Thursday 16 July 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: American Samoa
, Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, Food holidays
, Pet and Animal Holidays
, Unusual Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
Holidays and observances
- 2015 – Four U.S. Marines and one gunman die in a shooting spree targeting military installations in Chattanooga, Tennessee.
- 2004 – Millennium Park, considered Chicago's first and most ambitious early 21st-century architectural project, is opened to the public by Mayor Richard M. Daley.
- 1969 – Apollo program: Apollo 11, the first mission to land astronauts on the Moon, is launched from the Kennedy Space Center at Cape Kennedy, Florida.
- 1950 – Chaplain–Medic massacre: American POWs are massacred by North Korean Army.
- 1948 – The storming of the cockpit of the Miss Macao passenger seaplane, operated by a subsidiary of the Cathay Pacific Airways, marks the first aircraft hijacking of a commercial plane.
- 1945 – Manhattan Project: The Atomic Age begins when the United States successfully detonates a plutonium-based test nuclear weapon near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
- 1935 – The world's first parking meter is installed in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
- 1931 – Emperor Haile Selassie signs the first constitution of Ethiopia.
- 1927 – Augusto César Sandino leads a raid on U.S. Marines and Nicaraguan Guardia Nacional that had been sent to apprehend him in the village of Ocotal, but is repulsed by one of the first dive-bombing attacks in history.
- 1915 – First Order of the Arrow ceremony takes place and the Order of the Arrow is founded to honor American Boy Scouts who best exemplify the Scout Oath and Law.
- 1915 – Henry James becomes a British citizen to highlight his commitment to Britain during the first World War.
- 1910 – John Robertson Duigan makes the first flight of the Duigan pusher biplane, the first aircraft built in Australia.
- 1862 – American Civil War: David Farragut is promoted to rear admiral, becoming the first officer in United States Navy to hold an admiral rank.
- 1861 – American Civil War: At the order of President Abraham Lincoln, Union troops begin a 25-mile march into Virginia for what will become the First Battle of Bull Run, the first major land battle of the war.
- 1809 – The city of La Paz, in what is today Bolivia, declares its independence from the Spanish Crown during the La Paz revolution and forms the Junta Tuitiva, the first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo.
- 1790 – The District of Columbia is established as the capital of the United States after signature of the Residence Act.
- 1779 – American Revolutionary War: Light infantry of the Continental Army seize a fortified British Army position in a midnight bayonet attack at the Battle of Stony Point.
- 1769 – Father Junípero Serra founds California's first mission, Mission San Diego de Alcalá. Over the following decades, it evolves into the city of San Diego, California.
- 1661 – The first banknotes in Europe are issued by the Swedish bank Stockholms Banco.
- 1989 – Carlito Olivero, American singer-songwriter and actor. Carlos Emmanuel Olivero (born July 16, 1989), better known as Carlito Olivero, is an American singer and actor of Puerto Rican and Mexican descent.
- 1987 – AnnaLynne McCord, American actress and producer. Known for playing vixen-type roles, McCord first gained prominence in 2007 as the scheming Eden Lord on the FX television series Nip/Tuck, and as the pampered Loren Wakefield on the MyNetworkTV telenovela American Heiress.
- 1982 – Carli Lloyd, American soccer player. She currently plays for Sky Blue FC in the National Women's Soccer League and the United States women's national soccer team as a midfielder.
- 1981 – Zach Randolph, American basketball player. He has played for five teams over the course of his professional career, making the All-NBA Third Team in 2011 with the Memphis Grizzlies.
- 1979 – Chris Mihm, American basketball player. After playing college basketball at Texas, he was drafted with the 7th overall pick in the 2000 NBA draft by the Chicago Bulls.
- 1979 – Kim Rhode, American sport shooter. She is the most successful female shooter at the Olympics as the only triple Olympic Champion and the only woman to have won two Olympic gold medals for Double Trap.
- 1974 – Jeremy Enigk, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. He is known as a solo artist, a film score composer, and as the lead vocalist, rhythm guitarist and keyboardist (and bassist between 1999 and 2001) of the Seattle-based bands Sunny Day Real Estate and The Fire Theft.
- 1974 – Ryan McCombs, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. McCombs has also served as the vocalist for alternative metal band Drowning Pool from 2005 until his departure in 2011; he was the longest-serving vocalist for the band at the time of his departure.
- 1973 – Graham Robertson, American director and producer. Shortly thereafter, he found his way into the motion picture industry via set decoration and the art department working on numerous television series and feature films.
- 1972 – Ben Cahoon, American-Canadian football player and coach. Ben Cahoon (born July 16, 1972) is a former professional Canadian football slotback who spent his entire career with the Montreal Alouettes of the Canadian Football League.
- 1971 – Corey Feldman, American actor. In 1987, Feldman starred in the horror comedy film The Lost Boys with Corey Haim; they became known as "The Two Coreys" and went on to appear in other films together, including License to Drive (1988) and Dream a Little Dream (1989).
- 1971 – Ed Kowalczyk, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Live). His first album, Alive, was released worldwide in June and July 2010.
- 1968 – Barry Sanders, American football player, was a running back for the Detroit Lions of the National Football League (NFL). A Pro Bowl invitee in each of his ten NFL seasons and two-time NFL Offensive Player of the Year, Sanders led the league in rushing yards four times and established himself as one of the most elusive runners in pro football with his quickness and agility.
- 1968 – Larry Sanger, American philosopher and businessman, co-founded Wikipedia and Citizendium. Lawrence Mark Sanger (/ˈsæŋər/; born July 16, 1968) is an American internet project developer and co-founder of the internet encyclopedia Wikipedia, for which he coined the name and wrote much of its original governing policy.
- 1967 – Will Ferrell, American actor, comedian, and producer. The two also founded the comedy website Funny or Die in 2007.
- 1965 – Sherri Stoner, American actress, producer, and screenwriter. She was a writer and producer for such 1990s animated shows as Tiny Toon Adventures and Animaniacs.
- 1964 – Phil Hellmuth, American poker player. Phillip Jerome Hellmuth Jr. (born July 16, 1964) is an American professional poker player who has won a record fifteen World Series of Poker bracelets.
- 1963 – Phoebe Cates, American actress. Phoebe Belle Cates (born July 16, 1963) is an American former film actress, singer and model known primarily for her roles in several 1980s films, most notably Fast Times at Ridgemont High and Gremlins.
- 1960 – Terry Pendleton, American baseball player and coach. Terry Lee Pendleton (born July 16, 1960) is a former third baseman in Major League Baseball (MLB).
- 1959 – Zoran Jolevski, Macedonian economist, politician, and diplomat, Macedonian Ambassador to the United States. In November 2008, he was appointed chief negotiator to the Macedonia naming dispute, and in 2011 he was appointed Ambassador to the United Mexican States and as Permanent Representative to the Organization of American States.
- 1958 – Michael Flatley, American-Irish dancer and choreographer. Flatley's shows have played to more than 60 million people in 60 countries and have grossed more than $1 billion.
- 1957 – Faye Grant, American actress. Faye Grant (born Faye Elizabeth Yoe, July 16, 1957) is an American film, television and stage actress.
- 1956 – Tony Kushner, American playwright and screenwriter. He co-authored the screenplay for the 2005 film Munich, and he wrote the screenplay for the 2012 film Lincoln.
- 1955 – Susan Wheeler, American poet and academic. Susan Wheeler (born July 16, 1955) is an educator and award-winning poet whose poems have frequently appeared in anthologies.
- 1954 – Jeanette Mott Oxford, American politician. Louis.
- 1953 – Douglas J. Feith, American lawyer and politician, Under Secretary of Defense for Policy. He is a senior fellow at the Hudson Institute, a conservative think-tank.
- 1952 – Richard Egielski, American author and illustrator. Richard Egielski (born July 16, 1952 in New York City) is an American illustrator and writer, best known for illustrating children's picture books.
- 1952 – Stewart Copeland, American drummer and songwriter. According to MusicRadar, Copeland's "distinctive drum sound and uniqueness of style have made him one of the most popular drummers to ever get behind a drumset."
- 1949 – Alan Fitzgerald, American guitarist and keyboardist. He has also performed with Gamma, and former Montrose bandmate Sammy Hagar.
- 1947 – Alexis Herman, American businesswoman and politician, 23rd United States Secretary of Labor. Herman was the first African-American to hold the position.
- 1947 – Assata Shakur, American-Cuban criminal and activist, was convicted of the first-degree murder of State Trooper Werner Foerster during a shootout on the New Jersey Turnpike in 1973. Shakur was also the target of the FBI's COINTELPRO (counterintelligence program) directed towards Black Liberation groups and activists.
- 1946 – Barbara Lee, American politician. Now in her 12th congressional term, Lee has served since 1998, and is a member of the Democratic Party.
- 1946 – Ron Yary, American football player. Anthony Ronald Yary (born July 16, 1946) is a former professional American football offensive tackle, playing primarily for the Minnesota Vikings and also for the Los Angeles Rams.
- 1943 – Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban-American author, poet, and playwright (d. 1990), was a Cuban poet, novelist, and playwright known as an early sympathizer, and later critic of Fidel Castro and the Cuban Revolution, and a rebel of the Cuban government.
- 1939 – Denise LaSalle, American singer-songwriter and producer, was an American blues, R&B and soul singer, songwriter, and record producer who, since the death of Koko Taylor, had been recognized as the "Queen of the Blues".
- 1938 – Cynthia Enloe, American author and academic. Cynthia Holden Enloe (born July 16, 1938) is a feminist writer, theorist, and professor.
- 1937 – Richard Bryan, American lawyer and politician, 25th Governor of Nevada. A Democrat, Bryan served as the 25th Governor of Nevada from 1983 to 1989, and before that served as the state's attorney general and a member of the State Senate.
- 1936 – Buddy Merrill, American guitarist. Buddy Merrill (born July 16, 1936), born Leslie Merrill Behunin, Jr., is an American guitar player and steel guitar player, best known as a regular on The Lawrence Welk Show.
- 1935 – Carl Epting Mundy, Jr., American general (d. 2014). Carl Mundy could refer to:
- 1934 – Donald M. Payne, American educator and politician (d. 2012), was an American politician who was the U.S. Representative for New Jersey's 10th congressional district from 1989 to 2012.
- 1932 – Dick Thornburgh, American lawyer and politician, 76th United States Attorney General. Richard Lewis Thornburgh (born July 16, 1932) is an American lawyer, author and Republican politician who served as the 41st Governor of Pennsylvania from 1979 to 1987, and then as the U.S.
- 1932 – Max McGee, American football player and sportscaster (d. 2007), was a professional football player, a wide receiver for the Green Bay Packers in the NFL. He played from 1954 to 1967, and is best known for his seven receptions for 138 yards and two touchdowns in the first Super Bowl in 1967.
- 1931 – Norm Sherry, American former catcher, manager, and coach in Major League Baseball. Norman Burt Sherry (born July 16, 1931) is an American former catcher, manager, and coach in Major League Baseball.
- 1930 – Bert Rechichar, American football defensive back and kicker, was an American football defensive back and kicker who played with the National Football League's Cleveland Browns, Baltimore Colts, and Pittsburgh Steelers from 1952 to 1960. He also played for the American Football League's New York Titans in 1961.
- 1930 – Michael Bilirakis, American lawyer and politician, was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since 1983 until 2007, representing the 9th District of Florida.
- 1929 – Sheri S. Tepper, American author and poet, was an American writer of science fiction, horror and mystery novels. She is primarily known for her feminist science fiction, which explored themes of sociology, namely gender and equality, as well as theology and ecology.
- 1928 – Dave Treen, American lawyer and politician, 51st Governor of Louisiana (d. 2009), was an American attorney and politician from Mandeville, St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana.
- 1928 – Jim Rathmann, American racing driver (d. 2011), was an American race car driver who won the Indianapolis 500 in 1960.
- 1928 – Robert Sheckley, American author and screenwriter (d. 2005), was an American writer. First published in the science-fiction magazines of the 1950s, his numerous quick-witted stories and novels were famously unpredictable, absurdist, and broadly comical.
- 1926 – Irwin Rose, American biologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015). Along with Aaron Ciechanover and Avram Hershko, he was awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation.
- 1925 – Frank Jobe, American sergeant and surgeon (d. 2014). Frank James Jobe (July 16, 1925 – March 6, 2014) was an American orthopedic surgeon and co-founder of the Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic.
- 1924 – Bess Myerson, American model, actress, game show panelist, and politician, Miss America 1945 (d. 2014), was an American politician, model and television actress who became famous in 1945 as the first Jewish Miss America. Myerson is the only Jewish woman to win the title.
- 1924 – James L. Greenfield, American journalist and politician. Greenfield (born 16 July 1924) served as United States Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs from 1962 to 1966 and was one of the editors of the New York Times who decided to publish the Pentagon Papers in 1971.
- 1923 – Chris Argyris, American psychologist, theorist, and academic (d. 2013), was a Greek business theorist, Professor Emeritus at Harvard Business School, and held the position of "Thought Leader" at Monitor Group. Argyris, like Richard Beckhard, Edgar Schein and Warren Bennis, is known as a co-founder of organization development, and known for seminal work on learning organizations.
- 1920 – Anatole Broyard, American critic and editor (d. 1990), was an American writer, literary critic, and editor from New Orleans who wrote for The New York Times. In addition to his many reviews and columns, he published short stories, essays, and two books during his lifetime.
- 1915 – Barnard Hughes, American actor (d. 2006), was an American actor of television, theater and film. Hughes became famous for a variety of roles; his most-notable roles came after middle age, and he was often cast as a dithering authority figure or grandfatherly elder.
- 1915 – Elaine Barrie, American actress (d. 2003), was an American actress who appeared in several films and one Broadway play. She was the fourth, and last, wife of actor John Barrymore.
- 1912 – Milt Bocek, American baseball player (d. 2007). Bocek (July 16, 1912 – April 29, 2007) was a Major League Baseball outfielder.
- 1911 – Ginger Rogers, American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 1995), was an American actress, dancer, and singer. She won an Academy Award for her starring role in Kitty Foyle (1940), but is best remembered for performing during the 1930s in RKO's musical films (partnered with Fred Astaire).
- 1911 – Sonny Tufts, American actor (d. 1970), was an American stage, film, and television actor. He is best known for the films he made as a contract star at Paramount in the 1940s, including So Proudly We Hail!.
- 1910 – Gordon Prange, American historian, author, and academic (d. 1980), was the author of several World War II historical manuscripts which were published by his co-workers after his death in 1980. Prange was a Professor of History at the University of Maryland from 1937 to 1980 with a break of nine years (1942–1951) of military service during World War II, and in the postwar military occupation of Japan, when he was the Chief Historian in General Douglas MacArthur's staff.
- 1907 – Barbara Stanwyck, American actress (d. 1990), was an American actress, model, and dancer. She was a stage, film and television star, known during her 60-year career as a consummate and versatile professional for a strong, realistic screen presence.
- 1907 – Frances Horwich, American educator and television host (d. 2001), was an American educator, television personality and television executive. As Miss Frances, she was the host of the children's television program, Ding Dong School, seen weekday mornings on the NBC network in the 1950s and nationally syndicated between 1959 and 1965.
- 1907 – Orville Redenbacher, American farmer and businessman, founded Orville Redenbacher's (d. 1995), was an American businessman most often associated with the brand of popcorn that bears his name.
- 1906 – Vincent Sherman, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2006), was an American director and actor who worked in Hollywood. His movies include Mr.
- 1902 – Mary Philbin, American actress (d. 1993), was an American film actress of the silent film era, who is best known for playing the roles of Christine Daaé in the 1925 film The Phantom of the Opera opposite Lon Chaney, and as Dea in The Man Who Laughs. Both roles cast her as the beauty in Beauty and the Beast-type stories.
- 1889 – Arthur Bowie Chrisman, American author (d. 1953). He was born in Clarke County, Virginia.
- 1888 – Percy Kilbride, American actor (d. 1964), was an American character actor. He made a career of playing country hicks, most memorably as Pa Kettle in the Ma and Pa Kettle series of feature films.
- 1887 – Shoeless Joe Jackson, American baseball player and manager (d. 1951), was an American outfielder who played Major League Baseball (MLB) in the early 1900s. He is remembered for his performance on the field and for his association with the Black Sox Scandal, in which members of the 1919 Chicago White Sox participated in a conspiracy to fix the World Series.
- 1883 – Charles Sheeler, American photographer and painter (d. 1965), was an American painter and commercial photographer. He is recognized as one of the founders of American modernism, developing a "quasi-photographic" style of painting known as Precisionism and becoming one of the master photographers of the 20th century.
- 1880 – Kathleen Norris, American journalist and author (d. 1966), was an American novelist and newspaper columnist. She was one of the most widely read and highest paid female writers in the United States for nearly fifty years, from 1911 to 1959.
- 1862 – Ida B. Wells, American journalist and activist (d. 1931), was an African-American investigative journalist, educator, and an early leader in the civil rights movement. She was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
- 1821 – Mary Baker Eddy, American religious leader and author, founded Christian Science (d. 1910), was an American religious leader who founded Christian Science, a new religious movement, in New England in the latter half of the 19th century.
- 1749 – Cyrus Griffin, American lawyer, judge, and politician, 16th President of the Continental Congress (d. 1810), was the final President of the Congress of the Confederation and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Virginia.
- 2017 – George Romero, American filmmaker (b. 1940)
- 2014 – Johnny Winter, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1944)
- 2014 – Karl Albrecht, German businessman, co-founded Aldi (b. 1920)
- 2014 – Mary Ellen Otremba, American educator and politician (b. 1950)
- 2013 – Marv Rotblatt, American baseball player (1927)
- 2012 – Gilbert Esau, American businessman and politician (b. 1919)
- 2012 – Kitty Wells, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1919)
- 2012 – Stephen Covey, American businessman and author (b. 1932)
- 2012 – William Asher, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1921)
- 2011 – Forrest Blue, American football player (b. 1944)
- 2008 – Jo Stafford, American singer (b. 1917)
- 2006 – Winthrop Paul Rockefeller, American businessman and politician, 13th Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas (b. 1948)
- 2004 – Charles Sweeney, American general and pilot (b. 1919)
- 2004 – George Busbee, American lawyer and politician, 77th Governor of Georgia (b. 1927)
- 2003 – Carol Shields, American-Canadian novelist and short story writer (b. 1935)
- 2003 – Celia Cruz, Cuban-American singer and actress (b. 1925)
- 2002 – John Cocke, American computer scientist and engineer (b. 1925)
- 1999 – John F. Kennedy Jr., American lawyer and publisher (b. 1960)
- 1998 – John Henrik Clarke, American historian and scholar (b. 1915)
- 1995 – May Sarton, American playwright and novelist (b. 1912)
- 1994 – Julian Schwinger, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
- 1992 – Buck Buchanan, American football player and coach (b. 1940)
- 1991 – Frank Rizzo, American police officer and politician, 93rd Mayor of Philadelphia (b. 1920)
- 1991 – Meindert DeJong, Dutch-American soldier and author (b. 1906)
- 1991 – Robert Motherwell, American painter and academic (b. 1915)
- 1985 – Wayne King, American saxophonist, songwriter, and bandleader (b. 1901)
- 1981 – Harry Chapin, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1942)
- 1965 – Boris Artzybasheff, Ukrainian-American illustrator (b.1899)
- 1960 – John P. Marquand, American author (b. 1893)
- 1915 – Ellen G. White, American theologian and author (b. 1827)
- 1896 – Edmond de Goncourt, French critic and publisher, founded Académie Goncourt (b. 1822)
- 1886 – Ned Buntline, American journalist and author (b. 1823)
- 1882 – Mary Todd Lincoln, First Lady of the United States 1861-1865 (b. 1818)