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Tuesday 3 March 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • In 2019 - An unmanned demonstration flight of the new crew capable version of the SpaceX Dragon spacecraft, intended to carry American astronauts into space, achieves successful autonomous docking with the International Space Station.
  • 2005 – Margaret Wilson is elected as Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives, beginning a period lasting until August 23, 2006 where all the highest political offices (including Elizabeth II as Head of State), were occupied by women, making New Zealand the first country for this to occur.
  • 2005 – Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly an airplane non-stop around the world solo without refueling.
  • 1991 An amateur video captures the beating of Rodney King by Los Angeles police officers.
  • 1980 The USS Nautilus is decommissioned and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register.
  • 1969 Apollo program: NASA launches Apollo 9 to test the lunar module.
  • 1951 Jackie Brenston, with Ike Turner and his band, records "Rocket 88", often cited as "the first rock and roll record", at Sam Phillips's recording studios in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • 1945 – World War II: American and Filipino troops recapture Manila.
  • 1938 Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia.
  • 1931 – The United States adopts The Star-Spangled Banner as its national anthem.
  • 1923 TIME magazine is published for the first time.
  • 1913 Thousands of women march in a suffrage parade in Washington, D.C.
  • 1910 Rockefeller Foundation: John D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from managing his businesses so that he can devote all his time to philanthropy.
  • 1904 – Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's phonograph cylinder.
  • 1885 The American Telephone & Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York.
  • 1875 – The first ever organized indoor game of ice hockey is played in Montreal, Quebec, Canada as recorded in the Montreal Gazette.
  • 1873 Censorship in the United States: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail.
  • 1859 The two-day Great Slave Auction, the largest such auction in United States history, concludes.
  • 1849 The Territory of Minnesota was created.
  • 1820 The U.S. Congress passes the Missouri Compromise.
  • 1779 – American Revolutionary War: The Continental Army is routed at the Battle of Brier Creek near Savannah, Georgia.
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: The first amphibious landing of the United States Marine Corps begins the Battle of Nassau.
  • 1585 The Olympic Theatre, designed by Andrea Palladio, is inaugurated in Vicenza.

Births

  • 1998 – Jayson Tatum, American college basketball player. Jayson Christopher Tatum (born March 3, 1998) is an American professional basketball player for the Boston Celtics of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
  • 1993 – Nicole Gibbs, American tennis player. Nicole Gibbs (born March 3, 1993) is an American tennis player.
  • 1986 – Jed Collins, American football player. Collins played college football at Washington State.
  • 1986 – Stacie Orrico, American singer-songwriter. In 1998, she signed to ForeFront Records when she was 12 years old, and recorded her first album, Genuine (2000), which sold 13,000 units in its first week of release.
  • 1984 – Santonio Holmes, American football player. In 2009, Holmes was named MVP of Super Bowl XLIII as his team beat the Arizona Cardinals.
  • 1982 – Jessica Biel, American actress, singer, and producer. The series is the longest-running series that aired on The WB channel and the longest-running family drama in television history.
  • 1980 – Mason Unck, American football player, was a linebacker for the Cleveland Browns from 2003–2006. He played college football at Arizona State University.
  • 1978 – Matt Diaz, American baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball for the Tampa Bay Devil Rays, Kansas City Royals, Atlanta Braves, Pittsburgh Pirates and Miami Marlins.
  • 1977 – Buddy Valastro, American chef and television host. Valastro is best known as the star of the reality television series Cake Boss, which premiered in April 2009.
  • 1974 – David Faustino, American actor, producer, and screenwriter. David Anthony Faustino (born March 3, 1974) is an American actor and rapper primarily known for his role as Bud Bundy on the FOX sitcom Married... with Children.
  • 1971 – Tyler Florence, American chef and author. Tyler Florence (born March 3, 1971) is a chef and television host of several Food Network shows.
  • 1970 – Julie Bowen, American actress. The last earned her six nominations for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series (2010–2015), winning in 2011 and 2012.
  • 1968 – Brian Leetch, American ice hockey player. Brian Joseph Leetch (born March 3, 1968) is an American former professional ice hockey defenseman who played 18 National Hockey League (NHL) seasons with the New York Rangers, Toronto Maple Leafs, and Boston Bruins.
  • 1966 – Tone Lōc, American rapper, producer, and actor. Anthony Terrell Smith (born March 3, 1966), better known by his stage name Tone Lōc (/toʊn loʊk/), is an American rapper, actor, voice actor, and producer.
  • 1964 – Laura Harring, Mexican-American model and actress, Miss USA 1985. Laura Elena, Countess von Bismarck-Schönhausen (née Martínez-Herring; March 3, 1964), commonly known as Laura Harring, is a Mexican-American actress.
  • 1962 – Glen E. Friedman, American photographer. Friedman (born March 3, 1962) is an American photographer and artist.
  • 1962 – Herschel Walker, American football player and mixed martial artist. Walker began his professional football career with the New Jersey Generals of the United States Football League (USFL), before joining the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League (NFL).
  • 1962 – Jackie Joyner-Kersee, American heptathlete and long jumper. Jacqueline Joyner-Kersee (born March 3, 1962) is an American retired track and field athlete, ranked among the all-time greatest athletes in the heptathlon as well as long jump.
  • 1961 – John Matteson, American biographer. John Matteson (born March 3, 1961) is an American professor of English and legal writing at John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York City.
  • 1961 – Mary Page Keller, American actress and producer. She starred as Laura Kelly in the Fox comedy series Duet (1987-1989) and in the show's spin-off, Open House (1989–1990).
  • 1960 – Neal Heaton, American baseball player and coach. Neal Heaton (born March 3, 1960) is a former Major League Baseball left-handed pitcher who played for the Cleveland Indians, Minnesota Twins, Montreal Expos, Pittsburgh Pirates, Kansas City Royals, Milwaukee Brewers, and New York Yankees from 1982 to 1993.
  • 1959 – Ira Glass, American radio host and producer. Ira Jeffrey Glass (/ˈaɪrə/; born March 3, 1959) is an American public radio personality.
  • 1957 – Stephen Budiansky, American historian, journalist, and author. Stephen Budiansky is an American writer, historian, and biographer and a regular book reviewer for the Wall Street Journal.
  • 1955 – Darnell Williams, English-American actor and director. He is best known for his portrayal of Jesse Hubbard on the ABC soap opera All My Children from 1981 to 1988, and from 2008 to 2011, a role which has earned him two Daytime Emmy Awards.
  • 1954 – John Lilley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. John Lilley (born March 3, 1954 in West Chester, Pennsylvania, United States) is an American guitarist, singer, songwriter, guitar teacher and landscape gardener, best known for being a member of rock band The Hooters.
  • 1954 – Keith Fergus, American golfer. Keith Carlton Fergus (born March 3, 1954) is an American professional golfer who has played on the PGA Tour, the Nationwide Tour and the Champions Tour.
  • 1949 – Bonnie J. Dunbar, American engineer, academic, and astronaut. From January 2013 - December 2015, Dr.
  • 1949 – Jesse Jefferson, American baseball player (d. 2011), was an American professional baseball pitcher with the Baltimore Orioles (1973-1975), Chicago White Sox (1975-1976), Toronto Blue Jays (1977-1980), Pittsburgh Pirates (1980) and California Angels (1981) of Major League Baseball (MLB). Jefferson batted left-handed and threw right-handed.
  • 1949 – Ron Chernow, American historian, journalist, and author. He has written bestselling and award-winning biographies of historical figures from the world of business, finance, and American politics.
  • 1947 – Clifton Snider, American author, poet, and critic. He has taught at various institutions of higher education in southern California, primarily at Long Beach City College and at California State University, Long Beach.
  • 1947 – Jennifer Warnes, American singer-songwriter and producer. She was also a close friend and collaborator of Canadian singer-songwriter and poet Leonard Cohen.
  • 1945 – Hattie Winston, American actress. Hattie Mae Winston (born March 3, 1945) is an American television, film and Broadway actress best known for her role as Margaret on Becker and as a prominent cast member of the PBS children's series The Electric Company.
  • 1940 – Perry Ellis, American fashion designer, founded Perry Ellis (d. 1986), was an American fashion designer who founded his eponymous sportswear house in the mid-1970s. Ellis' influence on the fashion industry has been called "a huge turning point" because he introduced new patterns and proportions to a market which was dominated by more traditional men's clothing.
  • 1939 – Larry Burkett, American author and radio host (d. 2003), was an American radio personality whose work focused on financial counseling from a Christian point of view.
  • 1935 – Michael Walzer, American philosopher and academic. Michael Laban Walzer (/ˈwɔːlzər/; born 1935) is a prominent American political theorist and public intellectual.
  • 1934 – Jimmy Garrison, American bassist and educator (d. 1976), was an American jazz double bassist. He is best remembered for his association with John Coltrane from 1961 to 1967.
  • 1926 – James Merrill, American poet and playwright (d. 1995). He was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for poetry in 1977 for Divine Comedies.
  • 1923 – Barney Martin, American police officer and actor (d. 2005), was an American actor, comedy writer, and New York City Police Department detective. He is best known for playing Morty Seinfeld, father of Jerry, on the sitcom Seinfeld.
  • 1923 – Doc Watson, American bluegrass singer-songwriter and musician (d. 2012), was an American guitarist, songwriter, and singer of bluegrass, folk, country, blues, and gospel music. Watson won seven Grammy awards as well as a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.
  • 1921 – Diana Barrymore, American actress (d. 1960), was an American film and stage actress.
  • 1920 – James Doohan, Canadian-American actor and soldier (d. 2005), was a Canadian actor, voice actor, author and former soldier in the Canadian Army, best known for his role as Montgomery "Scotty" Scott in the television and film series Star Trek. Doohan's characterization of the Scottish Chief Engineer of the Starship Enterprise was one of the most recognizable elements in the Star Trek franchise, and inspired many fans to pursue careers in engineering and other technical fields.
  • 1920 – Julius Boros, American golfer and accountant (d. 1994), was an American professional golfer noted for his effortless-looking swing and strong record on difficult golf courses, particularly at the U.S. Open.
  • 1918 – Arthur Kornberg, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007), was an American biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1959 for his discovery of "the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)" together with Dr. Severo Ochoa of New York University.
  • 1916 – Paul Halmos, Hungarian-American mathematician (d. 2006), was a Hungarian-born American mathematician and statistician who made fundamental advances in the areas of mathematical logic, probability theory, statistics, operator theory, ergodic theory, and functional analysis (in particular, Hilbert spaces). He was also recognized as a great mathematical expositor.
  • 1913 – Harold J. Stone, American actor (d. 2005). Stone (born Harold Hochstein, March 3, 1913 – November 18, 2005) was an American stage, radio, film, and television character actor.
  • 1913 – Margaret Bonds, American pianist and composer (d. 1972), was an American composer and pianist. One of the first black composers and performers to gain recognition in the United States, she is best remembered today for her frequent collaborations with Langston Hughes.
  • 1911 – Jean Harlow, American actress (d. 1937), was an American film actress and sex symbol of the 1930s. Harlow was only on the screen from 1928 to 1937, before her death at the age of 26, but she became one of the biggest movie stars in the world, whose image in the public eye has endured.
  • 1895 – Matthew Ridgway, American general (d. 1993). General Matthew Bunker Ridgway (March 3, 1895 – July 26, 1993) was a senior officer in the United States Army, who served as Supreme Allied Commander Europe (1952–1953) and the 19th Chief of Staff of the United States Army (1953–1955).
  • 1893 – Beatrice Wood, American illustrator and potter (d. 1998), was an American artist and studio potter involved in the Avant Garde movement in the United States; she founded and edited The Blind Man magazine in New York City with French artist Marcel Duchamp and writer Henri-Pierre Roché in 1917. She had earlier studied art and theater in Paris, and was working in New York as an actress.
  • 1887 – Lincoln J. Beachey, American pilot (d. 1915), was a pioneer American aviator and barnstormer. He became famous and wealthy from flying exhibitions, staging aerial stunts, helping invent aerobatics, and setting aviation records.
  • 1880 – Florence Auer, American actress and screenwriter (d. 1962), was an American theater and motion picture actress whose career spanned more than five decades.
  • 1866 – Fred A. Busse, American lawyer and politician, 39th Mayor of Chicago (d. 1914). Busse (March 3, 1866 – July 9, 1914) was the mayor of Chicago, in the U.S. state of Illinois, from 1907 to 1911.
  • 1860 – John Montgomery Ward, American baseball player and manager (d. 1925). He led the formation of the first professional sports players union and a new baseball league, the Players' League.
  • 1847 – Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-American engineer and academic, invented the telephone (d. 1922), was a Scottish-born American inventor, scientist, and engineer who is credited with inventing and patenting the first practical telephone. He also co-founded the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) in 1885.
  • 1839 – Jamsetji Tata, Indian businessman, founded Tata Group (d. 1904), was an Indian pioneer industrialist, who founded the Tata Group, India's biggest conglomerate company.
  • 1831 – George Pullman, American engineer and businessman, founded the Pullman Company (d. 1897), was an American engineer and industrialist. He designed and manufactured the Pullman sleeping car and founded a company town, Pullman, for the workers who manufactured it.

Deaths

  • 2015 – M. Stanton Evans, American journalist and author (b. 1934)
  • 2014 – Don Shows, American football player and coach (b. 1940)
  • 2014 – Robert Ashley, American soldier and composer (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – Sherwin B. Nuland, American surgeon, author, and educator (b. 1930)
  • 2014 – William R. Pogue, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 2013 – Bobby Rogers, American singer-songwriter (b. 1940)
  • 2012 – Alex Webster, American football player and coach (b. 1931)
  • 2012 – Ralph McQuarrie, American conceptual designer and illustrator (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Ronnie Montrose, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (b. 1947)
  • 2006 – William Herskovic, Hungarian-American humanitarian (b. 1914)
  • 2005 – Max Fisher, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1928)
  • 2003 – Luis Marden, American linguist, photographer, and explorer (b. 1913)
  • 2001 – Eugene Sledge, American soldier, author, and academic (b. 1923)
  • 2001 – Louis Edmonds, American actor (b. 1923)
  • 1999 – Lee Philips, American actor and director (b. 1927)
  • 1998 – Fred W. Friendly, American journalist and broadcaster (b. 1915)
  • 1996 – John Krol, American cardinal (b. 1910)
  • 1995 – Howard W. Hunter, American religious leader, 14th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – John Edward Williams, American author and academic (b. 1922)
  • 1993 – Albert Sabin, Polish-American physician and virologist (b. 1906)
  • 1993 – Carlos Marcello, Tunisian-American mob boss (b. 1910)
  • 1993 – Mel Bradford, American author and critic (b. 1934)
  • 1991 – Arthur Murray, American dancer and educator (b. 1895)
  • 1990 – Charlotte Moore Sitterly, American astronomer (b. 1898)
  • 1988 – Sewall Wright, American biologist and geneticist (b. 1889)
  • 1987 – Danny Kaye, American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1911)
  • 1981 – Rebecca Lancefield, American microbiologist and researcher (b. 1905)
  • 1966 – Alice Pearce, American actress (b. 1917)
  • 1966 – Joseph Fields, American playwright, director, and producer (b. 1895)
  • 1966 – William Frawley, American actor and vaudevillian (b. 1887)
  • 1961 – Paul Wittgenstein, Austrian-American pianist (b. 1887)
  • 1959 – Lou Costello, American actor and comedian (b. 1906)
  • 1929 – Katharine Wright, American educator (b. 1874)
  • 1901 – George Gilman, American businessman, founded The Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company (b. 1826)
  • 1894 – Ned Williamson, American baseball player (b. 1857)
  • 1850 – Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (b. 1806)
  • 1792 – Robert Adam, Scottish-English architect and politician, designed the Culzean Castle (b. 1728)
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