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CalendarApril → 15

Wednesday 15 April 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

Events

  • In 2019, Notre-Dame in Paris, one of France's most famous landmarks, was devastated by a massive blaze. The fire began as an accident during restoration work.
  • 1986 – The United States launches Operation El Dorado Canyon, its bombing raids against Libyan targets in response to a bombing in West Germany that killed two U.S. servicemen.
  • 1969 – The EC-121 shootdown incident: North Korea shoots down a United States Navy aircraft over the Sea of Japan, killing all 31 on board.
  • 1936 – First day of the Arab revolt in Mandatory Palestine.
  • 1924 – Rand McNally publishes its first road atlas.
  • 1922 – U.S. Senator John B. Kendrick of Wyoming introduces a resolution calling for an investigation of a secret land deal, which leads to the discovery of the Teapot Dome scandal.
  • 1907 – Triangle Fraternity is founded at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign
  • 1900 – Philippine–American War: Filipino guerrillas launch a surprise attack on U.S. infantry and begin a four-day siege of Catubig, Philippines.
  • 1861 – President Abraham Lincoln calls for 75,000 Volunteers to quell the insurrection that soon became the American Civil War.
  • 1817 – Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet and Laurent Clerc founded the American School for the Deaf, the first American school for deaf students, in Hartford, Connecticut.
  • 1783 – Preliminary articles of peace ending the American Revolutionary War (or American War of Independence) are ratified.

Births

  • 1988 – Chris Tillman, American baseball pitcher. He was named an All-Star in 2013.
  • 1984 – Antonio Cromartie, American football player. He was selected to four Pro Bowls and was a first-team All-Pro in 2007 after leading the league in interceptions.
  • 1984 – Cam Janssen, American ice hockey player. Cameron Wesley Janssen (born April 15, 1984) is an American former professional ice hockey player who played in the National Hockey League (NHL) with the New Jersey Devils and St.
  • 1982 – Michael Aubrey, American baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Cleveland Indians and Baltimore Orioles.
  • 1982 – Seth Rogen, Canadian-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. While still living in his hometown Vancouver, he landed a supporting role in Judd Apatow's series Freaks and Geeks.
  • 1980 – Aida Mollenkamp, American chef and author. Aida Marianne Mollenkamp (born April 15, 1980) is a chef, television personality, and food writer from Manhattan Beach, California.
  • 1978 – Luis Fonsi, Puerto Rican-American singer-songwriter and dancer. He is known for multiple songs, one of them being "Despacito", featuring Puerto Rican rapper Daddy Yankee.
  • 1977 – Brian Pothier, American ice hockey player. Pothier played in the National Hockey League (NHL) from 2000 until 2010.
  • 1975 – Sarah Teichmann, German-American biophysicist and immunologist. Sarah Amalia Teichmann (born 1975) FMedSci is Head of Cellular Genetics at the Wellcome Sanger Institute and a visiting research group leader at the European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI).
  • 1974 – Danny Pino, American actor and screenwriter. Daniel Gonzalo Pino (born April 15, 1974) is an American actor who starred as Detective Scotty Valens on the CBS series Cold Case from 2003 to 2010, and as NYPD Detective Nick Amaro in the long-running NBC legal drama Law & Order: Special Victims Unit from 2011 to 2015.
  • 1974 – Douglas Spain, American actor, director, and producer. In 1999 he won the Rising Star Award at the Marco Island Film Festival for The Last Best Sunday and in 2006 he won the Camie award at the Character and Morality in Entertainment Awards for his part in The Reading Room.
  • 1974 – Mike Quinn, American football player. Michael Patrick Quinn (born April 15, 1974) is a former professional American football quarterback in the National Football League for the Pittsburgh Steelers, Indianapolis Colts, Dallas Cowboys, Miami Dolphins, Houston Texans and Denver Broncos.
  • 1972 – Lou Romano, American animator and voice actor. He did design work on Monsters, Inc. and The Incredibles, and he provided the voices of Bernie Kropp in The Incredibles, Snot Rod in Cars and Alfredo Linguini in Ratatouille.
  • 1971 – Jason Sehorn, American football player. Jason Heath Sehorn (born April 15, 1971) is a former American football cornerback who played professionally in the National Football League (NFL) for the New York Giants from 1994 to 2002 and St.
  • 1970 – Chris Huffins, American decathlete and coach. He married Monique Parker in 1997 with whom he had one son Zachary.
  • 1969 – Jeromy Burnitz, American baseball player. Burnitz was a right fielder in Major League Baseball who played with the New York Mets (1993–94, 2002–03), Cleveland Indians (1995–96), Milwaukee Brewers (1996–2001), Los Angeles Dodgers (2003), Colorado Rockies (2004), Chicago Cubs (2005), and Pittsburgh Pirates (2006).
  • 1967 – Dara Torres, American swimmer and journalist. Dara Grace Torres (born April 15, 1967) is an American former competitive swimmer, who is a 12-time Olympic medalist and former world record-holder in three events.
  • 1966 – Mott Green, American businessman (d. 2013), was an American businessman and chocolatier, who founded the Grenada Chocolate Company in 1999. An edition of The Food Programme was devoted to Mott Green in June 2013.
  • 1965 – Kevin Stevens, American ice hockey player. Kevin "Artie" Stevens (born April 15, 1965) is an American former ice hockey player and current scout in the National Hockey League (NHL).
  • 1962 – Tom Kane, American voice actor. Thomas Kane Roberts (born April 15, 1962) is an American voice actor, known for his work in animation, film, and video games.
  • 1961 – Carol W. Greider, American molecular biologist. She discovered the enzyme telomerase in 1984, while she was a graduate student of Elizabeth Blackburn at the University of California, Berkeley.
  • 1961 – Dawn Wright, American geographer and oceanographer. Wright is Chief Scientist of the Environmental Systems Research Institute (aka Esri).
  • 1957 – Evelyn Ashford, American runner and coach. Evelyn Ashford (born April 15, 1957 in Shreveport, Louisiana) is an American retired track and field athlete, the 1984 Olympic champion in the 100-meter dash.
  • 1956 – Michael Cooper, American basketball player and coach. A former player in the National Basketball Association (NBA), Cooper won five NBA championships with the Los Angeles Lakers during their Showtime era.
  • 1952 – Avital Ronell, Czech-American philosopher and academic. Avital Ronell (/ˈɑːvɪtəl roʊˈnɛl/; born 15 April 1952) is an American academic who writes about continental philosophy, literary studies, psychoanalysis, political philosophy, and ethics.
  • 1951 – John L. Phillips, American captain and astronaut. Phillips has received numerous awards and special honors.
  • 1951 – Marsha Ivins, American engineer and astronaut. Marsha Sue Ivins (born April 15, 1951) is an American former astronaut and a veteran of five Space Shuttle missions.
  • 1950 – Amy Wright, American actress. She has appeared in such films as The Deer Hunter, Breaking Away, The Accidental Tourist, Hard Promises, Crossing Delancey and Miss Firecracker.
  • 1949 – Craig Zadan, American director, producer, and screenwriter, was an American producer and writer. Working alone and with Neil Meron, his partner in the production company Storyline Entertainment, he produced such films as Footloose, Chicago and Hairspray.
  • 1948 – Michael Kamen, American composer and conductor (d. 2003), was an American composer (especially of film scores), orchestral arranger, orchestral conductor, songwriter, and session musician.
  • 1947 – Linda Bloodworth-Thomason, American screenwriter and producer. She and her husband, Harry Thomason, are also notable for their friendship with former President Bill Clinton, and the role they played in his election campaigns.
  • 1947 – Lois Chiles, American model and actress. Lois Cleveland Chiles (born April 15, 1947) is an American actress and former fashion model known for her roles as Dr.
  • 1946 – Pete Rouse, American politician, White House Chief of Staff. Rouse has spent years on Capitol Hill, becoming known as the "101st senator" during his tenure as Chief of Staff to Senate Democratic leader Tom Daschle.
  • 1943 – Robert Lefkowitz, American physician and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate. He is currently an Investigator with the Howard Hughes Medical Institute as well as a James B.
  • 1942 – Francis X. DiLorenzo, American bishop, was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He was the bishop of Richmond, Virginia, from 2004 until his death in 2017.
  • 1942 – Kenneth Lay, American businessman (d. 2006), was the founder, CEO and Chairman of Enron and was heavily involved in the Enron scandal, a major accounting scandal that unraveled in 2000 in the largest bankruptcy ever to that date. Lay was indicted by a grand jury and was found guilty of 10 counts of securities fraud in the trial of Kenneth Lay and Jeffrey Skilling.
  • 1942 – Walt Hazzard, American basketball player and coach (d. 2011), was an American professional basketball player and college basketball coach. He played in college for the UCLA Bruins and was a member of their first national championship team in 1964.
  • 1941 – Howard Berman, American lawyer and politician. The district, numbered as the 26th District from 1983 to 2003, included about half of the San Fernando Valley.
  • 1937 – Bob Luman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1978), was an American country and rockabilly singer-songwriter.
  • 1933 – Elizabeth Montgomery, American actress and producer (d. 1995), was an American film, stage, and television actress whose career spanned five decades. She is best remembered for her leading role as Samantha Stephens on the television series Bewitched.
  • 1933 – Roy Clark, American musician and television personality, was an American singer and musician. He is best known for having hosted Hee Haw, a nationally televised country variety show, from 1969 to 1997.
  • 1925 – George Shuffler, American guitarist (d. 2014), was an American bluegrass guitar player and an early practitioner of the crosspicking style. During his career Shuffler played with The Bailey Brothers, The Stanley Brothers and Ralph Stanley's Clinch Mountain Boys.
  • 1923 – Robert DePugh, American activist, founded the Minutemen (an anti-Communist organization) (d. 2009), was an American anti-communist activist who founded the Minutemen militant anti-Communist organization in 1961.
  • 1922 – Harold Washington, American lawyer and politician, 51st Mayor of Chicago (d. 1987). Harold Lee Washington (April 15, 1922 – November 25, 1987) was an American lawyer and politician who was the 51st Mayor of Chicago.
  • 1922 – Michael Ansara, Syrian-American actor (d. 2013), was an American stage, screen, and voice actor. He portrayed Cochise in the television series Broken Arrow, Kane in the 1979–1981 series Buck Rogers in the 25th Century, Commander Kang in three Star Trek television series, Deputy U.S.
  • 1921 – Angelo DiGeorge, American physician and endocrinologist (d. 2009). DiGeorge (April 15, 1921 – October 11, 2009) was an Italian American physician and pediatric endocrinologist who is renowned for his research on an autosomal dominant immunodeficiency now commonly referred to as DiGeorge syndrome.
  • 1920 – Thomas Szasz, Hungarian-American psychiatrist and academic (d. 2012), was a Hungarian-American academic, psychiatrist and psychoanalyst. He served for most of his career as professor of psychiatry at the State University of New York Upstate Medical University in Syracuse, New York.
  • 1917 – Hans Conried, American actor (d. 1982), was an American actor and comedian, who was active in voice-over roles.
  • 1917 – James Kee, American lawyer and politician (d. 1989), was a U.S. Democratic politician and a member of the United States House of Representatives from West Virginia
  • 1916 – Alfred S. Bloomingdale, American businessman (d. 1982), was an heir to the Bloomingdale's department store fortune, "father of the credit card", and the lover of murdered Hollywood sex worker and dominatrix Vicki Morgan.
  • 1916 – Helene Hanff, American author and screenwriter (d. 1997), was an American writer born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She is best known as the author of the book 84, Charing Cross Road, which became the basis for a stage play, television play, and film of the same name.
  • 1915 – Elizabeth Catlett, African-American sculptor and illustrator (d. 2012), was an American and Mexican graphic artist and sculptor best known for her depictions of the African-American experience in the 20th century, which often focused on the female experience. She was born and raised in Washington, D.C. to parents working in education, and was the grandchild of freed slaves.
  • 1912 – William Congdon, American-Italian painter and sculptor (d. 1998), was an American painter who gained notoriety as an artist in New York City in the 1940s, but lived most of his life in Europe.
  • 1908 – Lita Grey, American actress (d. 1995), was known for most of her life as Lita Grey Chaplin, was an American actress and the second wife of Charlie Chaplin.
  • 1908 – eden ahbez, Scottish-American songwriter and recording artist (d. 1995), was an American songwriter and recording artist of the 1940s to 1960s, whose lifestyle in California was influential in the hippie movement. He was known to friends simply as ahbe.
  • 1904 – Arshile Gorky, Armenian-American painter and illustrator (d. 1948), was an Armenian-American painter, who had a seminal influence on Abstract Expressionism. He spent most his life as a national of the United States.
  • 1894 – Bessie Smith, African-American singer and actress (d. 1937), was an African American blues singer. Nicknamed the Empress of the Blues, she was the most popular female blues singer of the 1920s and 1930s.
  • 1892 – Corrie ten Boom, Dutch-American clocksmith Nazi resister, and author (d. 1983), was a Dutch watchmaker and later a writer who worked with her father, Casper ten Boom, her sister Betsie ten Boom and other family members to help many Jews escape the Nazi Holocaust during World War II by hiding them in her home. They were caught, and she was arrested and sent to the Ravensbrück concentration camp.
  • 1890 – Percy Shaw, English businessman, invented the cat's eye (d. 1976), was an English inventor and businessman. He patented the reflective road stud or "cat's eye" in 1934, and set up a company to manufacture his invention in 1935.
  • 1889 – A. Philip Randolph, American activist (d. 1979), was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement, the American labor movement, and socialist political parties.
  • 1879 – Melville Henry Cane, American lawyer and poet (d. 1980), was an American poet and lawyer. He studied at Columbia University, and was the author of the influential book, Making a Poem (1953).
  • 1875 – James J. Jeffries, American boxer and promoter (d. 1953), was an American professional boxer and World Heavyweight Champion.
  • 1874 – George Harrison Shull, American botanist and geneticist (d. 1954), was an eminent American plant geneticist and the younger brother of botanical illustrator and plant breeder J. Marion Shull.
  • 1843 – Henry James, American novelist, short writer, and critic (d. 1916), was an American-British author regarded as a key transitional figure between literary realism and literary modernism, and is considered by many to be among the greatest novelists in the English language. He was the son of Henry James Sr. and the brother of renowned philosopher and psychologist William James and diarist Alice James.
  • 1841 – Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian businessman and politician, founded the Seagram Company Ltd (d. 1919), was a Canadian distillery founder, politician, philanthropist, and major owner of thoroughbred racehorses.
  • 1741 – Charles Willson Peale, American painter and soldier (d. 1827), was an American painter, soldier, scientist, inventor, politician and naturalist. He is best remembered for his portrait paintings of leading figures of the American Revolution, and for establishing one of the first museums in the United States.
  • 1469 – Guru Nanak, the first Sikh guru (d. 1539), was the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. His birth is celebrated worldwide as Guru Nanak Gurpurab on Kartik Pooranmashi, the full-moon day in the month of Katak, October–November.

Deaths

  • 2017 – Clifton James, American actor (b. 1920)
  • 2015 – Jonathan Crombie, Canadian-American actor and screenwriter (b. 1966)
  • 2014 – John Houbolt, American engineer and academic (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Richard LeParmentier, American-English actor and screenwriter (b. 1946)
  • 2012 – Dwayne Schintzius, American basketball player (b. 1968)
  • 2012 – Paul Bogart, American director and producer (b. 1919)
  • 2010 – Jack Herer, American author and activist (b. 1939)
  • 2010 – Michael Pataki, American actor and director (b. 1938)
  • 2009 – László Tisza, Hungarian-American physicist and academic (b. 1907)
  • 2007 – Brant Parker, American illustrator (b. 1920)
  • 2002 – Byron White, American football player, lawyer, and jurist, 4th United States Deputy Attorney General (b. 1917)
  • 2002 – Damon Knight, American author and critic (b. 1922)
  • 2001 – Joey Ramone, American singer-songwriter (b. 1951)
  • 2000 – Edward Gorey, American poet and illustrator (b. 1925)
  • 1998 – William Congdon, American-Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1912)
  • 1990 – Greta Garbo, Swedish-American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1980 – Raymond Bailey, American actor and soldier (b. 1904)
  • 1966 – Habibullah Bahar Chowdhury, Bengali politician, writer, journalist, first health minister of East Pakistan
  • 1962 – Clara Blandick, American actress (b. 1880)
  • 1949 – Wallace Beery, American actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1885)
  • 1912 – Victims of the RMS Titanic disaster - Archibald Butt, American general and journalist (b. 1865)
  • 1912 – Victims of the RMS Titanic disaster - Benjamin Guggenheim, American businessman (b. 1865)
  • 1912 – Victims of the RMS Titanic disaster - Henry B. Harris, American producer and manager (b. 1866)
  • 1912 – Victims of the RMS Titanic disaster - Ida Straus, German-American businesswoman (b. 1849)
  • 1912 – Victims of the RMS Titanic disaster - Isidor Straus, German-American businessman and politician (b. 1845)
  • 1912 – Victims of the RMS Titanic disaster - Jacques Futrelle, American journalist and author (b. 1875)
  • 1912 – Victims of the RMS Titanic disaster - John Jacob Astor IV, American colonel, businessman, and author (b. 1864)
  • 1912 – Victims of the RMS Titanic disaster - John Thayer, American cricketer (b. 1862)
  • 1912 – Victims of the RMS Titanic disaster - William McMaster Murdoch, Scottish sailor and first officer (b. 1873)
  • 1865 – Abraham Lincoln, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 16th President of the United States (b. 1809)
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