Tuesday 23 June 2020 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days
: Career Holidays (Recognition Holidays)
, United Nations Holidays
, Worldwide Holidays
, Father’s Days
, Food holidays
, United Kingdom
, Unusual Holidays
, Women’s Days
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- International Construction Week in Malaysia (Date for 2020: 23-25 Jun)
Holidays and observances
- Father's Day in Nicaragua and Poland
- Grand Duke's Official Birthday (Luxembourg)
- International Women in Engineering Day (National Women in Engineering Day was launched for the first time in the UK on 23 June 2014 by the Women’s Engineering Society (WES) to celebrate its 95th anniversary. Since that launch in 2014 the day has grown enormously over the subsequent years to the point where it received UNESCO patronage in 2016. In 2017, National Women in Engineering Day became international for the first time due to the interest and enthusiasm developed by the international audience and participants in the previous years)
- Jura Independence Day in Switzerland (canton in northwestern Switzerland, the youngest canton in the Swiss Confederation. Administrative Center - Delemont City)
- Let It Go Day
- National Day of Remembrance for Victims of Terrorism in Canada
- National Pecan Sandy Day in USA
- Okinawa Memorial Day (慰霊の日 or Irei no Hi, lit. "the day to console the dead" - Okinawa Prefecture, Japan)
- Pink Day in US
- Rehabilitation day of the swastika (arose from 2009 on the initiative of the followers of the realism movement who believed that life on Earth was created scientifically by representatives of a highly developed extraterrestrial civilization who transmitted their message to us. Representatives of this civilization are called reelites by Elohim)
- San Juan Festival in Bolivia (Fiesta de San Juan is a festival known for its large bon-fires, copious drinking and fearsome fire-walking)
- St John's Eve and the first day of the Midsummer celebrations (Roman Catholic Church, Europe: - Bonfires of Saint John in Spain; Festa del Poble in Andorra; First night of Festa de São João do Porto; First day of Golowan Festival in Cornwall; Jaaniõhtu in Estonia; Jāņi in Latvia; Kupala Night in Belarus, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Ukraine; Last day of Drăgaica fair in Buzău, Romania)
- Victory Day (Estonia)
- 2013 – Nik Wallenda becomes the first man to successfully walk across the Grand Canyon on a tight rope.
- 2012 – Ashton Eaton breaks the decathlon world record at the United States Olympic Trials.
- 1973 – A fire at a house in Hull, England which kills a six-year-old boy is passed off as an accident; it later emerges as the first of 26 deaths by fire caused over the next seven years by arsonist Peter Dinsdale.
- 1972 – Title IX of the United States Civil Rights Act of 1964 is amended to prohibit sexual discrimination to any educational program receiving federal funds.
- 1969 – Warren E. Burger is sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court by retiring Chief Justice Earl Warren.
- 1960 – The United States Food and Drug Administration declares Enovid to be the first officially approved combined oral contraceptive pill in the world.
- 1959 – Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany where he resumes a scientific career.
- 1956 – The French National Assembly takes the first step in creating the French Community by passing the Loi Cadre, transferring a number of powers from Paris to elected territorial governments in French West Africa.
- 1951 – The ocean liner, SS United States, is christened and launched.
- 1947 – The United States Senate follows the United States House of Representatives in overriding U.S. President Harry Truman's veto of the Taft–Hartley Act.
- 1938 – The Civil Aeronautics Act is signed into law, forming the Civil Aeronautics Authority in the United States.
- 1926 – The College Board administers the first SAT exam.
- 1894 – The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne in Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
- 1887 – The Rocky Mountains Park Act becomes law in Canada creating the nation's first national park, Banff National Park.
- 1868 – Typewriter: Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for an invention he called the "Type-Writer."
- 1865 – American Civil War: At Fort Towson in the Oklahoma Territory, Confederate, Brigadier General Stand Watie surrenders the last significant rebel army.
- 1860 – The United States Congress establishes the Government Printing Office.
- 1812 – War of 1812: Great Britain revokes the restrictions on American commerce, thus eliminating one of the chief reasons for going to war.
- 1780 – American Revolution: Battle of Springfield fought in and around Springfield, New Jersey (including Short Hills, formerly of Springfield, now of Millburn Township).
- 1314 – First War of Scottish Independence: The Battle of Bannockburn (south of Stirling) begins.
- 1180 – First Battle of Uji, starting the Genpei War in Japan.
- 1991 – Katie Armiger, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. Kaitlyn Michelle Armiger (born June 23, 1991) is a country artist from Sugar Land, Texas, U.S.
- 1988 – Chellsie Memmel, American gymnast. She was a member of the United States women's gymnastics team at the 2008 Olympics.
- 1985 – Marcel Reece, American football player. He played college football as a wide receiver at Washington.
- 1982 – Derek Boogaard, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 2011), was a Canadian professional ice hockey left winger who played for the Minnesota Wild and the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League (NHL).
- 1980 – Becky Cloonan, American author and illustrator. Becky Cloonan (born 23 June 1980) is an American comic book creator, known for work published by Tokyopop and Vertigo.
- 1980 – Melissa Rauch, American actress. She is known for playing Bernadette Rostenkowski-Wolowitz on the CBS sitcom The Big Bang Theory for which she was nominated for the Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series in 2013.
- 1979 – LaDainian Tomlinson, American football player, was a running back in the National Football League (NFL) for eleven seasons. He is widely considered one of the greatest running backs of all time.
- 1978 – Matt Light, American football player and sportscaster. Matthew Charles Light (born June 23, 1978) is a former American football offensive tackle who spent his entire eleven-year career playing for the New England Patriots of the National Football League (NFL).
- 1978 – Memphis Bleek, American rapper, producer, and actor. Malik Deshawn Cox (born June 23, 1978), best known as Memphis Bleek (sometimes shorted to Bleek), is an American rapper mainly known for his tenure with Roc-A-Fella Records and CEO of his own labels Get Low Records and Warehouse Music Group.
- 1977 – Jason Mraz, American singer-songwriter and guitarist. His second album, Mr.
- 1977 – Shaun O'Hara, American football player and sportscaster. Shaun O'Hara (born June 23, 1977) is a former American football center who played in the National Football League for eleven seasons.
- 1976 – Brandon Stokley, American football player. He played college football at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.
- 1976 – Wade Barrett, American soccer player and manager. Stuart "Stu" Alexander Bennett (born 10 August 1980) is an English actor, professional wrestler, and former bare-knuckle boxer, best known for his tenure with WWE under the ring name Wade Barrett.
- 1975 – Kevin Dyson, American football player and coach. Kevin Tyree Dyson (born June 23, 1975) is a former American football wide receiver of the National Football League.
- 1974 – Mark Hendrickson, American basketball and baseball player. He is one of just 13 athletes to play in both MLB and the NBA.
- 1972 – Selma Blair, American actress. Her breakthrough came when she starred as Zoe Bean on the WB sitcom Zoe, Duncan, Jack and Jane (1999–2000), and as Cecile Caldwell in the cult film Cruel Intentions (1999).
- 1970 – Robert Brooks, American football player. Robert Darren Brooks (born June 23, 1970) is a former American football wide receiver who attended University of South Carolina and played for the Green Bay Packers (1992–1998) and the Denver Broncos.
- 1969 – Martin Klebba, American actor, producer, and stuntman. He is best known for his role as Marty in the Pirates of the Caribbean franchise.
- 1966 – Chico DeBarge, American singer and pianist. He is best known for the hit single "Talk to Me".
- 1964 – Joss Whedon, American director, producer, and screenwriter. He is the founder of Mutant Enemy Productions and co-founder of Bellwether Pictures, and is best known as the creator of several television series, including Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997–2003), Angel (1999–2004), Firefly (2002), Dollhouse (2009–10), and Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. (2013–present), as well as producing, directing, and/or writing several especially successful films.
- 1961 – LaSalle Thompson, American basketball player, coach, and manager. LaSalle Thompson III (born June 23, 1961) is an American former professional basketball player, who spent most of his 15-year career with the Kansas City/Sacramento Kings and Indiana Pacers.
- 1960 – Donald Harrison, American saxophonist, composer, and producer. He is married to Mary Alicė Spears-Harrison and the father of Victoria Harrison.
- 1957 – Frances McDormand, American actress. She is the recipient of numerous accolades, including two Academy Awards, two Primetime Emmy Awards, and a Tony Award, making her one of the few performers to achieve the Triple Crown of Acting.
- 1956 – Randy Jackson, American bass player and producer. Randall Darius Jackson (born June 23, 1956) is an American bassist, singer, record producer, entrepreneur, and television personality.
- 1955 – Glenn Danzig, American singer-songwriter and producer. He owns the Evilive record label as well as Verotik, an adult-oriented comic book publishing company.
- 1951 – Angelo Falcón, Puerto Rican-American political scientist, activist, and academic, founded the National Institute for Latino Policy, was a Puerto Rican political scientist best known for starting the Institute for Puerto Rican Policy (IPR) in New York City in the early 1980s, a nonprofit and nonpartisan policy center that focuses on Latino issues in the United States. It is now known as the National Institute for Latino Policy and Falcón served as its President until his death.
- 1948 – Clarence Thomas, American lawyer and judge. Clarence Thomas (born June 23, 1948) is an American judge, lawyer, and government official who currently serves as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
- 1946 – Ted Shackelford, American actor. He played Gary Ewing in the CBS television series Knots Landing (1979–1993); since 2006, he has appeared in a recurring role on the CBS soap The Young and the Restless, portraying twin brothers William and Jeffrey Bardwell.
- 1943 – Ellyn Kaschak, American psychologist and academic. Ellyn Kaschak (born June 23, 1943), is an American clinical psychologist and one of the founders of the field of feminist psychology, which she has practiced and taught since 1972.
- 1943 – James Levine, American pianist and conductor. He was formally terminated by the Met from all his positions and affiliations with the company on March 12, 2018 over sexual misconduct allegations that he denies.
- 1940 – Wilma Rudolph, American runner (d. 1994), was an African-American sprinter born in Saint Bethlehem, Tennessee, who became a world-record-holding Olympic champion and international sports icon in track and field following her successes in the 1956 and 1960 Olympic Games. Rudolph competed in the 200-meter dash and won a bronze medal in the 4 × 100-meter relay at the 1956 Summer Olympics at Melbourne, Australia.
- 1939 – Scott Burton, American sculptor (d. 1989), was an American sculptor and performance artist best known for his large-scale furniture sculptures in granite and bronze.
- 1936 – Richard Bach, American novelist and essayist. Richard David Bach (born June 23, 1936) is an American writer widely known as the author of some of the 1970s' biggest sellers, including Jonathan Livingston Seagull (1970) and Illusions: The Adventures of a Reluctant Messiah (1977).
- 1935 – Maurice Ferré, Puerto Rican-American politician, 32nd Mayor of Miami, was an American politician who served six terms as the Mayor of Miami. Ferré was the first Puerto Rican-born United States mayor and the first Latino Mayor of Miami.
- 1930 – Donn F. Eisele, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1987), was a United States Air Force officer, test pilot, and later a NASA astronaut. He occupied the command module pilot seat during the flight of Apollo 7 in 1968.
- 1929 – June Carter Cash, American singer-songwriter, musician, and actress (d. 2003), was a five-time Grammy award-winning American singer, songwriter, actress, dancer, comedian, and author who was a member of the Carter Family and the second wife of singer Johnny Cash. Prior to her marriage to Cash, she was professionally known as June Carter and occasionally was still credited as such after her marriage (as well as on songwriting credits predating it).
- 1928 – Jean Cione, American baseball player (d. 2010). Cione (June 23, 1928 – November 22, 2010) was a pitcher who played from 1945 through 1954 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
- 1928 – Michael Shaara, American author and academic (d. 1988), was an American author of science fiction, sports fiction, and historical fiction. He was born to an Italian immigrant father (the family name was originally spelled Sciarra, which in Italian is pronounced in a similar way) in Jersey City, New Jersey, graduated in 1951 from Rutgers University, where he joined Theta Chi, and served as a sergeant in the 82nd Airborne Division prior to the Korean War.
- 1927 – Bob Fosse, American actor, dancer, choreographer, and director (d. 1987), was an American dancer, musical-theatre choreographer, actor and theatre and film director. He directed and choreographed musical works on stage and screen, including the stage musicals The Pajama Game (choreography) in 1954 and Chicago in 1975 and the film Cabaret in 1972.
- 1925 – Art Modell, American businessman (d. 2012), was an American businessman, entrepreneur and National Football League (NFL) team owner. He owned the Cleveland Browns franchise for 35 years and established the Baltimore Ravens franchise, which he owned for nine years.
- 1923 – Doris Johnson, American politician. Johnson served in the Washington House of Representatives as a Democrat from the 16th District, as well as the 8th District.
- 1923 – Elroy Schwartz, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2013), was an American comedy and television writer.
- 1923 – Jerry Rullo, American professional basketball player (d. 2016). A 5 ft 10 in (1.78 m) guard from Temple University, Rullo played four seasons (1946–1950) in the Basketball Association of America/National Basketball Association as a member of the Philadelphia Warriors and Baltimore Bullets.
- 1922 – Morris R. Jeppson, American lieutenant and physicist (d. 2010), was a Second Lieutenant in the United States Army Air Forces during World War II. He served as assistant weaponeer on the Enola Gay, which dropped the first atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima, Japan on August 6, 1945.
- 1916 – Irene Worth, American actress (d. 2002), was an American stage and screen actress who became one of the leading stars of the British and American theatre. She pronounced her given name with three syllables: "I-REE-nee".
- 1915 – Frances Gabe, American artist and inventor (d. 2016), was an American artist and inventor perhaps most well known for designing and building the Self-Cleaning House in Newberg, Oregon. She built her own model for $15,000 and it was estimated to go on the market in 1984 for about $50,000.
- 1913 – William P. Rogers, American commander, lawyer, and politician, 55th United States Secretary of State (d. 2001), was an American politician, diplomat, and lawyer. He served as United States Attorney General under President Dwight D.
- 1910 – Gordon B. Hinckley, American religious leader, 15th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 2008), was an American religious leader and author who served as the 15th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) from March 12, 1995, until his death. Considered a prophet, seer, and revelator by church members, Hinckley was the oldest person to preside over the church in its history.
- 1910 – Lawson Little, American golfer (d. 1968), was an American professional golfer who also had a distinguished amateur career.
- 1910 – Milt Hinton, American bassist and photographer (d. 2000), was an American double bassist and photographer.
- 1894 – Alfred Kinsey, American entomologist and sexologist (d. 1956), was an American biologist, professor of entomology and zoology, and sexologist who in 1947 founded the Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University, previously known as the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction. He is best known for writing Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953), also known as the Kinsey Reports, as well as the Kinsey scale.
- 1888 – Bronson M. Cutting, American publisher and politician (d. 1935), was a United States Senator from New Mexico. A Republican, he had also been a newspaper publisher and military attaché.
- 1799 – John Milton Bernhisel, American physician and politician (d. 1881), was an American physician, politician and early member of the Latter Day Saint movement. He was a close friend and companion to both Joseph Smith and Brigham Young.
- 2016 – Ralph Stanley, American singer and banjo player (b. 1927)
- 2015 – Dick Van Patten, American actor (b. 1928)
- 2014 – Nancy Garden, American author (b. 1938)
- 2014 – Paula Kent Meehan, American businesswoman, co-founded Redken (b. 1931)
- 2013 – Bobby Bland, American singer-songwriter (b. 1930)
- 2013 – Frank Kelso, American admiral and politician, United States Secretary of the Navy (b. 1933)
- 2013 – Gary David Goldberg, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1944)
- 2013 – Richard Matheson, American author and screenwriter (b. 1926)
- 2013 – Sharon Stouder, American swimmer (b. 1948)
- 2012 – Frank Chee Willeto, American soldier and politician, 4th Vice President of the Navajo Nation (b. 1925)
- 2012 – Walter J. Zable, American football player and businessman, founded the Cubic Corporation (b. 1915)
- 2011 – Fred Steiner, American composer and conductor (b. 1923)
- 2011 – Peter Falk, American actor (b. 1927)
- 2009 – Ed McMahon, American game show host and announcer (b. 1923)
- 2009 – Jerri Nielsen, American physician and explorer (b. 1952)
- 2007 – Rod Beck, American baseball player (b. 1968)
- 2006 – Aaron Spelling, American actor, producer, and screenwriter, founded Spelling Television (b. 1923)
- 2005 – Shana Alexander, American journalist and author (b. 1926)
- 1998 – Maureen O'Sullivan, Irish-American actress (b. 1911)
- 1997 – Betty Shabazz, American educator and activist (b. 1936)
- 1995 – Jonas Salk, American biologist and physician (b. 1914)
- 1995 – Roger Grimsby, American journalist (b. 1928)
- 1992 – Eric Andolsek, American football player (b. 1966)
- 1980 – Clyfford Still, American painter and academic (b. 1904)
- 1970 – Roscoe Turner, American soldier and pilot (b. 1895)
- 1891 – Samuel Newitt Wood, American lawyer and politician (b. 1825)