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Saturday 3 October 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • In 2017 the Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded to Rainer Weiss, Kip Thorne and Barry Barish for their role in the detection of gravitational waves.
  • In 2016 a study published by the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee shows that caffeine consumption may reduce the risk of dementia in women by 36 percent.
  • In 2016 the British Journal of Sports Medicine reports that playing golf can increase life expectancy by five years.
  • The 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded to Yoshinori Ohsumi of Japan for discoveries about autophagy.
  • 1993 – Battle of Mogadishu: A firefight occurs during a failed attempt to capture key officials of warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid's organisation in Mogadishu, Somalia, costing the lives of 18 American soldiers, and over 350 Somalis.
  • 1950 – Korean War: The First Battle of Maryang San, primarily pitting Australian and British forces against communist China, begins.
  • 1949 – WERD, the first black-owned radio station in the United States, opens in Atlanta.
  • 1942 – Spaceflight: The first successful launch of a V-2 /A4-rocket from Test Stand VII at Peenemünde, Germany. It is the first man-made object to reach space.
  • 1930 – The German Socialist Labour Party in Poland – Left is founded following a split in DSAP in Łódź.
  • 1919 – Cincinnati Reds pitcher Adolfo Luque becomes the first Latin player to appear in a World Series.
  • 1872 – The Bloomingdale brothers open their first store at 938 Third Avenue, New York City.
  • 1863 – The last Thursday in November is declared as Thanksgiving Day by United States President Abraham Lincoln as are Thursdays, November 30, 1865 and November 29, 1866.
  • 1849 – American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.
  • 1789 – George Washington makes the first Thanksgiving Day designated by the national government of the US
  • 1283 – Dafydd ap Gruffydd, prince of Gwynedd in Wales, is the first nobleman to be executed by hanging, drawing and quartering.
  • 42 BC – First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight a decisive battle with Caesar's assassins Brutus and Cassius.

Births

  • 1989 – Nate Montana, American football player. Montana is the son of Pro Football Hall of Fame quarterback Joe Montana.
  • 1988 – Dustin Gazley, American ice hockey player. Dustin Gazley (born October 3, 1988) is an American professional ice hockey forward who is currently an unrestricted free agent having last played for EC Red Bull Salzburg in the Erste Bank Eishockey Liga (EBEL).
  • 1985 – Courtney Lee, American basketball player. Courtney Lee (born October 3, 1985) is an American professional basketball player for the Dallas Mavericks of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1984 – Ashlee Simpson, American singer-songwriter and actress. She later pursued a career as an actress and had a recurring role on the family drama 7th Heaven.
  • 1980 – Anquan Boldin, American football player. Anquan Kenmile Boldin Sr. (/ˈænkwɑːn/; born October 3, 1980) is a former American football wide receiver who spent 14 seasons in the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1979 – Josh Klinghoffer, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer. Josh Adam Klinghoffer (born October 3, 1979) is an American musician best known for being the former guitarist for the rock band Red Hot Chili Peppers from 2009 to 2019, with whom he recorded two studio albums, I'm with You (2011) and The Getaway (2016), and the b-sides compilation, I'm Beside You (2013).
  • 1978 – Jake Shears, American singer-songwriter. He is best known as the lead male singer for the pop band Scissor Sisters.
  • 1977 – Daniel Hollie, American wrestler. Daniel Richard "Danny" Hollie (born October 3, 1977) is an American retired professional wrestler.
  • 1977 – Eric Munson, American baseball player and coach. Eric Walter Munson (born October 3, 1977) is a former Major League Baseball catcher.
  • 1976 – Seann William Scott, American actor and producer. He has also appeared in films Dude, Where's My Car? (2000), Final Destination (2000), Road Trip (2000), Evolution (2001), The Dukes of Hazzard (2005), and Role Models (2008).
  • 1975 – India Arie, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress. India Arie Simpson (born October 3, 1975), also known as India.Arie (sometimes styled as india.arie), is an American singer and songwriter.
  • 1973 – Angélica Gavaldón, American-Mexican tennis player and coach. Angélica Gavaldón Loaiza (born 3 October 1973) is a retired tennis player from Mexico.
  • 1972 – G. Love, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and harmonica player. Garrett Dutton (born October 3, 1972), better known as G.
  • 1972 – Guy Oseary, Israeli–American talent manager and businessman. His clients include Madonna and U2.
  • 1971 – Wil Cordero, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and coach. Wilfredo Cordero Nieva (born October 3, 1971) is a former shortstop, first baseman, and outfielder in Major League Baseball.
  • 1969 – Gwen Stefani, American singer-songwriter, actress, and fashion designer. She is a co-founder and the lead vocalist of the band No Doubt, whose singles include "Just a Girl", "Spiderwebs", and "Don't Speak", from their 1995 breakthrough studio album Tragic Kingdom, as well as "Hey Baby" and "It's My Life" from later albums.
  • 1967 – Chris Collingwood, English-American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. Chris Collingwood (born October 3, 1967) is a British American singer, songwriter, and artist who is best known as the former lead vocalist and founding member of the power pop band Fountains of Wayne.
  • 1967 – Rob Liefeld, American author and illustrator. In the early 1990s, Liefeld gained popularity due to his work on Marvel Comics' The New Mutants and later X-Force.
  • 1966 – Darrin Fletcher, American baseball player and sportscaster. He played as a catcher in Major League Baseball from 1989 to 2002.
  • 1963 – Benny Anders, American basketball player. Benny Michael Anders (born October 3, 1963) is a former star player at the Guy Lewis-coached University of Houston basketball teams during the early 1980s.
  • 1963 – Dan Goldie, American tennis player. Goldie (born October 3, 1963) is a former tennis player from the United States who won 2 singles (1987, Newport and 1988, Seoul) and 2 doubles titles (1986, Wellington and 1987, Newport).
  • 1962 – Tommy Lee, Greek-American singer-songwriter, drummer, and producer. Thomas Lee Bass (born October 3, 1962) is an American musician and founding member of Mötley Crüe.
  • 1959 – Fred Couples, American golfer. Frederick Steven Couples (born October 3, 1959) is an American professional golfer who has competed on the PGA Tour and the PGA Tour Champions.
  • 1959 – Greg Proops, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter. Gregory Everett Proops (born October 3, 1959) is an American actor, stand-up comedian, voice artist and television host.
  • 1955 – Allen Woody, American bass player and songwriter (d. 2000), was an American bass guitarist best known for his eight-year tenure in the Allman Brothers Band and as co-founder of Gov't Mule.
  • 1955 – John S. Lesmeister, American educator and politician, 30th North Dakota State Treasurer (d. 2006), was a North Dakota politician who served as the 30th North Dakota State Treasurer from 1981 to 1984.
  • 1954 – Al Sharpton, American minister, talk show host, and political activist. In 2004, he was a candidate for the Democratic nomination for the U.S. presidential election.
  • 1954 – Dennis Eckersley, American baseball player and sportscaster. Dennis Lee Eckersley (born October 3, 1954), nicknamed "Eck", is an American former professional baseball pitcher.
  • 1954 – Eddie DeGarmo, American singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer. DeGarmo played keyboards and provided vocals for the band.
  • 1954 – Stevie Ray Vaughan, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 1990), was an American musician, singer, songwriter, and record producer, and one of the most influential guitarists in the revival of blues in the 1980s. He is commonly referred to as one of the greatest guitar players of all time.
  • 1952 – Bruce Arians, American football coach. Bruce Charles Arians (born October 3, 1952) is an American football coach for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the National Football League (NFL) and a former player.
  • 1951 – Dave Winfield, American baseball player and sportscaster. David Mark Winfield (born October 3, 1951) is an American former Major League Baseball (MLB) right fielder.
  • 1951 – Kathryn D. Sullivan, American geologist and astronaut. She was Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration after being confirmed by the U.S.
  • 1951 – Keb' Mo', American blues musician and songwriter. Kevin Roosevelt Moore (born October 3, 1951), known as Keb' Mo', is an American blues musician and four-time Grammy Award winner.
  • 1950 – Ronnie Laws, American jazz, R&B, and funk saxophone player. He is the younger brother of jazz flautist Hubert Laws, jazz vocalist Eloise Laws and the older brother of Debra Laws.
  • 1949 – Laurie Simmons, American photographer and director. Since the mid-1970s, Simmons has staged scenes for her camera with dolls, ventriloquist dummies, objects on legs, and people, to create photographs that reference domestic scenes.:9 She is part of The Pictures Generation, a name given to a group of artists from a 2009 exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art that includes Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, and Louise Lawler.
  • 1949 – Lindsey Buckingham, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. As a member of Fleetwood Mac, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998.
  • 1947 – Ben Cauley, American trumpet player and songwriter (d. 2015). He was the only survivor of the 1967 plane crash that claimed the lives of soul singer Otis Redding and four members of the Bar-Kays.
  • 1947 – Fred DeLuca, American businessman, co-founded Subway (d. 2015), was an Italian-American businessman, best known as the co-founder of the Subway franchise of sandwich shops.
  • 1947 – John Perry Barlow, American poet, songwriter, blogger, and activist, was an American poet and essayist, a cattle rancher, and a cyberlibertarian political activist who had been associated with both the Democratic and Republican parties. He was also a lyricist for the Grateful Dead and a founding member of the Electronic Frontier Foundation and the Freedom of the Press Foundation.
  • 1946 – P. P. Arnold, American soul singer. Patricia Ann Cole (born October 3, 1946), known professionally as P.
  • 1944 – Roy Horn, German-American magician and actor. Siegfried & Roy are a German-American duo of magicians and entertainers, who became known for their appearances with white lions and white tigers.
  • 1943 – Jeff Bingaman, American soldier and politician, 25th Attorney General of New Mexico. Previously, Bingaman was Attorney General of New Mexico from 1979 to 1983.
  • 1941 – Chubby Checker, American singer-songwriter. In September 2008, "The Twist" topped Billboard's list of the most popular singles to have appeared in the Hot 100 since its debut in 1958, an honor it maintained for an August 2013 update of the list.
  • 1940 – Alan O'Day, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013), was an American singer-songwriter, best known for writing and singing "Undercover Angel," a million-selling Gold-certified American #1 hit in 1977. He also wrote songs for several other notable performers, such as 1974's Helen Reddy #1 hit "Angie Baby" and the Righteous Brothers' #3 Gold hit "Rock and Roll Heaven".
  • 1940 – Mike Troy, American swimmer, was an American competitive swimmer, a two-time Olympic champion, and world record-holder in three events.
  • 1939 – Bob Armstrong, American wrestler and trainer. Joseph Melton James (born October 3, 1939) is an American retired professional wrestler and Hall of Famer, better known by his ring name, "Bullet" Bob Armstrong.
  • 1938 – Dave Obey, American lawyer and politician. David Ross Obey (/ˈoʊbiː/ OH-bee; born October 3, 1938) is a former United States Representative.
  • 1938 – Eddie Cochran, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 1960), was a mid-20th century American rock and roll musician. Cochran's songs, such as "Twenty Flight Rock", "Summertime Blues", "C'mon Everybody" and "Somethin' Else", captured teenage frustration and desire in the mid-1950s and early 1960s.
  • 1936 – Steve Reich, American composer. Stephen Michael Reich (/raɪʃ/ born October 3, 1936) is an American composer who, along with La Monte Young, Terry Riley, and Philip Glass, pioneered minimal music in the mid to late 1960s.
  • 1935 – Charles Duke, American general, pilot, and astronaut. As lunar module pilot of Apollo 16 in 1972, he became the tenth and youngest person to walk on the Moon.
  • 1934 – Benjamin Boretz, American composer and theorist. Benjamin Aaron Boretz (born 3 October 1934) is an American composer and music theorist.
  • 1928 – Edward L. Moyers, American businessman (d. 2006). Moyers, Jr. (October 3, 1928 – June 5, 2006) was an American railroad executive of the 20th century.
  • 1925 – George Wein, American pianist and producer, co-founded the Newport Folk Festival. George Wein (born October 3, 1925) is an American jazz promoter and producer who has been called "the most famous jazz impresario" and "the most important non-player... in jazz history".
  • 1925 – Gore Vidal, American novelist, screenwriter, and critic (d. 2012), was an American writer and public intellectual known for his epigrammatic wit, patrician manner, and polished style of writing.
  • 1924 – Harvey Kurtzman, American cartoonist (d. 1993), was an American cartoonist and editor. His best-known work includes writing and editing the parodic comic book Mad from 1952 until 1956, and illustrating the Little Annie Fanny strips in Playboy from 1962 until 1988.
  • 1919 – James M. Buchanan, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013), was an American economist known for his work on public choice theory (included in his most famous work, co-authored with Gordon Tullock, The Calculus of Consent, 1962), for which he received the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1986. Buchanan's work initiated research on how politicians' and bureaucrats' self-interest, utility maximization, and other non-wealth-maximizing considerations affect their decision-making.
  • 1915 – Ray Stark, American film producer (d. 2004), was one of the most successful and prolific independent film producers in postwar Hollywood. Highly tenacious and intelligent, Stark's background as a literary and theatrical agent groomed him to produce some of the most dynamic and profitable films of the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, such as The World of Suzie Wong (1960), West Side Story (1961), The Misfits (1961), Lolita (1962), The Night of The Iguana (1964), Reflections in a Golden Eye (1967), Funny Girl (1968), The Goodbye Girl (1977), The Toy (1982), Annie (1982), and Steel Magnolias (1989).
  • 1906 – Natalie Savage Carlson, American author (d. 1997), was a 20th-century American writer of children's books. For her lifetime contribution as a children's writer, she was United States nominee for the biennial, international Hans Christian Andersen Award in 1966.
  • 1900 – Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (d. 1938), was an American novelist of the early twentieth century.
  • 1899 – Gertrude Berg, American actress, screenwriter and producer (d. 1966). A pioneer of classic radio, she was one of the first women to create, write, produce and star in a long-running hit when she premiered her serial comedy-drama The Rise of the Goldbergs (1929), later known as The Goldbergs.
  • 1898 – Leo McCarey, American director and screenwriter (d. 1969), was an American film director, screenwriter, and producer. He was involved in nearly 200 movies, the most well known today being Duck Soup, Make Way for Tomorrow, The Awful Truth, Going My Way, The Bells of St.
  • 1894 – Elmer Robinson, American lawyer and politician, 33rd Mayor of San Francisco (d. 1982), was the 33rd mayor of San Francisco, California. A Republican, he served as San Francisco's mayor from January 1948 until January 1956.
  • 1888 – Wade Boteler, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1943), was an American film actor and writer. He appeared in more than 430 films between 1919 and 1943.
  • 1885 – Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist (d. 1970), was an American playwright and journalist of the first half of the 20th century. She is best known for her play Machinal which is often included in drama anthologies as an example of an expressionist or modernist play.
  • 1879 – Warner Oland, Swedish-American actor and singer (d. 1938), was a Swedish-American actor most remembered for playing several Chinese and Chinese-American characters: the Honolulu Police detective, Lieutenant Charlie Chan; Dr. Fu Manchu; and Henry Chang in Shanghai Express.
  • 1858 – Eleonora Duse, Italian-American actress (d. 1924), was an Italian actress. She is regarded as one of the greatest actresses of all time, noted for her total assumption of the roles she portrayed.
  • 1846 – James Jackson Putnam, American neurologist and academic (d. 1918), was a United States neurologist.
  • 1804 – Townsend Harris, American merchant, politician, and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Japan (d. 1878), was a successful New York City merchant and minor politician, and the first United States Consul General to Japan. He negotiated the "Harris Treaty" between the US and Japan and is credited as the diplomat who first opened Shogunate Japan to foreign trade and culture in the Edo period.
  • 1800 – George Bancroft, American historian and politician, 17th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1891), was an American historian and statesman who was prominent in promoting secondary education both in his home state and at the national and international levels. During his tenure as U.S.

Deaths

  • 2014 – Benedict Groeschel, American priest, psychologist, and talk show host (b. 1933)
  • 2014 – Kevin Metheny, American businessman (b. 1954)
  • 2013 – Bob Chance, American baseball player (b. 1940)
  • 2013 – Frank D'Rone, American singer and guitarist (b. 1932)
  • 2012 – Robert F. Christy, American physicist and astrophysicist (b. 1916)
  • 2010 – Ben Mondor, Canadian-American businessman (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – Janet Leigh, American actress (b. 1927)
  • 2004 – John Cerutti, American baseball player and sportscaster (b. 1960)
  • 2003 – Florence Stanley, American actress (b. 1924)
  • 2003 – William Steig, American sculptor, author, and illustrator (b. 1907)
  • 2002 – Bruce Paltrow, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1943)
  • 2000 – Benjamin Orr, American singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1947)
  • 1999 – Akio Morita, Japanese businessman, co-founded Sony (b. 1921)
  • 1998 – Roddy McDowall, English-American actor (b. 1928)
  • 1994 – John C. Champion, American producer and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  • 1993 – Gary Gordon, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1960)
  • 1993 – Randy Shughart, American sergeant, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1958)
  • 1990 – Eleanor Steber, American soprano and educator (b. 1914)
  • 1986 – Vince DiMaggio, American baseball player and manager (b. 1912)
  • 1969 – Skip James, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1902)
  • 1967 – Woody Guthrie, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1912)
  • 1965 – Zachary Scott, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 1936 – John Heisman, American football player and coach (b. 1869)
  • 1929 – Jeanne Eagels, American actress (b. 1894)
  • 1907 – Jacob Nash Victor, American engineer (b. 1835)
  • 1881 – Orson Pratt, American mathematician and religious leader (b. 1811)
  • 1877 – James Roosevelt Bayley, American archbishop (b. 1814)
  • 1873 – Kintpuash, American tribal leader (b. 1837)
  • 1867 – Elias Howe, American engineer, invented the sewing machine (b. 1819)
  • 1860 – Rembrandt Peale, American painter and curator (b. 1778)
  • 1838 – Black Hawk, American tribal leader (b. 1767)
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