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Sunday 21 October 2018 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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October 21 Events

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Holidays and observances

  • Apple Day (United Kingdom)
  • International Day of the Nacho (nachos first appeared in 1943 in Piedras Negras, a small Mexican city which is very near to the U.S. military base Fort Duncan, in Texas)

Events

  • 2005 – Images of the dwarf planet Eris are taken and subsequently used in documenting its discovery by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz.
  • 1994 – North Korea nuclear weapons program: North Korea and the United States sign an Agreed Framework that requires North Korea to stop its nuclear weapons program and agree to inspections.
  • 1986 – In Lebanon, pro-Iran kidnappers claim to have abducted American writer Edward Tracy (he is released in August 1991).
  • 1973 – Fred Dryer of the Los Angeles Rams becomes the first player in NFL history to score two safeties in the same game.
  • 1959 – In New York City, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, opens to the public.
  • 1959 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs an executive order transferring Wernher von Braun and other German scientists from the United States Army to NASA.
  • 1945 – Women's suffrage: Women are allowed to vote in France for the first time.
  • 1944 – World War II: Battle of Aachen: The city of Aachen falls to American forces after three weeks of fighting, making it the first German city to fall to the Allies.
  • 1944 – World War II: The first kamikaze attack. A Japanese fighter plane carrying a 200-kilogram (440 lb) bomb attacks HMAS Australia off Leyte Island, as the Battle of Leyte Gulf began.
  • 1940 – The first edition of the Ernest Hemingway novel For Whom the Bell Tolls is published.
  • 1921 – President Warren G. Harding delivers the first speech by a sitting U.S. President against lynching in the deep South.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War: Kardzhali is liberated by Bulgarian forces.
  • 1910 – HMS Niobe arrives in Halifax Harbour to become the first ship of the Royal Canadian Navy.
  • 1879 – Thomas Edison applies for a patent for his design for an incandescent light bulb.
  • 1867 – The Medicine Lodge Treaty is signed by southern Great Plains Indian leaders. The treaty requires Native American Plains tribes to relocate to a reservation in western Oklahoma.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Battle of Ball's Bluff: Union forces under Colonel Edward Baker are defeated by Confederate troops in the second major battle of the war.
  • 1824 – Joseph Aspdin patents Portland cement.
  • 1797 – In Boston Harbor, the 44-gun United States Navy frigate USS Constitution is launched.
  • 1774 – First display of the word "Liberty" on a flag, raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts in defiance of British rule in Colonial America.
  • 1520 – Ferdinand Magellan discovers a strait now known as Strait of Magellan.
  • 1520 – João Álvares Fagundes discovers the islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, bestowing them their original name of "Islands of the 11,000 Virgins".
  • 1097 – First Crusade: Crusaders led by Godfrey of Bouillon, Bohemund of Taranto, and Raymond IV, Count of Toulouse, begin the Siege of Antioch.

Births

  • 1987 – Justin De Fratus, American baseball player
  • 1984 – Kenny Cooper, American soccer player
  • 1984 – Marvin Mitchell, American football player
  • 1984 – Tom Brandstater, American football player
  • 1983 – Amber Rose, American model
  • 1983 – Casey Fien, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Shelden Williams, American basketball player
  • 1983 – Zack Greinke, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Hari Kondabolu, American comedian, actor, and podcaster
  • 1982 – James White, American basketball player
  • 1982 – Jim Henderson, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Matt Dallas, American actor
  • 1982 – Ray Ventrone, American football player
  • 1982 – Tim Wildsmith, American singer-songwriter and pianist
  • 1980 – Brian Pittman, American bass player
  • 1980 – Kim Kardashian, American reality television personality, actress, model, businesswoman and socialite
  • 1979 – Gabe Gross, American baseball player
  • 1979 – Khalil Greene, American baseball player
  • 1978 – Joey Harrington, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1976 – Jeremy Miller, American actor and singer
  • 1976 – Josh Ritter, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1975 – Toby Hall, American baseball player
  • 1973 – Charlie Lowell, American pianist and songwriter
  • 1973 – Lera Auerbach, Russian-American pianist and composer
  • 1972 – Matthew Friedberger, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1972 – Orlando Thomas, American football player (d. 2014)
  • 1971 – Nick Oliveri, American singer-songwriter and bass player
  • 1969 – Mo Lewis, American football player
  • 1965 – Horace Hogan, American wrestler
  • 1964 – Jon Carin, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1957 – Steve Lukather, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1956 – Carrie Fisher, American actress and screenwriter (d. 2016)
  • 1956 – Mike Tully, American pole vaulter
  • 1955 – Dick DeVos, American businessman
  • 1955 – Fred Hersch, American pianist and composer
  • 1955 – Rich Mullins, American singer-songwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1953 – Keith Green, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and minister (d. 1982)
  • 1953 – Marc Johnson, American bassist, composer, and bandleader
  • 1952 – Allen Hoey, American poet and author
  • 1952 – Brent Mydland, German-American keyboard player (d. 1990)
  • 1952 – Patti Davis, American actress and author
  • 1950 – Ronald McNair, American physicist and astronaut (d. 1986)
  • 1948 – Allen Henry Vigneron, American archbishop
  • 1948 – Shaye J. D. Cohen, American historian and academic
  • 1946 – Jim Hill, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1946 – Lee Loughnane, American singer-songwriter and trumpet player
  • 1946 – Lux Interior, American singer-songwriter (d. 2009)
  • 1943 – Ron Elliott, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and composer
  • 1942 – Christopher A. Sims, American economist and statistician, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1942 – Elvin Bishop, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1942 – Judith Sheindlin, American judge and television host
  • 1942 – Lou Lamoriello, American ice hockey player, coach, and manager
  • 1941 – Steve Cropper, American guitarist, songwriter, producer, and actor
  • 1940 – Frances FitzGerald, American journalist and author
  • 1940 – Jimmy Beaumont, American doo-wop singer-songwriter
  • 1940 – Rhoda Gemignani, American actress
  • 1929 – Ursula K. Le Guin, American author and critic
  • 1928 – Vern Mikkelsen, American basketball player and coach (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Whitey Ford, American baseball player and coach
  • 1927 – Howard Zieff, American director and photographer (d. 2009)
  • 1926 – Bob Rosburg, American golfer (d. 2009)
  • 1925 – Celia Cruz, Cuban-American singer (d. 2003)
  • 1924 – Joyce Randolph, American actress
  • 1924 – Julie Wilson, American actress and singer (d. 2015)
  • 1921 – Jim Shumate, American fiddler and composer (d. 2013)
  • 1918 – Milton Himmelfarb, American sociologist and author (d. 2006)
  • 1917 – Dizzy Gillespie, American trumpet player, composer, and bandleader (d. 1993)
  • 1914 – Martin Gardner, American mathematician and author (d. 2010)
  • 1912 – Don Byas, American saxophonist and educator (d. 1972)
  • 1911 – Mary Blair, American illustrator and animator (d. 1978)
  • 1895 – Edna Purviance, American actress (d. 1958)
  • 1886 – Eugene Burton Ely, American soldier and pilot (d. 1911)
  • 1877 – Oswald Avery, Canadian-American physician and microbiologist (d. 1955)
  • 1845 – Will Carleton, American poet and journalist (d. 1912)
  • 1833 – Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist and engineer, invented dynamite and founded the Nobel Prize (d. 1896)

Deaths

  • 2015 – Marty Ingels, American actor (b. 1936)
  • 2015 – Sheldon Wolin, American philosopher, theorist, and academic (b. 1922)
  • 2014 – Ben Bradlee, American journalist and author (b. 1921)
  • 2014 – Nelson Bunker Hunt, American businessman (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Bud Adams, American businessman (b. 1923)
  • 2013 – Colonel Robert Morris, American singer-songwriter and drummer (b. 1954)
  • 2013 – Major Owens, American librarian and politician (b. 1936)
  • 2012 – George McGovern, American historian, lieutenant, and politician (b. 1922)
  • 2006 – Sandy West, American singer-songwriter and drummer (b. 1959)
  • 2003 – Elliott Smith, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1969)
  • 2003 – Louise Day Hicks, American politician (b. 1916)
  • 1998 – Francis W. Sargent, American soldier and politician, 64th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1915)
  • 1995 – Maxene Andrews, American singer (b. 1916)
  • 1995 – Nancy Graves, American sculptor and painter (b. 1939)
  • 1995 – Shannon Hoon, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1967)
  • 1993 – Sam Zolotow, American journalist and critic (b. 1899)
  • 1992 – Jim Garrison, American lawyer and judge (b. 1921)
  • 1985 – Dan White, American sergeant and politician (b. 1946)
  • 1983 – Joseph P. Lordi, American government official (b. 1919)
  • 1975 – Charles Reidpath, American runner and general (b. 1887)
  • 1969 – Jack Kerouac, American novelist and poet (b. 1922)
  • 1965 – Bill Black, American bass player and bandleader (b. 1926)
  • 1940 – William G. Conley, American journalist, lawyer, and politician, 18th Governor of West Virginia (b. 1866)
  • 1938 – Dorothy Hale, American actress (b. 1905)
  • 1907 – Jules Chevalier, French priest, founded the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart (b. 1824)
  • 1775 – Peyton Randolph, American lawyer and politician, 1st President of the Continental Congress (b. 1721)
  • 1096 – Walter Sans Avoir, a leader of the First Crusade
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