Collingwood, English-American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1967 – Rob Liefeld, American author and illustrator
  • 1966 – Darrin Fletcher, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1963 – Benny Anders, American basketball player
  • 1963 – Dan Goldie, American tennis player
  • 1962 – Tommy Lee, Greek-American singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer
  • 1959 – Fred Couples, American golfer
  • 1959 – Greg Proops, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter
  • 1959 – Jack Wagner, American actor and singer
  • 1955 – Allen Woody, American bass player and songwriter (d. 2000)
  • 1955 – John S. Lesmeister, American educator and politician, 30th North Dakota State Treasurer (d. 2006)
  • 1954 – Al Sharpton, American minister, talk show host, and political activist
  • 1954 – Dennis Eckersley, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1954 – Eddie DeGarmo, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer
  • 1954 – Stevie Ray Vaughan, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 1990)
  • 1952 – Bruce Arians, American football coach
  • 1951 – Dave Winfield, American baseball player and sportscaster
  • 1951 – Kathryn D. Sullivan, American geologist and astronaut
  • 1951 – Keb' Mo', American blues musician and songwriter
  • 1950 – Ronnie Laws, American jazz, R&B, and funk saxophone player
  • 1949 – Laurie Simmons, American photographer and director
  • 1949 – Lindsey Buckingham, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1947 – Ben Cauley, American trumpet player and songwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – Fred DeLuca, American businessman, co-founded Subway (d. 2015)
  • 1947 – John Perry Barlow, American poet, songwriter, blogger, and activist
  • 1946 – P. P. Arnold, American soul singer
  • 1944 – Roy Horn, German-American magician and actor
  • 1943 – Jeff Bingaman, American soldier and politician, 25th Attorney General of New Mexico
  • 1941 – Chubby Checker, American singer-songwriter
  • 1940 – Alan O'Day, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
  • 1940 – Mike Troy, American swimmer
  • 1939 – Bob Armstrong, American wrestler and trainer
  • 1938 – Dave Obey, American lawyer and politician
  • 1938 – Eddie Cochran, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 1960)
  • 1936 – Steve Reich, American composer
  • 1935 – Charles Duke, American general, pilot, and astronaut
  • 1934 – Benjamin Boretz, American composer and theorist
  • 1928 – Edward L. Moyers, American businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1925 – George Wein, American pianist and producer, co-founded the Newport Folk Festival
  • 1925 – Gore Vidal, American novelist, screenwriter, and critic (d. 2012)
  • 1924 – Harvey Kurtzman, American cartoonist (d. 1993)
  • 1919 – James M. Buchanan, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)
  • 1915 – Ray Stark, American film producer (d. 2004)
  • 1908 – Johnny Burke, American songwriter (d. 1964)
  • 1906 – Natalie Savage Carlson, American author (d. 1997)
  • 1900 – Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (d. 1938)
  • 1899 – Gertrude Berg, American actress, screenwriter and producer (d. 1966)
  • 1898 – Leo McCarey, American director and screenwriter (d. 1969)
  • 1894 – Elmer Robinson, American lawyer and politician, 33rd Mayor of San Francisco (d. 1982)
  • 1888 – Wade Boteler, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1943)
  • 1885 – Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist (d. 1970)
  • 1879 – Warner Oland, Swedish-American actor and singer (d. 1938)
  • 1858 – Eleonora Duse, Italian-American actress (d. 1924)
  • 1846 – James Jackson Putnam, American neurologist and academic (d. 1918)
  • 1804 – Townsend Harris, American merchant, politician, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Japan (d. 1878)
  • 1800 – George Bancroft, American historian and politician, 17th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1891)
  • 1790 – John Ross, American tribal chief (d. 1866)

Deaths

  • 2014 – Benedict Groeschel, American priest, psychologist, and talk show host (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Kevin Metheny, American businessman (b. 1954)
  • 2013 – Bob Chance, American baseball player (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Chuck Smith, American pastor, founded the Calvary Chapel movement (b. 1927)
  • 2013 – Frank D'Rone, American singer and guitarist (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – Robert F. Christy, American physicist and astrophysicist (b. 1916)
  • 2010 – Ben Mondor, Canadian-American businessman (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Janet Leigh, American actress (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – John Cerutti, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1960)
  • 2003 – Florence Stanley, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – William Steig, American sculptor, author, and illustrator (b. 1907)
  • 2002 – Bruce Paltrow, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2000 – Benjamin Orr, American singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1947)
  • 1999 – Akio Morita, Japanese businessman, co-founded Sony (b. 1921)
  • 1998 – Roddy McDowall, English-American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1994 – John C. Champion, American producer and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 1993 – Gary Gordon, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1960)
  • 1993 – Randy Shughart, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1958)
  • 1990 – Eleanor Steber, American soprano and educator (b. 1914)
  • 1986 – Vince DiMaggio, American baseball player and manager (b. 1912)
  • 1969 – Skip James, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1902)
  • 1967 – Woody Guthrie, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1912)
  • 1965 – Zachary Scott, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1936 – John Heisman, American football player and coach (b. 1869)
  • 1929 – Jeanne Eagels, American actress (b. 1894)
  • 1907 – Jacob Nash Victor, American engineer (b. 1835)
  • 1881 – Orson Pratt, American mathematician and religious leader (b. 1811)
  • 1877 – James Roosevelt Bayley, American archbishop (b. 1814)
  • 1873 – Kintpuash, American tribal leader (b. 1837)
  • 1867 – Elias Howe, American engineer, invented the sewing machine (b. 1819)
  • 1860 – Rembrandt Peale, American painter and curator (b. 1778)
  • 1838 – Black Hawk, American tribal leader (b. 1767)
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