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Thursday 13 April 2017 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances

  • Jefferson's Birthday (United States)

Events

  • 1976 – The United States Treasury Department reintroduces the two-dollar bill as a Federal Reserve Note on Thomas Jefferson's 233rd birthday as part of the United States Bicentennial celebration.
  • 1974 – Western Union (in cooperation with NASA and Hughes Aircraft) launches the United States' first commercial geosynchronous communications satellite, Westar 1.
  • 1964 – At the Academy Awards, Sidney Poitier becomes the first African-American male to win the Best Actor award for the 1963 film Lilies of the Field.
  • 1960 – The United States launches Transit 1-B, the world's first satellite navigation system.
  • 1943 – World War II: The discovery of mass graves of Polish prisoners of war killed by Soviet forces in the Katyń Forest Massacre is announced, causing a diplomatic rift between the Polish government-in-exile in London from the Soviet Union, which denies responsibility.
  • 1902 – James C. Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming.
  • 1873 – The Colfax massacre, in which more than 60 African Americans are murdered, takes place.
  • 1870 – The New York City Metropolitan Museum of Art is founded.
  • 1865 – American Civil War: Raleigh, North Carolina is occupied by Union Forces.
  • 1861 – American Civil War: Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederate forces.
  • 1777 – American Revolutionary War: American forces are ambushed and defeated in the Battle of Bound Brook, New Jersey.
  • 1613 – Samuel Argall captures Native American princess Pocahontas in Passapatanzy, Virginia to ransom her for some English prisoners held by her father; she is brought to Henricus as hostage.

Births

  • 1993 – Tony Wroten, American basketball player
  • 1991 – Josh Gordon, American football player
  • 1989 – Ryan Bailey, American sprinter
  • 1988 – Allison Williams, American actress and singer
  • 1987 – Allison Weiss, American singer-songwriter
  • 1987 – Brandon Hardesty, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1986 – Lorenzo Cain, American baseball player
  • 1986 – Michael Bingham, American-English sprinter
  • 1983 – Hunter Pence, American baseball player
  • 1982 – Nellie McKay, British-American singer-songwriter, musician, and actress
  • 1981 – Nat Borchers, American soccer player
  • 1980 – Colleen Clinkenbeard, American voice actress, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1980 – Quentin Richardson, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Baron Davis, American basketball player
  • 1979 – Meghann Shaughnessy, American tennis player
  • 1978 – Keydrick Vincent, American football player
  • 1976 – Glenn Howerton, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1976 – Jonathan Brandis, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1976 – Patrik Eliáš, Czech-American ice hockey player
  • 1972 – Aaron Lewis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971 – Bo Outlaw, American basketball player
  • 1970 – Monty Brown, American football player and wrestler
  • 1970 – Ricardo Rincón, Mexican-American baseball player
  • 1970 – Ricky Schroder, American actor
  • 1968 – Ted Washington, American football player
  • 1967 – Dana Barros, American basketball player, coach, and sportscaster
  • 1967 – Michael Eisen, American biologist and academic
  • 1967 – Olga Tañón, Puerto Rican-American singer-songwriter
  • 1966 – Marc Ford, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer
  • 1964 – Davis Love III, American golfer and sportscaster
  • 1964 – John Swinney, Scottish businessman and politician, Deputy First Minister of Scotland
  • 1962 – Hillel Slovak, Israeli-American guitarist (d. 1988)
  • 1961 – Hiro Yamamoto, American bass player and songwriter
  • 1960 – Bob Casey, Jr., American lawyer and politician, senior senator of Pennsylvania
  • 1957 – Amy Goodman, American journalist and author
  • 1957 – Saundra Santiago, American actress
  • 1956 – Edward Forbes Smiley III, American art thief and map dealer
  • 1955 – Louis Johnson, American bass player and producer (d. 2015)
  • 1955 – Steve Camp, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1954 – Jimmy Destri, American keyboard player and songwriter
  • 1952 – Sam Bush, American mandolin player
  • 1951 – Max Weinberg, American drummer
  • 1951 – Peabo Bryson, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1950 – Ron Perlman, American actor
  • 1949 – Christopher Hitchens, English-American essayist, literary critic, and journalist (d. 2011)
  • 1947 – Rae Armantrout, American poet and academic
  • 1946 – Al Green, American singer-songwriter, producer, and pastor
  • 1945 – Bob Kalsu, American football player and lieutenant (d. 1970)
  • 1945 – Ed Caruthers, American high jumper
  • 1945 – Lowell George, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 1979)
  • 1945 – Tony Dow, American actor
  • 1944 – Charles Burnett, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1944 – Jack Casady, American bass guitarist (Jefferson Airplane)
  • 1944 – Susan Davis, Russian-American social worker and politician
  • 1943 – Billy Kidd, American skier
  • 1942 – Bill Conti, American composer and conductor
  • 1941 – Michael Stuart Brown, American geneticist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1940 – Lester Chambers, American singer and musician (The Chambers Brothers)
  • 1940 – Max Mosley, English race car driver and engineer, co-founded March Engineering, former president of the FIA
  • 1940 – Ruby Puryear Hearn, African-American biophysicist
  • 1939 – Paul Sorvino, American actor and singer
  • 1937 – Lanford Wilson, American playwright, co-founded the Circle Repertory Company (d. 2011)
  • 1933 – Ben Nighthorse Campbell, American soldier and politician
  • 1932 – Orlando Letelier, Chilean-American economist and politician, Chilean Minister of National Defense (d. 1976)
  • 1931 – Dan Gurney, American race car driver and engineer
  • 1931 – Jon Stone, American composer, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1997)
  • 1929 – Marilynn Smith, American golfer
  • 1927 – Antonino Rocca, Italian-American wrestler (d. 1977)
  • 1924 – Jack T. Chick, American author, illustrator, and publisher (d. 2016)
  • 1924 – John T. Biggers, American painter (d. 2001)
  • 1924 – Stanley Donen, American director and choreographer
  • 1923 – Don Adams, American actor and director (d. 2005)
  • 1923 – Stanley Tanger, American businessman and philanthropist, founded the Tanger Factory Outlet Centers (d. 2010)
  • 1919 – Howard Keel, American actor and singer (d. 2004)
  • 1919 – Madalyn Murray O'Hair, American activist, founded American Atheists (d. 1995)
  • 1917 – Bill Clements, American soldier, engineer, and politician, 15th United States Deputy Secretary of Defense (d. 2011)
  • 1917 – Robert Orville Anderson, American businessman, founded Atlantic Richfield Oil Co. (d. 2007)
  • 1916 – Phyllis Fraser, Welsh-American actress, journalist, and publisher, co-founded Beginner Books (d. 2006)
  • 1913 – Dave Albritton, American high jumper and coach (d. 1994)
  • 1913 – Kermit Tyler, American lieutenant and pilot (d. 2010)
  • 1909 – Eudora Welty, American short story writer and novelist (d. 2001)
  • 1909 – Stanislaw Ulam, Polish-American mathematician and academic (d. 1984)
  • 1907 – Harold Stassen, American lawyer and politician, 25th Governor of Minnesota (d. 2001)
  • 1906 – Bud Freeman, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader (d. 1991)
  • 1902 – Marguerite Henry, American author (d. 1997)
  • 1900 – Sorcha Boru, American potter and ceramic sculptor (d. 2006)
  • 1899 – Alfred Mosher Butts, American architect and game designer, created Scrabble (d. 1993)
  • 1899 – Harold Osborn, American high jumper and decathlete (d. 1975)
  • 1894 – Joie Ray, American runner (d. 1978)
  • 1892 – Robert Watson-Watt, Scottish engineer, invented the Radar (d. 1973)
  • 1891 – Nella Larsen, Danish/African-American nurse, librarian, and author (d. 1964)
  • 1890 – Frank Murphy, American jurist and politician, 56th United States Attorney General (d. 1949)
  • 1889 – Herbert Yardley, American cryptologist and author (d. 1958)
  • 1885 – Vean Gregg, American baseball player (d. 1964)
  • 1880 – Charles Christie, Canadian-American businessman, co-founded the Christie Film Company (d. 1955)
  • 1879 – Edward Bruce, American lawyer and painter (d. 1943)
  • 1875 – Ray Lyman Wilbur, American physician, academic, and politician, 31st United States Secretary of the Interior (d. 1949)
  • 1873 – John W. Davis, American lawyer and politician, 14th United States Solicitor General (d. 1955)
  • 1866 – Butch Cassidy, American criminal (d. 1908)
  • 1852 – Frank Winfield Woolworth, American businessman, founded the F. W. Woolworth Company (d. 1919)
  • 1851 – Robert Abbe, American surgeon and radiologist (d. 1928)
  • 1808 – Antonio Meucci, Italian-American engineer (d. 1889)
  • 1787 – John Robertson, American lawyer and politician (d. 1873)
  • 1780 – Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer, invented the Screw-pile lighthouse (d. 1868)
  • 1743 – Thomas Jefferson, American lawyer and politician, 3rd President of the United States (d. 1826)
  • 1735 – Isaac Low, American merchant and politician, founded the New York Chamber of Commerce (d. 1791)
  • 1506 – Peter Faber, French priest and theologian, co-founded the Society of Jesus (d. 1546)

Deaths

  • 2017 – Dan Rooney, American football executive and former United States Ambassador to Ireland (b. 1932)
  • 2016 – Nera White, American basketball player (b. 1935)
  • 2015 – Gerald Calabrese, American basketball player and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Herb Trimpe, American author and illustrator (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – Fred Enke, American football player (b. 1924)
  • 2014 – Michael Ruppert, American journalist and author (b. 1951)
  • 2013 – Chi Cheng, American bass player (b. 1970)
  • 2013 – Dean Drummond, American composer and conductor (b. 1949)
  • 2013 – Vincent Montana, Jr., American drummer and composer (b. 1928)
  • 2012 – David S. Smith, American diplomat, United States Ambassador to Sweden (b. 1918)
  • 2012 – William B. Buffum, American soldier and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Lebanon (b. 1921)
  • 2009 – Bruce Snyder, American football player and coach (b. 1940)
  • 2009 – Mark Fidrych, American baseball player (b. 1954)
  • 2008 – John Archibald Wheeler, American physicist and academic (b. 1911)
  • 2006 – Bill Baker, American baseball player, coach, and umpire (b. 1911)
  • 2005 – Don Blasingame, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1932)
  • 2005 – Johnnie Johnson, American pianist and songwriter (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Phillip Pavia, American painter and sculptor (b. 1912)
  • 2000 – Frenchy Bordagaray, American baseball player and manager (b. 1910)
  • 1997 – Bryant Bowles, American soldier and activist, founded the National Association for the Advancement of White People (b. 1920)
  • 1997 – Dorothy Frooks, American author and actress (b. 1896)
  • 1993 – Wallace Stegner, American novelist, short story writer, and essayist (b. 1909)
  • 1984 – Ralph Kirkpatrick, American harp player and musicologist (b. 1911)
  • 1975 – Larry Parks, American actor and singer (b. 1914)
  • 1962 – Culbert Olson, American lawyer and politician, 29th Governor of California (b. 1876)
  • 1961 – John A. Bennett, American soldier (b. 1935)
  • 1954 – Samuel Jones, American high jumper (b. 1880)
  • 1945 – Ernst Cassirer, Polish-American philosopher and academic (b. 1874)
  • 1941 – Annie Jump Cannon, American astronomer and academic (b. 1863)
  • 1911 – George Washington Glick, American lawyer and politician, 9th Governor of Kansas (b. 1827)
  • 1911 – John McLane, Scottish-American politician, 50th Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1852)
  • 1890 – Samuel J. Randall, American captain, lawyer, and politician, 33rd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1828)
  • 1886 – John Humphrey Noyes, American religious leader, founded the Oneida Community (b. 1811)
  • 1853 – James Iredell, Jr., American lawyer and politician, 23rd Governor of North Carolina (b. 1788)
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