Thursday 28 October 2021 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: Worldwide Holidays
, Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Children’s Days
, Chocolate holidays
, Father’s Days
, Food holidays
, Health Calendar
, Hong Kong
, New Zealand
, Unusual Holidays
, Wine holidays
, Women’s Days
Holidays and observances
- 2007 – Cristina Fernández de Kirchner becomes the first woman elected President of Argentina.
- 1990 – The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic holds the first multiparty legislature election in the country's history.
- 1982 – The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party wins elections, leading to the first Socialist government in Spain after death of Franco; Felipe González becomes Prime Minister-elect.
- 1956 – Elvis Presley receives a polio vaccination on national TV. This single event is credited with raising immunization levels in the United States from 0.6% to over 80% in just six months.
- 1948 – Swiss chemist Paul Müller is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the insecticidal properties of DDT.
- 1928 – Declaration of the Youth Pledge in Indonesia, the first time Indonesia Raya, now the national anthem, was sung.
- 1886 – In New York Harbor, President Grover Cleveland dedicates the Statue of Liberty. The first ticker tape parade takes place in New York City when office workers spontaneously throw ticker tape into the streets as the statue is dedicated.
- 1864 – American Civil War: The Battle of Fair Oaks & Darbytown Road (also known as the Second Battle of Fair Oaks) ends: Union forces under General Ulysses S. Grant withdraw from Fair Oaks, Virginia, after failing to breach the Confederate defenses around Richmond, Virginia.
- 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of White Plains: British Army forces arrive at White Plains, attack and capture Chatterton Hill from the Americans.
- 1775 – American Revolutionary War: A British proclamation forbids residents from leaving Boston.
- 1636 – A vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony establishes the first college in what would become the United States, today known as Harvard University.
- 1538 – The first university in the New World (in present-day Dominican Republic), the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established.
- 1492 – Christopher Columbus lands in Cuba on his first voyage to the New World.
- 1998 – Nolan Gould, American actor. He is known for his role as youngest sibling Luke Dunphy on the ABC sitcom Modern Family.
- 1997 – Taylor Fritz, American tennis player. He is the 2nd-fastest American ever to reach an ATP final, accomplishing the feat in just his third career event.
- 1996 – Jack Eichel, American ice hockey player. John Robert Eichel (born October 28, 1996) is an American professional ice hockey center currently serving as the captain for the Buffalo Sabres of the National Hockey League (NHL).
- 1996 – Jasmine Jessica Anthony, American actress. In 2005, she was cast as Amy Calloway in the ABC drama series Commander in Chief.
- 1987 – Frank Ocean, American singer-songwriter. Frank Ocean (born Christopher Edwin Cooksey on October 28, 1987; later Christopher Edwin Breaux) is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and photographer.
- 1984 – Finn Wittrock, American actor. He made his film debut in 2004, in Halloweentown High before returning to films in the 2010 film Twelve.
- 1983 – Jarrett Jack, American basketball player. He was selected with the 22nd overall pick in the 2005 NBA draft by the Denver Nuggets, before playing with the Portland Trail Blazers, Indiana Pacers, Toronto Raptors, New Orleans Hornets, Golden State Warriors, Cleveland Cavaliers, Brooklyn Nets, New Orleans Pelicans and New York Knicks.
- 1982 – Anthony Lerew, American baseball player. He has played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Atlanta Braves and Kansas City Royals; in Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB) for the Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks, and in the KBO League for the Kia Tigers, he also played for the Navigates del Magallanes on the LVBP Liga Venezolana de Béisbol Profesional where in 11/21/2010 against the Leones Del Caracas (the biggest rival team) he managed to throw a no hit no run game.
- 1982 – Jeremy Bonderman, American baseball player. Bonderman batted and threw right-handed.
- 1981 – Nate McLouth, American baseball player. Primarily a center fielder, McLouth bats from the left side and throws from the right.
- 1980 – Christy Hemme, American wrestler and ring announcer. Christina Lee Hemme (born October 28, 1980) is an American professional wrestling valet, ring announcer, singer and retired professional wrestler and model.
- 1979 – Natina Reed, American rapper and actress (d. 2012), was an American singer-songwriter, rapper, and actress. She was born in New York City and raised in Atlanta, Georgia, where she pursued a career in music beginning in her teens.
- 1978 – Justin Guarini, American singer-songwriter and actor, was the runner-up on the first season of American Idol. In 2015, he gained noterietay as Dr.
- 1974 – Braden Looper, American baseball player. Braden LaVerne Looper (born October 28, 1974) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher.
- 1974 – Joaquin Phoenix, American actor and producer. He has received several accolades, including a Grammy Award, two Golden Globe Awards, and nominations for four Academy Awards.
- 1973 – Montel Vontavious Porter, American wrestler and actor. Hassan Hamin Assad (born Alvin Antonio Burke Jr; October 28, 1973) is an American professional wrestler better known by his ring name Montel Vontavious Porter (often shortened to MVP).
- 1972 – Brad Paisley, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor. He has scored 32 Top 10 singles on the US Billboard Country Airplay chart, 19 of which have reached number 1.
- 1972 – Terrell Davis, American football player and sportscaster. Terrell Lamar Davis (born October 28, 1972) is a former American football running back who played for the Denver Broncos of the National Football League (NFL) from 1995 to 2001.
- 1970 – Greg Eagles, American voice actor and producer. He is best known for voicing the Grim Reaper in Grim & Evil and its spin-off The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy.
- 1969 – Ben Harper, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. He has released twelve regular studio albums, mostly through Virgin Records and has toured internationally.
- 1969 – Javier Grillo-Marxuach, Puerto Rican-American screenwriter and producer. Javier "Javi" Grillo-Marxuach (listen (help·info)), born October 28, 1969 in San Juan, Puerto Rico, is a television screenwriter and producer, and podcaster, known for his work as writer and producer on the first two seasons of the ABC television series Lost, as well as other series including Charmed and Law and Order: Special Victims Unit.
- 1968 – Chris Broussard, American journalist and sportscaster. Chris Wichard Broussard (born October 28, 1968) is an American sports analyst and commentator for Fox Sports 1 and Fox Sports Radio.
- 1967 – John Romero, American video game designer, co-founded Id Software. Alfonso John Romero (born October 28, 1967) is an American director, designer, programmer, and developer in the video game industry.
- 1967 – Julia Roberts, American actress and producer. She has won three Golden Globe Awards, from eight nominations, and has been nominated for four Academy Awards for her film acting, winning the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in Erin Brockovich (2000).
- 1966 – Andy Richter, American actor, producer, and screenwriter. Paul Andrew Richter (born October 28, 1966) is an American actor, voice actor, writer, comedian, and late night talk show announcer.
- 1966 – Matt Drudge, American blogger and activist, founded the Drudge Report. Matthew Nathan "Matt" Drudge (born October 27, 1966) is an American political commentator, the creator and editor of the Drudge Report, an American news aggregator.
- 1966 – Steve Atwater, American football player. Stephen Dennis Atwater (born October 28, 1966) is a former American football player who spent most of his career playing free safety for the Denver Broncos of the National Football League (NFL).
- 1965 – Jami Gertz, American actress. Along with husband Tony Ressler, she is a part-owner of the Atlanta Hawks of the National Basketball Association.
- 1963 – Lauren Holly, American actress. Betty Rogers on Canadian series Motive, Mary Swanson in Dumb and Dumber, Linda Lee in Dragon: The Bruce Lee Story, Darian Smalls in Beautiful Girls, Cindy Rooney in Any Given Sunday, and Gigi in What Women Want.
- 1963 – Sheryl Underwood, American comedian, actress, and talk show host. Currently, Underwood is one of the hosts on the CBS Daytime talk show, The Talk, a role she first stepped into in September 2011.
- 1962 – Daphne Zuniga, American actress. She made her film debut in 1982 in the slasher film The Dorm That Dripped Blood at the age of 19, followed by a lead role in the horror film The Initiation (1984) two years later.
- 1960 – Landon Curt Noll, American computer scientist and mathematician. Landon Curt Noll (born October 28, 1960) is an American computer scientist, co-discoverer of the 25th Mersenne prime and discoverer of the 26th, which he found while still enrolled at Hayward High School and concurrently at California State University, Hayward.
- 1959 – Randy Wittman, American basketball player and coach. Randy Scott Wittman (born October 28, 1959) is an American retired basketball player at the guard position and former coach of the NBA's Cleveland Cavaliers, Minnesota Timberwolves, and Washington Wizards.
- 1957 – Zach Wamp, American businessman and politician, was the U.S. Representative for Tennessee's 3rd congressional district from 1995 to 2011.
- 1956 – Dave Wyndorf, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Monster Magnet). He is the frontman and only remaining original member of the band.
- 1955 – Bill Gates, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded Microsoft. During his career at Microsoft, Gates held the positions of chairman, chief executive officer (CEO), president and chief software architect, while also being the largest individual shareholder until May 2014.
- 1955 – Gary Lavergne, American author. Gary Mitchell Lavergne (born October 28, 1955 in Church Point, Louisiana) is an American non-fiction author.
- 1955 – Indra Nooyi, Indian-American businesswoman. Indra Nooyi (née Krishnamurthy; born 28 October 1955) is an Indian American business executive and former CEO of PepsiCo.
- 1955 – Ronnie Bass, American football player and sportscaster. He was portrayed by actor Kip Pardue in the 2000 film Remember the Titans which is about his high school’s number 2 ranked in the nation 1971 State Championship team, on which he was the starting quarterback.
- 1953 – Desmond Child, American songwriter and producer. He is the son of Hungarian father Joseph Marfy and of Cuban songwriter Elena Casals.
- 1952 – Annie Potts, American actress. She also voiced Bo Peep in the Disney and Pixar animated films Toy Story (1995), Toy Story 2 (1999), and Toy Story 4 (2019).
- 1951 – Joe R. Lansdale, American martial artist and author. Joe Richard Lansdale (born October 28, 1951) is an American writer and martial arts instructor.
- 1949 – Caitlyn Jenner, American decathlete and actress. Caitlyn Marie Jenner (born William Bruce Jenner; October 28, 1949) is an American television personality and retired Olympic gold medal–winning decathlete.
- 1948 – Telma Hopkins, American singer and actress. She also performed on the CBS variety show Tony Orlando and Dawn from 1974 until 1976 along with Tony Orlando and Joyce Vincent Wilson.
- 1945 – Don Iverson, American golfer. Donald Iverson (born October 28, 1945) is an American professional golfer who played on the PGA Tour in the 1970s.
- 1945 – Sandy Berger, American lawyer and politician, 19th United States National Security Advisor (d. 2015), was a political consultant who served as the United States National Security Advisor for President Bill Clinton from March 14, 1997, until January 20, 2001. Before that he served as the Deputy National Security Advisor for the Clinton Administration from January 20, 1993, until March 14, 1997.
- 1944 – Anton Schlecker, German businessman, founded the Schlecker Company. Anton Kut Schlecker (born 28 October 1944 in Ehingen) is a German businessman, founder and owner of the Schlecker drug store chain in Germany.
- 1944 – Dennis Franz, American actor. Dennis Franz Schlachta (/frɑːnz/; born October 28, 1944), known professionally as Dennis Franz, is a retired American actor best known for his role as Detective Andy Sipowicz in the ABC television series NYPD Blue (1993–2005), a role that earned him a Golden Globe Award, three Screen Actors Guild Awards and four Primetime Emmy Awards.
- 1940 – Susan Harris, American screenwriter and producer. Susan Harris (née Spivak; born October 28, 1940) is an American television comedy writer and producer.
- 1939 – Andy Bey, American singer and pianist. Bey has a wide vocal range, with a four-octave baritone voice.
- 1939 – Curtis Lee, American singer-songwriter (d. 2015), was an American singer of the early 1960s, who twice was one of the beneficiaries of 1961 productions by Phil Spector. These were "Pretty Little Angel Eyes" (US #7) and "Under the Moon of Love" (U.S. #46).
- 1939 – Jane Alexander, American actress and producer. Jane Alexander (born October 28, 1939) is an American author, actress, and former director of the National Endowment for the Arts.
- 1938 – Dave Budd, American basketball player. David L. "Dave" Budd (born October 28, 1938) is a retired American basketball player who played for the National Basketball Association's New York Knicks.
- 1938 – Kenneth Best, Liberian journalist, founded The Daily Observer. Kenneth Yakpawolo Best (born 28 October 1938) is a Liberian journalist who founded the Liberian newspaper The Daily Observer and a paper of the same name in The Gambia.
- 1937 – Lenny Wilkens, American basketball player and coach. He is also a 2006 inductee into the College Basketball Hall of Fame.
- 1936 – Charlie Daniels, American singer-songwriter, fiddle-player and guitarist. Charles Edward Daniels (born October 28, 1936) is an American singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist known for his contributions to Southern rock, country, and bluegrass music.
- 1932 – Suzy Parker, American model and actress (d. 2003), was an American model and actress active from 1947 into the early 1960s. Her modeling career reached its zenith during the 1950s, when she appeared on the covers of dozens of magazines and in advertisements and movie and television roles.
- 1931 – Harold Battiste, American saxophonist, pianist, and composer (d. 2015), was an American music composer, arranger, performer, and teacher. A native of, and later community leader in, New Orleans, he is best known for his work as an arranger on records by Sam Cooke, Joe Jones, Lee Dorsey, Sonny and Cher, Dr.
- 1929 – John Hollander, American poet, critic, and educator (d. 2013), was an American poet and literary critic. At the time of his death, he was Sterling Professor Emeritus of English at Yale University, having previously taught at Connecticut College, Hunter College, and the Graduate Center, CUNY.
- 1929 – Virginia Held, American philosopher, author, and academic. Virginia Potter Held (born October 28, 1929) is a leading moral, social/political and feminist philosopher whose work on the ethics of care sparked significant research into the ethical dimensions of providing care for others and critiques of the traditional roles of women in society.
- 1926 – Bowie Kuhn, American lawyer and businessman (d. 2007), was an American lawyer and sports administrator who served as the fifth Commissioner of Major League Baseball from February 4, 1969 to September 30, 1984. He served as legal counsel for Major League Baseball owners for almost 20 years prior to his election as commissioner.
- 1923 – John Connell, American actor (d. 2015), was an American artist. His works included sculpture, painting, drawing, and writing.
- 1922 – Butch van Breda Kolff, American basketball player and coach (d. 2007). Born in Glen Ridge, New Jersey, van Breda Kolff gained an affection for basketball while growing up in Montclair.
- 1922 – Gershon Kingsley, German-American pianist, composer, and conductor, was a contemporary German-American composer, a pioneer of electronic music and the Moog synthesizer, a partner in the electronic music duo Perrey and Kingsley, founder of the First Moog Quartet, and writer of rock-inspired compositions for Jewish religious ceremonies. Kingsley is most famous for his 1969 influential electronic instrumental composition "Popcorn".
- 1919 – Walt Hansgen, American race car driver (d. 1966), was an American racecar driver. His racing career began as a road racing driver, made his Grand Prix debut at 41 and 46 when he died, several days after crashing during testing for the 1966 24 Hours of Le Mans.
- 1917 – Jack Soo, American actor and singer (d. 1979), was a Japanese American actor. He was best known for his role as Detective Nick Yemana on the television sitcom Barney Miller.
- 1914 – Glenn Robert Davis, American lieutenant and politician (d. 1988), was a member of the United States House of Representatives for Wisconsin. He represented Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district from April 22, 1947 to January 3, 1957, and Wisconsin's 9th congressional district from January 3, 1965 to December 31, 1974.
- 1914 – Jonas Salk, American biologist and physician (d. 1995), was an American medical researcher and virologist. He discovered and developed one of the first successful polio vaccines.
- 1904 – George Dangerfield, English-American historian, journalist, and author (d. 1986), was an English-American journalist, historian, and the literary editor of Vanity Fair from 1933 to 1935. He is known primarily for his book The Strange Death of Liberal England (1935), a classic account of how the Liberal Party in Great Britain ruined itself in dealing with the House of Lords, woman suffrage, the Irish question, and labour unions, 1906-1914.
- 1902 – Elsa Lanchester, English-American actress and singer (d. 1986), was an English actress with a long career in theatre, film and television.
- 1897 – Edith Head, American costume designer (d. 1981), was an American costume designer who won a record eight Academy Awards for Best Costume Design, starting with The Heiress (1949) and ending with The Sting (1973).
- 1896 – Howard Hanson, American composer, conductor, and educator (d. 1981), was an American composer, conductor, educator, music theorist, and champion of American classical music. As director for 40 years of the Eastman School of Music, he built a high-quality school and provided opportunities for commissioning and performing American music.
- 1892 – Dink Johnson, American pianist, drummer, and clarinet player (d. 1954), was a Dixieland jazz pianist, clarinetist, and drummer.
- 1884 – William Douglas Cook, New Zealand horticulturalist, founded Eastwoodhill Arboretum (d. 1967), was the founder of Eastwoodhill Arboretum, now the national arboretum of New Zealand, and one of the founders of Pukeiti, a rhododendron garden, close to New Plymouth. He was a "plantsman with the soul of a poet and the vision of a philosopher".
- 1879 – Channing H. Cox, American lawyer and politician, 49th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1968), was an American Republican politician, lawyer, and businessman from Massachusetts. He served as the 49th Governor of Massachusetts, from 1921 to 1925.
- 1864 – Adolfo Camarillo, American-Mexican rancher and philanthropist (d. 1958), was a prominent Californio land owner, horse breeder, rancher, and philanthropist in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the Oxnard Plain area of Ventura County, California in the United States. Camarillo, along with his brother Juan Jr., owned much of what later became the town known by their family name, Camarillo.
- 1839 – Edward P. Allen, American captain, lawyer, and politician (d. 1909), was a politician from the U.S. state of Michigan.
- 1793 – Eliphalet Remington, American businessman, founded Remington Arms (d. 1861). Remington followed by E.
- 1754 – John Laurens, American soldier (d. 1782), was an American soldier and statesman from South Carolina during the American Revolutionary War, best known for his criticism of slavery and his efforts to help recruit slaves to fight for their freedom as U.S. soldiers.
- 2014 – Galway Kinnell, American poet and academic (b. 1927)
- 2010 – James MacArthur, American actor (b. 1937)
- 2010 – Liang Congjie, Chinese historian and activist, founded Friends of Nature (b. 1932)
- 2007 – Porter Wagoner, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1927)
- 2006 – Marijohn Wilkin, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1920)
- 2006 – Red Auerbach, American basketball player and coach (b. 1917)
- 2005 – Bob Broeg, American soldier and journalist (b. 1918)
- 2005 – Richard Smalley, American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1943)
- 2005 – Tony Jackson, American basketball player (b. 1942)
- 2004 – Eugene K. Bird, American colonel (b. 1926)
- 2002 – Erling Persson, Swedish businessman, founded H&M (b. 1917)
- 2002 – Margaret Booth, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1898)
- 1997 – Paul Jarrico, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1915)
- 1983 – Otto Messmer, American animator and screenwriter (b. 1892)
- 1975 – Oliver Nelson, American saxophonist, clarinet player, and composer (b. 1932)
- 1970 – Baby Huey, American singer-songwriter (b. 1944)
- 1969 – Constance Dowling, American model and actress (b. 1920)
- 1957 – Ernst Gräfenberg, German-American physician and gynecologist (b. 1881)
- 1939 – Alice Brady, American actress (b. 1892)
- 1916 – Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist and academic (b. 1838)
- 1899 – Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-American engineer, invented the Linotype machine (b. 1854)
- 1818 – Abigail Adams, American writer and second First Lady of the United States (b. 1744)
- 1800 – Artemas Ward, American general and politician (b. 1727)
- 1792 – John Smeaton, English engineer, designed the Coldstream Bridge and Perth Bridge (b. 1724)