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26

Thursday 26 July 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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July 26 Events

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Holidays and observances

  • St. Anne's Day in Italy
  • Statehood Day (New York, 1788)

Events

  • In 2017 the Breakthrough Starshot initiative announces that it has developed and launched the world's smallest spacecraft, precursors of "StarChip", known as "Sprites", measuring just 3.5 cm and weighing only four grams, but containing solar panels, computers, sensors, and radios; Researchers discover that stem cells in the brain's hypothalamus govern how fast aging occurs in the body.
  • 2016 – Hillary Clinton becomes the first female nominee for President of the United States by a major political party at the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia.
  • In 2016 Solar Impulse 2 becomes the first solar-powered aircraft to circumnavigate the Earth.
  • 2005 – Space Shuttle program: STS-114 Mission: Launch of Discovery, NASA's first scheduled flight mission after the Columbia Disaster in 2003.
  • 1990 – The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 is signed into law by President George H.W. Bush.
  • 1989 – A federal grand jury indicts Cornell University student Robert T. Morris, Jr. for releasing the Morris worm, thus becoming the first person to be prosecuted under the 1986 Computer Fraud and Abuse Act.
  • 1974 – Greek Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis forms the country's first civil government after seven years of military rule.
  • 1971 – Apollo program: Launch of Apollo 15 on the first Apollo "J-Mission", and first use of a Lunar Roving Vehicle.
  • 1963 – Syncom 2, the world's first geosynchronous satellite, is launched from Cape Canaveral on a Delta B booster.
  • 1948 – U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs Executive Order 9981, desegregating the military of the United States.
  • 1947 – Cold War: U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act of 1947 into United States law creating the Central Intelligence Agency, United States Department of Defense, United States Air Force, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the United States National Security Council.
  • 1945 – The United States Navy cruiser USS Indianapolis arrives at Tinian with parts of the warhead for the Hiroshima atomic bomb.
  • 1941 – World War II: In response to the Japanese occupation of French Indochina, US President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders the seizure of all Japanese assets in the United States.
  • 1908 – United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation).
  • 1882 – The Republic of Stellaland is founded in Southern Africa.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Morgan's Raid ends; At Salineville, Ohio, Confederate cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan and 360 of his volunteers are captured by Union forces.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: George B. McClellan assumes command of the Army of the Potomac following a disastrous Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run.
  • 1822 – First day of the three-day Battle of Dervenakia, between the Ottoman Empire force led by Mahmud Dramali Pasha and the Greek Revolutionary force led by Theodoros Kolokotronis.
  • 1803 – The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opens in south London, United Kingdom.
  • 1788 – New York ratifies the United States Constitution and becomes the 11th state of the United States.
  • 1775 – The office that would later become the United States Post Office Department is established by the Second Continental Congress. Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania takes office as Postmaster General.
  • 1745 – The first recorded women's cricket match takes place near Guildford, England.
  • 657 – First Fitna: In the Battle of Siffin, troops led by Ali ibn Abu Talib clash with those led by Muawiyah I.

Births

  • 1985 – Marcus Benard, American football player
  • 1985 – Mat Gamel, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Delonte West, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Kelly Clark, American snowboarder
  • 1983 – Roderick Strong, American wrestler
  • 1980 – Robert Gallery, American football player
  • 1979 – Erik Westrum, American ice hockey player
  • 1975 – Joe Smith, American basketball player
  • 1974 – Iron & Wine, American singer-songwriter
  • 1969 – Greg Colbrunn, American baseball player and coach
  • 1967 – Tim Schafer, American video game designer, founded Double Fine Productions
  • 1965 – Jeremy Piven, American actor and producer
  • 1964 – Sandra Bullock, American actress and producer
  • 1961 – Gary Cherone, American singer-songwriter
  • 1959 – Kevin Spacey, American actor and director
  • 1959 – Rick Bragg, American author and journalist
  • 1958 – Monti Davis, American basketball player (d. 2013)
  • 1957 – Nana Visitor, American actress
  • 1956 – Dorothy Hamill, American figure skater
  • 1956 – Tommy Rich, American wrestler
  • 1954 – Vitas Gerulaitis, American tennis player and coach (d. 1994)
  • 1953 – Earl Tatum, American professional basketball player
  • 1953 – Robert Phillips, American guitarist
  • 1951 – Rick Martin, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 2011)
  • 1950 – Rich Vogler, American race car driver (d. 1990)
  • 1945 – Betty Davis, American singer-songwriter
  • 1943 – Peter Hyams, American director, screenwriter, and cinematographer
  • 1941 – Brenton Wood, American R&B singer-songwriter and keyboard player
  • 1941 – Darlene Love, American singer and actress
  • 1940 – Dobie Gray, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2011)
  • 1939 – Bob Lilly, American football player and photographer
  • 1938 – Bobby Hebb, American singer-songwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1934 – Tommy McDonald, American football player
  • 1928 – Elliott Erwitt, French-American photographer and director
  • 1928 – Joe Jackson, American talent manager, father of Michael Jackson
  • 1928 – Stanley Kubrick, American director, producer, screenwriter, and cinematographer (d. 1999)
  • 1926 – James Best, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2015)
  • 1925 – Gene Gutowski, Polish-American producer (d. 2016)
  • 1925 – Joseph Engelberger, American physicist and engineer (d. 2015)
  • 1923 – Hoyt Wilhelm, American baseball player and coach (d. 2002)
  • 1923 – Jan Berenstain, American author and illustrator (d. 2012)
  • 1922 – Blake Edwards, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
  • 1922 – Jason Robards, American actor (d. 2000)
  • 1922 – Jim Foglesong, American record producer (d. 2013)
  • 1921 – Jean Shepherd, American radio host, actor, and screenwriter (d. 1999)
  • 1921 – Tom Saffell, American baseball player and manager (d. 2012)
  • 1920 – Bob Waterfield, American football player and coach (d. 1983)
  • 1919 – Virginia Gilmore, American actress (d. 1986)
  • 1918 – Marjorie Lord, American actress (d. 2015)
  • 1916 – Dean Brooks, American physician and actor (d. 2013)
  • 1914 – C. Farris Bryant, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 34th Governor of Florida (d. 2002)
  • 1914 – Ellis Kinder, American baseball player (d. 1968)
  • 1914 – Erskine Hawkins, American trumpet player and bandleader (d. 1993)
  • 1909 – Vivian Vance, American actress and singer (d. 1979)
  • 1904 – Edwin Albert Link, American industrialist and entrepreneur, invented the flight simulator (d. 1981)
  • 1903 – Estes Kefauver, American lawyer and politician (d. 1963)
  • 1897 – Harold D. Cooley, American lawyer and politician (d. 1974)
  • 1897 – Paul Gallico, American journalist and author (d. 1976)
  • 1895 – Gracie Allen, American actress and comedian (d. 1964)
  • 1892 – Sad Sam Jones, American baseball player and manager (d. 1966)
  • 1890 – Daniel J. Callaghan, American admiral, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1942)
  • 1877 – Jesse Lauriston Livermore, American investor and security analyst, "Great Bear of Wall Street" (d. 1940)
  • 1874 – Serge Koussevitzky, Russian-American bassist, composer, and conductor (d. 1951)
  • 1819 – Justin Holland, American guitarist and educator (d. 1887)
  • 1796 – George Catlin, American painter, author, and traveler (d. 1872)
  • 1739 – George Clinton, American general and politician, 4th Vice President of the United States (d. 1812)

Deaths

  • 2017 – June Foray, American voice actress (b. 1917)
  • 2017 – Patti Deutsch, American voice artist and comedic actress (b. 1943)
  • 2015 – Ann Rule, American police officer and author (b. 1931)
  • 2014 – Charles R. Larson, American admiral (b. 1936)
  • 2014 – Richard MacCormac, English architect, founded MJP Architects (b. 1938)
  • 2013 – George P. Mitchell, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1919)
  • 2013 – Harley Flanders, American mathematician and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2013 – Luther F. Cole, American lawyer and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Don Bagley, American bassist and composer (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – James D. Watkins, American admiral and politician, 6th United States Secretary of Energy (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – Karl Benjamin, American painter and educator (b. 1925)
  • 2012 – Lupe Ontiveros, American actress (b. 1942)
  • 2011 – Richard Harris, American-Canadian football player and coach (b. 1948)
  • 2009 – Merce Cunningham, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1919)
  • 2007 – Skip Prosser, American basketball player and coach (b. 1950)
  • 2005 – Alexander Golitzen, Russian-born American production designer and art director (b. 1908)
  • 2005 – Jack Hirshleifer, American economist and academic (b. 1925)
  • 2004 – William A. Mitchell, American chemist, created Pop Rocks and Cool Whip (b. 1911)
  • 2001 – Rex T. Barber, American colonel and pilot (b. 1917)
  • 2000 – John Tukey, American mathematician and academic (b. 1915)
  • 1999 – Walter Jackson Bate, American author and critic (b. 1918)
  • 1996 – Max Winter, American businessman and sports executive (b. 1903)
  • 1995 – George W. Romney, American businessman and politician, 43rd Governor of Michigan (b. 1907)
  • 1995 – Laurindo Almeida, Brazilian-American guitarist and composer (b. 1917)
  • 1994 – James Luther Adams, American theologian and academic (b. 1901)
  • 1993 – Matthew Ridgway, American general (b. 1895)
  • 1992 – Mary Wells, American singer-songwriter (b. 1943)
  • 1986 – W. Averell Harriman, American politician and diplomat, 11th United States Secretary of Commerce (b. 1891)
  • 1984 – Ed Gein, American serial killer (b. 1906)
  • 1984 – George Gallup, American mathematician and statistician, founded the Gallup Company (b. 1901)
  • 1971 – Diane Arbus, American photographer and academic (b. 1923)
  • 1952 – Eva Perón, Argentinian politician, 25th First Lady of Argentina (b. 1919)
  • 1934 – Winsor McCay, American cartoonist, animator, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1871)
  • 1932 – Fred Duesenberg, German-American businessman, co-founded the Duesenberg Company (b. 1876)
  • 1926 – Robert Todd Lincoln, American lawyer and politician, 35th United States Secretary of War, son of Abraham Lincoln (b. 1843)
  • 1925 – William Jennings Bryan, American lawyer and politician, 41st United States Secretary of State (b. 1860)
  • 1863 – Sam Houston, American general and politician, 7th Governor of Texas (b. 1793)
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