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Sunday 14 October 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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October 14 Events

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Holidays and observances

  • Defender of Ukraine Day (Ukraine)

Events

  • 1981 – Citing official misconduct in the investigation and trial, Amnesty International charges the U.S. Federal Government with holding Richard Marshall of the American Indian Movement as a political prisoner.
  • 1979 – The first Gay Rights March on Washington, D.C., the National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights, demands "an end to all social, economic, judicial, and legal oppression of lesbian and gay people", and draws approximately 100,000 people.
  • 1968 – Apollo program: The first live TV broadcast by American astronauts in orbit performed by the Apollo 7 crew.
  • 1968 – Jim Hines of the United States of America becomes the first man ever to break the so-called "ten-second barrier" in the 100-meter sprint in the Summer Olympic Games held in Mexico City with a time of 9.95 seconds.
  • 1968 – Vietnam War: The United States Department of Defense announces that the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps will send about 24,000 soldiers and Marines back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours of duty in the combat zone there.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: American folk singer and activist Joan Baez is arrested concerning a physical blockade of the U.S. Army's induction center in Oakland, California.
  • 1958 – The District of Columbia's Bar Association votes to accept African-Americans as member attorneys.
  • 1957 – Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian monarch to open up an annual session of the Canadian Parliament, presenting her Speech from the throne in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
  • 1949 – Eleven leaders of the American Communist Party are convicted, after a nine-month trial in a Federal District Court, of conspiring to advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S. Federal Government.
  • 1947 – Captain Chuck Yeager of the United States Air Force flies a Bell X-1 rocket-powered experimental aircraft, the Glamorous Glennis, faster than the speed of sound at Mach 1.06 (700 miles per hour (1,100 km/h; 610 kn) over the high desert of Southern California and becomes the first pilot and the first airplane to do so in level flight.
  • 1943 – World War II: The American Eighth Air Force loses 60 of 291 B-17 Flying Fortress during the Second Raid on Schweinfurt.
  • 1938 – The first flight of the Curtiss P-40 Warhawk fighter plane.
  • 1926 – The children's book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A. A. Milne, is first published.
  • 1912 – While campaigning in Milwaukee, the former President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, is shot and mildly wounded by John Schrank, a mentally-disturbed saloon keeper. With the fresh wound in his chest, and the bullet still within it, Mr. Roosevelt still carries out his scheduled public speech.
  • 1888 – Louis Le Prince films first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene.
  • 1884 – American inventor George Eastman receives a U.S. Government patent on his new paper-strip photographic film.
  • 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Bristoe Station: Confederate troops under the command of General Robert E. Lee fail to drive the Union Army completely out of Virginia.
  • 1773 – Just before the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, several of the British East India Company's tea ships are set ablaze at the old seaport of Annapolis, Maryland.
  • 1773 – The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Commission of National Education, is formed in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1656 – Massachusetts enacts the first punitive legislation against the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). The marriage of church-and-state in Puritanism makes them regard the Quakers as spiritually apostate and politically subversive.

Births

  • 2001 – Rowan Blanchard, American actress
  • 1999 – Laura Zeng, American rhythmic gymnast
  • 1992 – Savannah Outen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1988 – Ocean Vuong, Vietnamese-American poet
  • 1986 – Skyler Shaye, American actress
  • 1984 – LaRon Landry, American football player
  • 1982 – Matt Roth, American football player
  • 1982 – Ryan Hall, American runner
  • 1981 – Boof Bonser, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Scott Kooistra, American football player
  • 1980 – Terrence McGee, American football player
  • 1979 – Stacy Keibler, American wrestler and actress
  • 1978 – Javon Walker, American football player
  • 1978 – Justin Lee Brannan, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1978 – Ryan Church, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Usher, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actor
  • 1977 – Kelly Schumacher, American-Canadian basketball and volleyball player
  • 1975 – Floyd Landis, American cyclist
  • 1974 – Jessica Drake, American porn actress and director
  • 1974 – Natalie Maines, American singer-songwriter
  • 1974 – Shaggy 2 Dope, American rapper and producer
  • 1973 – Thom Brooks, American-British political philosopher and legal scholar
  • 1972 – Erika de Lone, American tennis player
  • 1970 – Jim Jackson, American basketball player and sportscaster
  • 1969 – David Strickland, American actor (d. 1999)
  • 1969 – P. J. Brown, American basketball player
  • 1968 – Dwayne Schintzius, American basketball player and coach (d. 2012)
  • 1968 – Johnny Goudie, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor
  • 1968 – Timothy Lincoln Beckwith, American lawyer
  • 1967 – Pat Kelly, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1965 – Karyn White, American singer-songwriter
  • 1964 – Joe Girardi, American baseball player and manager
  • 1963 – Lori Petty, American actress
  • 1962 – Chris Thomas King, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor
  • 1962 – Trevor Goddard, English-American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1961 – Isaac Mizrahi, American fashion designer
  • 1959 – A. J. Pero, American drummer (d. 2015)
  • 1956 – Arleen Sorkin, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1956 – Beth Daniel, American golfer and sportscaster
  • 1956 – Jennell Jaquays, American game designer
  • 1952 – Harry Anderson, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1952 – Rick Aviles, American comedian and actor (d. 1995)
  • 1950 – Joey Travolta, American actor, director, and producer
  • 1949 – Katha Pollitt, American poet and author
  • 1948 – Norman Ornstein, American political scientist and scholar
  • 1947 – Charlie Joiner, American football player
  • 1947 – Nikolai Volkoff, Croatian-American wrestler
  • 1947 – Norman Harris, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (d. 1987)
  • 1946 – Al Oliver, American baseball player
  • 1946 – Craig Venter, American biologist, geneticist, and academic
  • 1944 – Udo Kier, German-American actor and director
  • 1941 – Art Shamsky, American baseball player and manager
  • 1941 – Jerry Glanville, American football player and coach
  • 1940 – J. C. Snead, American golfer
  • 1939 – Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer, founded the Ralph Lauren Corporation
  • 1939 – Rocky Thompson, American golfer and politician
  • 1938 – John Dean, American lawyer and author, 13th White House Counsel
  • 1938 – Melba Montgomery, American country music singer
  • 1938 – Ron Lancaster, American-Canadian football player and coach (d. 2008)
  • 1932 – Anatoly Larkin, Russian-American physicist and academic (d. 2005)
  • 1932 – Enrico Di Giuseppe, American tenor and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1930 – Robert Parker, American singer and saxophonist
  • 1928 – Frank E. Resnik, American chemist and businessman (d. 1995)
  • 1925 – Clancy Lyall, American sergeant (d. 2012)
  • 1916 – C. Everett Koop, American admiral and surgeon, 13th United States Surgeon General (d. 2013)
  • 1914 – Harry Brecheen, American baseball player and coach (d. 2004)
  • 1914 – Raymond Davis Jr., American chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)
  • 1910 – John Wooden, American basketball player and coach (d. 2010)
  • 1909 – Dorothy Kingsley, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1996)
  • 1908 – Ruth Hale, American actress and playwright (d. 2003)
  • 1907 – Allan Jones, American actor and singer (d. 1992)
  • 1906 – Hannah Arendt, German-American philosopher and theorist (d. 1975)
  • 1906 – Hassan al-Banna, Egyptian religious leader, founded the Muslim Brotherhood (d. 1949)
  • 1904 – Mikhail Pervukhin, Soviet politician, First Deputy Premier of the Soviet Union (d. 1978)
  • 1900 – W. Edwards Deming, American statistician, author, and academic (d. 1993)
  • 1894 – E. E. Cummings, American poet and playwright (d. 1962)
  • 1893 – Lillian Gish, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 1892 – Sumner Welles, American politician and diplomat, 11th Under Secretary of State (d. 1961)
  • 1890 – Dwight D. Eisenhower, American general and politician, 34th President of the United States (d. 1969)
  • 1882 – Éamon de Valera, American-Irish rebel and politician, 3rd President of Ireland (d. 1975)
  • 1853 – John William Kendrick, American engineer and businessman (d. 1924)
  • 1842 – Joe Start, American baseball player and manager (d. 1927)
  • 1806 – Preston King, American lawyer and politician (d. 1865)
  • 1644 – William Penn, English businessman who founded Pennsylvania (d. 1718)

Deaths

  • 2015 – Margaret Keyes, American historian and academic (b. 1918)
  • 2014 – Elizabeth Peña, American actress (b. 1959)
  • 2014 – Leonard Liggio, American author and academic (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Frank Moore, American painter and poet (b. 1946)
  • 2013 – Wally Bell, American baseball player and umpire (b. 1965)
  • 2012 – Arlen Specter, American lieutenant and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2012 – Dody Weston Thompson, American photographer (b. 1923)
  • 2012 – Gart Westerhout, Dutch-American astronomer and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2012 – James R. Grover Jr., American lawyer and politician (b. 1919)
  • 2012 – Larry Sloan, American publisher, co-founded Price Stern Sloan (b. 1922)
  • 2011 – Ashawna Hailey, American computer scientist and philanthropist (b. 1949)
  • 2010 – Benoit Mandelbrot, Polish-American mathematician and economist (b. 1924)
  • 2009 – Collin Wilcox, American actress (b. 1935)
  • 2008 – Robert Furman, American engineer and intelligence officer (b. 1915)
  • 2006 – Freddy Fender, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1937)
  • 2006 – Gerry Studds, American educator and politician (b. 1937)
  • 2000 – Art Coulter, Canadian-American ice hockey player (b. 1909)
  • 2000 – Tony Roper, American race car driver (b. 1964)
  • 1998 – Cleveland Amory, American author and activist (b. 1917)
  • 1998 – Frankie Yankovic, American accordion player (b. 1916)
  • 1997 – Harold Robbins, American author (b. 1915)
  • 1990 – Leonard Bernstein, American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1918)
  • 1986 – Keenan Wynn, American actor (b. 1916)
  • 1983 – Willard Price, Canadian-American historian and author (b. 1887)
  • 1977 – Bing Crosby, American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1903)
  • 1973 – Edmund A. Chester, American journalist and broadcaster (b. 1897)
  • 1965 – Randall Jarrell, American poet and author (b. 1914)
  • 1965 – William Hogenson, American sprinter (b. 1884)
  • 1959 – Errol Flynn, Australian-American actor, singer, and producer (b. 1909)
  • 1911 – John Marshall Harlan, American lawyer and politician (b. 1833)
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