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Thursday 18 April 2024 Calendar with holidays, observances and special days

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Holidays and observances


  • 1988 – The United States launches Operation Praying Mantis against Iranian naval forces in the largest naval battle since World War II.
  • 1983 – A suicide bomber in Lebanon destroys the United States embassy in Beirut, killing 63 people.
  • 1980 – The Republic of Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) comes into being, with Canaan Banana as the country's first President. The Zimbabwean dollar replaces the Rhodesian dollar as the official currency.
  • 1955 – Twenty-nine nations meet at Bandung, Indonesia, for the first Asian-African Conference.
  • 1949 – The keel for the aircraft carrier USS United States is laid down at Newport News Drydock and Shipbuilding. However, construction is canceled five days later, resulting in the Revolt of the Admirals.
  • 1847 – American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.
  • 1831 – The University of Alabama is founded in Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
  • 1738 – Real Academia de la Historia ("Royal Academy of History") is founded in Madrid.
  • 1232 – The Spanish town of Arjona declares independence and names its native Muhammad ibn Yusuf as ruler. This marks the Muhammad's first rise to prominence; he would later establish the Nasrid Emirate of Granada, the last independent Muslim state in Spain.
  • 1025 – Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland.


  • 1996 – Mariah Bell, American figure skater. International Classic silver medalist, and a two-time U.S. national bronze medalist (2017, 2019).
  • 1986 – Maurice Edu, American soccer player. His performances for Toronto earned him international call ups to the United States national team and the attention of clubs in Europe.
  • 1986 – Taylor Griffin, American basketball player. He played college basketball at the University of Oklahoma and is the older brother of Blake Griffin.
  • 1984 – America Ferrera, American actress and producer. She made her feature film debut in 2002 with the comedy drama Real Women Have Curves, winning praise for her performance.
  • 1984 – Red Bryant, American football player. Joseph Anthony "Red" Bryant (born April 18, 1984) is a former American football defensive tackle.
  • 1983 – Reeve Carney, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor. Reeve Jefferson Carney (born April 18, 1983) is an American singer-songwriter and actor most known for originating the role of Peter Parker/Spider-Man in Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark on Broadway.
  • 1982 – Blair Late, American singer-songwriter and journalist. Blair Madison Late (born in Odessa, Texas on April 18, 1982) is an American solo pop singer, songwriter, actor, and television presenter (on such shows as The Opinionator and Late in the Morning with Blair Late).
  • 1982 – Greg Camarillo, American football player. Greg Camarillo (/kæməˈriːoʊ/ kam-ə-REE-oh; born April 18, 1982) is a former American football wide receiver.
  • 1982 – Ricardo Colclough, Canadian-American football player. Ricardo Sanchez Colclough (/koʊkˈliː/ kohk-LEE; born September 26, 1983) is a former Canadian football cornerback and linebacker in the Canadian Football League.
  • 1981 – Brian Buscher, American baseball player. Brian Phillip Buscher (born April 18, 1981), nicknamed "The Urban Legend", is a former Major League Baseball third baseman and served in 2011 as the undergraduate assistant coach for the South Carolina Gamecocks baseball team.
  • 1980 – Justin Levens, American mixed martial artist (d. 2008), was an American mixed martial artist who last competed in the Middleweight division. A professional competitor from 2004 until 2007, he competed for the UFC, the WEC, the Palace Fighting Championship, and for the Southern California Condors of the IFL.
  • 1979 – Ethan Cohn, American actor. Ethan Cohn (born April 18, 1979) is an American actor.
  • 1979 – Kourtney Kardashian, American model and businesswoman. Its success led to the creation of spin-offs including Kourtney and Khloé Take Miami and Kourtney and Kim Take New York.
  • 1977 – Dan LaCouture, American ice hockey player. Daniel Scott LaCouture (born April 18, 1977) is an American former professional ice hockey left winger who played in the National Hockey League (NHL).
  • 1976 – Gavin Creel, American actor and singer. He has received a Laurence Olivier Award for originating the West End version of Elder Price in The Book of Mormon at Prince of Wales Theatre and has played the role of Elder Price in the US National Tour and on Broadway at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre.
  • 1976 – Justin Ross, American politician. Ross (born April 18, 1976) is an American politician who served in the Maryland House of Delegates from 2003 to 2012.
  • 1976 – Melissa Joan Hart, American actress, director, and producer. She has also appeared in films Drive Me Crazy (1999), Nine Dead (2009) and God's Not Dead 2 (2016).
  • 1974 – Mark Tremonti, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer. He formed his own band, Tremonti, in 2011, releasing the album All I Was in July 2012, followed by Cauterize in June 2015, Dust in April 2016 and A Dying Machine in June 2018.
  • 1974 – Millie Corretjer, Puerto Rican-American actress and singer. She is the granddaughter of influential poet and one-time Secretary General of the pro-independence Puerto Rican Nationalist Party, Juan Antonio Corretjer.
  • 1973 – Brady Clark, American baseball player. Brady William Clark (born April 18, 1973) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder.
  • 1973 – Derrick Brooks, American football player, was a linebacker in the National Football League (NFL) for fourteen seasons. He played college football for the Florida State Seminoles, and was twice recognized as a consensus All-American.
  • 1972 – Eli Roth, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. As a director and producer, he is most closely associated with the horror genre, first coming to prominence for directing the films Cabin Fever (2003) and Hostel (2005).
  • 1972 – Rosa Clemente, American journalist and activist. Presidential election.
  • 1970 – Greg Eklund, American drummer and guitarist. Greg Eklund (born April 18, 1970 Jacksonville, Florida, United States), is an American musician/drummer.
  • 1970 – Rico Brogna, American baseball player and coach. Rico Joseph Brogna (born April 18, 1970), is an American former professional baseball first baseman, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Detroit Tigers, New York Mets, Philadelphia Phillies, Boston Red Sox, and Atlanta Braves, for 9 seasons (1992, 1994–2001).
  • 1969 – Keith DeCandido, American author. Keith Robert Andreassi DeCandido (born April 18, 1969) is an American science fiction and fantasy writer and musician, who works on comic books, novels, role-playing games and video games, including numerous media tie-in books for properties such as Star Trek, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Doctor Who, Supernatural, Andromeda, Farscape, Leverage, Spider-Man, X-Men, Sleepy Hollow, and Stargate SG-1.
  • 1967 – Maria Bello, American actress and writer. On television, Bello appeared as Dr.
  • 1963 – Conan O'Brien, American actor, producer, screenwriter, and talk show host. Conan Christopher O'Brien (born April 18, 1963) is an American television host, comedian, writer, podcaster, and producer.
  • 1963 – Eric McCormack, Canadian-American actor and producer. Eric James McCormack (born April 18, 1963) is a Canadian-American actor and singer known for his role as Will Truman in the American sitcom Will & Grace, Grant MacLaren in Netflix's Travelers and Dr.
  • 1962 – Jeff Dunham, American comedian and ventriloquist. Jeffrey Dunham (born April 18, 1962) is an American ventriloquist, stand-up comedian and actor who has also appeared on numerous television shows, including Late Show with David Letterman, Comedy Central Presents, The Tonight Show and Sonny With a Chance.
  • 1961 – John Podhoretz, American journalist and author. W.
  • 1961 – Kelly Hansen, American singer-songwriter. He later met guitarist Robert Sarzo and bassist Tony Cavazo (brothers of Rudy Sarzo and Carlos Cavazo, respectively, of Quiet Riot fame), with whom he formed the hard-rock band Hurricane in 1984.
  • 1959 – Susan Faludi, American journalist and author. She was also awarded the Kirkus Prize in 2016 for In the Darkroom.
  • 1956 – Eric Roberts, American actor. He was again recognized by the Golden Globes for his interpretation of Paul Snider in Bob Fosse's Star 80 (1983).
  • 1954 – Robert Greenberg, American pianist and composer. Greenberg (born April 18, 1954) is an American composer, pianist, and musicologist who was born in Brooklyn, New York.
  • 1953 – Rick Moranis, Canadian-American actor, comedian, singer and screenwriter. He appeared in the sketch comedy series Second City Television (SCTV) in the 1980s and several Hollywood films, including Strange Brew (1983), Ghostbusters (1984) and Ghostbusters II (1989), Little Shop of Horrors (1986), Spaceballs (1987), Honey, I Shrunk the Kids (1989, and its 1992 and 1997 sequels), Parenthood (1989), My Blue Heaven (1990), and The Flintstones (1994).
  • 1950 – Kenny Ortega, American director, producer, and choreographer. Ortega has choreographed films including St.
  • 1950 – Tina Chow, American model and jewelry designer (d. 1992), was an American model and jewelry designer who was considered an influential fashion icon of the 1970s and 1980s. She was the second wife of restaurateur Michael Chow, the founder and owner of the Mr.
  • 1949 – Geoff Bodine, American race car driver. Geoffrey Edmond Bodine (born April 18, 1949) is a retired American motorsport driver and bobsled builder.
  • 1947 – Cindy Pickett, American actress. Cindy Pickett (born April 18, 1947) is an American actress.
  • 1947 – Dorothy Lyman, American actress. She is most known for her work as Gwen Frame in Another World and in All My Children as Opal Sue Gardner, as Rebecca Whitmore in Generations, and on the sitcom Mama's Family as Naomi Harper.
  • 1947 – James Woods, American actor and producer. James Howard Woods (born April 18, 1947) is an American actor, voice actor, and producer.
  • 1946 – Tommy Shannon, American bass guitarist. Tommy Shannon (born Thomas Lafitte Smedley; April 18, 1946) is an American bass guitarist, who is best known as a member of Double Trouble, a blues rock band led by Stevie Ray Vaughan.
  • 1945 – Richard Bausch, American novelist and short story writer. He has published twelve novels, eight short story collections, and one volume of poetry and prose.
  • 1945 – Robert Bausch, American novelist and short story writer, was an American fiction writer, the author of nine novels and one collection of short stories. He was a Professor of English at Northern Virginia Community College, and he had taught at the University of Virginia, The American University, Johns Hopkins University, George Mason University, and the University of Maryland, Baltimore County.
  • 1944 – Kathy Acker, American author and poet (d. 1997), was an American experimental novelist, playwright, essayist, postmodernist and sex-positive feminist writer. She was influenced by the Black Mountain School poets, the writer William S.
  • 1944 – Robert Hanssen, American FBI agent and double agent. Robert Philip Hanssen (born April 18, 1944) is a former Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent who spied for Soviet and Russian intelligence services against the United States from 1979 to 2001.
  • 1942 – Robert Christgau, American journalist and critic. He has also covered popular music for Esquire, Creem, Newsday, Playboy, Rolling Stone, Billboard, NPR, Blender, and MSN Music, and was a visiting arts teacher at New York University.
  • 1942 – Steve Blass, American baseball player and sportscaster. Stephen Robert Blass (born April 18, 1942) is a former Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher and a former broadcast announcer for the Pittsburgh Pirates.
  • 1940 – Joseph L. Goldstein, American biochemist and geneticist, Nobel Prize laureate. They discovered that human cells have low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors that remove cholesterol from the blood and that when LDL receptors are not present in sufficient numbers, individuals develop hypercholesterolemia and become at risk for cholesterol related diseases, notably coronary heart disease.
  • 1939 – Glen Hardin, American pianist and arranger. He has performed and recorded with such artists as Elvis Presley, Emmylou Harris, John Denver, and Ricky Nelson.
  • 1939 – Thomas J. Moyer, American lawyer and judge (d. 2010), was an American jurist and the chief justice of the Ohio Supreme Court from 1987 to 2010. A member of the Republican Party, he died suddenly on April 2, 2010, at age 70.
  • 1937 – Jan Kaplický, Czech architect, designed the Selfridges Building (d. 2009). Selfridges Building, the Bull Ring, Birmingham (2003)
  • 1936 – Roger Graef, American-English criminologist, director, and producer. Born in New York, he moved to Britain in 1962, where he began a career producing documentary films investigating previously closed institutions, including Government ministries and court buildings.
  • 1934 – George Shirley, American tenor and educator, was the first African-American tenor to perform a leading role at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City.
  • 1934 – James Drury, American actor. James Child Drury Jr. (born April 18, 1934), is an American actor best known for his success in playing the title role in the 90-minute weekly Western television series The Virginian, broadcast on NBC from 1962–71.
  • 1931 – Bill Miles, American director and producer (d. 2013), was an American filmmaker. Born in Harlem, New York, he used his deep knowledge and experience of that borough to produce films that tell unique and often inspiring stories of Harlem's history.
  • 1927 – Samuel P. Huntington, American political scientist, author, and academic (d. 2008), was an American political scientist, adviser and academic. He spent more than half a century at Harvard University, where he was director of Harvard's Center for International Affairs and the Albert J.
  • 1924 – Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2005), was an American musician from Louisiana and Texas known for his work as a blues musician, as well as other styles of music. He spent his career fighting purism by synthesizing old blues, country, jazz, Cajun music and R&B styles.
  • 1924 – Henry Hyde, American commander, lawyer, and politician (d. 2007), was an American politician who served as a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from 1975 to 2007, representing the 6th District of Illinois, an area of Chicago's northwestern suburbs. He was Chairman the Judiciary Committee from 1995 to 2001, and the House International Relations Committee from 2001 to 2007.
  • 1922 – Barbara Hale, American actress (d. 2017), was an American actress best known for her role as legal secretary Della Street in the television series Perry Mason (1957–1966), earning her a 1959 Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series. She reprised the role in 30 Perry Mason movies for television (1985–1995).
  • 1920 – John F. Wiley, American football player and coach (d. 2013). Wiley played tackle for Waynesburg College and appeared in the first televised game in U.S. history against Fordham at Randalls Island, New York.
  • 1919 – Virginia O'Brien, American actress and singer (d. 2001), was an American actress, singer, and radio personality known for her comedic roles in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer musicals of the 1940s.
  • 1918 – Clifton Hillegass, American publisher, founded CliffsNotes (d. 2001). Hillegass (18 April 1918 in Rising City, Nebraska – 5 May 2001 in Lincoln, Nebraska) was the creator and publisher of CliffsNotes.
  • 1918 – Tony Mottola, American guitarist and composer (d. 2004). Mottola (April 18, 1918 – August 9, 2004) was an American jazz guitarist who released dozens of solo albums.
  • 1917 – Ty LaForest, Canadian-American baseball player (d. 1947), was a Canadian professional baseball player. He was born in Edmundston, New Brunswick.
  • 1916 – Carl Burgos, American illustrator (d. 1984), was an American comic book and advertising artist best known for creating the original Human Torch in Marvel Comics #1 (Oct. 1939), during the period historians and fans call the Golden Age of comic books.
  • 1915 – Joy Davidman, Polish-Ukrainian Jewish American poet and author (d. 1960), was an American poet and writer. Often referred to as a child prodigy, she earned a master's degree from Columbia University in English literature at age twenty in 1935.
  • 1911 – Maurice Goldhaber, Ukrainian Jewish-American physicist and academic (d. 2011), was an American physicist, who in 1957 (with Lee Grodzins and Andrew Sunyar) established that neutrinos have negative helicity.
  • 1907 – Miklós Rózsa, Hungarian-American composer and conductor (d. 1995), was a Hungarian-American composer trained in Germany (1925–1931), and active in France (1931–1935), the United Kingdom (1935–1940), and the United States (1940–1995), with extensive sojourns in Italy from 1953. Best known for his nearly one hundred film scores, he nevertheless maintained a steadfast allegiance to absolute concert music throughout what he called his "double life."
  • 1905 – George H. Hitchings, American physician and pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998), was an American doctor who shared the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Sir James Black and Gertrude Elion "for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment", Hitchings specifically for his work on chemotherapy.
  • 1904 – Pigmeat Markham, African-American comedian, singer, and dancer (d. 1981), was an American entertainer. Though best known as a comedian, Markham was also a singer, dancer, and actor.
  • 1892 – Eugene Houdry, French-American mechanical engineer and inventor (d. 1962), was a mechanical engineer who graduated from École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers in 1911. Houdry served as a lieutenant in a tank company in the French Army during World War One, receiving the French Legion of Honour.
  • 1888 – Duffy Lewis, American baseball player, coach, and manager (d. 1979), was a left fielder and right-handed batter who played Major League Baseball for the Boston Red Sox (1910–17), New York Yankees (1919–20) and Washington Senators (1921). Lewis attended Saint Mary's College of California.
  • 1880 – Sam Crawford, American baseball player, coach, and umpire (d. 1968), was an American outfielder in Major League Baseball (MLB).
  • 1864 – Richard Harding Davis, American journalist and author (d. 1916), was an American journalist and writer of fiction and drama, known foremost as the first American war correspondent to cover the Spanish–American War, the Second Boer War, and the First World War. His writing greatly assisted the political career of Theodore Roosevelt.
  • 1857 – Clarence Darrow, American lawyer (d. 1938), was an American lawyer who became famous in the early 20th century for his involvement in the Leopold and Loeb murder trial and the Scopes "Monkey" Trial. He was a leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union, and a prominent advocate for Georgist economic reform.
  • 1813 – James McCune Smith, African-American physician, apothecary, abolitionist, and author (d. 1865), was an African-American physician, apothecary, abolitionist, and author in New York City. He was the first African American to hold a medical degree and graduated at the top in his class at the University of Glasgow in Scotland.


  • 2014 – Sanford Jay Frank, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1954)
  • 2013 – Cordell Mosson, American bass player (b. 1952)
  • 2012 – Dick Clark, American television host and producer, founded Dick Clark Productions (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – K. D. Wentworth, American author (b. 1951)
  • 2005 – Sam Mills, American football player and coach (b. 1959)
  • 2003 – Edgar F. Codd, English-American soldier, pilot, and computer scientist (b. 1923)
  • 2002 – Wahoo McDaniel, American football player and wrestler (b. 1938)
  • 1998 – Terry Sanford, American lieutenant and politician, 65th Governor of North Carolina (b. 1917)
  • 1996 – Bernard Edwards, American bass player and producer (b. 1952)
  • 1996 – Brook Berringer, American football player (b. 1973)
  • 1986 – Marcel Dassault, French businessman, founded Dassault Aviation (b. 1892)
  • 1964 – Ben Hecht, American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1894)
  • 1963 – Meyer Jacobstein, American academic and politician (b. 1880)
  • 1959 – Irving Cummings, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1888)
  • 1955 – Albert Einstein, German-American physicist, engineer, and academic (b. 1879)
  • 1945 – Ernie Pyle, American journalist and soldier (b. 1900)
  • 1945 – John Ambrose Fleming, English physicist and engineer, invented the vacuum tube (b. 1849)
  • 1942 – Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American heiress, sculptor and art collector, founded the Whitney Museum of American Art (b. 1875)
  • 1938 – George Bryant, American archer (b. 1878)
  • 1936 – Milton Brown, American singer and bandleader (b. 1903)